Worldwide sales for asparagus exports by country totaled US$1.3 billion in 2018.
Overall, the value of asparagus exports increased by an average 17.6% for all exporting countries since 2014 when asparagus shipments were valued at $1.1 billion. From 2017 to 2018, the dollar value of globally exported asparagus declined by -4.3%.
Propelled by Mexican exporters, North America exported the highest dollar worth of exported asparagus during 2018 at $577.5 million or 43.9% of the global total. In second place was Latin America excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean at 28.8% while 25% of international asparagus sales were sourced from Europe. Smaller percentages came from Oceania (1.7%) led by Australia, Asia (0.5%) and Africa (0.1%).
The 6-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix is 070920 for fresh or chilled asparagus.
Asparagus Exports by Country
Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of asparagus during 2018.
- Mexico: US$397.9 million (30.2% of total asparagus exports)
- Peru: $378.1 million (28.7%)
- United States: $173.2 million (13.2%)
- Netherlands: $100.7 million (7.7%)
- Spain: $82.1 million (6.2%)
- Italy: $32 million (2.4%)
- France: $24.4 million (1.9%)
- Greece: $22 million (1.7%)
- Australia: $21.9 million (1.7%)
- Germany: $21.2 million (1.6%)
- Belgium: $19.1 million (1.5%)
- Hungary: $7.4 million (0.6%)
- Canada: $6.4 million (0.5%)
- Thailand: $5.4 million (0.4%)
- United Kingdom: $4.3 million (0.3%)
By value, the listed 15 countries shipped 98.5% of global asparagus exports in 2018.
Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing asparagus exporters since 2014 were: Belgium (up 63.7%), Mexico (up 58.4%), United Kingdom (up 56.3%) and Spain (up 27.1%).
Five top countries posted declines in their exported asparagus sales namely: Hungary (down -27.4%), Greece (down -16.8%), Thailand (down -13.3%), Germany (down -12.7%) and Peru (down -1.7%).
The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for asparagus during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported asparagus and its import purchases for that same commodity.
- Mexico: US$394.9 million (net export surplus up 58.6% since 2014)
- Peru: $378.1 million (down -1.7%)
- Netherlands: $22.6 million (up 2.9%)
- Spain: $21.2 million (up 9.4%)
- Greece: $20.8 million (down -12.3%)
- Italy: $13.3 million (up 64.8%)
- Hungary: $6.9 million (down -31.1%)
- Thailand: $5.4 million (down -14%)
- Australia: $4.2 million (reversing a -$2.9 million deficit)
- Slovakia: $966,000 (down -68.3%)
- Ecuador: $678,000 (up 30.6%)
- Morocco: $375,000 (down -32.2%)
- Guatemala: $92,000 (down -9.8%)
- Kenya: $84,000 (up 236%)
- Egypt: $36,000 (up 620%)
Overtaking Peru in 2017, Mexico also earned the highest surplus in the international trade of asparagus for 2018. The product surplus confirms Mexico’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.
The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for asparagus during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported asparagus purchases and its exports for that same commodity.
- United States: -US$545.4 million (net export deficit up 18.3% since 2014)
- Germany: -$86.2 million (down -2.5%)
- Canada: -$78.7 million (up 0.8%)
- United Kingdom: -$71.4 million (down -4%)
- Japan: -$67.2 million (down -5.7%)
- Switzerland: -$51.6 million (down -7.4%)
- France: -$29.2 million (down -5.3%)
- Sweden: -$16.2 million (down -2.7%)
- Austria: -$13.9 million (up 11.6%)
- Belgium: -$13.6 million (down -29.1%)
- Norway: -$9.8 million (down -29.8%)
- Denmark: -$9.6 million (up 6.6%)
- Hong Kong: -$9.3 million (up 62.4%)
- Singapore: -$9 million (up 22.8%)
- Finland: -$8.5 million (up 75.6%)
Well over half a billion dollars, the United States of America incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of asparagus. This negative cashflow highlights America’s strong competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for asparagus-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand from US consumers.
Asparagus Exporting Companies
According to global trading platform Alibaba, the following companies are also examples of asparagus-trading companies. Their home-country locations are shown within parentheses:
- Alfafood GmbH (Germany)
- Beverages Development Kft (Hungary)
- Camill Alimentos (United States)
- El Corte Ingles SA (Spain)
- International Trading Company (Peru)
- Italy Food Service SRL (Italy)
- JDGC (France)
- Siam Pagoda Group Pty Ltd (Australia)
- Zima Thai Traders (Thailand)
See also Tomatoes Exports by Country, Potatoes Exports by Country, Corn Exports by Country, Top Cucumbers Exporting Countries, Top Lettuce Exports by Country and Top Fresh Spinach Exports by Country
Alibaba, Supplier information for asparagus. Accessed on June 15, 2018
Forbes Global 2000 rankings, The World’s Biggest Public Companies. Accessed on May 28, 2019
Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on May 28, 2019
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on May 28, 2019
Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on May 28, 2019
Wikipedia, Asparagus. Accessed on June 15, 2018