Barley Exports by Country

Barley in field

Field barley

International sales from raw barley exports by country totaled US$7 billion in 2017.

Overall, the value of barley exports fell by an average -19.9% for all exporting countries since 2013 when barley shipments were valued at $8.7 billion. Year over year, exported barley appreciated by 17.3% from 2016 to 2017.

Barley is a traditional food ingredient used in soups, stews, breads and beverages. More recently, this major cereal grain has become a staple component for health foods. Barley is also used to ferment malt beer. A member of the grass family, barley has an additional food use serving as animal fodder.

Among continents, European countries accounted for the highest dollar worth of exported barley during 2017 with shipments valued at $4.3 billion or more than three-fifths (61.2%) of total barley exports. In second place were Oceania exporters (mostly Australia) at 23.3% while 6.9% of worldwide barley shipments originated from Latin America plus the Caribbean. Smaller percentages came from North America (6.4%), Asia (2.1%) and Africa (0.05%).

The 4-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix for raw barley is 1003 (which is the focus of this analysis). Please note that the HTS codes for rolled, flaked, pearled or otherwise worked barley are scattered under 6-digit subgroups attached to a 1104 prefix.

Barley Exports by Country


Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of barley during 2017.

  1. Australia: US$1.6 billion (23.3% of total barley exports)
  2. France: $1 billion (14.4%)
  3. Russia: $731.6 million (10.5%)
  4. Ukraine: $710.5 million (10.2%)
  5. Argentina: $456.5 million (6.6%)
  6. Germany: $431.3 million (6.2%)
  7. Canada: $407.9 million (5.9%)
  8. Romania: $245.8 million (3.5%)
  9. Denmark: $205.9 million (3%)
  10. United Kingdom: $202 million (2.9%)
  11. Hungary: $148.6 million (2.1%)
  12. Kazakhstan: $137.8 million (2%)
  13. Czech Republic: $94.4 million (1.4%)
  14. Sweden: $91.3 million (1.3%)
  15. Bulgaria: $55.1 million (0.8%)

The listed 15 countries shipped 94% of global barley exports in 2017 by value.

Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing barley exporters since 2013 were: Kazakhstan (up 128.4%), Czech Republic (up 34.4%), Russia (up 32.1%) and Hungary (up 26.4%).

Those countries that posted declines in their exported barley sales were led by: Argentina (down -50%), Germany (down -48.9%), Bulgaria (down -46.9%), France (down -46.4%) and Denmark (down -19.7%).


The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for barley during 2017. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported barley and its import purchases for that same commodity.

  1. Australia: US$1.6 billion (net export surplus up 9% since 2013)
  2. France: $978 million (down -47.4%)
  3. Ukraine: $708.6 million (up 23.9%)
  4. Russia: $698.9 million (up 52.2%)
  5. Argentina: $456.4 million (down -50%)
  6. Canada: $389.9 million (up 0.8%)
  7. Denmark: $191.7 million (down -14.5%)
  8. Germany: $172.9 million (down -65%)
  9. Romania: $169.5 million (down -28.9%)
  10. United Kingdom: $165.7 million (up 9.3%)
  11. Hungary: $142.9 million (up 42.8%)
  12. Kazakhstan: $136.8 million (up 175.5%)
  13. Czech Republic: $84 million (up 47.8%)
  14. Sweden: $83.7 million (down -19.1%)
  15. Bulgaria: $53.3 million (down -48.2%)

Australia has the highest surplus in the international trade of barley. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms Australia’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.


The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for barley during 2017. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported barley purchases and its exports for that same commodity.

  1. China: -US$1.8 billion (net export deficit up 127.6% since 2013)
  2. Saudi Arabia: -$800.3 million (down -75.4%)
  3. Iran: -$393.9 million (up 64.1%)
  4. Netherlands: -$362.5 million (down -11.1%)
  5. Belgium: -$309.8 million (down -36.9%)
  6. Japan: -$270.5 million (down -38.5%)
  7. Spain: -$214.8 million (up 181.7%)
  8. Brazil: -$146.3 million (up 20.5%)
  9. Libya: -$140.4 million (down -23.1%)
  10. Jordan: -$138.8 million (down -39.1%)
  11. Italy: -$127.7 million (down -27.3%)
  12. Kuwait: -$123.2 million (down -16.2%)
  13. Algeria: -$100.4 million (down -34.1%)
  14. Tunisia: -$90.4 million (down -62.5%)
  15. Morocco: -$78.3 million (up 53%)

The People’s Republic of China incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of barley. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights strong Chinese competitive disadvantages for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for barley-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful consumer demand.


Types of Barley-based Drinks

The following beverages are made with barley as one of the key ingredients.

  • barley water
  • barley wine
  • barley-based soft drinks
  • beer
  • expresso-style hot drinks
  • instant barley cereal drinks
  • malt whisky
  • malted milk
  • roasted barley tea
  • roasted grain beverages

Searchable List of Barley Exporting Countries

You can change the presentation order by clicking the triangle icon at the top of any of the columns below.

RankExporter2017 Barley Exports% World Total
1.AustraliaUS$1.6 billion23.3%
2.France$1 billion14.4%
3.Russia$731.6 million10.5%
4.Ukraine$710.5 million10.2%
5.Argentina$456.5 million6.6%
6.Germany$431.3 million6.2%
7.Canada$407.9 million5.9%
8.Romania$245.8 million3.5%
9.Denmark$205.9 million3%
10.United Kingdom$202 million2.9%
11.Hungary$148.6 million2.1%
12.Kazakhstan$137.8 million2%
13.Czech Republic$94.4 million1.4%
14.Sweden$91.3 million1.3%
15.Bulgaria$55.1 million0.8%
16.Estonia$52.3 million0.8%
17.Belgium$41.2 million0.6%
18.United States$35.9 million0.5%
19.Lithuania$31.6 million0.5%
20.Finland$28.3 million0.4%
21.Uruguay$26.4 million0.4%
22.Slovakia$26 million0.4%
23.Austria$25.2 million0.4%
24.Moldova$23.8 million0.3%
25.Spain$20.8 million0.3%
26.Netherlands$20.1 million0.3%
27.Poland$13.2 million0.2%
28.Croatia$12.8 million0.2%
29.Italy$8.4 million0.1%
30.Serbia$7.5 million0.1%
31.Portugal$7.4 million0.1%
32.Latvia$7.4 million0.1%
33.Ireland$5.7 million0.1%
34.Slovenia$5 million0.1%
35.United Arab Emirates$4.4 million0.1%
36.Kenya$2.8 million0.04%
37.Singapore$2.7 million0.04%
38.Luxembourg$2.4 million0.03%
39.Turkey$1.6 million0.02%
41.South Korea$545,0000.01%
53.South Africa$112,0000.002%
55.New Zealand$85,0000.001%
67.Sri Lanka$9,0000.0001%
75.Hong Kong$2,0000.00003%
77.Costa Rica$1,0000.00001%

See also Flour Exports by Country, Wheat Exports by Country and Rice Exports by Country

Research Sources:
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on June 10, 2018

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on June 10, 2018

Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on June 10, 2018

Wikipedia, general description of barley and its uses. Accessed on June 10, 2018

Wikipedia, List of barley-based beverages. Accessed on June 10, 2018