Barley Exports by Country

Barley in field

Field barley

International sales from raw barley exports by country totaled US$7.7 billion in 2018.

Overall, the value of barley exports fell by an average -2.1% for all exporting countries since 2014 when barley shipments were valued at $7.8 billion. Year over year, exported barley gained 10.2% from 2017 to 2018.

Barley is a traditional food ingredient used in soups, stews, breads and beverages. More recently, this major cereal grain has become a staple component for health foods. Barley is also used to ferment malt beer. A member of the grass family, barley has an additional food use serving as animal fodder.

Among continents, Europe sold the highest dollar worth of exported barley during 2018 with shipments valued at $4.8 billion or more than three-fifths (62.5%) of total barley exports. In second place were Oceania exporters (18.1%) mostly from Australia. Meanwhile, 7.3% of worldwide barley shipments originated from Latin America plus the Caribbean with 7.2% worth was shipped from North America. Smaller percentages came from Asia (4.7%) and Africa (0.02%).

The 4-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix for raw barley is 1003 (which is the focus of this analysis). Please note that the HTS codes for rolled, flaked, pearled or otherwise worked barley are scattered under 6-digit subgroups attached to a 1104 prefix.

Barley Exports by Country


Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of barley during 2018.

  1. Australia: US$1.4 billion (18.1% of total barley exports)
  2. France: $1.3 billion (17.4%)
  3. Russia: $1 billion (13.3%)
  4. Ukraine: $681.9 million (8.9%)
  5. Argentina: $561.8 million (7.3%)
  6. Canada: $527.2 million (6.9%)
  7. Germany: $378.6 million (4.9%)
  8. Kazakhstan: $291.9 million (3.8%)
  9. Romania: $278.4 million (3.6%)
  10. United Kingdom: $194.4 million (2.5%)
  11. Denmark: $157.9 million (2.1%)
  12. Hungary: $80.2 million (1%)
  13. Czech Republic: $78.1 million (1%)
  14. Sweden: $73.8 million (1%)
  15. Spain: $67.8 million (0.9%)

The listed 15 countries shipped 92.8% of global barley exports in 2018 by value.

Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing barley exporters since 2014 were: Kazakhstan (up 104.5%), Spain (up 70.9%), Germany (up 61.1%) and Czech Republic (up 53.1%).

Those countries that posted declines in their exported barley sales were led by: Sweden (down -44.6%), Denmark (down -28.9%), United Kingdom (down -27.7%), Hungary (down -25.8%) and Ukraine (down -19%).


The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for barley during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported barley and its import purchases for that same commodity.

  1. Australia: US$1.4 billion (net export surplus down -13.2% since 2014)
  2. France: $1.3 billion (up 7.3%)
  3. Russia: $1 billion (up 37.1%)
  4. Ukraine: $679.5 million (down -19%)
  5. Argentina: $561.8 million (down -10.5%)
  6. Canada: $519.5 million (up 18.1%)
  7. Kazakhstan: $285.3 million (up 105.5%)
  8. Romania: $223.9 million (down -19.4%)
  9. United Kingdom: $168.1 million (down -26.8%)
  10. Denmark: $143.2 million (down -32.3%)
  11. Germany: $89 million (reversing an -$84 million deficit)
  12. Hungary: $77.6 million (down -18.8%)
  13. Czech Republic: $55.9 million (up 38.3%)
  14. Bulgaria: $52.7 million (down -53.2%)
  15. Sweden: $51.1 million (down -58.7%)

Australia has the highest surplus in the international trade of barley. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms Australia’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.


The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for barley during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported barley purchases and its exports for that same commodity.

  1. Saudi Arabia: -US$1.7 billion (net export deficit down -14.8% since 2014)
  2. China: -$1.7 billion (up 7.4%)
  3. Iran: -$477.5 million (down -9.5%)
  4. Netherlands: -$410.2 million (up 8%)
  5. Japan: -$348.5 million (down -3.5%)
  6. Belgium: -$331.6 million (down -16.6%)
  7. Libya: -$149.1 million (up 2.8%)
  8. Turkey: -$147.8 million (down -6.3%)
  9. Brazil: -$137.7 million (up 9.1%)
  10. Tunisia: -$135.2 million (up 24.9%)
  11. Italy: -$123 million (down -20.6%)
  12. Kuwait: -$120.4 million (down -17.1%)
  13. Jordan: -$114.4 million (down -54.9%)
  14. Colombia: -$91.3 million (up 11.9%)
  15. United Arab Emirates: -$85.4 million (up 11.4%)

Overtaking the People’s Republic of China in 2018, Saudi Arabia incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of barley. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights strong Saudi competitive disadvantages for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for barley-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful consumer demand.


Types of Barley-based Drinks

The following beverages are made with barley as one of the key ingredients.

  • barley water
  • barley wine
  • barley-based soft drinks
  • beer
  • expresso-style hot drinks
  • instant barley cereal drinks
  • malt whisky
  • malted milk
  • roasted barley tea
  • roasted grain beverages


Searchable List of Barley Exporting Countries in 2018

You can change the presentation order by clicking the triangle icon at the top of any of the columns below.

RankExporterBarley Exports (US$)%World Total
1.Australia$1.4 billion18.1%
2.France$1.3 billion17.4%
3.Russia$1 billion13.3%
4.Ukraine$681.9 million8.9%
5.Argentina$561.8 million7.3%
6.Canada$527.2 million6.9%
7.Germany$378.6 million4.9%
8.Kazakhstan$291.9 million3.8%
9.Romania$278.4 million3.6%
10.United Kingdom$194.4 million2.5%
11.Denmark$157.9 million2.1%
12.Hungary$80.2 million1%
13.Czech Republic$78.1 million1%
14.Sweden$73.8 million1%
15.Spain$67.8 million0.9%
16.Jordan$63.6 million0.8%
17.Netherlands$56.6 million0.7%
18.Belgium$54.8 million0.7%
19.Bulgaria$53 million0.7%
20.Lithuania$52.1 million0.7%
21.Estonia$48.5 million0.6%
22.Poland$36.8 million0.5%
23.United States$26.8 million0.3%
24.Slovakia$24.5 million0.3%
25.Latvia$23.8 million0.3%
26.Austria$21.8 million0.3%
27.Moldova$17 million0.2%
28.Serbia$14.4 million0.2%
29.Finland$14.2 million0.2%
30.Croatia$9.1 million0.1%
31.Portugal$7 million0.1%
32.Slovenia$5.1 million0.1%
33.Luxembourg$4.3 million0.1%
34.Ireland$3.7 million0.05%
35.Turkey$3 million0.04%
36.Uruguay$1.9 million0.03%
37.Italy$1.6 million0.02%
38.India$1.5 million0.02%
39.North Macedonia$1.4 million0.02%
40.Georgia$1.1 million0.01%
42.South Korea$867,0000.01%
44.South Africa$609,0000.01%
49.New Zealand$105,0000.001%
70.Hong Kong$3,0000.00004%
75.United Arab Emirates$1,0000.00001%

See also Corn Exports by Country, Wheat Exports by Country and Rice Exports by Country

Research Sources:
Forbes Global 2000 rankings, The World’s Biggest Public Companies. Accessed on May 29, 2019

Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on May 29, 2019

The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on May 29, 2019

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on May 29, 2019

Wikipedia, general description of barley and its uses. Accessed on June 10, 2018

Wikipedia, List of barley-based beverages. Accessed on June 10, 2018