International sales for eggplant exports by country totaled US$497.6 million in 2018. That dollar amount reflects a -0.3% drop for all eggplant shippers over the five-year period starting in 2014. Year over year, the value of globally exported eggplants fell by -6% from 2017 to 2018.
For the purposes of international trade tariff classification, eggplants are considered to be vegetables. In contrast, botanists and other scientists define eggplants as fruits. What is indisputable is that consumers enjoy eggplants as a savory ingredient in many vegetable dishes.
Among continents, Europe sold the highest value in exported eggplants during 2018 with shipments valued at $319.4 million or almost two-thirds (64.2%) of the global total. In second place were North American exporters at 16.7% while 13.3% of worldwide eggplant shipments originated from Asia. Smaller percentages came from Latin America (3.3%) excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean, Africa (2.2%) and Oceania (0.2%) mainly Fijii.
For research purposes, the 6-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix is 070930 for fresh or chilled eggplants. Eggplants are also called aubergines.
Eggplant Exports by Country
Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of eggplants during 2017.
- Spain: US$174.8 million (35.1% of total eggplants exports)
- Netherlands: $92.4 million (18.6%)
- Mexico: $56 million (11.3%)
- China: $24 million (4.8%)
- United States: $22.5 million (4.5%)
- Turkey: $15.1 million (3%)
- Belgium: $11.5 million (2.3%)
- Honduras: $10.6 million (2.1%)
- Italy: $7.7 million (1.6%)
- France: $6.8 million (1.4%)
- Lithuania: $5.3 million (1.1%)
- Bangladesh: $5.14 million (1%)
- Belarus: $5.09 million (1%)
- Malaysia: $5.08 million (1%)
- Kenya: $4.9 million (1%)
By value, the listed 15 countries shipped 89.8% of all eggplant exports in 2018.
Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing eggplants exporters since 2014 were: China (up 554.3%), Honduras (up 173%), Kenya (up 85.3%) and Malaysia (up 43.9%).
Four leading countries posted declines in their exported eggplants sales namely: Lithuania (down -67.4%), Belgium (down -21.5%), Italy (down -18.1%) and France (down -6.3%).
The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for eggplant during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported eggplant and its import purchases for that same commodity.
- Spain: US$174.2 million (net export surplus up 13.1% since 2014)
- Netherlands: $70.2 million (up 0.1%)
- Mexico: $56 million (up 29.4%)
- China: $24 million (up 554.3%)
- Turkey: $15.1 million (up 8.2%)
- Honduras: $10.6 million (up 174.2%)
- Bangladesh: $5.1 million (no 2014 data)
- Kenya: $4.9 million (up 85.3%)
- Dominican Republic: $4.6 million (down -36.7%)
- Iran: $4.5 million (down -89.3%)
- Malaysia: $3.5 million (up 87.3%)
- Jordan: $3 million (down -87.7%)
- Guinea: $2.8 million (no 2014 data)
- Uzbekistan: $2.8 million (up 52%)
- Israel: $2.6 million (up 239%)
Spain has the highest surplus in the international trade of eggplants. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms Spain’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.
The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for eggplant during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported eggplant purchases and its exports for that same commodity.
- Germany: US-$71.4 million (net export deficit up 8.4% since 2014)
- France: -$52.9 million (up 6.8%)
- United States: -$48.6 million (up 7.4%)
- United Kingdom: -$44.9 million (up 11.6%)
- Russia: -$24.7 million (down -39.4%)
- Canada: -$22.5 million (down -0.5%)
- Italy: -$16 million (up 109.1%)
- Switzerland: -$12.4 million (up 17.6%)
- Belarus: -$11.5 million (up 33.2%)
- Singapore: -$9.1 million (up 22.5%)
- Sweden: -$7.9 million (up 9.2%)
- Georgia: -$5.5 million (down -21.8%)
- Austria: -$5.5 million (up 24.2%)
- Romania: -$4.9 million (up 69.5%)
- Denmark: -$4.6 million (up 3%)
Germany incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of eggplants. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights Germany’s strong competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for eggplant-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand from German consumers.
Eggplant Exporting Companies
According to global trading platform Alibaba, the following suppliers are examples of eggplant-trading exporters. The home-country location for each business is shown within parentheses.
- Agridame BV (Netherlands)
- Alfafood GmbH (Germany)
- Alpha Trade & Financial Ltd (Spain)
- Digibelleza Import & Export (Turkey)
- Green Point for Import and Export (Egypt)
- MarketDom Trading Company (Dominican Republic)
- OXL Resources Sdn BHD (Malaysia)
- Qingdao Jutai International Trade Co, Ltd (China)
- Rancho Chacxul SA de CV (Mexico)
- Roypack Enterprises (Kenya)
See also Asparagus Exports by Country, Top Sweet Pepper and Chili Pepper Exports and Top Cucumbers Exporting Countries
Alibaba, Supplier showroom for eggplant. Accessed on June 15, 2018
Forbes Global 2000 rankings, The World’s Biggest Public Companies. Accessed on May 29, 2019
Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on May 29, 2019
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on May 29, 2019
Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on May 29, 2019
Wikipedia, Eggplant. Accessed on June 15, 2018