Eritrea’s Top 10 Imports

Ghinda town in Eritrea

Ghinda, Eritrea

Eritrean imports totaled an estimated US$306.5 million in 2017, down -45.8% since 2013 and fell -10.4% from 2016 to 2017.

Eritrean imports represent a tiny 0.002% sliver of total global imports which were $16.054 trillion as calculated on February 2, 2018.

Given Eritrea’s population of 5.9 million people, its total $306.5 million in 2017 imports translates to roughly $50 in yearly product demand from every person in the African country.

Eritrea’s Top 10 Imports

Top 10

The following product groups represent the highest dollar value in Eritrea’s import purchases during 2017, at the 2-digit Harmonized Tariff System (HTS) code level. Also shown is the percentage share each product category represents in terms of overall imports into Eritrea.

Drilling down to the more detailed 4-digit HTS codes, Eritrea’s costliest imported goods are wheat or meslin flour ($49.1 million), pasta ($16.5 million), sugar ($16 million), soya-bean oil ($14.9 million), miscellaneous machinery ($13.9 million) then processed petroleum oils ($9 million).

  1. Milling products, malt, starches: US$49.9 million (16.3% of total imports)
  2. Machinery including computers: $46.7 million (15.2%)
  3. Animal/vegetable fats, oils, waxes: $29.2 million (9.5%)
  4. Electrical machinery, equipment: $21.7 million (7.1%)
  5. Cereal/milk preparations: $16.6 million (5.4%)
  6. Sugar, sugar confectionery: $16.5 million (5.4%)
  7. Mineral fuels including oil: $12.7 million (4.2%)
  8. Articles of iron or steel: $11.6 million (3.8%)
  9. Vehicles: $10.5 million (3.4%)
  10. Rubber, rubber articles: $8.1 million (2.6%)

Eritrea’s top 10 imports accounted for approaching three-quarters (72.9%) of the overall value of its product purchases from other countries.

Mineral fuels-related products posted the fastest-growing increase in value among the top 10 import categories, up 465% from 2016 to 2017.

In second place for improving import sales were milling products, malt and starches via a 91.6% gain.

Animal or vegetable fats, oils and waxes appreciated by 70.7% year over year.

Leading the decliners was Eritrea’s imports of electrical machinery and equipment, down -49.5%.

Please note that the results listed above are at the 2-digit Harmonized Tariff System code level. Information presented under other virtual folder tabs is at the more granular 4-digit level.

Milling

In 2017, Eritrean importers spent the most on the following subcategories of milling industry goods:

  1. Wheat or meslin flour: US$49.1 million (up 102.7%)
  2. Malt: $754,000 (down -44.2%)
  3. Starches, inulin: $4,000 (no 2013 data)

These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of imported milling industry goods among Eritrean businesses and consumers.

Machinery

In 2017, Eritrean importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of machinery including computers:

  1. Miscellaneous machinery: US$13.9 million (up 999.4% from 2016)
  2. Heavy machinery (bulldozers, excavators, road rollers): $5.6 million (up 500.1%)
  3. Sort/screen/washing machinery: $4.0 million (up 78.7%)
  4. Machinery parts: $3.7 million (down -16.6%)
  5. Move/grade/scrape/boring machinery: $3.2 million (up 168.8%)
  6. Centrifuges, filters and purifiers: $2.1 million (down -10.9%)
  7. Liquid pumps and elevators: $1.5 million (down -50.8%)
  8. Air or vacuum pumps: $1.4 million (up 28.7%)
  9. Dishwashing, clean/dry/fill machines: $1.2 million (up 163.5%)
  10. Taps, valves, similar appliances: $1.1 million (down -59.5%)

Among these import subcategories, Eritrean purchases of miscellaneous machinery (up 999.4%), heavy machinery such as bulldozers and excavators (up 500.1%) and moving/grading/scraping/boring machinery (up 168.8%) grew at the fastest pace from 2016 to 2017.

These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of imported machinery among Eritrean businesses and consumers.

Fats/Oils

In 2017, Eritrean importers spent the most on the following subcategories of animal or vegetable fats and oils:

  1. Soya-bean oil: US$15.9 million (up 65.6% from 2016)
  2. Palm oil: $8.2 million (up 31.9%)
  3. Sun/safflower/cotton-seed oil: $3.4 million (up 214.7%)
  4. Fixed vegetable fats/oils: $681,000 (up 404.4%)
  5. Margarine: $661,000 (up 1,903%)
  6. Olive oil: $187,000 (up 9,250%)
  7. Pig lard, poultry fat: $135,000 (no 2013 data)
  8. Ground nut oil: $1,000 (no change)

Among these import subcategories, Eritrean purchases of olive oil: (up 9,250%), margarine: (up 1,903%) and fixed vegetable fats/oils: (up 404.4%) grew at the fastest pace from 2016 to 2017.

These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of imported animal or vegetable fats and oils among Eritrean businesses and consumers.

Electronics

In 2017, Eritrean importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of electronics including smartphones:

  1. Solar power diodes/semi-conductors: US$5.4 million (up 701.6% from 2016)
  2. Phone system devices: $3.9 million (up 223.5%)
  3. Electrical converters/power units: $3.7 million (up 98.8%)
  4. Electric storage batteries: $3.1 million (up 26.7%)
  5. Insulated wire/cable: $1.2 million (down -44.1%)
  6. Metal soldering/hot-spray equipment: $743,000 (up 162.5%)
  7. Electric motors, generators: $663,000 (down -90.7%)
  8. Electrical/optical circuit boards, panels: $646,000 (down -72.1%)
  9. Electric generating sets, converters: $407,000 (down -97.7%)
  10. Lower-voltage switches, fuses: $374,000 (down -29.3%)

Among these import subcategories, Eritrean purchases of solar power diodes or semi-conductors (up 701.6%), phone system devices including mobile phones (up 223.5%) and metal soldering or hot-spray equipment (up 162.5%) grew at the fastest pace from 2016 to 2017.

These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of imported electronics among Eritrean businesses and consumers.



 

See also Eritrea’s Top 10 Exports, Top African Export Countries and Nigeria’s Top 10 Imports

Research Sources:
International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database (GDP based on Purchasing Power Parity). Accessed on September 13, 2018

The World Factbook, Country Profiles, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on September 13, 2018

Trade Map, International Trade Centre, www.intracen.org/marketanalysis. Accessed on September 13, 2018