Flour Exports by Country

Flour jar spill (courtesy of Pixabay.com)

Flour jar spill (Pixabay)

Global sales for exported flours totaled US$6.1 billion during 2017. That dollar amount reflects a -10% setback since 2013 and a -1.2% dip from 2016 to 2017.

A granular food powder made via grinding raw grains or roots, flour is a key ingredient in such dietary staples as bread, pastries and stews.

Three-quarters (75%) of globally exported flour in 2017 was made from wheat or meslin flour, while 14.4% was derived from other cereals excluding wheat and meslin. Smaller percentages came from peas, beans, lentils and other dried leguminous vegetables at 9.1% with 1.5% being potato-based.

From a continent perspective, $2.6 billion or 43.4% worth of worldwide flour exports originated in Asia during 2017, trailed by suppliers in Europe (33.2%) and North America (10.3%). Latin America plus the Caribbean was responsible for 8.2% of flour’s international sales total, ahead of 4.3% for African exporters and 0.6% for shippers in Oceania notably Australia.

The 4-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix is 1101 for wheat or meslin flour, 1102 for other cereal flours, 1106 for flour made from peas, beans, lentils and similar dried leguminous vegetables. The 6-digit HTS prefix is 110510 for potato-derived flour.

Wheat

Flour Exports by Country: Wheat or Meslin

Below are the 20 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of flour made from wheat or meslin and that was shipped during 2017.

  1. Turkey: US$1.1 billion (23.1% of exported wheat/meslin flour)
  2. Kazakhstan: $469.4 million (10.3%)
  3. Germany: $319.2 million (7%)
  4. Argentina: $196.6 million (4.3%)
  5. Belgium: $157 million (3.5%)
  6. Canada: $153.5 million (3.4%)
  7. United States: $135.6 million (3%)
  8. United Kingdom: $120.2 million (2.6%)
  9. France: $113.3 million (2.5%)
  10. Italy: $106.1 million (2.3%)
  11. Pakistan: $97 million (2.1%)
  12. Ukraine: $96.4 million (2.1%)
  13. Egypt: $92.4 million (2%)
  14. India: $88.3 million (1.9%)
  15. China: $81.3 million (1.8%)
  16. Netherlands: $74.6 million (1.6%)
  17. Japan: $64.5 million (1.4%)
  18. Russia: $64.4 million (1.4%)
  19. Hungary: $55 million (1.2%)
  20. Vietnam: $54.8 million (1.2%)

The above countries produced 79% of wheat or meslin-based flour in 2017.

Leading the gainers since 2013 were: Argentina (up 248%), Egypt (up 155.9%), Netherlands (up 103.2%), Portugal (up 55.1%) then Canada (up 51%).

India endured the greatest decline (-39.4%) over the 5-year period ahead of Spain (down -37.1%), United Kingdom (down -30.1%), Hungary (down -22.2%) then Kazakhstan (down -19.1%).

Other Cereals

Flour Exports by Country: Cereals Not Wheat or Meslin

Below are the 20 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of flour made from cereals other than wheat or meslin and that was shipped during 2017.

  1. Thailand: US$130.4 million (15% of exported other cereal flour)
  2. Mexico: $109.3 million (12.6%)
  3. United States: $92.2 million (10.6%)
  4. Italy: $57.5 million (6.6%)
  5. Brazil: $57 million (6.6%)
  6. Belgium: $42.4 million (4.9%)
  7. Germany: $41.4 million (4.8%)
  8. France: $28.6 million (3.3%)
  9. South Africa: $27.1 million (3.1%)
  10. El Salvador: $25.8 million (3%)
  11. Uganda: $24.7 million (2.8%)
  12. India: $18.2 million (2.1%)
  13. Belarus: $17.1 million (2%)
  14. Netherlands: $16.6 million (1.9%)
  15. Canada: $16.4 million (1.9%)
  16. Portugal: $14.4 million (1.7%)
  17. Colombia: $14.1 million (1.6%)
  18. Turkey: $9.8 million (1.1%)
  19. Spain: $9.7 million (1.1%)
  20. Hong Kong: $8.7 million (1%)

The above countries produced 87.5% of cereal-based flour in 2017 excluding those made from wheat or meslin.

Leading the gainers since 2013 were: Belgium (up 599.9%), Turkey (up 534.4%), Mexico (up 146.7%), India (up 93.7%) then Uganda (up 59.9%).

Hong Kong endured the greatest decline (-46.9%) over the 5-year period ahead of El Salvador (down -34.2%), Colombia (down -28.3%), Belarus (down -15.3%) then Spain (down -13.3%).

Potato

Flour Exports by Country: Potatoes

Below are the 20 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of potato-based flour that was shipped during 2017.

  1. Netherlands: US$48.1 million (51.5% of exported potato-based flour)
  2. United States: $9.1 million (9.7%)
  3. Poland: $5.2 million (5.6%)
  4. Saudi Arabia: $4.8 million (5.2%)
  5. India: $4.6 million (4.9%)
  6. United Kingdom: $4.1 million (4.4%)
  7. Germany: $3.3 million (3.5%)
  8. Canada: $2.2 million (2.4%)
  9. Belgium: $1.6 million (1.7%)
  10. South Africa: $1.1 million (1.2%)
  11. Egypt: $850,000 (0.9%)
  12. Australia: $828,000 (0.9%)
  13. Thailand: $702,000 (0.8%)
  14. China: $585,000 (0.6%)
  15. Italy: $565,000 (0.6%)
  16. Philippines: $535,000 (0.6%)
  17. Singapore: $523,000 (0.6%)
  18. Malaysia: $471,000 (0.5%)
  19. Slovenia: $452,000 (0.5%)
  20. Hong Kong: $447,000 (0.5%)

The above countries produced 96.4% of potato-based flour in 2017.

Leading the gainers since 2013 were: Saudi Arabia (up 9,969%), Singapore (up 423%), Philippines (up 214.7%), Australia (up 158.8%) then Canada (up 144.9%).

Hong Kong endured the greatest decline (-68.6%) over the 5-year period ahead of United States (down -49.1%), Thailand (down -46.2%), China (down -20.1%) then Germany (down -19.7%).

Legumes

Flour Exports by Country: Dried Legumes

Below are the 20 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of flour made from peas, beans and lentils or other dried legumes and that was shipped during 2017.

  1. Spain: US$76.2 million (13.8% of exported dried legumes flour)
  2. United States: $58.2 million (10.6%)
  3. Thailand: $34.1 million (6.2%)
  4. India: $31.1 million (5.7%)
  5. China: $30.5 million (5.5%)
  6. Canada: $28.9 million (5.3%)
  7. Turkey: $27.8 million (5.1%)
  8. Germany: $24 million (4.4%)
  9. Malaysia: $22.4 million (4.1%)
  10. Peru: $20.2 million (3.7%)
  11. France: $17.7 million (3.2%)
  12. Italy: $16.2 million (3%)
  13. Chile: $12.6 million (2.3%)
  14. Vietnam: $12.2 million (2.2%)
  15. Brazil: $11.4 million (2.1%)
  16. United Kingdom: $11 million (2%)
  17. Indonesia: $10.2 million (1.9%)
  18. Netherlands: $9.7 million (1.8%)
  19. Poland: $8.4 million (1.5%)
  20. Singapore: $7.5 million (1.4%)

The above countries produced 85.5% of dried legumes-based flour in 2017.

Leading the gainers since 2013 were: Poland (up 6,384%), Singapore (up 1,114%), Brazil (up 288%), Chile (up 139.2%) then Canada (up 126.6%).

The value of exports for dried legumes-based flour declined for just two countries over the 5-year period, namely Turkey (down -36.1%) and India (down -13.9%).


 



 

See also Wheat Exports by Country, Top Pasta Exporters by Country and Barley Exports by Country

Research Sources:
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on September 16, 2018

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on September 16, 2018

Wikipedia, Flour. Accessed on September 16, 2018