A Baltic nation in northeastern Europe bordering Belarus and Poland, the Republic of Lithuania bought imported products worth a total US$36.5 billion in 2018. That dollar amount reflects a 3.7% increase since 2014 and a 17.9% gain from 2017 to 2018.
Lithuanian imports represent a tiny 0.2% of total global imports which totaled $17.788 trillion one year earlier in 2017.
From a continental perspective, 88% of Lithuania’s total imports by value in 2018 were purchased from fellow European countries. Asian trade partners provided 9.3% of Lithuanian import purchases trailed by suppliers in North America (1.5%), Latin America (0.3%) excluding Mexico and including the Caribbean, then Africa (also 0.3%).
Given Lithuania’s population of 2.8 million people, its total $36.5 billion in 2018 imports translates to roughly $13,100 in yearly product demand from every person in the northeastern European country.
Lithuania’s Top 10 Imports
The following product groups represent the highest dollar value in Lithuania’s import purchases during 2018. Also shown is the percentage share each product category represents in terms of overall imports into Lithuania.
- Mineral fuels including oil: US$6.2 billion (19.1% of total imports)
- Machinery including computers: $3.4 billion (10.4%)
- Vehicles: $3 billion (9.3%)
- Electrical machinery, equipment: $2.5 billion (7.8%)
- Plastics, plastic articles: $1.5 billion (4.6%)
- Pharmaceuticals: $1.1 billion (3.5%)
- Organic chemicals: $726.7 million (2.2%)
- Iron, steel: $705.3 million (2.2%)
- Articles of iron or steel: $689.6 million (2.1%)
- Wood: $686.5 million (2.1%)
Imported organic chemicals had the fastest-growing increase in value among Lithuania’s top 10 import categories, up 30.2% from 2017 to 2018.
In second place for improving import purchases was iron or steel, up 28.5%. Lithuanian imports of wood delivered the third-fastest gain up 27.4% trailed by the mineral fuels-related products category with its 25.6% improvement.
Pharmaceuticals was the laggard among the top 10 Lithuanian imports, via a modest 5.4% uptick.
Please note that the results listed above are at the 2-digit Harmonized Tariff System code level. Information presented under other virtual folder tabs is at the more granular 4-digit level.
At the more detailed four-digit Harmonized Tariff System code level, Lithuania’s costliest imported product is crude oil. In second place is cars trailed by drugs and medicines, refined petroleum oils, petroleum gases, mobile phones, electrical energy, polycarboxylic acids, computers then automobile parts or accessories.
In 2018, Lithuanian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of mineral fuels-related products.
- Crude oil: US$5.1 billion (up 32.4% from 2017)
- Processed petroleum oils: $731.5 million (down -13.9%)
- Petroleum gases: $686.9 million (up 19.7%)
- Electrical energy: $644.1 million (up 51.7%)
- Coal, solid fuels made from coal: $33 million (up 9.2%)
- Petroleum oil residues: $25.4 million (up 42.4%)
- Petroleum jelly, mineral waxes: $23.7 million (down -15.6%)
- Peat: $16 million (up 38%)
- Coke, semi-coke: $8.7 million (up 63.7%)
- Coal tar oils (high temperature distillation): $5.6 million (down -32.1%)
Among these import subcategories, Lithuanian purchases of coke or semi-coke (up 63.7%), electrical energy (up 51.7%) and petroleum oil residues (up 42.4%) grew at the fastest pace from 2017 to 2018.
These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of mineral fuels-related imports among Lithuanian businesses and consumers.
In 2018, Lithuanian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of machinery including computers.
- Computers, optical readers: US$391 million (up 0.02% from 2017)
- Taps, valves, similar appliances: $214.5 million (up 12.9%)
- Harvest/threshing machinery: $162.3 million (up 23.9%)
- Miscellaneous machinery: $152.6 million (up 20.3%)
- Printing machinery: $138.9 million (up 10.6%)
- Air or vacuum pumps: $126 million (up 15.2%)
- Centrifuges, filters and purifiers: $124.1 million (up 10.4%)
- Refrigerators, freezers: $122.2 million (up 21.9%)
- Industrial preparation machinery: $121.8 million (up 25%)
- Temperature-change machines: $115.1 million (up 19.5%)
Among these import subcategories, Lithuanian purchases of industrial preparation machinery (up 25%), harvest and threshing machinery (up 23.9%) and refrigerators or freezers (up 21.9%) grew at the fastest pace from 2017 to 2018.
These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of machinery-related imports among Lithuanian businesses and consumers.
In 2018, Lithuanian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of vehicles.
- Cars: US$1.3 billion (up 20.5% from 2017)
- Tractors: $833.9 million (up 26.6%)
- Automobile parts/accessories: $386.6 million (up 13.6%)
- Trailers: $377 million (up 28.6%)
- Trucks: $248.6 million (up 6.8%)
- Public-transport vehicles: $96.1 million (down -30.8%)
- Motorcycle parts/accessories: $50.1 million (up 76.1%)
- Special purpose vehicles: $39.1 million (down -13.5%)
- Armored vehicles, tanks: $24.8 million (down -4.2%)
- Motorcycles: $18.1 million (up 26.4%)
Among these import subcategories, Lithuanian purchases of motorcycle parts or accessories (up 76.1%), trailers (up 28.6%) and tractors (up 26.6%) grew at the fastest pace from 2017 to 2018.
These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of vehicles-related imports among Lithuanian businesses and consumers.
In 2018, Lithuanian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of electrical products including consumer electronics.
- Phone system devices including smartphones: US$648.3 million (down -4.8% from 2017)
- Insulated wire/cable: $279.7 million (up 14.3%)
- TV receivers/monitors/projectors: $195.1 million (down -18.2%)
- Lower-voltage switches, fuses: $176.5 million (up 18.7%)
- Electric water heaters, hair dryers: $120.9 million (up 22%)
- Electrical converters/power units: $96.5 million (down -0.7%)
- Integrated circuits/microassemblies: $87.6 million (up 18.5%)
- Microphones/headphones/amps: $84.2 million (up 44.1%)
- Carbon electrodes, brushes: $68.6 million (up 124.9%)
- Electrical/optical circuit boards, panels: $65.9 million (up 39.7%)
Among these import subcategories, Lithuanian purchases of carbon electrodes and brushes (up 124.9%), microphones, headphones and amplifiers (up 44.1%) and electrical and optical circuit boards or panels (up 39.7%) grew at the fastest pace from 2017 to 2018.
These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of electronics-related imports among Lithuanian businesses and consumers.
See also Lithuania’s Top Trading Partners and Lithuania’s Top 10 Exports
International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database (GDP based on Purchasing Power Parity). Accessed on February 21, 2019
The World Factbook, Country Profiles, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on February 21, 2019
Trade Map, International Trade Centre, www.intracen.org/marketanalysis. Accessed on February 21, 2019