A Baltic nation in northeastern Europe bordering Belarus and Poland, the Republic of Lithuania bought imported products worth a total US$35.6 billion in 2019. That dollar amount reflects a 26.4% increase since 2015 but a -2.4% decrease from 2018 to 2019.
Based on the average exchange rate for 2019, Lithuania uses the euro which appreciated by 0.9% against the US dollar since 2015 but declined by -5.5% from 2018 to 2019. The weaker EU currency makes Lithuania’s imports paid for in stronger US dollars in 2019 relatively less expensive than in 2018 when converted starting from euros.
Applying a continental lens, 88.7% of Lithuania’s total imports by value in 2019 were purchased from fellow European countries. Asian trade partners provided 8.3% of Lithuanian import purchases trailed by suppliers in North America (1.6%), Latin America (0.3%) excluding Mexico and including the Caribbean, Africa (0.2%) then Oceania (0.04%) led by Australia and New Zealand.
br>Given Lithuania’s population of 2.8 million people, its total $35.6 billion in 2019 imports translates to roughly $12,800 in yearly product demand from every person in the northeastern European country.
Lithuania’s Top 10 Imports
The following product groups represent the highest dollar value in Lithuania’s import purchases during 2019. Also shown is the percentage share each product category represents in terms of overall imports into Lithuania.
- Mineral fuels including oil: US$6.5 billion (18.3% of total imports)
- Machinery including computers: $3.6 billion (10%)
- Vehicles: $3.5 billion (9.9%)
- Electrical machinery, equipment: $2.6 billion (7.4%)
- Plastics, plastic articles: $1.6 billion (4.4%)
- Pharmaceuticals: $1.4 billion (3.9%)
- Organic chemicals: $814.5 million (2.3%)
- Wood: $804.9 million (2.3%)
- Iron, steel: $778.9 million (2.2%)
- Optical, technical, medical apparatus: $764.9 million (2.1%)
Among these top categories, pharmaceuticals (up 16.4%) and optical, technical and medical apparatus (up 2%) were the only two to increase in imports cost for Lithuania from 2018 to 2019.
Leading the declining categories were organic chemicals (down -13.5%), iron or steel (down -12.2%) then mineral fuels including oil (down -8.7%).
Please note that the results listed above are at the 2-digit Harmonized Tariff System code level. Information presented under other virtual folder tabs is at the more granular 4-digit level.
In 2019, Lithuanian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of mineral fuels-related products.
- Crude oil: US$4.5 billion (down -8.8% from 2018)
- Electrical energy: $710.7 million (down -0.5%)
- Petroleum gases: $657.8 million (down -4.2%)
- Processed petroleum oils: $581.3 million (down -20.2%)
- Coal, solid fuels made from coal: $29 million (down -12%)
- Petroleum oil residues: $22.6 million (down -13.3%)
- Peat: $18.6 million (up 16.3%)
- Petroleum jelly, mineral waxes: $16 million (down -32.5%)
- Coal tar oils (high temperature distillation): $7.6 million (up 36.3%)
- Coke, semi-coke: $6.3 million (down -27.6%)
Among these import subcategories, Lithuanian purchases of high-temperature distilled coal tar oils (up 36.3%) and peat (up 16.3%) grew from 2018 to 2019.
These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of mineral fuels-related imports among Lithuanian businesses and consumers.
In 2019, Lithuanian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of machinery including computers.
- Computers, optical readers: US$413.2 million (up 4% from 2018)
- Taps, valves, similar appliances: $216.4 million (up 0.1%)
- Miscellaneous machinery: $198.5 million (up 30.9%)
- Centrifuges, filters and purifiers: $126.8 million (up 1%)
- Refrigerators, freezers: $117.4 million (down -4.8%)
- Printing machinery: $116.1 million (down -17.7%)
- Liquid pumps and elevators: $115.5 million (up 12.5%)
- Air conditioners: $113.8 million (up 41.2%)
- Industrial preparation machinery: $108.1 million (down -12.2%)
- Air or vacuum pumps: $107.9 million (down -15.5%)
Among these import subcategories, Lithuanian purchases of air conditioners (up 41.2%), miscellaneous machinery (up 30.9%) then liquid pumps and elevators (up 12.5%) grew at the fastest pace from 2018 to 2019.
These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of machinery-related imports among Lithuanian businesses and consumers.
In 2019, Lithuanian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of vehicles.
- Cars: US$1.6 billion (up 23% from 2018)
- Tractors: $598.6 million (down -28.5%)
- Automobile parts/accessories: $396 million (up 1.4%)
- Trailers: $301.3 million (down -20.4%)
- Trucks: $207.8 million (down -20.4%)
- Public-transport vehicles: $109.1 million (up 6.3%)
- Motorcycle parts/accessories: $61.4 million (up 22.5%)
- Armored vehicles, tanks: $55.6 million (up 116.6%)
- Special purpose vehicles: $43.4 million (up 10.9%)
- Motorcycles: $24.4 million (up 34.6%)
Among these import subcategories, Lithuanian purchases of armored vehicles including tanks (up 116.6%), motorcycles (up 34.6%) then cars (up 23%) grew at the fastest pace from 2018 to 2019.
These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of vehicles-related imports among Lithuanian businesses and consumers.
In 2019, Lithuanian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of electrical products including consumer electronics.
- Phone system devices including smartphones: US$579.2 million (down -11.1% from 2018)
- Insulated wire/cable: $232.7 million (down -17.3%)
- TV receivers/monitors/projectors: $202.2 million (up 3.2%)
- Lower-voltage switches, fuses: $171.5 million (down -3.4%)
- Electric water heaters, hair dryers: $120.9 million (down -0.9%)
- Electrical converters/power units: $112.7 million (up 18.9%)
- Carbon electrodes/brushes, lamp/battery carbons: $99.5 million (up 45%)
- Integrated circuits/microassemblies: $96.1 million (up 9.3%)
- Solar power diodes/semi-conductors: $72.4 million (up 26.3%)
- Electrical/optical circuit boards, panels: $66.2 million (down -5.8%)
Among these import subcategories, Lithuanian purchases under the carbon electrodes and brushes subcategory (up 45%), solar power diodes or semi-conductors (up 26.3%) and electrical converters or power units (up 18.9%) grew at the fastest pace from 2018 to 2019.
These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of electronics-related imports among Lithuanian businesses and consumers.
See also Lithuania’s Top Trading Partners and Lithuania’s Top 10 Exports
Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook Country Profiles. Accessed on February 22, 2020
International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database (GDP based on Purchasing Power Parity). Accessed on February 22, 2020
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on February 22, 2020