Mexico’s Top 10 Imports

Mexico's Top 10 Imports

by FlagPictures.org

Officially the United Mexican States, Mexico imported US$420.4 billion worth of goods from around the globe in 2017. That dollar amount reflects a 10.3% increase since 2013 and an 8.6% gain from 2016 to 2017.

From January to July 2018, goods imported into Mexico were valued at $263.2 billion. This 7-month metric puts Mexican imports on track for an annualized $451.3 billion estimated for all 2018.

From a continental perspective, almost half (48.7%) of Mexico’s total imports by value in 2017 were purchased from the United States and Canada–fellow signatories to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Trade partners in Asia accounted for 35.1% of Mexican import purchases while 12.5% worth originated from Europe. Smaller percentages came from Africa (0.3%) and Latin America plus the Caribbean (3.1%).

Given Mexico’s population of 124.6 million people, its total $420.4 billion in 2017 imports translates to roughly $3,400 in yearly product demand from every person in the country.

Mexico’s Top 10 Imports

Top 10

The following product groups represent the highest dollar value in Mexico’s import purchases during 2017. Also shown is the percentage share each product category represents in terms of overall imports into Mexico.

  1. Electrical machinery, equipment: US$85.9 billion (20.4% of total imports)
  2. Machinery including computers: $71.1 billion (16.9%)
  3. Vehicles: $41.6 billion (9.9%)
  4. Mineral fuels including oil: $35.5 billion (8.5%)
  5. Plastics, plastic articles: $23.2 billion (5.5%)
  6. Optical, technical, medical apparatus: $15.1 billion (3.6%)
  7. Iron, steel: $10.2 billion (2.4%)
  8. Articles of iron or steel: $9.4 billion (2.2%)
  9. Organic chemicals: $8.7 billion (2.1%)
  10. Rubber, rubber articles: $6.9 billion (1.6%)

Mexico’s top 10 imports accounted for almost three-quarters (73.2%) of the overall value of its product purchases from other countries.

Mineral fuels including oil had the fastest-growing increase in value among Mexico’s top 10 import categories, up 41.6% from 2016 to 2017.

In second place for improving import purchases was organic chemicals, up 18.8%. Mexican imports of iron and steel was up 18.5% trailed by rubber and items made from rubber up 12.3%.

Electrical machinery and equipment was the laggard albeit its category did move ahead in value by 1.9%.

Note that the results listed above are at the categorized two-digit Harmonized Tariff System (HTS) code level. For a more detailed view of imported goods at the four-digit HTS code level, see the section Searchable List of Mexico’s Most Valuable Import Products further down near the bottom of this article or under the adjacent product folder tabs.

Electronics

Mexican importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of electronic equipment:

  1. Integrated circuits/microassemblies: US$16.4 billion (up 9.2% from 2016)
  2. Phone system devices: $13.5 billion (down -8%)
  3. Lower-voltage switches, fuses: $6.1 billion (up 2.3%)
  4. Insulated wire/cable: $5.2 billion (down -3.2%)
  5. TV/radio/radar device parts: $4.4 billion (down -17.1%)
  6. Electric circuit parts, fuses, switches: $3.8 billion (up 8.6%)
  7. Electrical converters/power units: $3.6 billion (up 3.4%)
  8. Solar power diodes/semi-conductors: $3.2 billion (down -1%)
  9. Electric motors, generators: $2.9 billion (up 40.9%)
  10. TV receivers/monitors/projectors: $2.7 billion (up 0.5%)

Among these import subcategories, Mexico’s purchases of electric motors or generators (up 40.9%), integrated circuits or microassemblies (up 9.2%) and electric circuit parts, fuses or switches (up 8.6%) grew at the fastest pace from 2016 to 2017.

These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of imported electronics among Mexican businesses and consumers.

Machinery

Mexican importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of machinery:

  1. Computers, optical readers: US$9.4 billion (down -7.3% from 2016)
  2. Computer parts, accessories: $6 billion (up 2.4%)
  3. Engines (diesel): $4.5 billion (up 18.7%)
  4. Piston engine parts: $3.9 billion (up 9.1%)
  5. Taps, valves, similar appliances: $3.5 billion (up 14.2%)
  6. Air or vacuum pumps: $3.4 billion (up 3.9%)
  7. Miscellaneous machinery: $3.4 billion (up 24.2%)
  8. Transmission shafts, gears, clutches: $3.3 billion (up 8.7%)
  9. Turbo-jets: $2.7 billion (up 8.3%)
  10. Piston engines: $2.5 billion (up 12.5%)

Among these import subcategories, Mexico’s purchases of miscellaneous machinery (up 24.2%), diesel engines (up 18.7%) and taps, valves or similar appliances (up 14.2%) grew at the fastest pace from 2016 to 2017.

These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of imported machinery among Mexican businesses and consumers.

Vehicles

Mexican importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of vehicles:

  1. Automobile parts/accessories: US$25.3 billion (up 11.2% from 2016)
  2. Cars: $11.5 billion (up 15.8%)
  3. Trucks: $2.2 billion (up 2.5%)
  4. Trailers: $816.1 million (up 7.1%)
  5. Tractors: $382.6 million (up 21%)
  6. Motorcycle parts/accessories: $358.9 million (up 12.6%)
  7. Public-transport vehicles: $308.9 million (up 8.3%)
  8. Motorcycles: $283 million (up 10.4%)
  9. Special purpose vehicles: $147.4 million (up 6.8%)
  10. Chassis fitted with engine: $98.9 million (down -26.8%)

Among these import subcategories, Mexico’s purchases of tractors (up 21%), cars (up 15.8%) and motorcycle parts or accessories (up 12.6%) grew at the fastest pace from 2016 to 2017.

These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of imported vehicles among Mexican businesses and consumers.

Fuel

Mexican importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of mineral fuels-related products:

  1. Processed petroleum oils: US$24.8 billion (up 37.5% from 2016)
  2. Petroleum gases: $8.3 billion (up 48.8%)
  3. Coal, solid fuels made from coal: $902.7 million (up 79.8%)
  4. Petroleum oil residues: $516.1 million (up 47.4%)
  5. Coke, semi-coke: $371.7 million (up 62.5%)
  6. Electrical energy: $249.8 million (up 174.4%)
  7. Petroleum jelly, mineral waxes: $218 million (up 14.8%)
  8. Coal tar oils (high temperature distillation): $58.9 million (up 98.2%)
  9. Peat: $29.3 million (up 17.5%)
  10. Tar pitch, coke: $8.2 million (up 32.3%)

Among these import subcategories, Mexico’s purchases of electrical energy (up 174.4%), high temperature distilled coal tar oils (up 98.2%) and coal including solid fuels made from coal (up 79.8%) grew at the fastest pace from 2016 to 2017.

These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of mineral fuels-related imports among Mexican businesses and consumers.



 

Searchable List of Mexico’s Most Valuable Import Products

At the more granular four-digit HTS code level, Mexico’s top import products are auto parts or accessories followed by refined petroleum oils then electronic integrated circuits.

The following searchable table displays 200 of Mexico’s most in-demand imported goods during 2017. Shown beside each product label is its total import value then the percentage increase or decrease since 2016.

RankMexican Import Product2017 Value (US$)Change
1Automobile parts/accessories$25.3 billion+11.2%
2Processed petroleum oils$24.8 billion+37.5%
3Integrated circuits/microassemblies$16.4 billion+9.2%
4Phone system devices including smartphones $13.5 billion-8%
5Cars$11.5 billion+15.8%
6Computers, optical readers$9.4 billion-7.3%
7Petroleum gases$8.3 billion+48.8%
8Lower-voltage switches, fuses$6.1 billion+2.3%
9Computer parts, accessories$6 billion+2.4%
10Insulated wire/cable$5.2 billion-3.2%
11Miscellaneous plastic items$4.6 billion+9.5%
12Engines (diesel)$4.5 billion+18.7%
13TV/radio/radar device parts$4.4 billion-17.1%
14Piston engine parts$3.9 billion+9.1%
15Electric circuit parts, fuses, switches$3.8 billion+8.6%
16Liquid crystal/laser/optical tools$3.7 billion-3.3%
17Electrical converters/power units$3.6 billion+3.4%
18Taps, valves, similar appliances$3.5 billion+14.2%
19Air or vacuum pumps$3.4 billion+3.9%
20Miscellaneous machinery$3.4 billion+24.2%
21Transmission shafts, gears, clutches$3.3 billion+8.7%
22Solar power diodes/semi-conductors$3.2 billion-1%
23Rubber tires (new)$3.1 billion+9.4%
24Electric motors, generators$2.9 billion+40.9%
25Corn$2.9 billion+6%
26Electro-medical equip (e.g. xrays)$2.8 billion-1.1%
27Miscellaneous iron or steel items$2.8 billion+2.6%
28Iron and steel screws, bolts, nuts, washers$2.7 billion+9.7%
29TV receivers/monitors/projectors$2.7 billion+0.5%
30Turbo-jets$2.7 billion+8.3%
31Plastic packing goods, lids, caps$2.6 billion-1.3%
32Medication mixes in dosage$2.5 billion+1.1%
33Piston engines$2.5 billion+12.5%
34Centrifuges, filters and purifiers$2.4 billion+15.4%
35Liquid pumps and elevators$2.3 billion+7.7%
36Printed circuits$2.3 billion+4.5%
37Trucks$2.2 billion+2.5%
38Seats (excluding barber/dentist chairs)$2.1 billion+2.2%
39Polyacetal/ether/carbonates$2 billion+11.1%
40Plastic plates, sheets, film, tape, strips$2 billion+3.4%
41Flat-rolled iron or non-alloy steel products (plated/coated)$2 billion+28.9%
42Unrecorded sound media$1.9 billion+58.1%
43Flat-rolled other alloy steel products$1.9 billion+30.5%
44Electrical machinery$1.9 billion+7.7%
45Electrical/optical circuit boards, panels$1.9 billion+13.2%
46Aluminum (unwrought)$1.9 billion+13%
47Ethylene polymers$1.8 billion-11.9%
48Cyclic hydrocarbons$1.8 billion+21.1%
49Moulding boxes/base$1.8 billion+0.2%
50Printing machinery$1.8 billion-7.4%
51Soya beans$1.7 billion+6.9%
52Scents used for beverage or industrial manufacturing$1.7 billion+10.3%
53Vulcanized rubber items$1.7 billion+12%
54Plastic plates, sheets, film, tape, strips$1.7 billion+5.8%
55Other measuring/testing machines$1.7 billion+23.0%
56Aluminum plates, sheets, strips$1.6 billion+26.5%
57Electric ignition/start equipment$1.6 billion+0.9%
58Propylene/olefin polymers$1.6 billion+12.9%
59Electrical lighting/signaling equpment, defrosters$1.6 billion+1.8%
60Regulate/control instruments$1.5 billion+0.4%
61Rubber/plastic article making machines$1.5 billion+4%
62Microphones/headphones/amps$1.4 billion+3.6%
63Swine meat$1.4 billion+7.1%
64Plastic tubes, pipes, fittings$1.4 billion+5.1%
65Hot-rolled iron or non-alloy steel products$1.4 billion+10.4%
66Ball, roller bearings$1.4 billion+9.5%
67Base metal mountings, fittings$1.3 billion+9.4%
68Chemical industry products/residuals$1.3 billion+11.7%
69Electrical capacitators$1.2 billion+6.4%
70Interchangeable hand/machine tools$1.2 billion+0.3%
71Self-adhesive plastic in rolls$1.2 billion+0.3%
72Air conditioners$1.2 billion+5.9%
73Blood fractions (including antisera)$1.1 billion+4.1%
74Poultry meat$1.1 billion+10.4%
75Electric storage batteries$1.1 billion+4.5%
76Wheat$1.1 billion+10%
77Paper containers, cellulose wadding$1.1 billion+0.7%
78Temperature-change machines$1.1 billion+14%
79Lifting/loading machinery$1 billion+10.4%
80Initiators/accelerators, catalytic preps$1 billion+2%
81Spray/dispersing mechanical appliances$966.9 million+5.8%
82Styrene polymers$907.5 million+9.7%
83Flat-rolled stainless steel items$906.3 million+25.4%
84Electric motor parts$905.7 million+6.3%
85Coal, solid fuels made from coal$902.7 million+79.8%
86Copper wire$891.5 million+20%
87Machine-tool for metal$881.9 million+1.8%
88Refrigerators, freezers$881 million+1.5%
89Liquid/gas checking instruments$843.9 million+11.4%
90Models, puzzles, miscellaneous toys$840.7 million+3.7%
91Metal soldering/hot-spray equipment$836.6 million-6.6%
92Trailers$816.1 million+7.1%
93Coated paper$794.5 million+3.8%
94Uncoated kraft paper$789.2 million+2.8%
95Machinery parts$785.2 million+8%
96 Dishwashing, clean/dry/fill machines $774 million+8.8%
97Locks, lock-keys$772.5 million+8.7%
98Railway/streetcar parts$770.5 million-22.7%
99Miscellaneous machine electrical parts$746.4 million+4%
100Lamps, lighting, illuminated signs$744.1 million+4.4%
101Fresh or chilled beef$739.4 million+7.3%
102Textile fabrics with plastic$731 million-6.7%
103Concentrated/sweetened milk, cream$725.6 million+17.5%
104Ethers$709.7 million+65.3%
105Refined copper, unwrought alloys$703.6 million+28.6%
106Soya-bean oil-cake, other solid residues$703 million-15.5%
107Rape/colza seeds$702.1 million+13.7%
108Lenses, prisms, mirrors$699.9 million+77.5%
109Other machine parts, accessories$693.3 million+10.2%
110Electric generating sets, converters$692.2 million-38.6%
111Solid-form sugars, fructose, glucose, lactose$691.6 million+11.4%
112Nitrogenous fertilizers$691.1 million+11.9%
113Packaged insecticides/fungicides/herbicides$691 million-0.5%
114Other food preparations$683.8 million-3.2%
115Table games, bowling equipment$672.9 million+16.5%
116Miscellaneous aluminum items$672.2 million-0.2%
117Miscellaneous furniture$649.2 million-2.6%
118Vinyl chloride polymers$645.5 million+4.8%
119Telecommunication receivers$644.6 million+15.1%
120Cold-rolled iron or non-alloy steel products$643.1 million+29.6%
121Electric water heaters, hair dryers$642.5 million+1.5%
122Electric sound/visual signal bells or alarms$637.5 million-11.9%
123Cases, handbags, wallets$631.9 million+3%
124Acyclic alcohols$628.7 million+33.7%
125Hydrocarbon derivatives$622 million+19.6%
126Physical/chemical analysis tools$616.4 million-5.4%
127Heavy machinery (bulldozers, excavators, road rollers)$615.3 million+13.6%
128Miscellaneous iron or steel tubes, pipes$614.9 million-0.9%
129Alloy steel bars, rods$610.4 million+36.2%
130Acyclic hydrocarbons$607.6 million+30.4%
131Vulcanized rubber tubes, pipes$598 million+20.2%
132Cellulose fiber paper$597.6 million+8.2%
133Coated/laminated non-wovens$593.5 million+3.9%
134Beauty/makeup/skin care preparations$577.4 million+11.9%
135Sawn wood$574.8 million+7.5%
136Chemical woodpulp (non-dissolving)$574.3 million+12.7%
137Iron or steel springs, leaves$562 million+2%
138Footwear (textile)$544.8 million+18.7%
139Sports equipment$544.2 million+24%
140TV receiver/transmit/digital cameras$539.1 million+0.03%
141Electrical resistors$535.6 million+13.1%
142Cheese, curd$518.1 million+4.5%
143Polyamides$516.1 million+9.6%
144Petroleum oil residues$516.1 million+47.4%
145Fertilizer mixes$511.2 million+2.7%
146Glass fibers$511 million+12.1%
147Radar, radio communication items$510.6 million-3.4%
148Acrylic polymers$509.6 million+11.1%
149Iron or steel pipe fittings$500 million+6.9%
150Sort/screen/washing machinery$499.8 million-14.2%
151Gas/liquid/electricity/production meters$498.7 million-1%
152Heterocyclics, nucleic acids$497.2 million+1.5%
153Iron or steel scrap$490.7 million+14.5%
154Industrial preparation machinery$489.7 million+14.6%
155Other animal leather$489.1 million-7.3%
156Other coloring matter, luminophores$486.9 million+16.9%
157Fork-lift trucks$486.9 million-6.6%
158Synthetic yarn woven fabrics$484.2 million-4.7%
159Aluminum foil (thin)$470.5 million+11.1%
160T-shirts, vests (knit or crochet)$467.3 million-3.9%
161Prepared glues, other adhesives$466 million+8.4%
162Uncoated paper$458.7 million+53%
163Pneumatic hand tool$449.9 million+4.9%
164Synthetic rubber$449.5 million+25.9%
165Metal-working machinery$442.6 million+5.9%
166Saturated acyclic mono acids$442 million+11%
167Orthopedic appliances$423.5 million-3.6%
168Synthetic filament yarn$416.8 million+5.5%
169Paint/varnish non-aqueous solution$415.2 million+7.9%
170Cotton (uncarded, uncombed)$413.7 million+17.7%
171Sowing seeds, fruits, spores$413.5 million-2.9%
172Rice$408.1 million+26.4%
173Red meat offal$407.5 million+13.7%
174Other organic cleaning preparations$401.6 million+3.1%
175Beet-pulp, brew/distilling waste$400.2 million+4.8%
176Miscellaneous articles, dress patterns$398 million+10.9%
177Paper/paperboard waste, scrap$392.1 million+7.7%
178Magnets including electro-magnets$391.5 million+1.1%
179Jewelry$388 million-15.8%
180Aluminum bars/rods$386.2 million+0.3%
181Fish fillets, pieces$384.9 million+9.5%
182Oscilloscopes, spectrum analyzers$384.9 million-1%
183Tractors$382.6 million+21%
184Synthetic organic coloring$372.9 million+0.8%
185Coke, semi-coke$371.7 million+62.5%
186Miscellaneous/adhesive paper$365.8 million-1.3%
187Embossed, perforated paper$364.7 million+12.6%
188Apples, pears (fresh)$363.1 million+12.4%
189Iron and steel tubes, pipes$360.5 million+56.3%
190Filament/discharge lamps$359.7 million-13.7%
191Amino-resins$359.4 million+3.3%
192Motorcycle parts/accessories$358.9 million+12.6%
193Palm oil$355.7 million+11%
194Lubricant preparations$355.2 million+4.4%
195Uncoated paper for writing/printing$352.8 million+0.3%
196X-ray equipment$342.8 million+14.4%
197Alcohol (including spirits, liqueurs)$340.5 million+0.8%
198Miscellaneous heterocyclics$336.6 million-1.4%
199Miscellaneous animal feed preparations$331 million+20.7%
200Jerseys, pullovers (knit or crochet)$330.8 million-1.2%

These 200 imported goods were worth a subtotal of US$340.7 billion or more than four-fifths (81.1%) by value for all products imported into Mexico during 2017.

See also Mexico’s Top 10 Exports, Mexico’s Top Trading Partners, Top Mexican Trade Balances and Mexico’s Top 10 Major Export Companies

Research Sources:
International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database (GDP based on Purchasing Power Parity). Accessed on August 8, 2018

The World Factbook, Country Profiles, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on August 8, 2018

Trade Map, International Trade Centre, www.intracen.org/marketanalysis. Accessed on August 8, 2018