Onions Exports by Country

Chopped onions

Chopped onions

Global sales from onions exported by country totaled US$3.5 billion in 2018.

Overall, the value of exported onions rose by an average 12.1% for all exporting countries since 2014 when international sales of onions were valued at $3.2 billion. Year over year, the value of globally exported onions accelerated by 9.2% from 2017 to 2018.

Among continents, Asia sold the highest dollar worth of exported onions during 2018 with shipments valued at $1.24 billion or more than a third (35%) of the global total. In second place were exporters in Europe at 33.9%, while 19.9% of worldwide shipments of onions originated from North America.

Smaller percentages came from Africa (5.6%), Latin America (3.3%) excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean, then Oceania (2.3%) comprised mostly of exports from New Zealand and Australia.

For research purposes, the 6-digit Harmonized Tariff System code is 070310 for onions and shallots. A shallot is a small bulb that resembles an onion. Shallots are used to make pickles or as an onion substitute.

Onions Exports by Country

Countries

Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of onions during 2018.

  1. Netherlands: US$676.1 million (19.1% of total exported onions)
  2. China: $509.5 million (14.4%)
  3. Mexico: $428.3 million (12.1%)
  4. India: $421.2 million (11.9%)
  5. United States: $231.7 million (6.5%)
  6. Spain: $174.2 million (4.9%)
  7. Iran: $124.8 million (3.5%)
  8. Egypt: $118 million (3.3%)
  9. Poland: $82.6 million (2.3%)
  10. France: $80.6 million (2.3%)
  11. Peru: $71.6 million (2%)
  12. New Zealand: $62.1 million (1.8%)
  13. Pakistan: $48.6 million (1.4%)
  14. Canada: $45.5 million (1.3%)
  15. Germany: $44.9 million (1.3%)

By value, the listed 15 countries shipped 88.2% of global onions exports in 2018.

Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing onions exporters since 2014 were: Pakistan (up 98.3%), Poland (up 51.2%), Mexico (up 37.5%) and India (up 30.7%).

Five countries posted declines in their exported onions sales namely: Egypt (down -28.6%), New Zealand (down -23.2%), Germany (down -4.3%), United States (down -4%) and France (down -0.8%).

Advantages

The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for onions during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported onions and its import purchases for that same commodity.

  1. Netherlands: US$549.7 million (net export surplus up 12.5% since 2014)
  2. China: $508.2 million (up 29%)
  3. India: $420 million (up 30.5%)
  4. Mexico: $389.1 million (up 45.5%)
  5. Spain: $136.8 million (up 8.8%)
  6. Iran: $124.8 million (up 18.5%)
  7. Egypt: $117.8 million (down -28.6%)
  8. Peru: $71.6 million (up 9.1%)
  9. Poland: $63.1 million (up 102.5%)
  10. New Zealand: $59.7 million (down -25.6%)
  11. Pakistan: $39.6 million (up 232.1%)
  12. South Africa: $30.3 million (up 7.1%)
  13. Argentina: $19.5 million (down -42.2%)
  14. Yemen: $16.6 million (down -10.6%)
  15. Turkey: $16.5 million (down -54.9%)

Overtaking China in 2018, Netherlands earned the highest surplus in the international trade of onions. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms Netherlands’ strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.

Opportunities

The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for onions during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported onions purchases and its exports for that same commodity.

  1. Vietnam: -US$254.4 million (net export deficit up 4,053% since 2014)
  2. United Kingdom: -$223 million (down -5.2%)
  3. United States: -$213.3 million (up 60%)
  4. Malaysia: -$173.2 million (up 29.4%)
  5. Germany: -$126.9 million (down -6%)
  6. Japan: -$125.6 million (down -23.8%)
  7. Saudi Arabia: -$119.8 million (up 3.2%)
  8. Iraq: -$108.9 million (up 652.8%)
  9. Canada: -$103.7 million (down -3.9%)
  10. Sri Lanka: -$76.7 million (up 63.2%)
  11. United Arab Emirates: -$76 million (down -10.6%)
  12. Bangladesh: -$57.3 million (no 2014 data)
  13. Belgium: -$54.7 million (up 1.2%)
  14. Russia: -$51.1 million (down -71.7%)
  15. Indonesia: -$50.3 million (down -18.1%)

Vietnam incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of onions. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights Vietnam’s strong competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for onions-supplying countries that help satisfy the consumer powerful demand.

Companies

Onions Exporting Companies

According to global trading platform Alibaba, the following companies are examples of onions-trading exporters. Home-country location is shown within parentheses:

  • Aalia Gmbh (Germany)
  • Agricola Dece SL (Spain)
  • BHK Krakow Joint Venture Sp ZOO (Poland)
  • Camill Alimentos S/A (United States)
  • JDGC (France)
  • Jinxiang Luteng Trading Co, Ltd (China)
  • Naqshbandi Enterprise (Pakistan)
  • Silas Export (Netherlands)
  • SMA Trading (Egypt)
  • Sri Parvathi Exports (India)


 

Searchable List of Onions Exporting Countries in 2018

You can change the presentation order by clicking the triangle icon at the top of the columns.

RankExporterOnions Exports (US$)%World Total
1.Netherlands$676,144,00019.1%
2.China$509,517,00014.4%
3.Mexico$428,257,00012.1%
4.India$421,172,00011.9%
5.United States$231,679,0006.5%
6.Spain$174,201,0004.9%
7.Iran$124,782,0003.5%
8.Egypt$117,967,0003.3%
9.Poland$82,554,0002.3%
10.France$80,612,0002.3%
11.Peru$71,599,0002%
12.New Zealand$62,145,0001.8%
13.Pakistan$48,613,0001.4%
14.Canada$45,474,0001.3%
15.Germany$44,900,0001.3%
16.Italy$42,456,0001.2%
17.South Africa$33,273,0000.9%
18.Argentina$21,449,0000.6%
19.Austria$20,823,0000.6%
20.Belgium$18,223,0000.5%
21.Australia$18,083,0000.5%
22.Yemen$16,617,0000.5%
23.Turkey$16,616,0000.5%
24.United Arab Emirates$14,849,0000.4%
25.Myanmar (Burma)$13,477,0000.4%
26.Niger$13,308,0000.4%
27.Uzbekistan$12,760,0000.4%
28.Morocco$11,883,0000.3%
29.Chile$10,893,0000.3%
30.Azerbaijan$8,493,0000.2%
31.Kenya$8,482,0000.2%
32.Malaysia$8,469,0000.2%
33.Thailand$8,113,0000.2%
34.Kazakhstan$7,759,0000.2%
35.Senegal$6,492,0000.2%
36.Indonesia$6,301,0000.2%
37.United Kingdom$6,200,0000.2%
38.Guatemala$5,857,0000.2%
39.Russia$5,824,0000.2%
40.Denmark$5,538,0000.2%
41.Slovakia$5,465,0000.2%
42.Ukraine$5,419,0000.2%
43.Serbia$5,372,0000.2%
44.Tajikistan$3,853,0000.1%
45.Namibia$3,824,0000.1%
46.Czech Republic$3,807,0000.1%
47.Singapore$3,538,0000.1%
48.Brazil$3,428,0000.1%
49.Portugal$3,334,0000.1%
50.Colombia$3,164,0000.1%
51.Syria$2,942,0000.1%
52.Lithuania$2,808,0000.1%
53.Slovenia$2,711,0000.1%
54.Belarus$1,774,0000.1%
55.North Macedonia$1,571,0000.04%
56.Hungary$1,473,0000.04%
57.Japan$1,298,0000.04%
58.Latvia$1,280,0000.04%
59.Greece$1,200,0000.03%
60.Ireland$1,186,0000.03%
61.Kuwait$1,167,0000.03%
62.Kyrgyzstan$1,131,0000.03%
63.South Korea$1,050,0000.03%
64.Lebanon$880,0000.02%
65.Nigeria$827,0000.02%
66.Vietnam$672,0000.02%
67.Bahrain$666,0000.02%
68.Sweden$626,0000.02%
69.Burkina Faso$608,0000.02%
70.Sudan$590,0000.02%
71.Madagascar$544,0000.02%
72.Nicaragua$532,0000.02%
73.Moldova$493,0000.01%
74.Oman$445,0000.01%
75.Luxembourg$436,0000.01%
76.Ivory Coast$414,0000.01%
77.Sri Lanka$403,0000.01%
78.Bulgaria$396,0000.01%
79.Croatia$361,0000.01%
80.Jordan$351,0000.01%
81.Ecuador$337,0000.01%
82.Romania$333,0000.01%
83.Uganda$328,0000.01%
84.Albania$326,0000.01%
85.Hong Kong$270,0000.01%
86.Curaçao$239,0000.01%
87.Costa Rica$234,0000.01%
88.Honduras$227,0000.01%
89.Estonia$217,0000.01%
90.Jamaica$217,0000.01%
91.South Sudan$213,0000.01%
92.Tunisia$208,0000.01%
93.Tanzania$186,0000.01%
94.Taiwan$178,0000.01%
95.Cambodia$113,0000.003%
96.Georgia$98,0000.003%
97.Laos$87,0000.002%
98.Togo$87,0000.002%
99.Algeria$74,0000.002%
100.Philippines$51,0000.001%
101.Finland$46,0000.001%
102.Ethiopia$41,0000.001%
103.Congo$39,0000.001%
104.Fiji$34,0000.001%
105.Cyprus$34,0000.001%
106.Cocos (Keeling) Is.$30,0000.001%
107.Bosnia/Herzegovina$27,0000.001%
108.Angola$26,0000.001%
109.Switzerland$25,0000.001%
110.Bangladesh$21,0000.001%
111.Ghana$20,0000.001%
112.Norway$20,0000.001%
113.Mali$20,0000.001%
114.Eritrea$18,0000.001%
115.Uruguay$18,0000.001%
116.Djibouti$13,0000.0004%
117.Rwanda$12,0000.0003%
118.Tokelau$9,0000.0003%
119.Trinidad/Tobago$9,0000.0003%
120.Northern Mariana Is.$8,0000.0002%
121.New Caledonia$7,0000.0002%
122.Iceland$6,0000.0002%
123.Saudi Arabia$4,0000.0001%
124.Turkmenistan$4,0000.0001%
125.Venezuela$3,0000.0001%
126.Botswana$3,0000.0001%
127.Antigua/Barbuda$2,0000.0001%
128.Aruba$2,0000.0001%
129.Mozambique$2,0000.0001%
130.Tonga$2,0000.0001%
131.Saint Lucia$1,0000.00003%
132.Bermuda$1,0000.00003%
133.Iraq$1,0000.00003%
134.Guyana$1,0000.00003%
135.Dominican Republic$1,0000.00003%


See also Top Cucumbers Exporting Countries, Soya Beans Exports by Country, Asparagus Exports by Country and Top Sweet Pepper and Chili Pepper Exports

Research Sources:
Alibaba, supplier information for onions. Accessed on August 22, 2019

Forbes Global 2000 rankings, The World’s Biggest Public Companies. Accessed on May 31, 2019

Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on May 31, 2019

The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on May 31, 2019

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on August 22, 2019

Wikipedia, Onion. Accessed on June 4, 2018