Paper Exports by Country

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Global sales from paper exports by country totaled US$177.2 billion in 2018.

Overall that dollar amount reflects a 1.6% increase for all exporting countries since 2014 when paper shipments were valued at $174.4 billion. Year over year, the value of global paper exports accelerated by 9.7% from 2017 to 2018.

From a continental perspective, European countries sold the most paper exports during 2018 with shipments valued at $99.6 billion (56.2% of globally exported paper). In second place were Asian exporters at 25.1% of worldwide paper shipments ahead of North America at 14.7%. Smaller percentages came from Latin America (2.3%) excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean, Africa (0.9%) then Oceania (0.7%) led by Australia and New Zealand.

For research purposes, the 2-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix is 48 for paper and paperboard including articles made from pulp, paper and paperboard.

Paper Exports by Country

Countries

Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of paper during 2018.

  1. Germany: US$22.3 billion (12.6% of total paper exports)
  2. China: $19.5 billion (11%)
  3. United States: $16.4 billion (9.3%)
  4. Finland: $9.01 billion (5.1%)
  5. Sweden: $8.96 billion (5.1%)
  6. Canada: $8 billion (4.5%)
  7. Italy: $7.6 billion (4.3%)
  8. France: $6.9 billion (3.9%)
  9. Netherlands: $5.6 billion (3.2%)
  10. Austria: $5.22 billion (2.9%)
  11. Poland: $5.2 billion (2.9%)
  12. Belgium: $4.6 billion (2.6%)
  13. Indonesia: $4.5 billion (2.5%)
  14. Spain: $4.4 billion (2.5%)
  15. South Korea: $3.3 billion (1.9%)

The listed 15 countries shipped almost three-quarters (74.2%) of global paper exports in 2018 by value.

Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing paper exporters since 2014 were: Poland (up 20.5%), Indonesia (up 19.7%), China (up 9.2%) and South Korea (up 6.5%).

Those countries that posted declines in their exported paper sales were led by: Sweden (down -12.1%), Canada (down -6.9%), France (down -5.3%), Austria (down -4.55%) and Finland (down -4.47%).

Advantages

The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for paper during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s paper exports and its import purchases for that same commodity.

  1. China: US$13.3 billion (net export surplus down -1.9% since 2014)
  2. Finland: $8.4 billion (down -4%)
  3. Sweden: $7.3 billion (down -13.4%)
  4. Germany: $7.1 billion (up 4.1%)
  5. Indonesia: $3 billion (up 24.5%)
  6. Austria: $2.8 billion (down -4%)
  7. Canada: $2.3 billion (down -22.3%)
  8. Italy: $1.4 billion (down -27.5%)
  9. South Korea: $1.3 billion (down -6.7%)
  10. Brazil: $1.2 billion (up 147.4%)
  11. Portugal: $1 billion (up 5.4%)
  12. Slovenia: $373.4 million (up 5.8%)
  13. Slovakia: $153.3 million (up 127.2%)
  14. Russia: $84.6 million (reversing a -$1.3 billion deficit)
  15. Taiwan: $79.5 million (up 37.2%)

China has the highest surplus in the international trade of paper. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms China’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.

Opportunities

The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for paper during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s paper import purchases and its exports for that same commodity.

  1. United Kingdom: -US$4.6 billion (net export deficit down -16.4% since 2014)
  2. Mexico: -$4.3 billion (up 6%)
  3. France: -$1.9 billion (down -0.9%)
  4. Vietnam: -$1.8 billion (up 26.9%)
  5. United States: -$1.7 billion (up 168.8%)
  6. Australia: -$1.3 billion (down -14.7%)
  7. Philippines: -$1.23 billion (up 93%)
  8. India: -$1.15 billion (down -22.8%)
  9. Malaysia: -$1.1 billion (up 15.4%)
  10. Switzerland: -$1.08 billion (up 12.2%)
  11. Egypt: -$1.04 billion (up 14.7%)
  12. Turkey: -$1.03 billion (down -47.4%)
  13. Saudi Arabia: -$944.1 million (down -3.7%)
  14. Ireland: -$891.4 million (down -0.6%)
  15. Greece: -$852.5 million (up 9.8%)

The United Kingdom has the highest deficit in the international trade of paper. In turn, this negative cashflow confirms the UK’s strong competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for paper-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand.

Companies

Paper Exporting Companies

Below are global paper-processing conglomerates that represent the largest players in the worldwide paper market trade. Shown within parenthesis is the country where the company is headquartered.

  1. International Paper (United States)
  2. UPM (Finland)
  3. Oji Paper (Japan)
  4. Stora Enzo (Finland)
  5. RockTenn (United States)
  6. Sappi (South Africa)
  7. Smurfit Kappa Group (Ireland)
  8. DS Smith (United Kingdom)
  9. Nippon Paper (Japan)
  10. Svenska Cellulosa Aktiebolaget (Sweden)

Companies are sorted by paper and board production by weight based on predicted 2015 tonnage from 2014 final statistics.



 

Searchable List of Paper Exporting Countries

You can change the presentation order by clicking the triangle icons at the top of the columns.

RankExporter2018 Paper Exports (US$)% World Total
1.Germany$22,336,893,00012.6%
2.China$19,460,628,00011%
3.United States$16,393,727,0009.3%
4.Finland$9,009,631,0005.1%
5.Sweden$8,955,587,0005.1%
6.Canada$7,992,838,0004.5%
7.Italy$7,649,711,0004.3%
8.France$6,863,462,0003.9%
9.Netherlands$5,624,400,0003.2%
10.Austria$5,223,964,0002.9%
11.Poland$5,202,562,0002.9%
12.Belgium$4,609,771,0002.6%
13.Indonesia$4,483,133,0002.5%
14.Spain$4,353,104,0002.5%
15.South Korea$3,296,418,0001.9%
16.United Kingdom$3,229,115,0001.8%
17.Japan$2,958,605,0001.7%
18.Russia$2,737,863,0001.5%
19.Portugal$2,329,164,0001.3%
20.Brazil$2,072,495,0001.2%
21.India$1,819,260,0001%
22.Czech Republic$1,785,613,0001%
23.Turkey$1,715,786,0001%
24.Taiwan$1,709,788,0001%
25.Mexico$1,654,267,0000.9%
26.Thailand$1,632,005,0000.9%
27.Singapore$1,540,098,0000.9%
28.Hong Kong$1,323,299,0000.7%
29.Switzerland$1,155,560,0000.7%
30.Slovenia$1,141,063,0000.6%
31.Hungary$1,087,597,0000.6%
32.Slovakia$1,028,908,0000.6%
33.Malaysia$999,164,0000.6%
34.Vietnam$932,998,0000.5%
35.United Arab Emirates$883,983,0000.5%
36.Australia$873,461,0000.5%
37.Denmark$822,588,0000.5%
38.Saudi Arabia$711,278,0000.4%
39.South Africa$700,095,0000.4%
40.Chile$542,543,0000.3%
41.Norway$488,607,0000.3%
42.Ukraine$482,710,0000.3%
43.Serbia$479,780,0000.3%
44.Romania$465,402,0000.3%
45.Luxembourg$402,909,0000.2%
46.Egypt$364,087,0000.2%
47.Lithuania$354,346,0000.2%
48.New Zealand$340,084,0000.2%
49.El Salvador$291,233,0000.2%
50.Croatia$290,467,0000.2%
51.Bulgaria$282,451,0000.2%
52.Colombia$271,207,0000.2%
53.Argentina$247,860,0000.1%
54.Greece$239,453,0000.1%
55.Ireland$223,182,0000.1%
56.Belarus$196,747,0000.1%
57.Estonia$172,769,0000.1%
58.Iran$162,308,0000.1%
59.Bosnia/Herzegovina$160,052,0000.1%
60.Guatemala$150,602,0000.1%
61.Honduras$146,780,0000.1%
62.Israel$142,663,0000.1%
63.Jordan$141,264,0000.1%
64.Latvia$135,980,0000.1%
65.Philippines$114,382,0000.1%
66.Peru$100,687,0000.1%
67.Morocco$91,212,0000.1%
68.Pakistan$89,792,0000.1%
69.Tunisia$89,048,0000.1%
70.Costa Rica$84,753,0000.05%
71.Kuwait$80,895,0000.05%
72.Ivory Coast$74,309,0000.04%
73.Lebanon$73,582,0000.04%
74.Kenya$66,445,0000.04%
75.Albania$58,704,0000.03%
76.Sri Lanka$55,043,0000.03%
77.Bahrain$52,172,0000.03%
78.Ecuador$50,751,0000.03%
79.Tanzania$49,465,0000.03%
80.Dominican Republic$36,407,0000.02%
81.Oman$35,274,0000.02%
82.Paraguay$35,239,0000.02%
83.Ghana$31,880,0000.02%
84.Uruguay$29,558,0000.02%
85.Trinidad/Tobago$28,460,0000.02%
86.Bangladesh$24,036,0000.01%
87.Venezuela$23,576,0000.01%
88.Uganda$21,404,0000.01%
89.North Macedonia$20,344,0000.01%
90.Barbados$16,894,0000.01%
91.Kazakhstan$16,067,0000.01%
92.Senegal$14,276,0000.01%
93.Uzbekistan$13,396,0000.01%
94.Malta$12,268,0000.01%
95.Fiji$11,981,0000.01%
96.Panama$11,540,0000.01%
97.Namibia$11,140,0000.01%
98.Myanmar$11,048,0000.01%
99.Zimbabwe$10,824,0000.01%
100.Moldova$10,689,0000.01%
101.Cambodia$9,970,0000.01%
102.Nicaragua$9,910,0000.01%
103.Mauritius$9,444,0000.01%
104.Madagascar$6,681,0000.004%
105.Qatar$6,187,0000.003%
106.Macao$5,665,0000.003%
107.Lesotho$5,352,0000.003%
108.Botswana$4,503,0000.003%
109.Nigeria$4,250,0000.002%
110.Andorra$4,199,0000.002%
111.Nepal$4,017,0000.002%
112.Georgia$3,659,0000.002%
113.Syria$3,439,0000.002%
114.Bolivia$3,416,0000.002%
115.Algeria$3,168,0000.002%
116.Mozambique$2,851,0000.002%
117.North Korea$2,707,0000.002%
118.Zambia$2,484,0000.001%
119.Kyrgyzstan$2,225,0000.001%
120.Montenegro$2,171,0000.001%
121.Angola$2,147,0000.001%
122.Guyana$2,026,0000.001%
123.Azerbaijan$1,852,0000.001%
124.Suriname$1,630,0000.001%
125.Eswatini$1,607,0000.001%
126.Djibouti$1,489,0000.001%
127.Grenada$1,272,0000.001%
128.Armenia$1,091,0000.001%
129.Saint Lucia$1,049,0000.001%
130.Sierra Leone$993,0000.001%
131.Cyprus$982,0000.001%
132.Afghanistan$964,0000.001%
133.Turkmenistan$945,0000.001%
134.Tajikistan$914,0000.001%
135.Cuba$804,0000.0005%
136.Iceland$717,0000.0004%
137.Palestine$661,0000.0004%
138.St Vincent/Grenadines$656,0000.0004%
139.Brunei Darussalam$620,0000.0003%
140.Curaçao$583,0000.0003%
141.Belize$539,0000.0003%
142.Guinea$485,0000.0003%
143.Togo$469,0000.0003%
144.Aruba$468,0000.0003%
145.Gambia$392,0000.0002%
146.Jamaica$372,0000.0002%
147.Malawi$358,0000.0002%
148.Gabon$324,0000.0002%
149.Faroe Islands$319,0000.0002%
150.Papua New Guinea$288,0000.0002%
151.Cameroon$256,0000.0001%
152.Haiti$245,0000.0001%
153.Marshall Islands$229,0000.0001%
154.Burkina Faso$223,0000.0001%
155.US Minor Outlying Is.$179,0000.0001%
156.Iraq$178,0000.0001%
157.Cayman Islands$159,0000.0001%
158.Yemen$142,0000.0001%
159.Sudan$129,0000.0001%
160.Ethiopia$114,0000.0001%
161.St Maarten (Dutch)$112,0000.0001%
162.Equatorial Guinea$106,0000.0001%
163.Tonga$106,0000.0001%
164.Liberia$99,0000.0001%
165.Laos$89,0000.0001%
166.Dominica$89,0000.0001%
167.Bahamas$80,0000.00005%
168.New Caledonia$79,0000.00004%
169.Montserrat$75,0000.00004%
170.Mali$75,0000.00004%
171.Br. Indian Ocean Terr.$72,0000.00004%
172.British Virgin Islands$71,0000.00004%
173.Cocos (Keeling) Is.$69,0000.00004%
174.Benin$61,0000.00003%
175.Central African Rep.$50,0000.00003%
176.French S./Antarctic Terr.$37,0000.00002%
177.Turks/Caicos Islands$36,0000.00002%
178.Democr. Rep. Congo$34,0000.00002%
179.Niger$33,0000.00002%
180.Congo$32,0000.00002%
181.Burundi$32,0000.00002%
182.Samoa$29,0000.00002%
183.Norfolk Island$28,0000.00002%
184.Anguilla$28,0000.00002%
185.Chad$28,0000.00002%
186.French Polynesia$26,0000.00001%
187.Saint Kitts/Nevis$18,0000.00001%
188.Tokelau$18,0000.00001%
189.Antigua/Barbuda$17,0000.00001%
190.Falkland Is. (Malvinas)$16,0000.00001%
191.Micronesia$11,0000.00001%
192.Christmas Island$10,0000.00001%
193.Mongolia$10,0000.00001%
194.Bermuda$9,0000.00001%
195.Nauru$8,0000.000005%
196.Vanuatu$6,0000.000003%
197.Libya$6,0000.000003%
198.Gibraltar$6,0000.000003%
199.Rwanda$6,0000.000003%
200.Saint Helena$5,0000.000003%
201.Seychelles$4,0000.000002%
202.Eritrea$4,0000.000002%
203.St. Pierre/Miquelon$3,0000.000002%
204.Timor-Leste$3,0000.000002%
205.Niue$3,0000.000002%
206.Somalia$3,0000.000002%
207.Northern Mariana Is.$2,0000.000001%
208.Cook Islands$2,0000.000001%
209.Greenland$2,0000.000001%
210.Maldives$1,0000.000001%
211.Comoros$1,0000.000001%
212.Bhutan$1,0000.000001%
213.Palau$1,0000.000001%
214.Western Sahara$1,0000.000001%


See also Paper Imports by Country, Sawn Wood Exports by Country and Top Cork Exporting Countries

Research Sources:
Forbes Global 2000 rankings, The World’s Biggest Public Companies. Accessed on May 10, 2019

Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on May 10, 2019

The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on May 10, 2019

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on August 10, 2019

Wikipedia, Paper. Accessed on May 10, 2019

Wikipedia, Pulp and paper industry. Accessed on May 10, 2019