Paper Imports by Country

Colorful paper (courtesy of Pixabay.com)

Colorful paper (Pixabay)

Worldwide purchases of imported paper cost a total US$177.5 billion in 2018.

Overall, the value of paper imports decreased by -0.5% for all importing countries since 2014 when international purchases of paper were valued at $178.3 billion. Year over year, imported paper purchases expanded by 7.7% from 2017 to 2018.

Paper is produced by pressing together moist cellulose pulp fibers derived from wood, grasses or rags, which is then dried into flexible sheets. There are many different types of paper and a myriad of uses encompassing currency, wrapping materials, containers, books, newspapers, magazines, note papers, toilet paper, paper towels, clothing plus many more varieties.

From a continental perspective, European countries spent the most on imported paper during 2018 with purchases costing $87.1 billion or 49.1% of the global total. In second place were Asian importers at 23.4% while 16.8% of paper imported worldwide was delivered to customers in North America. Smaller percentages arrived in Latin America (4.7%) excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean, Africa (4.3%) and Oceania (1.7%) led by Australia.

The 2-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix is 48 for paper.

Paper Imports by Country

Top 15

Below are the 15 countries that imported the highest dollar value worth of paper during 2018.

  1. United States: US$18.1 billion (10.2% of total paper imports)
  2. Germany: $15.2 billion (8.6%)
  3. France: $8.8 billion (4.9%)
  4. United Kingdom: $7.8 billion (4.4%)
  5. Italy: $6.3 billion (3.5%)
  6. China: $6.2 billion (3.5%)
  7. Mexico: $6 billion (3.4%)
  8. Netherlands: $5.8 billion (3.3%)
  9. Canada: $5.7 billion (3.2%)
  10. Poland: $5.4 billion (3%)
  11. Belgium: $5.1 billion (2.9%)
  12. Spain: $4.5 billion (2.6%)
  13. India: $3 billion (1.7%)
  14. Japan: $3 billion (1.7%)
  15. Turkey: $2.7 billion (1.5%)

By value, the listed 15 countries purchased 58.4% of all paper imported in 2018. Within parenthesis is the percentage of overall paper shipments for each importer.

Among the above countries, the fastest-growing markets for paper since 2014 were: China (up 43.9%), India (up 13.9%), Poland (up 11.8%) and Mexico (up 8.3%).

Those countries that posted declines in their imported paper purchases were led by: Japan (down -14.9%), United Kingdom (down -14.8%), Turkey (down -13.3%) and Belgium (down -4.7%).

For a comprehensive searchable listing of all importing countries, see the section Searchable List of Paper Importers in 2018 below.

US

Paper Imported into the United States

America’s global purchases of imported paper totaled US$18.1 billion in 2018. Below are the top 15 suppliers from which the US imported the highest dollar value worth of paper during 2018. Within parenthesis is the percentage change in value for each supplying country since 2014.

  1. Canada: US$6.4 billion (down -9% from 2014)
  2. China: $4 billion (up 30.8%)
  3. Mexico: $1.2 billion (up 24.2%)
  4. Germany: $959.1 million (up 24.8%)
  5. Finland: $947.1 million (up 8.8%)
  6. South Korea: $631.5 million (up 9.3%)
  7. Japan: $368 million (down -8%)
  8. United Kingdom: $311.6 million (up 21.5%)
  9. Indonesia: $307.6 million (down -38.4%)
  10. Sweden: $302 million (up 167.8%)
  11. Italy: $281.8 million (up 45.6%)
  12. France: $279.6 million (up 1.4%)
  13. Taiwan: $217.9 million (up 39.3%)
  14. Brazil: $172.4 million (down -43.2%)
  15. Spain: $169.4 million (up 29%)

By value, the listed 15 countries shipped 91.4% of America’s paper imported in 2018.

Among the above countries, the fastest-growing suppliers of paper to United States since 2014 were: Sweden (up 167.8%), Italy (up 45.6%), Taiwan (up 39.3%) and China (up 30.8%).

Four of these countries experienced declines in the value of their paper supplied to America importers namely: Brazil (down -43.2%), Indonesia (down -38.4%), Canada (down -9%) and Japan (down -8%).

Overall, the value of United States’ paper imports rose by an average 6.7% from all supplying countries since 2014 when paper purchases were valued at $17 billion.

Germany

Paper Imported into Germany

Germany’s global purchases of imported paper totaled US$15.2 billion in 2018. Below are the top 15 suppliers from which Germany imported the highest dollar value worth of paper during 2018. Within parenthesis is the percentage change in value for each supplying country since 2014.

  1. Sweden: US$2 billion (down -15.4% from 2014)
  2. Finland: $1.9 billion (down -4.1%)
  3. Austria: $1.6 billion (down -1.4%)
  4. Poland: $1.5 billion (up 16.2%)
  5. France: $1.3 billion (down -9.6%)
  6. Netherlands: $1.2 billion (up 7.1%)
  7. Italy: $1.1 billion (up 2%)
  8. Switzerland: $666.3 million (down -14.4%)
  9. Belgium: $462.6 million (down -4%)
  10. Czech Republic: $444.7 million (up 7.6%)
  11. China: $433.2 million (up 4.4%)
  12. United Kingdom: $345.4 million (down -17.6%)
  13. United States: $268.5 million (down -2.6%)
  14. Spain: $237.4 million (up 10.8%)
  15. Portugal: $222 million (down -17.9%)

By value, the listed 15 countries shipped 91.4% of Germany’s paper imported in 2018.

Among the above countries, the fastest-growing suppliers of paper to Germany since 2014 were: Poland (up 16.2%), Spain (up 10.8%), Czech Republic (up 7.6%) and Netherlands (up 7.1%).

Countries that experienced declines in the value of their paper supplied to German importers included: Portugal (down -17.9%), United Kingdom (down -17.6%), Sweden (down -15.4%) and Switzerland (down -14.4%).

Overall, the value of Germany’s paper imports fell by an average -3% from all supplying countries since 2014 when paper purchases were valued at $15.7 billion.

France

Paper Imported into France

France’s global purchases of imported paper totaled US$8.8 billion in 2018. Below are the top 15 suppliers from which France imported the highest dollar value worth of paper during 2018. Within parenthesis is the percentage change in value for each supplying country since 2014.

  1. Germany: US$2.2 billion (down -2.4% from 2014)
  2. Italy: $1.3 billion (up 0.4%)
  3. Spain: $870.2 million (down -3.3%)
  4. Belgium: $758.6 million (down -7.9%)
  5. Sweden: $502.1 million (down -6.2%)
  6. Netherlands: $443.9 million (up 10%)
  7. Finland: $405.8 million (down -28.2%)
  8. United Kingdom: $326.2 million (down -17.1%)
  9. China: $325.1 million (up 12.1%)
  10. Portugal: $272.2 million (up 13.2%)
  11. Austria: $265.7 million (down -8%)
  12. Poland: $251 million (up 4.9%)
  13. United States: $128.8 million (up 3.1%)
  14. Switzerland: $78.2 million (down -51.6%)
  15. Luxembourg: $70.3 million (up 10.1%)

By value, the listed 15 countries shipped 92.8% of France’s paper imported in 2018.

Among the above countries, the fastest-growing suppliers of paper to France since 2014 were: Portugal (up 13.2%), China (up 12.1%), Luxembourg (up 10.1%) and Netherlands (up 10%).

Countries that experienced declines in the value of their paper supplied to French importers included: Switzerland (down -51.6%), Finland (down -28.2%), United Kingdom (down -17.1%) and Austria (down -8%).

Overall, the value of France’s paper imports fell by an average -4.4% from all supplying countries since 2014 when paper purchases were valued at $9.2 billion.

UK

Paper Imported into the United Kingdom

The United Kingdom’s global purchases of imported paper totaled US$7.8 billion in 2018. Below are the top 15 suppliers from which the UK imported the highest dollar value worth of paper during 2018. Within parenthesis is the percentage change in value for each supplying country since 2014.

  1. Germany: US$1.4 billion (down -19.5% from 2014)
  2. China: $788 million (up 8.5%)
  3. Finland: $771.7 million (down -25.7%)
  4. Sweden: $689 million (down -30.4%)
  5. France: $593 million (down -19.8%)
  6. Italy: $446.1 million (down -22.2%)
  7. Netherlands: $438.7 million (down -10.6%)
  8. United States: $406.8 million (up 0.7%)
  9. Turkey: $250.6 million (up 77.5%)
  10. Belgium: $223.8 million (down -17.2%)
  11. Poland: $218.4 million (up 7.2%)
  12. Ireland: $187.4 million (down -1.1%)
  13. Austria: $172.8 million (down -19.6%)
  14. Norway: $149.3 million (down -26.4%)
  15. Spain: $123.2 million (down -31.6%)

By value, the listed 15 countries shipped 87.5% of the UK’s paper imported in 2018.

Among the above countries, four grew their supplies of paper to United Kingdom since 2014 namely: Turkey (up 77.5%), China (up 8.5%), Poland (up 7.2%) and United States (up 0.7%).

Countries that experienced declines in the value of their paper supplied to UK importers included: Spain (down -31.6%), Sweden (down -30.4%), Norway (down -26.4%) and Finland (down -25.7%).

Overall, the value of United Kingdom’s paper imports shrank by an average -14.8% from all supplying countries since 2014 when paper purchases were valued at $9.2 billion.



 

Searchable List of Paper Importers in 2018

You can change the presentation order by clicking the triangle icon at the top of any of the columns below.

RankImporterPaper Imports (US$)%World Total
1.United States$18.1 billion10.2%
2.Germany$15.2 billion8.6%
3.France$8.8 billion4.9%
4.United Kingdom$7.8 billion4.4%
5.Italy$6.3 billion3.5%
6.China$6.2 billion3.5%
7.Mexico$6 billion3.4%
8.Netherlands$5.8 billion3.3%
9.Canada$5.7 billion3.2%
10.Poland$5.4 billion3%
11.Belgium$5.1 billion2.9%
12.Spain$4.5 billion2.6%
13.India$3 billion1.7%
14.Japan$3 billion1.7%
15.Turkey$2.7 billion1.5%
16.Vietnam$2.7 billion1.5%
17.Russia$2.7 billion1.5%
18.Austria$2.5 billion1.4%
19.Czech Republic$2.4 billion1.3%
20.Switzerland$2.2 billion1.3%
21.Australia$2.2 billion1.2%
22.Malaysia$2.1 billion1.2%
23.South Korea$2 billion1.1%
24.Hong Kong$1.8 billion1%
25.Thailand$1.8 billion1%
26.Singapore$1.7 billion0.9%
27.Sweden$1.6 billion0.9%
28.Taiwan$1.6 billion0.9%
29.Hungary$1.6 billion0.9%
30.Indonesia$1.5 billion0.9%
31.Denmark$1.5 billion0.9%
32.United Arab Emirates$1.5 billion0.8%
33.Egypt$1.4 billion0.8%
34.Philippines$1.3 billion0.8%
35.Portugal$1.3 billion0.7%
36.Saudi Arabia$1.3 billion0.7%
37.Romania$1.2 billion0.7%
38.Ireland$1.1 billion0.6%
39.Greece$1.1 billion0.6%
40.South Africa$1.1 billion0.6%
41.Norway$959.3 million0.5%
42.Chile$957.5 million0.5%
43.Ukraine$922.7 million0.5%
44.Brazil$883.5 million0.5%
45.Slovakia$874.5 million0.5%
46.Iran$810.1 million0.5%
47.Argentina$786.6 million0.4%
48.Morocco$776.1 million0.4%
49.Peru$775.3 million0.4%
50.Slovenia$767.7 million0.4%
51.Israel$761 million0.4%
52.New Zealand$731 million0.4%
53.Colombia$700.6 million0.4%
54.Costa Rica$683.7 million0.4%
55.Bangladesh$676.9 million0.4%
56.Algeria$675.3 million0.4%
57.Pakistan$622.9 million0.4%
58.Finland$619.9 million0.3%
59.Serbia$614.8 million0.3%
60.Guatemala$600.8 million0.3%
61.Bulgaria$573.4 million0.3%
62.Lithuania$550.6 million0.3%
63.Croatia$537.7 million0.3%
64.Belarus$514.5 million0.3%
65.Kazakhstan$451.8 million0.3%
66.Luxembourg$446.2 million0.3%
67.Sri Lanka$437.4 million0.2%
68.Kenya$433.6 million0.2%
69.Nigeria$432.4 million0.2%
70.Iraq$406.3 million0.2%
71.Dominican Republic$402.8 million0.2%
72.Ecuador$376.7 million0.2%
73.Tunisia$346.6 million0.2%
74.Honduras$333.8 million0.2%
75.Latvia$329.7 million0.2%
76.Jordan$324 million0.2%
77.Myanmar (Burma)$322.7 million0.2%
78.El Salvador$295.2 million0.2%
79.Cambodia$292.2 million0.2%
80.Estonia$282.5 million0.2%
81.Lebanon$269 million0.2%
82.Ghana$268 million0.2%
83.Paraguay$248.7 million0.1%
84.Bosnia/Herzegovina$213.4 million0.1%
85.Uzbekistan$210.4 million0.1%
86.Kuwait$200 million0.1%
87.Panama$194.4 million0.1%
88.Ivory Coast$185.1 million0.1%
89.Uruguay$164.4 million0.1%
90.Uganda$162.4 million0.1%
91.Qatar$157.9 million0.1%
92.Bolivia$155.8 million0.1%
93.Angola$141.4 million0.1%
94.Azerbaijan$127.3 million0.1%
95.Tanzania$125 million0.1%
96.North Macedonia$123.8 million0.1%
97.Georgia$119.7 million0.1%
98.Nicaragua$119.1 million0.1%
99.Zimbabwe$116.6 million0.1%
100.Albania$116.1 million0.1%
101.Senegal$115.6 million0.1%
102.Oman$115.1 million0.1%
103.Cyprus$114.8 million0.1%
104.Sudan$112.9 million0.1%
105.Nepal$111.8 million0.1%
106.Syria$111.5 million0.1%
107.Namibia$111.2 million0.1%
108.Malta$110.2 million0.1%
109.Cameroon$101.9 million0.1%
110.Zambia$94.8 million0.1%
111.Libya$93 million0.1%
112.Venezuela$87.9 million0.05%
113.Moldova$86.9 million0.05%
114.Armenia$86.7 million0.05%
115.Trinidad/Tobago$86.4 million0.05%
116.Cuba$85.7 million0.05%
117.Mozambique$84.9 million0.05%
118.Jamaica$82 million0.05%
119.Iceland$81.8 million0.05%
120.Laos$81.7 million0.05%
121.Yemen$80.3 million0.05%
122.Ethiopia$70.9 million0.04%
123.Macao$68.7 million0.04%
124.Madagascar$66.9 million0.04%
125.Fiji$64.6 million0.04%
126.North Korea$64.4 million0.04%
127.Mauritius$64.2 million0.04%
128.Botswana$64.2 million0.04%
129.Cayman Islands$63.6 million0.04%
130.Kyrgyzstan$60.8 million0.03%
131.Bahrain$57.4 million0.03%
132.Togo$53.1 million0.03%
133.Djibouti$48.1 million0.03%
134.Papua New Guinea$46.8 million0.03%
135.Congo$45.5 million0.03%
136.Democr. Rep. Congo$44 million0.02%
137.Burkina Faso$43.9 million0.02%
138.Mongolia$41.5 million0.02%
139.Barbados$41.4 million0.02%
140.Tajikistan$39.8 million0.02%
141.Guyana$38.1 million0.02%
142.Eswatini$36.3 million0.02%
143.Mali$36.1 million0.02%
144.Malawi$35.6 million0.02%
145.Montenegro$34.1 million0.02%
146.Haiti$33.2 million0.02%
147.Benin$31.6 million0.02%
148.Guinea$28.9 million0.02%
149.Bahamas$25.9 million0.01%
150.Lesotho$24.7 million0.01%
151.Turkmenistan$24.6 million0.01%
152.Gabon$23.2 million0.01%
153.Brunei Darussalam$21.9 million0.01%
154.Andorra$21.7 million0.01%
155.Rwanda$21.6 million0.01%
156.French Polynesia$19.5 million0.01%
157.Afghanistan$19.4 million0.01%
158.New Caledonia$18.4 million0.01%
159.Faroe Islands$18.2 million0.01%
160.Seychelles$16.7 million0.01%
161.Liberia$16.5 million0.01%
162.Mauritania$16 million0.01%
163.Belize$15.6 million0.01%
164.Suriname$15.3 million0.01%
165.Bermuda$15.1 million0.01%
166.Palestine$14 million0.01%
167.Curaçao$13.7 million0.01%
168.Maldives$13.5 million0.01%
169.Greenland$12.9 million0.01%
170.Cabo Verde$12.3 million0.01%
171.Sierra Leone$11.8 million0.01%
172.Equatorial Guinea$10.1 million0.01%
173.US Minor Outlying Is$9 million0.01%
174.Niger$8.4 million0.005%
175.Aruba$8.3 million0.005%
176.Bhutan$8 million0.004%
177.Somalia$7.9 million0.004%
178.Saint Lucia$6.9 million0.004%
179.Burundi$6.7 million0.004%
180.Samoa$5.9 million0.003%
181.Solomon Islands$5.5 million0.003%
182.Antigua/Barbuda$5.1 million0.003%
183.Gibraltar$4.7 million0.003%
184.Eritrea$4.5 million0.003%
185.Chad$4.4 million0.002%
186.Vanuatu$3.3 million0.002%
187.Gambia$3.1 million0.002%
188.Tonga$2.9 million0.002%
189.St Vincent/Grenadines$2.8 million0.002%
190.Timor-Leste$2.7 million0.002%
191.Guinea-Bissau$2.7 million0.002%
192.Grenada$2.2 million0.001%
193.Comoros$2 million0.001%
194.Saint Kitts/Nevis$2 million0.001%
195.British Virgin Islands$1.7 million0.001%
196.Dominica$1.6 million0.001%
197.Turks/Caicos Islands$1.6 million0.001%
198.Central African Rep$1.5 million0.001%
199.Cook Islands$1.5 million0.001%
200.Marshall Islands$1.5 million0.001%
201.Sao Tome/Principe$1 million0.001%
202.St Maarten (Dutch)$1 million0.001%
203.Kiribati$962,0000.001%
204.Northern Mariana Is$914,0000.001%
205.Palau$751,0000.0004%
206.St. Pierre/Miquelon$731,0000.0004%
207.French S./Antarctic Terr$711,0000.0004%
208.Micronesia$644,0000.0004%
209.Wallis/Futuna Islands$621,0000.0003%
210.Bonaire/St Eustatius/Saba$608,0000.0003%
211.Nauru$545,0000.0003%
212.Falkland Is (Malvinas)$535,0000.0003%
213.Saint Helena$309,0000.0002%
214.South Sudan$270,0000.0002%
215.Anguilla$250,0000.0001%
216.Niue$201,0000.0001%
217.Norfolk Island$154,0000.0001%
218.Christmas Island$100,0000.0001%
219.Tuvalu$97,0000.0001%
220.Br. Indian Ocean Terr$69,0000.00004%
221.Montserrat$45,0000.00003%
222.Guam$22,0000.00001%
223.American Samoa$22,0000.00001%
224.Pitcairn$3,0000.000002%
225.Western Sahara$1,0000.000001%


See also Paper Exports by Country, Sawn Wood Exports by Country and Top Glass and Glassware Exports by Country

Research Sources:
Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on May 10, 2019

The World Factbook, Field Listing: Imports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on May 10, 2019

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on May 10, 2019

Wikipedia, Paper. Accessed on May 10, 2019