Top Blood Exporters by Country

Red blood cells (courtesy of Pixabay.com)

Red blood cells (Pixabay)

Overall exports of life-giving human and animal blood totaled US$5.3 billion in 2016, up by 32% for all blood shippers over the five-year period starting in 2012. Year over year, the value of exported blood gained 12% from 2015 to 2016.

Among continents, European countries accounted for the highest dollar worth of exported blood during 2016 with shipments valued at $4.2 billion or four-fifths (79.7%) of worldwide blood exports. In second place were North American exporters at 13.1%. Smaller percentages came from Asia at 4.2% and Oceania countries at 1.5% led by Australia.

The 6-digit Harmonized Tariff System code is 300290 which covers both human blood and animal blood for therapeutic, prophylactic or diagnostic uses.

Top Blood Exporters by Country

Countries

Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of blood during 2016:

  1. Ireland: US$1.7 billion (31.8% of total blood exports)
  2. United States: $639.8 million (12.1%)
  3. Germany: $498 million (9.41%)
  4. Denmark: $495.6 million (9.36%)
  5. France: $409.6 million (7.7%)
  6. United Kingdom: $366.4 million (6.9%)
  7. Belgium: $146 million (2.8%)
  8. Italy: $106.9 million (2.02%)
  9. Netherlands: $103.8 million (1.96%)
  10. South Korea: $73.8 million (1.4%)
  11. Slovenia: $64.4 million (1.22%)
  12. Australia: $63.3 million (1.2%)
  13. Japan: $60.1 million (1.14%)
  14. Canada: $55.6 million (1.05%)
  15. Switzerland: $55 million (1%)

The listed 15 countries shipped 91.1% of globally exported blood in 2016 by value.

Among the above countries, the fastest-growing blood exporter since 2012 was Australia via its 167.5% gain in value since 2012. In second place was the Netherlands (up 125.4%), followed by Italy (up 121.6%), South Korea (up 106.1%) and Ireland (up 100.9%).

Bucking the upbeat trend were four decliners: Canada (down -4.4%), United States (down -8.8%), Japan (down -11.6%) and Slovenia (down -54.7%).

Advantages

The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for blood during 2016. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported blood and its import purchases for that same commodity.

  1. Ireland: US$1.6 billion (net export surplus up 151.6% since 2012)
  2. Denmark: $412.2 million (up 41.4%)
  3. France: $210.8 million (up 18%)
  4. Germany: $128.6 million (up 79.7%)
  5. United Kingdom: $80.5 million (up 32.2%)
  6. Slovenia: $47 million (down -63.5%)
  7. South Korea: $31.4 million (up 6,602%)
  8. Austria: $16.9 million (reversing a -$12.2 million deficit)
  9. Argentina: $14.9 million (up 50.5%)
  10. Switzerland: $8.8 million (reversing a -$37.1 million deficit)
  11. Fiji: $2.3 million (reversing a -$1.8 million deficit)
  12. Cuba: $2.1 million (down -42.7%)
  13. Georgia: $1 million (reversing a -$929,000 deficit)
  14. Tokelau: $3,000 (up 200%)
  15. Bonaire/St Eustatius/Saba: $2,000 (reversing a -$1,000 deficit)

Ireland has the highest surplus in the international trade of blood. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms strong Irish competitive advantages for this specific product category.

Opportunities

The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for blood during 2016. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported blood purchases and its exports for that same commodity.

  1. United States: -US$1.9 billion (net export deficit down -32.4% since 2012)
  2. Russia: -$235.7 million (down -34.6%)
  3. China: -$231 million (up 118.4%)
  4. Sweden: -$169.5 million (up 20.5%)
  5. Canada: -$148 million (up 198.8%)
  6. Saudi Arabia: -$83.9 million (up 224.7%)
  7. Colombia: -$81.6 million (down -36.4%)
  8. Brazil: -$73.8 million (down -41.4%)
  9. Mexico: -$71.1 million (up 35.2%)
  10. Spain: -$61.8 million (up 420.6%)
  11. Australia: -$52.9 million (down -28.4%)
  12. Slovakia: -$47.9 million (up 26.1%)
  13. India: -$46.5 million (up 58.6%)
  14. United Arab Emirates: -$43.1 million (up 95.6%)
  15. Belarus: -$39.7 million (up 3.4%)

The United States incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of blood. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights America’s competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for blood-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful worldwide demand.

Companies

Blood-Equipment Exporting Companies

According to global trading platform Alibaba, the following suppliers are examples of export companies that engage in the international trade of blood giving equipment and supplies including blood transfusion sets.

  • Alredwan International Trading (Turkey)
  • Angi Plast Private Limited (India)
  • Anhui Tiankang Medical Technology (China)
  • Daddy D Pro (Pakistan)
  • Medicfit Technology Sdn. BHD (Malaysia)
  • Ultra for Medical Products Ultramed UMIC (Egypt)

The home-country location for each business is shown within parentheses.



See also Drugs and Medicine Exports by Country, Top Artificial Joints Exporters by Country and Top Toothpaste Exports by Country

Research Sources:
Alibaba, Suppliers for blood-giving sets. Accessed on November 22, 2017

Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on November 22, 2017

The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on November 22, 2017

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on November 22, 2017

Wikipedia, Blood. Accessed on November 22, 2017