Top Blood Exporters by Country

Red blood cells (courtesy of Pixabay.com)

Red blood cells (Pixabay)

Overall exports of life-giving human and animal blood totaled US$7.5 billion in 2017. That dollar amount reflects a 69.7% increase for all blood shippers since 2013 and a 41% uptick from 2016 to 2017.

Among continents, European countries accounted for the highest dollar worth of exported blood during 2017 with shipments valued at $5.7 billion or over three-quarters (76.7%) of worldwide blood exports. In second place were North American exporters at 16.1% trailed by Asia at 5%. Smaller percentages came from Oceania (0.9%) led by Australia then Africa (0.1%).

The 6-digit Harmonized Tariff System code is 300290 which covers both human blood and animal blood for therapeutic, prophylactic or diagnostic uses.

Top Blood Exporters by Country

Countries

Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of blood during 2017.

  1. Ireland: US$2.7 billion (35.7% of total blood exports)
  2. United States: $1.1 billion (15.2%)
  3. Germany: $587.1 million (7.9%)
  4. France: $494.7 million (6.6%)
  5. United Kingdom: $452.5 million (6.1%)
  6. Denmark: $419.5 million (5.6%)
  7. Belgium: $189.2 million (2.5%)
  8. Netherlands: $157.2 million (2.1%)
  9. South Korea: $152.8 million (2.0%)
  10. Austria: $129.7 million (1.7%)
  11. Italy: $123.9 million (1.7%)
  12. Spain: $110.6 million (1.5%)
  13. Sweden: $80.3 million (1.1%)
  14. Switzerland: $68.5 million (0.9%)
  15. Poland: $64.8 million (0.9%)

The listed 15 countries shipped 91.6% of globally exported blood in 2017 by value.

Among the above countries, the fastest-growing blood exporter since 2013 was South Korea via its 289.4% gain in value since 2013. In second place was Austria (up 227.8%) followed by Spain (up 200.1%), Ireland (up 189.6%) and Sweden (up 139.7%).

Bucking the upbeat trend was one decliner, specifically Belgium experiencing a -15% drop over the 5-year period.

Advantages

The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for blood during 2017. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported blood and its import purchases for that same commodity.

  1. Ireland: US$2.5 billion (net export surplus up 210.9% since 2013)
  2. Denmark: $332.2 million (up 4.9%)
  3. France: $294.7 million (up 22.3%)
  4. Germany: $197.3 million (up 290%)
  5. United Kingdom: $126.9 million (up 48.7%)
  6. South Korea: $96.4 million (up 2,145%)
  7. Austria: $44.6 million (reversing a -$19.7 million deficit)
  8. Argentina: $22.7 million (up 39.3%)
  9. Estonia: $2.6 million (reversing a -$3.4 million deficit)
  10. Cuba: $2.2 million (down -36.7%)
  11. Fiji: $2 million (down -10.3%)
  12. Bulgaria: $460,000 (down -70.9%)
  13. Guatemala: $353,000 (reversing a -$324,000 deficit)
  14. Gabon: $344,000 (reversing a -$129,000 deficit)
  15. Wallis/Futuna Islands: $2,000 (reversing a -$10,000 deficit)

Ireland has the highest surplus in the international trade of blood. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms strong Irish competitive advantages for this specific product category.

Opportunities

The following countries posted the severest negative net exports for blood during 2017. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported blood purchases and its exports for that same commodity.

  1. United States: -US$1.7 billion (net export deficit up 37.5% since 2013)
  2. China: -$323 million (up 157.4%)
  3. Russia: -$283.6 million (down -29.1%)
  4. Canada: -$257.1 million (up 268.6%)
  5. Saudi Arabia: -$238.2 million (up 264.9%)
  6. Sweden: -$172.8 million (up 52.2%)
  7. Brazil: -$112.8 million (up 0.8%)
  8. Colombia: -$91.1 million (down -24%)
  9. Australia: -$82.5 million (up 70.7%)
  10. Mexico: -$71.5 million (up 25.6%)
  11. Finland: -$60.6 million (up 2,179%)
  12. Ukraine: -$52.6 million (down -59.4%)
  13. Japan: -$50.6 million (up 58.8%)
  14. Italy: -$48.6 million (down -58.7%)
  15. India: -$46.9 million (up 24.2%)

The United States incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of blood. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights America’s competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for blood-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful worldwide demand.

Companies

Blood-Equipment Exporting Companies

According to global trading platform Alibaba, the following suppliers are examples of export companies that engage in the international trade of blood giving equipment and supplies including blood transfusion sets.

  • Alredwan International Trading (Turkey)
  • Angi Plast Private Limited (India)
  • Anhui Tiankang Medical Technology (China)
  • Daddy D Pro (Pakistan)
  • Medicfit Technology Sdn. BHD (Malaysia)
  • Ultra for Medical Products Ultramed UMIC (Egypt)

The home-country location for each business is shown within parentheses.



 

See also Drugs and Medicine Exports by Country, Top Artificial Joints Exporters by Country and Top Toothpaste Exports by Country

Research Sources:
Alibaba, Suppliers for blood-giving sets. Accessed on August 28, 2018

Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on August 28, 2018

The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on August 28, 2018

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on August 28, 2018

Wikipedia, Blood. Accessed on August 28, 2018