Overall exports of life-giving human and animal blood totaled US$8.8 billion in 2019. That dollar amount reflects an 86% increase for all blood shippers since 2015 when global blood shipments were worth $4.8 billion. From 2018 to 2019, the value of blood exports appreciated by 4.4%.
Among continents, Europe sold the highest dollar worth of exported blood during 2019 with shipments valued at $6.1 billion or over two-thirds (69.2%) of worldwide blood exports. In second place were North American exporters at 20.9% trailed by Asia at 7.7%. Smaller percentages came from Oceania (1.1%) led by Australia and New Zealand, Latin America (0.7%) excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean, then Africa (0.2%).
For research purposes, the 6-digit Harmonized Tariff System code is 300290 which covers both human blood and animal blood for therapeutic, prophylactic or diagnostic uses.
Top Blood Exporters by Country
Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of blood during 2019.
- Ireland: US$2.6 billion (29.2% of total blood exports)
- United States: $1.8 billion (20.1%)
- United Kingdom: $801.5 million (9.1%)
- Germany: $777.3 million (8.8%)
- France: $537.1 million (6.1%)
- Denmark: $500.9 million (5.7%)
- South Korea: $250.2 million (2.8%)
- Italy: $154.6 million (1.7%)
- Jordan: $140.1 million (1.6%)
- Netherlands: $134.9 million (1.5%)
- Belgium: $129 million (1.5%)
- China: $87.3 million (1%)
- Australia: $79.5 million (0.9%)
- Poland: $77.8 million (0.9%)
- Switzerland: $73.1 million (0.8%)
By value, the listed 15 countries shipped 91.7% of global blood exported in 2019.
Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing blood exporters since 2015 were: Jordan (up 3,502,725%), South Korea (up 483.8%), China (up 416.1%) and the United States (up 155.2%).
Belgium posted a -10.7% decline in their exported blood sales over the 5-year period.
The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for blood during 2019. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported blood and its import purchases for that same commodity.
- Ireland: US$2.2 billion (net export surplus up 109.7% since 2015)
- Denmark: $409.4 million (up 3.3%)
- United Kingdom: $348 million (up 342.1%)
- France: $261 million (up 23.2%)
- Germany: $254.6 million (up 53.4%)
- South Korea: $157 million (up 6465.4%)
- Jordan: $129.5 million (reversing a -$1.9 million deficit)
- Austria: $11 million (up 44.2%)
- Singapore: $4.4 million (reversing a -$18.4 million deficit)
- Argentina: $3.8 million (down -77.8%)
- Egypt: $3.7 million (reversing a -$31.3 million deficit)
- Cuba: $1.3 million (down -38.2%)
- Georgia: $265,000 (up 110.3%)
- Luxembourg: $150,000 (reversing a -$1.7 million deficit)
- Bonaire/St Eustatius/Saba: $9,000 (up 28.6%)
Ireland generated the highest surplus in the international trade of blood. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms strong Irish competitive advantages for this specific product category.
The following countries posted the severest negative net exports for blood during 2019. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported blood purchases and its exports for that same commodity.
- United States: -US$1.2 billion (net export deficit down -34.7% since 2015)
- China: -$311.1 million (up 78.9%)
- Russia: -$306.7 million (up 42.1%)
- Sweden: -$277.9 million (up 247%)
- Canada: -$245.3 million (up 126%)
- Saudi Arabia: -$236.4 million (up 393.6%)
- Japan: -$163.7 million (up 112.3%)
- Brazil: -$159.2 million (up 75.8%)
- Belgium: -$135.9 million (up 2334.7%)
- Spain: -$129 million (up 90.2%)
- Italy: -$126.5 million (up 100.3%)
- India: -$78.6 million (up 85.9%)
- Australia: -$68.3 million (up 153.7%)
- Mexico: -$51 million (down -15.9%)
- Netherlands: -$45.5 million (reversing a $7.7 million surplus)
The United States of America incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of blood. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights America’s competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for blood-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful worldwide demand.
Blood-Equipment Exporting Companies
According to global trading platform Alibaba, the following suppliers are examples of export companies that engage in the international trade of blood giving equipment and supplies including blood transfusion sets.
- Alredwan International Trading (Turkey)
- Angi Plast Private Limited (India)
- Anhui Tiankang Medical Technology (China)
- Daddy D Pro (Pakistan)
- Medicfit Technology Sdn. BHD (Malaysia)
- Ultra for Medical Products Ultramed UMIC (Egypt)
The home-country location for each business is shown within parentheses.
See also Drugs and Medicine Exports by Country, Top Artificial Joints Exporters by Country and Top Toothpaste Exports by Country
Alibaba, Suppliers for blood-giving sets. Accessed on May 21, 2020
Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook Field Listing: Exports – Commodities. Accessed on May 21, 2020
Forbes Global 2000 rankings, The World’s Biggest Public Companies. Accessed on May 21, 2020
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on May 21, 2020
Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on May 21, 2020
Wikipedia, Blood. Accessed on May 21, 2020