Top EU Import Countries

Top EU Import Countries

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Imports purchased by the 28 members of the European Union cost a total US$6.393 trillion in 2018. That dollar amount reflects an 8% increase in the costs of EU imported goods purchased since 2014 and a 13.5% improvement from 2017 to 2018.

European imports in 2018 represent an estimated 35.7% of total world imports which amounted to $17.788 trillion one year earlier.

Given the European Union’s population of about 517.1 million people according to the CIA World Factbook, the total $6.393 trillion in 2018 EU imports translates to approximately $12,400 in international purchases by every person in the current 28-member economic union.

As the following statistical table shows, Germany and the United Kingdom continue to be the EU’s major players in international trade.

Top European Import Countries

Below are the top European import countries that purchased the highest dollar value worth of products from around the globe during 2018. Also shown is each country’s share of EU global imports as well as changes in value since 2014.

RankImporter2018 Imports% EU TotalSince 2014
1.Germany$1.287 trillion20.1%+5.9%
2.United Kingdom$673.1 billion10.5%-3.1%
3.France$659 billion10.3%-0.1%
4.Netherlands$646 billion10.1%+27.2%
5.Italy$500.8 billion7.8%+5.6%
6.Belgium$450.1 billion7%-0.6%
7.Spain$388 billion6.1%+10.6%
8.Poland$266.5 billion4.2%+23%
9.Austria$193.3 billion3%+12.1%
10.Czech Republic$183.7 billion2.9%+19.9%
11.Sweden$170.1 billion2.7%+4.8%
12.Hungary$121.3 billion1.9%+16.4%
13.Ireland$105.9 billion1.7%+28.2%
14.Denmark$101.1 billion1.6%+1.6%
15.Romania$97.8 billion1.53%+25.5%
16.Slovakia$94 billion1.47%+15.6%
17.Portugal$88.6 billion1.4%+13%
18.Finland$78.5 billion1.2%+2.2%
19.Greece$65.1 billion1%+4.7%
20.Slovenia$42.2 billion0.7%+40.5%
21.Bulgaria$37.9 billion0.59%+9.1%
22.Lithuania$36.5 billion0.57%+3.7%
23.Croatia$28.1 billion0.44%+22.7%
24.Luxembourg$23.9 billion0.37%+0.3%
25.Estonia$19.1 billion0.3%-5.2%
26.Latvia$18.3 billion0.29%+9%
27.Cyprus$10.7 billion0.17%+56.8%
28.Malta$6.3 billion0.1%-7.3%

The top 10 importers represent 82.1% of the overall value for the EU’s total trade purchases during 2018.


Twenty-three EU members increased their import purchases from 2014 to 2018, led by Cyprus via its 56.8% gain. Other double-digit increases belong to Slovenia (up 40.5%), Ireland (up 28.2%), Netherlands (up 27.2%), Romania (up 25.5%), Poland (up 23%), Croatia (up 22.7%), Czech Republic (up 19.9%), Hungary (up 16.4%), Slovakia (up 15.6%), Portugal (up 13%), Austria (up 12.1%) and Spain (also up 10.6%).

The five EU import decliners over the five-year period were Malta (down -7.3%), Estonia (down -5.2%), United Kingdom (down -3.1%), Belgium (down -0.6%) and France (down -0.1%).

See also United Kingdom’s Top Trading Partners, European Union’s Top 10 Exports, UK’s EU Trade Scorecard Before Brexit and Top EU Export Countries

Research Sources:
The World Factbook, Europe: European Union. Accessed on March 29, 2019

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on March 29, 2019

Wikipedia, European Union. Accessed on March 29, 2019

Wikipedia, List of European countries by population. Accessed on March 29, 2019

Wikipedia, Member State of the European Union. Accessed on March 29, 2019