An iron-rich leafy green vegetable, worldwide exports of fresh or chilled spinach totaled US$344.9 million in 2018. That dollar amount reflects a 33.5% gain for all spinach shippers over the five-year period starting in 2014. Year over year, the value of exported spinach appreciated 7.3% from 2017 to 2018.
Among continents, European countries sold the highest dollar worth of exported fresh spinach during 2018 with shipments valued at $184 million or over half (53.4%) of the global total. Close behind was North America at 42.4% far ahead of Asian spinach shippers at 3.5%. Smaller percentages came from Oceania (0.5%) led by Australia, Africa (0.2%) then Latin America (0.1%) excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean.
The 6-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix for fresh or chilled spinach is 070970.
Spinach Exports by Country
Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of spinach during 2018.
- United States: US$124.4 million (36.1% of total spinach exports)
- Spain: $64.2 million (18.6%)
- Italy: $61.2 million (17.7%)
- Netherlands: $33.2 million (9.6%)
- Mexico: $15.8 million (4.6%)
- China: $6.3 million (1.8%)
- France: $6.03 million (1.7%)
- Canada: $5.96 million (1.7%)
- United Kingdom: $5 million (1.4%)
- Malaysia: $3.8 million (1.1%)
- Germany: $2.5 million (0.7%)
- Portugal: $2.2 million (0.6%)
- Denmark: $1.9 million (0.6%)
- Australia: $1.7 million (0.5%)
- Poland: $1.6 million (0.4%)
The listed 15 countries shipped 97.3% of global spinach exports in 2018 by value.
Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing spinach exporters since 2014 were: United Kingdom (up 269.4%), Poland (up 205.9%), Netherlands (up 121.6%) and Mexico (up 108.4%).
Two countries posted declines in their exported spinach sales namely Canada (down -27.0%) and Portugal (down -19.4.
The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for spinach during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported spinach and its import purchases for that same commodity.
- United States: US$106.5 million (net export surplus up 1.9% since 2014)
- Spain: $62.5 million (up 25.5%)
- Italy: $59.3 million (up 99%)
- Netherlands: $6.6 million (up 87%)
- Mexico: $6.6 million (up 144%)
- China: $6.3 million (up 11.2%)
- Malaysia: $2.1 million (down -4.5%)
- Australia: $1.6 million (up 91.9%)
- Portugal: $529,000 (down -72.8%)
- Syrian Arab Republic: $413,000 (up 20,550%)
- Turkey: $371,000 (down -47.2%)
- Azerbaijan: $359,000 (up 870.3%)
- Yemen: $262,000 (no 2014 data)
- South Africa: $233,000 (down -15.3%)
- Guatemala: $153,000 (up 39.1%)
The United States of America has the highest surplus in the international trade of spinach. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms America’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.
The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for spinach during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported spinach purchases and its exports for that same commodity.
- Canada: -US$107.9 million (net export deficit up 7.3% since 2014)
- United Kingdom: -$36.7 million (up 12%)
- Germany: -$28.9 million (up 65.2%)
- Singapore: -$13.5 million (up 27.6%)
- Belgium: -$12 million (up 81.8%)
- Sweden: -$5.8 million (up 44.4%)
- Switzerland: -$5.6 million (up 4.2%)
- Denmark: -$4.1 million (up 929.9%)
- Poland: -$4.1 million (up 16.1%)
- Norway: -$3.5 million (up 58.8%)
- France: -$3.4 million (down -20.5%)
- Ireland: -$3.2 million (up 80.8%)
- Czech Republic: -$3.1 million (up 46.1%)
- United Arab Emirates: -$2.9 million (down -19.3%)
- Austria: -$2.7 million (down -1.1%)
Canada incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of spinach. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights Canada’s competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for spinach-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand.
Spinach Exporting Companies
According to global trading platform Alibaba, the following firms are examples of spinach-trading exporters including suppliers of fresh spinach, frozen chopped spinach and even organic spinach powder in the case of NutriBoost.
- Qingdao Yokid Foods Co. (China)
- American Top Foods, LLC (United States)
- NutriBoost (Netherlands)
- OXL Resources Sdn. BHD (Malaysia)
- UK Frozen Food Ltd (United Kingdom)
The home-country location for each of the above businesses is shown within parentheses.
See also Top Lettuce Exports by Country, Tomatoes Exports by Country, Potatoes Exports by Country and Corn Exports by Country
Alibaba, Supplier showroom for spinach. Accessed on September 9, 2018
Forbes Global 2000 rankings, The World’s Biggest Public Companies. Accessed on May 24, 2019
Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on May 24, 2019
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on May 24, 2019
Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on May 24, 2019
Wikipedia, Spinach. Accessed on September 9, 2018