Globally, goat meat exports by country totaled US$233.9 billion in 2018. That dollar amount reflects a -41.6% decline since 2014 when exported goat meat was $400.9 million. Year over year, the value of exported goat meat depreciated by -43.7% from 2017 to 2018.
Among continents, countries in Oceania sold almost two-thirds (62.9%) of exported goat meat during 2018 with shipments valued at $147.1 million led by Australia and, to a lesser extent, New Zealand. In second place were European exporters at 21.5% while 13% of worldwide goat meat shipments originated from Asia. Smaller percentages came from North America (1.7%) and Africa (0.9%).
For research purposes, the 6-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix is 020450 for fresh, chilled or frozen goat meat.
Top Goat Meat Exports by Country
Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of goat meat during 2018.
- Australia: US$139.8 million (59.8% of total goat meat exports)
- China: $20.8 million (8.9%)
- France: $20.7 million (8.9%)
- Spain: $13.1 million (5.6%)
- Pakistan: $8.4 million (3.6%)
- Greece: $7.8 million (3.3%)
- New Zealand: $7.3 million (3.1%)
- Netherlands: $3 million (1.3%)
- Mexico: $2.6 million (1.1%)
- Tanzania: $2 million (0.9%)
- Italy: $1.6 million (0.7%)
- Romania: $1.5 million (0.7%)
- United States: $1.3 million (0.6%)
- Ireland: $903,000 (0.4%)
- Saudi Arabia: $845,000 (0.4%)
The listed 15 countries shipped 99% of all goat meat exported in 2018 by value.
Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing goat meat exporters since 2014 were: Tanzania (up 3,295%), Romania (up 2,206%), Ireland (up 1,073%) and Mexico (up 200.6%).
Four countries posted declines in their exported goat meat sales namely: Pakistan (down -59.0%), Australia (down -36.8%), China (down -12.9%), France (down -4.5%) and Saudi Arabia (down 0.0%).
The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for goat meat during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported goat meat and its import purchases for that same commodity.
- Australia: US$139.5 million (net export surplus down -36.9% since 2014)
- China: $19.2 million (up 9.8%)
- France: $15.6 million (down -7.6%)
- Pakistan: $8.4 million (down -59%)
- Spain: $8.1 million (up 107.7%)
- New Zealand: $7.3 million (up 60.8%)
- Greece: $7.1 million (up 113.4%)
- Mexico: $2.6 million (up 200.6%)
- Netherlands: $2.5 million (up 32.1%)
- Tanzania: $2 million (up 3412.1%)
- Romania: $1.5 million (reversing a -$146,000 deficit)
- Ireland: $897,000 (up 1,129%)
- Bulgaria: $164,000 (reversing a -$1,000 deficit)
- North Macedonia: $26,000 (no 2014 data)
- Norway: $15,000 (no 2014 data)
Australia has the highest surplus in the international trade of goat meat. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms Australia’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.
The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for goat meat during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported goat meat purchases and its exports for that same commodity.
- United States: -US$98.3 million (net export deficit up 0.2% since 2014)
- Hong Kong: -$12.2 million (down -2.4%)
- Taiwan: -$11.7 million (down -30.9%)
- South Korea: -$10.3 million (up 35%)
- Portugal: -$10.2 million (up 57.9%)
- Italy: -$7.2 million (down -30.2%)
- Canada: -$6.9 million (down -38.7%)
- Trinidad/Tobago: -$4.9 million (down -40.9%)
- United Arab Emirates: -$4.2 million (down -93.6%)
- Japan: -$2.8 million (up 49.7%)
- Bahrain: -$2.8 million (down -86.3%)
- Switzerland: -$2.3 million (down -33%)
- Macao: -$2.1 million (up 84.3%)
- Somalia: -$1.3 million (reversing a $1.5 million surplus)
- Germany: -$1.3 million (up 44%)
The United States incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of goat meat. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights America’s competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for goat meat-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand.
Goat Meat Exporting Companies
According to global trading platform Alibaba, the following suppliers are examples of fresh or frozen goat meat-trading exporters. The home-country location for each business is shown within parentheses:
- Agak Company Ltd (Kenya)
- Al-Muqeet International (Pakistan)
- Carnicas J Colomer Sau (Spain)
- Eiffel International Trade (France)
- Ethiopian General Import/Export (Ethiopia)
- I. Braditsas “Trofino” S.A (Greece)
- Parsa Enterprises Pty Ltd (Australia)
- Qingdao UnionGold Trade Co (China)
See also Top Beef Exporting Countries, Pork Exports by Country, Chicken Exports by Country and Top Sheep and Lamb Meat Exports
Alibaba, Supplier showroom for goat meat. Accessed on February 28, 2019
Forbes Global 2000 rankings, The World’s Biggest Public Companies. Accessed on May 25, 2019
Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on May 25, 2019
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on May 25, 2019
Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on May 25, 2019