Top Lettuce Exports by Country

Lettuce salad (courtesy of Pixabay.com)

Lettuce salad (Pixabay.com)

Lettuce exports by country totaled US$2.4 billion in 2016, up by 2.6% for all lettuce shippers over the five-year period starting in 2012. Year over year, the value of globally exported lettuce dipped -0.1% from 2015 to 2016.

Among continents, European countries accounted for the highest dollar worth of exported lettuce during 2016 with shipments valued at $1.5 billion or almost two-thirds (63.4%) of the overall total. In second place were North American exporters at 28.1% while 7% of worldwide lettuce shipments originated from Asia.

The 4-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix is 0705 for fresh or chilled lettuce.

Top Lettuce Exports by Country

Countries

Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of lettuce during 2016:

  1. Spain: US$790.9 million (32.7% of total lettuce exports)
  2. United States: $479.1 million (19.8%)
  3. Italy: $217.4 million (9%)
  4. Netherlands: $205.7 million (8.5%)
  5. Mexico: $157.8 million (6.5%)
  6. Belgium: $88.7 million (3.7%)
  7. China: $81.2 million (3.4%)
  8. France: $75.2 million (3.1%)
  9. Germany: $41.8 million (1.73%)
  10. Canada: $41.6 million (1.72%)
  11. Malaysia: $20 million (0.8%)
  12. United Kingdom: $17.6 million (0.7%)
  13. Sweden: $15.6 million (0.65%)
  14. Jordan: $15.5 million (0.64%)
  15. Hungary: $14.8 million (0.61%)

The listed 15 countries shipped 93.6% of all lettuce exports in 2016 by value.

Among the above countries, the fastest-growing lettuce exporters since 2012 was Mexico with its 118.2% gain in value since 2012. In second place was Jordan (up 87%), followed by China (up 78.4%), Malaysia (up 65.8%) and United Kingdom (up 52.9%).

Germany led the decliners via a -28.6% decline in the value of its lettuce shipments from 2012 to 2016 followed closely by Sweden’s 28.2% drop. Belgium also incurred a double-digit decrease (down -11%) slightly worse than France (down -9.2%) and the Netherlands (down -6.6%).

Advantages

The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for lettuce during 2016. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported lettuce and its import purchases for that same commodity.

  1. Spain: US$760.5 million (net export surplus down -3.4% since 2012)
  2. United States: $199.7 million (down -31.4%)
  3. Mexico: $145 million (up 156.9%)
  4. Italy: $138.2 million (up 6%)
  5. Netherlands: $91 million (down -5.6%)
  6. China: $81.2 million (up 78.3%)
  7. Jordan: $15.5 million (up 94.1%)
  8. Malaysia: $14.5 million (up 559.6%)
  9. Egypt: $12.7 million (up 38.6%)
  10. Lebanon: $8.8 million (down -9.3%)
  11. Australia: $6.1 million (up 32.4%)
  12. Iran: $4.8 million (down -2.8%)
  13. Guatemala: $4.8 million (up 37.9%)
  14. Portugal: $4 million (down -51.8%)
  15. Côte d’Ivoire: $2.4 million (down -552.3%)

Spain has the highest surplus in the international trade of lettuce. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms strong Spanish competitive advantages for this specific product category.

Opportunities

The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for lettuce during 2016. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported lettuce purchases and its exports for that same commodity.

  1. Germany: -US$351.9 million (net export deficit down -11.4% since 2012)
  2. Canada: -$350.7 million (up 0.6%)
  3. United Kingdom: -$226.2 million (down -5.8%)
  4. France: -$71.3 million (up 42%)
  5. Switzerland: -$58.1 million (down -29.9%)
  6. Austria: -$53.3 million (down -13.3%)
  7. Poland: -$41.6 million (up 14.3%)
  8. Hong Kong: -$39.7 million (up 12.8%)
  9. United Arab Emirates: -$38.4 million (up 16%)
  10. Sweden: -$34.1 million (down -18.6%)
  11. Japan: -$33.5 million (up 34.4%)
  12. Finland: -$31.6 million (down -26%)
  13. Saudi Arabia: -$27.1 million (up 114.3%)
  14. Ireland: -$25.5 million (up 19.6%)
  15. Norway: -$24.4 million (down -19.3%)

Slightly ahead of Canada, Germany incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of lettuce. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights both Canada’s and Germany’s competitive disadvantages for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for lettuce-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful consumer demand particularly in those two lettuce-deficient nations.

Companies

Lettuce Exporting Companies

According to global trading platform Alibaba, the following suppliers are examples of lettuce-trading exporters. The home-country location for each business is shown within parentheses:

  • AA Group, S. Coop (Spain)
  • Algo Imports & Exports (United States)
  • Bhuvani Exports (India)
  • Javema Holdings Pty Ltd (South Africa)
  • Partners for Import Export Trading Agencies & General Supplies (Egypt)
  • PC Suppliers Company Ltd (Thailand)
  • Tunisia Trade Partners (Tunisia)
  • Yunnan Chuntian Agricultural Products (China)


 

See also Tomatoes Exports by Country, Potatoes Exports by Country and Corn Exports by Country

Research Sources:
Alibaba, Supplier showroom for lettuce. Accessed on November 13, 2017

Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on November 13, 2017

The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on November 13, 2017

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on November 13, 2017

Wikipedia, Lettuce. Accessed on November 13, 2017