Worldwide, exported sculpture sales totaled US$4.7 billion in 2018. That dollar amount reflects a 12.6% increase for all sculptures shippers over the five-year period starting in 2014 when exports for those commodities were worth $4.2 billion. Year over year, the value of exported sculptures rose 2% from 2017 to 2018.
Sculptures come in all different shapes and sizes including gargantuan statues and life-sized replicas. Sculptures are displayed indoors or outside, and are made from a diverse range of materials such as stone like marble, metals like bronze or silver, wood, clay, glass, sand, wax and ice.
Among continents, Europe sold the highest dollar worth of exported sculptures during 2018 with shipments valued at $2.3 billion or almost half (48.1%) of the global total. In second place were North American exporters at 42.1% while 6.7% of worldwide shipments of sculptures originated from Asia. Smaller percentages came from Latin America (2%) excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean, Africa (0.7%), and Oceania (0.4%) led by Australia and New Zealand.
The 6-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix is 970300 for original sculptures and statues regardless of materials from which they are made.
Top Sculptures Exporters by Country
Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of sculptures during 2018.
- United States: US$1.9 billion (41.4% of total exported sculptures)
- United Kingdom: $1 billion (21.8%)
- Switzerland: $383.9 million (8.2%)
- France: $257.8 million (5.5%)
- Germany: $239.8 million (5.1%)
- Italy: $165.4 million (3.5%)
- Hong Kong: $100.6 million (2.1%)
- Brazil: $73.1 million (1.6%)
- Japan: $72.5 million (1.5%)
- Belgium: $59 million (1.3%)
- Spain: $46.6 million (1%)
- Singapore: $33 million (0.7%)
- Canada: $31.4 million (0.7%)
- Israel: $27.6 million (0.6%)
- South Korea: $24.6 million (0.5%)
By value, the listed 15 countries shipped 95.6% of all sculptures exports in 2018.
Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing sculptures exporters since 2014 were: Hong Kong (up 109.3%), Brazil (up 108.4%), Japan (up 90.6%) and Belgium (up 84.7%).
Three countries posted declines in their exported sculptures sales namely: Singapore (down -27.7%), South Korea (down -15.1%) and Canada (down -13.3%).
The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for sculptures during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported sculptures and its import purchases for that same commodity.
- United Kingdom: US$632 million (net export surplus up 185.4% since 2014)
- Germany: $142.4 million (up 25.3%)
- France: $123.6 million (down -7%)
- Italy: $103.9 million (down -9.5%)
- United States: $70.3 million (down -73.8%)
- Brazil: $64.6 million (up 277%)
- Spain: $35.2 million (up 81.8%)
- Belgium: $28.5 million (reversing an -$8.5 million deficit)
- South Africa: $14.7 million (reversing a -$2.8 million deficit)
- Israel: $10.4 million (down -9.3%)
- Japan: $9.7 million (up 13344.4%)
- Venezuela: $4.7 million (up 56.9%)
- British Virgin Islands: $4.2 million (up 15.7%)
- Vietnam: $3.5 million (reversing a -$378,000 deficit)
- Gabon: $3.4 million (reversing a -$2,000 deficit)
The United Kingdom has the highest surplus in the international trade of sculptures. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms strong UK competitive advantages for this specific product category.
The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for sculptures during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported sculptures purchases and its exports for that same commodity.
- Hong Kong: -US$181.2 million (net export deficit up 288% since 2014)
- Switzerland: -$113.7 million (up 185.3%)
- India: -$108.4 million (reversing a $39.8 million surplus)
- South Korea: -$66 million (up 176.2%)
- Singapore: -$29.2 million (down -13%)
- China: -$25.7 million (down -23.2%)
- Australia: -$25.4 million (up 13.9%)
- Qatar: -$21.5 million (down -73.1%)
- Norway: -$17.9 million (up 135.2%)
- United Arab Emirates: -$16.3 million (up 93.6%)
- Netherlands: -$7.6 million (down -22.5%)
- Mexico: -$7.4 million (up 157.6%)
- Taiwan: -$6.7 million (down -41.5%)
- Saudi Arabia: -$6.4 million (up 287.9%)
- New Zealand: -$4.4 million (reversing a $1.2 million surplus)
Overtaking the United Arab Emirates in 2018, Hong Kong incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of sculptures. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights Hong Kong’s competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for sculptures-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand.
Sculptures Exporting Companies
According to global trading platform Alibaba, the following suppliers are examples of sculptures-trading exporters.
- AXH Fiberglass Fabricators Inc (United States)
- Baoding Yilin Sculpture Co, Ltd (China)
- BRUNEL s.r.l. Preziosi d’Autore (Italy)
- Export Corporation (India)
- International 68Art Co (Hong Kong)
- JS GartenDeko e.K. (Germany)
- Lineature (Spain)
- Nativa Gems I. e E. de Pedras (Brazil)
- San Teck International Pte Ltd (Singapore)
- Sterling Sculptures (United Kingdom)
The home-country location for each business is shown within parentheses.
See also Exported Paintings and Drawings by Country, Diamond Exports by Country and Diamond Imports by Country
Alibaba, Supplier showroom for modern sculpture. Accessed on September 12, 2018
Forbes Global 2000 rankings, The World’s Biggest Public Companies. Accessed on June 6, 2019
Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on June 6, 2019
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on June 6, 2019
Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on June 6, 2019
Wikipedia, Sculpture. Accessed on September 12, 2018
Wikipedia, Statue. Accessed on September 12, 2018