International sales for tin exports by country totaled US$1.16 billion in 2018.
Overall, the value of tin exports rose by an average 87.4% for all exporting countries since 2014 when tin shipments were valued at $616.6 million. Year over the year, the value of exported tin appreciated by 238.4% from 2017 to 2018.
Tin is a key ingredient used to solder microelectronic components to circuit boards, and can prevent corrosion when coating other metals.
Applying a continental lens, Asian countries sold the highest dollar worth of exported tin during 2018 with shipments valued at $750.6 million or roughly two-thirds (65%) of the global total. In second place were African exporters at 20.5% trailed by one Oceania nation, Australia at 10.9%. Smaller percentages came from Latin America (2.1%) excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean, Europe (1.3%) and North America (0.3%).
For research purposes, the 4-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix is 2609 for tin ores and concentrates.
Top Tin Exporters
Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of tin during 2018.
- Myanmar (Burma): US$738.6 million (63.9% of total tin exports)
- Australia: $125.4 million (10.9%)
- Congo: $108.8 million (9.4%)
- Democratic Rep. Congo: $61.2 million (5.3%)
- Rwanda: $61.1 million (5.3%)
- Brazil: $22.9 million (2.0%)
- Russia: $8.4 million (0.7%)
- Laos: $6.9 million (0.6%)
- Burundi: $4.2 million (0.4%)
- Portugal: $3.4 million (0.3%)
- United States: $3.0 million (0.3%)
- Singapore: $2.3 million (0.2%)
- France: $1.5 million (0.1%)
- Bolivia: $1.4 million (0.1%)
- Belgium: $1.2 million (0.1%)
By value, the listed 15 countries shipped 99.6% of global tin exports in 2018.
Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing tin exporters since 2014 were: Myanmar also called Burma (up 8,029%), Laos (up 7,540%), Russia (up 1,945%) and Portugal (up 71.6%).
Those countries that posted declines in their exported tin sales were led by: Bolivia (down -93.1%), Singapore (down -88.6%), Belgium (down -65.2%), Brazil (down -26.1%) and Rwanda (down -14.9%).
The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for tin during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported tin and its import purchases for that same commodity.
- Myanmar (Burma): US$738.6 million (net export surplus up 8029.1% since 2014)
- Australia: $125.4 million (down -12.9%)
- Congo: $108.8 million (no 2014 data)
- Democr. Rep. Congo: $61.2 million (down -6%)
- Rwanda: $61.1 million (down -14.9%)
- Brazil: $20.2 million (down -32.1%)
- Russia: $8.3 million (reversing a -$1.9 million deficit)
- Laos: $6.9 million (up 12401.8%)
- Burundi: $4.2 million (reversing a -$2,000 deficit)
- Portugal: $3.4 million (up 575.3%)
- United States: $2.8 million (up 4.4%)
- Singapore: $1.4 million (down -36.9%)
- Bolivia: $1.4 million (down -93.1%)
- France: $1.4 million (up 65.1%)
- Nigeria: $1 million (up 3206.5%)
Previously called Burma, Myanmar has by far the highest surplus in the international trade of tin. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms Myanmar’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.
The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for tin during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported tin purchases and its exports for that same commodity.
- China: -US$738.9 million (net export deficit up 90.3% since 2014)
- Malaysia: -$416.8 million (up 1.8%)
- Thailand: -$139.3 million (up 90.8%)
- Taiwan: -$5.4 million (up 8760.7%)
- United Arab Emirates: -$1.3 million (up 137.0%)
- India: -$734,000 (no 2014 data)
- Poland: -$286,000 (up 28.8%)
- Italy: -$112,000 (up 220%)
- Indonesia: -$110,000 (down -94.3%)
- Czech Republic: -$97,000 (up 162.2%)
- Romania: -$91,000 (down -37.2%)
- Belgium: -$78,000 (reversing a $2.4 million surplus)
- Netherlands: -$20,000 (down -23.1%)
- Honduras: -$14,000 (no 2014 data)
- Ukraine: -$11,000 (no 2014 data)
The People’s Republic of China incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of tin. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights strong Chinese competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for tin-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand.
Tin Exporting Companies
Below are the top 10 tin-producing companies that also engage in the international trade of tin presented in descending order based on tin output. The home country for each business is shown within parenthesis.
- Yunnan Tin (China)
- Malaysia Smelting Corporation (Malaysia)
- PT Timah (Indonesia)
- Yunnan Tin Chengfeng (China)
- Minsur (Peru)
- EM Vinto (Bolivia)
- Thaisarco (Thailand)
- Guangxi China Tin (China)
- Metallo Chimique (Belgium)
- Gejiu Zi-Li (China)
Searchable List of Tin Exporting Countries in 2018
You can change the presentation order by clicking the triangle icon at the top of the columns.
|Rank||Exporter||Tin Exports (US$)||%World Total|
|1.||Myanmar (Burma)||$738.6 million||63.9%|
|4.||Democratic Rep. Congo||$61.2 million||5.3%|
|11.||United States||$3 million||0.3%|
See also Top Nickel Exporters by Country, Top Aluminum Exporters by Country and Top Stainless Steel Exporters by Country
Forbes Global 2000 rankings, The World’s Biggest Public Companies. Accessed on May 27, 2019
Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on May 27, 2019
Statistica (The Statistics Portal), Leading tin producing companies worldwide in 2016. Accessed on June 11, 2018
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on May 27, 2019
Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on May 27, 2019