Ukraine’s Top 10 Imports

Kiev Opera House

Kiev opera house

Imports of goods into Ukraine totaled US$49.4 billion in 2017, down -35.8% since 2013 but a 26% increase from 2016 to 2017.

Ukrainian imports represent 0.3% of total global imports which totaled an estimated $16.054 trillion as of February 2, 2018.

From a continental perspective, about two-thirds (66.5%) of Ukraine’s total imports by value in 2017 were purchased from fellow European countries. Asian trade partners supplied 23.4% of import purchased by Ukraine while 5.9% worth of goods originated from North America. Smaller percentages came from Africa (1.4%) and Latin American countries (1.3%) excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean.

Given Ukraine’s population of 44 million people, its total $49.4 billion in 2017 imports translates to roughly $1,100 in yearly product demand from every person in the Eastern European nation.

Ukraine’s Top 10 Imports

Top 10

The following product groups represent the highest dollar value in Ukraine’s import purchases during 2017, at the 2-digit Harmonized Tariff System (HTS) code level. Also shown is the percentage share each product category represents in terms of overall imports into Ukraine.

Drilling down to the more detailed 4-digit HTS codes, Ukraine’s costliest imported goods are refined petroleum oils ($4.1 billion), petroleum gases ($3.6 billion), coal including solid fuels made from coal ($2.7 billion), motor cars ($2.1 billion), drugs and medicines ($1.4 billion) then mobile phones ($965.3 million).

  1. Mineral fuels including oil: US$11.6 billion (23.4% of total imports)
  2. Machinery including computers: $5.7 billion (11.5%)
  3. Electrical machinery, equipment: $4.1 billion (8.3%)
  4. Vehicles: $4 billion (8%)
  5. Plastics, plastic articles: $2.5 billion (5%)
  6. Pharmaceuticals: $1.8 billion (3.6%)
  7. Other chemical goods: $1.3 billion (2.5%)
  8. Iron, steel: $1.1 billion (2.3%)
  9. Fertilizers: $1.1 billion (2.3%)
  10. Paper, paper items: $813.3 million (1.6%)

Ukraine’s top 10 imports accounted for over two-thirds (68.5%) of the overall value of its product purchases from other countries.

The mineral fuels including oil was Ukraine’s fastest-growing import category via a 47.2% expansion from 2016 to 2017.

The second-fastest gainer was the iron and steel category up by 42%, trailed by the 40.4% increase for Ukraine’s imported vehicles.

Paper and paper items posted the slightest improvement among the top 10 Ukrainian import categories, posting a modest 1.8% uptick.

Please note that the results listed above are at the 2-digit Harmonized Tariff System code level. Information presented under other virtual folder tabs is at the more granular 4-digit level.

Fuel

In 2017, Ukrainian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of mineral fuels-related energy products:

  1. Processed petroleum oils: US$4.1 billion (up 27.3% from 2016)
  2. Petroleum gases: $3.6 billion (up 40.7%)
  3. Coal, solid fuels made from coal: $2.7 billion (up 87.1%)
  4. Coke, semi-coke: $448.9 million (up 52.7%)
  5. Crude oil: $441.1 million (up 153.9%)
  6. Petroleum oil residues: $183 million (up 90.3%)
  7. Petroleum jelly, mineral waxes: $14.9 million (up 20.2%)
  8. Asphalt/petroleum bitumen mixes: $9.4 million (up 140%)
  9. Tar pitch, coke: $5.6 million (up 54.4%)
  10. Coal tar oils (high temperature distillation): $3.1 million (down -67.5%)

Among these import subcategories, Ukraine’s purchases of crude oil (up 153.9%), asphalt/petroleum bitumen mixes (up 140%) and petroleum oil residues (up 90.3%) grew at the fastest pace from 2016 to 2017.

These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of mineral fuels-related energy imports among Ukrainian businesses and consumers.

Machinery

In 2017, Ukrainian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of machinery including computers:

  1. Computers, optical readers: US$525.4 million (up 20.3% from 2016)
  2. Harvest/threshing machinery: $480.4 million (up 17.8%)
  3. Nuclear reactors, fuel elements: $454.9 million (down -20.7%)
  4. Agricultural/forestry machinery: $321.3 million (up 31.4%)
  5. Centrifuges, filters and purifiers: $217.2 million (up 42.5%)
  6. Refrigerators, freezers: $211.1 million (up 26.2%)
  7. Taps, valves, similar appliances: $179.8 million (up 18.2%)
  8. Lifting/loading machinery: $171.3 million (up 57.7%)
  9. Heavy machinery (bulldozers, excavators, road rollers): $164.2 million (up 80.7%)
  10. Liquid pumps and elevators: $160.6 million (up 38.1%)

Among these import subcategories, Ukraine’s purchases of heavy machinery like bulldozers or excavators (up 80.7%), lifting or loading machinery (up 57.7%) and centrifuges, filters and purifiers (up 42.5%) grew at the fastest pace from 2016 to 2017.

These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of machinery -related imports among Ukrainian businesses and consumers.

Electronics

In 2017, Ukrainian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of electronics:

  1. Phone system devices including smartphones: US$965.3 million (up 40.2% from 2016)
  2. Insulated wire/cable: $529.9 million (up 20.1%)
  3. Lower-voltage switches, fuses: $324.4 million (up 19.3%)
  4. Electric water heaters, hair dryers: $219.1 million (up 45.4%)
  5. TV receivers/monitors/projectors: $218.6 million (up 19.2%)
  6. Integrated circuits/microassemblies: $192.9 million (up 36%)
  7. Insulating fitting: $165.2 million (up 11.9%)
  8. Solar power diodes/semi-conductors: $163.3 million (up 29.5%)
  9. Electrical converters/power units: $153.7 million (up 14.6%)
  10. TV receiver/transmit/digital cameras: $111.0 million (up 49.9%)

Among these import subcategories, Ukraine’s purchases of TV receivers, transmitters and digital cameras (up 49.9%), electric water heaters and hair dryers (up 45.4%) and mobile phones-related (up 40.2%) grew at the fastest pace from 2016 to 2017.

These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of electronics-related imports among Ukrainian businesses and consumers.

Vehicles

In 2017, Ukrainian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of vehicles:

  1. Cars: US$2.1 billion (up 43.2% from 2016)
  2. Tractors: $693.1 million (up 33.9%)
  3. Trucks: $370.4 million (up 51.1%)
  4. Automobile parts/accessories: $344.7 million (up 29.9%)
  5. Trailers: $172.7 million (up 47.6%)
  6. Special purpose vehicles: $140.3 million (up 41.4%)
  7. Automobile bodies: $56.8 million (up 29.2%)
  8. Public-transport vehicles: $45.4 million (up 49.9%)
  9. Motorcycles: $23.2 million (up 26.8%)
  10. Bicycles, other non-motorized cycles: $10.3 million (up 41%)

Among these import subcategories, Ukraine’s purchases of trucks (up 51.1%), public-transport vehicles (up 49.9%) and trailers (up 47.6%) grew at the fastest pace from 2016 to 2017.

These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of vehicles-related imports among Ukrainian businesses and consumers.



 
See also Ukraine’s Top Trading Partners, Ukraine’s Top 10 Exports and Capital Facts for Kiev, Ukraine

Research Sources:
International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database (GDP based on Purchasing Power Parity). Accessed on September 13, 2018

The World Factbook, Country Profiles, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on September 13, 2018

Trade Map, International Trade Centre, www.intracen.org/marketanalysis. Accessed on September 13, 2018