Coal Exports by Country

Coal Exports by Country

Leading fossil fuel export

Global sales from coal exports by country totaled an estimated US$127.6 billion in 2018. Worldwide, the value of coal exports soared by an average 27.3% for all exporting countries since 2014 when coal shipments were valued at $100.2 billion with a 15% uptick from 2017 to 2018.

From a continental perspective, coal exports from Oceania (mostly Australia with a tiny amount from New Zealand) amounted to $47 billion or 36.9% of coal’s global total. Asian exporters generated 20.1% worth, trailed by European suppliers at 17.7% then North American providers at 14%.

Smaller percentages came from exporters in Africa (5.5%) then Latin America (5.2%) excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean (6.2%).

The 4-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix is 2701 for coal. Those digits encompass briquettes, ovoids and similar solid fuels manufactured from coal.

Coal Exports by Country

Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of coal during 2018.

  1. Australia: US$47 billion (36.9% of total coal exports)
  2. Indonesia: $20.6 billion (16.2%)
  3. Russia: $17 billion (13.4%)
  4. United States: $12 billion (9.4%)
  5. Colombia: $6.6 billion (5.2%)
  6. South Africa: $6.2 billion (4.9%)
  7. Canada: $5.8 billion (4.5%)
  8. Netherlands: $3.9 billion (3%)
  9. Mongolia: $2.8 billion (2.2%)
  10. China: $786.8 million (0.6%)
  11. Mozambique: $761.6 million (0.6%)
  12. Poland: $718.7 million (0.6%)
  13. Kazakhstan: $428.2 million (0.3%)
  14. Vietnam: $371.4 million (0.3%)
  15. Czech Republic: $293.9 million (0.2%)

The listed 15 countries shipped 98.3% of global coal exports in 2018 by value.

Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing coal exporters since 2014 were: Mozambique (up 58,799%), Mongolia (up 232.2%), Canada (up 53.8%) and Russia (up 46.3%).

Four countries posted declines in their international coal sales namely: Czech Republic (down -39%), Vietnam (down -32%), Poland (down -24.4%) and Kazakhstan (down -23.3%).



 

Searchable List of All Coal Exporting Countries in 2018

You can change the presentation order by clicking the triangle icon at the top of any of the columns below.

RankExporterCoal Exports%World Total
1.Australia$47 billion36.9%
2.Indonesia$20.6 billion16.2%
3.Russia$17 billion13.4%
4.United States$12 billion9.4%
5.Colombia$6.6 billion5.2%
6.South Africa$6.2 billion4.9%
7.Canada$5.8 billion4.5%
8.Netherlands$3.9 billion3%
9.Mongolia$2.8 billion2.2%
10.China$786.8 million0.6%
11.Mozambique$761.6 million0.6%
12.Poland$718.7 million0.6%
13.Kazakhstan$428.2 million0.3%
14.Vietnam$371.4 million0.3%
15.Czech Republic$293.9 million0.2%
16.Philippines$281 million0.2%
17.Belgium$237.2 million0.2%
18.United Kingdom$124.3 million0.1%
19.United Arab Emirates$98.3 million0.1%
20.India$94.4 million0.1%
21.Afghanistan$94.4 million0.1%
22.Belarus$75.1 million0.1%
23.Germany$46 million0.04%
24.Peru$45.5 million0.04%
25.Spain$39.4 million0.03%
26.Ireland$33.4 million0.03%
27.Egypt$28.7 million0.02%
28.Malaysia$28.1 million0.02%
29.Slovakia$23.7 million0.02%
30.Eswatini$18.3 million0.01%
31.Croatia$18.2 million0.01%
32.Thailand$15.5 million0.01%
33.Chile$15.2 million0.01%
34.Iran$13.3 million0.01%
35.Botswana$11.7 million0.01%
36.Venezuela$11.2 million0.01%
37.Lithuania$11.2 million0.01%
38.Kyrgyzstan$11 million0.01%
39.Turkey$10.1 million0.01%
40.France$8.9 million0.01%
41.Ukraine$8.7 million0.01%
42.Italy$8.1 million0.01%
43.Tanzania$4 million0.003%
44.Japan$3.9 million0.003%
45.Zimbabwe$3.8 million0.003%
46.Greece$2.7 million0.002%
47.New Zealand$2.4 million0.002%
48.Bulgaria$1.8 million0.001%
49.Mexico$1.4 million0.001%
50.South Korea$1.3 million0.001%
51.Latvia$1.1 million0.001%
52.Tajikistan$975,0000.001%
53.Taiwan$973,0000.001%
54.Laos$865,0000.001%
55.Slovenia$764,0000.001%
56.Austria$664,0000.001%
57.Denmark$654,0000.001%
58.Portugal$595,0000.0005%
59.Nigeria$526,0000.0004%
60.Singapore$481,0000.0004%
61.Hungary$401,0000.0003%
62.Zambia$359,0000.0003%
63.Brazil$352,0000.0003%
64.Sweden$299,0000.0002%
65.Argentina$247,0000.0002%
66.Georgia$185,0000.0001%
67.Bhutan$182,0000.0001%
68.Serbia$139,0000.0001%
69.North Macedonia$129,0000.0001%
70.Namibia$107,0000.0001%
71.Lebanon$88,0000.0001%
72.Kenya$46,0000.00004%
73.Bangladesh$43,0000.00003%
74.Romania$42,0000.00003%
75.Uganda$35,0000.00003%
76.Finland$16,0000.00001%
77.Central African Rep$15,0000.00001%
78.Switzerland$14,0000.00001%
79.British Virgin Islands$12,0000.00001%
80.Moldova$11,0000.00001%
81.Albania$6,0000.000005%
82.Cuba$5,0000.000004%
83.Jordan$5,0000.000004%
84.US Minor Outlying Is$5,0000.000004%
85.Uzbekistan$5,0000.000004%
86.Luxembourg$4,0000.000003%
87.Ghana$3,0000.000002%
88.Israel$2,0000.000002%
89.Bosnia/Herzegovina$2,0000.000002%
90.Myanmar (Burma)$1,0000.000001%
91.Djibouti$1,0000.000001%
92.Ivory Coast$1,0000.000001%
93.Saint Lucia$1,0000.000001%


See also Crude Oil Imports by Country, Crude Oil Exports by Country and Petroleum Gas Exports by Country

Research Sources:
Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on May 1, 2019

The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on May 1, 2019

Wikipedia, Coal. Accessed on May 1, 2019