Cotton Exports by Country

Cotton texture conceptual

Cotton texture conceptual

Global sales from cotton exports by country amounted to US$51.2 billion in 2016.

Overall, the value of cotton exports were down by an average -24.5% for all exporting countries since 2012 when cotton shipments were valued at $67.8 billion. Year over year, cotton shipments fell in value by -9.2% from 2015 to 2016.

The two-digit Harmonized Tariff System code for cotton is 52. This broad classification category includes raw cotton, cotton yarn, thread and woven fabrics.

Top Cotton Exports by Country

Countries

Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of cotton during 2016:

  1. China: US$15 billion (29.3% of total cotton exports)
  2. India: $6.3 billion (12.2%)
  3. United States: $5.7 billion (11.1%)
  4. Pakistan: $2.6 billion (5%)
  5. Vietnam: $2.1 billion (4.1%)
  6. Hong Kong: $1.9 billion (3.7%)
  7. Turkey: $1.7 billion (3.4%)
  8. Italy: $1.4 billion (2.8%)
  9. Brazil: $1.4 billion (2.7%)
  10. Australia: $1.2 billion (2.3%)
  11. Germany: $956.6 million (1.9%)
  12. Indonesia: $782.1 million (1.5%)
  13. Spain: $735.1 million (1.4%)
  14. Uzbekistan: $719.3 million (1.4%)
  15. South Korea: $532.5 million (1%)

The listed 15 nations shipped 83.9% of all cotton exports in 2016.

Three of the above countries grew the value of their cotton exports since 2012: Vietnam (up 154.8%), Indonesia (up 10.1%) and China (up 1.1%).

The remaining 12 countries posted declines in their exported cotton sales led by: Australia (down -56.1%), Pakistan (down -51%), Uzbekistan (down -50.3%), Hong Kong (down -46.3%) and Brazil (down -39%).

Advantages

The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for cotton during 2016. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported cotton and its import purchases for that same commodity.

  1. China: US$7.3 billion (net export surplus down -288.9% since 2012)
  2. India: $5.2 billion (down -33.4%)
  3. United States: $4.7 billion (down -33.7%)
  4. Pakistan: $1.4 billion (down -68.4%)
  5. Brazil: $1.3 billion (down -34.3%)
  6. Australia: $1.1 billion (down -57%)
  7. Uzbekistan: $714.1 million (down -50.6%)
  8. Turkmenistan: $445.7 million (down -7.1%)
  9. Burkina Faso: $420.3 million (up 44.4%)
  10. Greece: $325.1 million (down -43.6%)
  11. Spain: $213.3 million (down -25.2%)
  12. Italy: $188.4 million (down -61.1%)
  13. Benin: $163.1 million (up 52.6%)
  14. Hong Kong: $149.6 million (up 376%)
  15. Cameroon: $147.1 million (up 7%)

China has the highest surplus in the international trade of cotton. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms China’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.

Opportunities

The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for cotton during 2016. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported cotton purchases and its exports for that same commodity.

  1. Bangladesh: -US$4.7 billion (net export deficit down -19.7% since 2012)
  2. Vietnam: -$1.5 billion (up 0.6%)
  3. Indonesia: -$1.3 billion (down -27.1%)
  4. Mexico: -$725.5 million (down -8.5%)
  5. South Korea: -$656.1 million (down -26.9%)
  6. Sri Lanka: -$643.2 million (up 6.6%)
  7. Turkey: -$577 million (down -2.5%)
  8. Cambodia: -$541.6 million (up 226.7%)
  9. Morocco: -$484.2 million (down -15.5%)
  10. Russia: -$417.9 million (down -22.2%)
  11. Colombia: -$396.1 million (down -5.3%)
  12. Portugal: -$391.2 million (up 12.8%)
  13. Tunisia: -$381.5 million (down -44.8%)
  14. Romania: -$366.3 million (down -19.5%)
  15. United Arab Emirates: -$335.6 million (up 214.4%)

A world leader manufacturing clothing, Bangladesh incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of cotton. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights Bangladesh’s strong competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for cotton-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful Bangladeshi demand.

SEARCH

Searchable List of Cotton Exporting Countries

You can change the presentation order by clicking the triangle icon at the top of any of the columns below.

RankExporter2016 Cotton Exports% World Total
1.ChinaUS$15 billion29.3%
2.India$6.3 billion12.2%
3.United States$5.7 billion11.1%
4.Pakistan$2.6 billion5%
5.Vietnam$2.1 billion4.1%
6.Hong Kong$1.9 billion3.7%
7.Turkey$1.7 billion3.4%
8.Italy$1.4 billion2.8%
9.Brazil$1.4 billion2.7%
10.Australia$1.2 billion2.3%
11.Germany$956.6 million1.9%
12.Indonesia$782.1 million1.5%
13.Spain$735.1 million1.4%
14.Uzbekistan$719.3 million1.4%
15.South Korea$532.5 million1%
16.Japan$514.4 million1%
17.Thailand$479.8 million0.9%
18.Egypt$462.1 million0.9%
19.Turkmenistan$446.4 million0.9%
20.Taiwan$437 million0.9%
21.Burkina Faso$422.7 million0.8%
22.Greece$400.2 million0.8%
23.Belgium$328.1 million0.6%
24.Netherlands$326.8 million0.6%
25.France$314.4 million0.6%
26.Austria$308.1 million0.6%
27.Malaysia$235.7 million0.5%
28.Mexico$229.6 million0.4%
29.Benin$186.7 million0.4%
30.Portugal$186.4 million0.4%
31.United Kingdom$183 million0.4%
32.Switzerland$177.1 million0.3%
33.Cameroon$148.6 million0.3%
34.Mali$145.9 million0.3%
35.Czech Republic$142.6 million0.3%
36.Côte d'Ivoire$127.4 million0.2%
37.Kazakhstan$85 million0.2%
38.Argentina$79.1 million0.2%
39.Romania$75.5 million0.1%
40.Israel$73.7 million0.1%
41.Hungary$73.6 million0.1%
42.Tajikistan$59.4 million0.1%
43.Tanzania$57.9 million0.1%
44.Zambia$55.2 million0.1%
45.Togo$52.9 million0.1%
46.Poland$50.3 million0.1%
47.El Salvador$50.3 million0.1%
48.Peru$49.9 million0.1%
49.Russia$49.2 million0.1%
50.Singapore$48.7 million0.1%
51.Sudan$43.1 million0.1%
52.Guatemala$42.7 million0.1%
53.Slovenia$41.9 million0.1%
54.Bulgaria$41.7 million0.1%
55.Bahrain$41.2 million0.1%
56.Mauritius$41 million0.1%
57.Morocco$38.6 million0.1%
58.Syrian Arab Republic$37.4 million0.1%
59.Sri Lanka$37.1 million0.1%
60.United Arab Emirates$36.8 million0.1%
61.Costa Rica$34.3 million0.1%
62.Denmark$31.5 million0.1%
63.Lithuania$29.4 million0.1%
64.Belarus$29.1 million0.1%
65.South Africa$28.9 million0.1%
66.Chad$28.1 million0.1%
67.Niger$28 million0.1%
68.Canada$27.6 million0.1%
69.Tunisia$26.9 million0.1%
70.Sweden$26.6 million0.1%
71.Ecuador$26.1 million0.1%
72.Zimbabwe$24.9 million0.05%
73.Azerbaijan$24.9 million0.05%
74.Colombia$24.7 million0.05%
75.Mozambique$21.3 million0.04%
76.Bangladesh$20 million0.04%
77.Kyrgyzstan$19.9 million0.04%
78.Uganda$19.5 million0.04%
79.Chile$19.4 million0.04%
80.Lesotho$18.6 million0.04%
81.Slovakia$18.4 million0.04%
82.Macedonia$15.8 million0.03%
83.Senegal$14.8 million0.03%
84.Ethiopia$13.6 million0.03%
85.Bosnia/Herzegovina$12.5 million0.02%
86.Croatia$11.5 million0.02%
87.Nigeria$8.9 million0.02%
88.Paraguay$7.9 million0.02%
89.Finland$7.9 million0.02%
90.Saudi Arabia$7.6 million0.01%
91.Serbia$7 million0.01%
92.Latvia$6.7 million0.01%
93.Lebanon$6.4 million0.01%
94.Ghana$5.8 million0.01%
95.New Zealand$5.1 million0.01%
96.Norway$5 million0.01%
97.Estonia$4.8 million0.01%
98.Madagascar$4.8 million0.01%
99.Panama$4.8 million0.01%
100.Macao$3.9 million0.01%
101.Guinea$3.6 million0.01%
102.Moldova$2.6 million0.01%
103.Swaziland$2.4 million0.005%
104.Philippines$2.4 million0.005%
105.Oman$2.1 million0.004%
106.Nicaragua$2 million0.004%
107.Ukraine$1.7 million0.003%
108.Malawi$1.5 million0.003%
109.Venezuela$1.4 million0.003%
110.Cambodia$1.2 million0.002%
111.Eritrea$824,0000.002%
112.Kenya$759,0000.001%
113.Bolivia$745,0000.001%
114.Myanmar (Burma)$738,0000.001%
115.Armenia$695,0000.001%
116.Honduras$628,0000.001%
117.Jamaica$593,0000.001%
118.Iran$534,0000.001%
119.Dominica$507,0000.001%
120.Iraq$500,0000.001%
121.Central African Rep.$360,0000.001%
122.Albania$337,0000.001%
123.Democratic Rep. Congo$298,0000.001%
124.Fiji$277,0000.001%
125.Barbados$259,0000.001%
126.Ireland$246,0000.0005%
127.North Korea$244,0000.0005%
128.Dominican Republic$207,0000.0004%
129.Laos$191,0000.0004%
130.Belize$179,0000.0003%
131.Guinea-Bissau$177,0000.0003%
132.Trinidad/Tobago$167,0000.0003%
133.Brunei Darussalam$117,0000.0002%
134.Nepal$110,0000.0002%
135.Djibouti$95,0000.0002%
136.Rwanda$88,0000.0002%
137.Seychelles$74,0000.0001%
138.Jordan$72,0000.0001%
139.Palestine$71,0000.0001%
140.Anguilla$67,0000.0001%
141.Qatar$66,0000.0001%
142.Burundi$64,0000.0001%
143.Papua New Guinea$55,0000.0001%
144.Botswana$48,0000.0001%
145.Andorra$48,0000.0001%
146.Malta$41,0000.0001%
147.Cyprus$38,0000.0001%
148.Falkland Is. (Malvinas)$36,0000.0001%
149.Luxembourg$34,0000.0001%
150.Afghanistan$29,0000.0001%
151.Uruguay$27,0000.0001%
152.Namibia$26,0000.0001%
153.Georgia$24,0000.00005%
154.Tokelau$24,0000.00005%
155.Kuwait$18,0000.00004%
156.British Virgin Is.$17,0000.00003%
157.Netherlands Antilles$13,0000.00003%
158.Christmas Island$9,0000.00002%
159.Sierra Leone$9,0000.00002%
160.Bahamas$7,0000.00001%
161.Curaçao$7,0000.00001%
162.Liberia$6,0000.00001%
163.Marshall Islands$6,0000.00001%
164.Montenegro$4,0000.00001%
165.Mongolia$3,0000.00001%
166.Haiti$3,0000.00001%
167.St. Pierre/Miquelon$3,0000.00001%
168.Turks and Caicos Is.$2,0000.000004%
169.Iceland$2,0000.000004%
170.Gabon$2,0000.000004%
171.Gambia$1,0000.000002%
172.Congo$1,0000.000002%
173.Angola$1,0000.000002%
174.Saint Lucia$1,0000.000002%
175.Somalia$1,0000.000002%

See also Cotton Imports by Country, T-shirt Exports by Country, Top Sewing Threads Exports by Country and Top Exported Baby Clothing Sales

Research Sources:
Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on May 19, 2017