Electricity Exports by Country

Electricity exports

Electricity exports

Global sales from electricity exports by country amounted to US$26.4 billion in 2016.

Overall, the value of electricity exports were down by an average -33.1% for all exporting countries since 2012 when electricity shipments were valued at $39.4 billion. Year over year, exported electricity retreated by -11.2% from 2015 to 2016.

Among continents, European countries accounted for the highest dollar worth of exported electricity during 2016 with shipments valued at $17.4 billion or about a third (66%) of global electricity exports. In second place were Asian exporters at 11.1% while 9.7% of worldwide electricity shipments originated from North America. Smaller percentages came from Latin America (excluding Mexico) and the Caribbean at 8.9% and 4.4% from Africa.

The 4-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix for electrical energy is 2716.

Electricity Exports by Country


Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of electricity during 2016:

  1. Germany: US$3 billion (11.5% of total electricity exports)
  2. Canada: $2.2 billion (8.3%)
  3. France: $2.1 billion (8.1%)
  4. Paraguay: $2.1 billion (8.1%)
  5. Switzerland: $1.6 billion (6.2%)
  6. China: $1.4 billion (5.3%)
  7. Czech Republic: $1.1 billion (4%)
  8. Laos: $1 billion (3.8%)
  9. Austria: $869.5 million (3.3%)
  10. Sweden: $840.9 million (3.2%)
  11. Netherlands: $783.2 million (3%)
  12. South Africa: $695.3 million (2.6%)
  13. Russia: $660 million (2.5%)
  14. Norway: $649.9 million (2.5%)
  15. Hungary: $615.9 million (2.3%)

The listed 15 countries shipped three-quarters (74.8%) of global electricity exports in 2016 by value.

Four of the above countries grew their electricity exports since 2012: Laos (up 103.6%), South Africa (up 33.6%), Canada (up 14.1%) and China (up 13.8%).

Those countries that posted declines in their exported electricity sales were led by: Switzerland (down -74.7%), Austria (down -54.7%), Czech Republic (down -54.2%), Hungary (down -40%) and Germany (down -35.5%).


The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for electricity during 2016. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported electricity and its import purchases for that same commodity.

  1. Paraguay: US$2.1 billion (net export surplus down -4% since 2012)
  2. Canada: $2 billion (up 18.3%)
  3. Germany: $1.9 billion (up 10.2%)
  4. France: $1.2 billion (down -47.7%)
  5. China: $1.1 billion (up 22.9%)
  6. Laos: $957.2 million (up 128.4%)
  7. Russia: $606.7 million (down -35.6%)
  8. South Africa: $514.8 million (up 58.1%)
  9. Norway: $474.7 million (down -30.5%)
  10. Bulgaria: $314.1 million (down -27.8%)
  11. Sweden: $306.1 million (down -53%)
  12. Czech Republic: $281 million (down -63.6%)
  13. Ukraine: $230.7 million (down -62.7%)
  14. Slovenia: $205.6 million (up 60.2%)
  15. Romania: $202.1 million (reversing a $1.5 million deficit)

Paraguay has the highest surplus in the international trade of electricity. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms Paraguay’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.


The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for electricity during 2016. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported electricity purchases and its exports for that same commodity.

  1. United States: -US$2 billion (net export deficit up 20.5% since 2012)
  2. Italy: -$1.5 billion (down -51.3%)
  3. United Kingdom: -$917.1 million (up 1.1%)
  4. Thailand: -$917 million (up 166.6%)
  5. Hong Kong: -$671.8 million (up 37.1%)
  6. Finland: -$664.8 million (down -26.9%)
  7. Hungary: -$511.7 million (down -1.1%)
  8. Argentina: -$428.5 million (up 99.2%)
  9. Macao: -$410.5 million (up 4.1%)
  10. Greece: -$351.1 million (up 493.5%)
  11. Lithuania: -$321.2 million (up 17.2%)
  12. Croatia: -$253.4 million (down -53.8%)
  13. Belgium: -$232.8 million (down -56.1%)
  14. Morocco: -$224.1 million (down -30.3%)
  15. Turkey: -$200 million (up 206.9%)

The United States incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of electricity. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights America’s strong competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for electricity-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand.


Electricity Exporting Companies

Below are global utility service providers, transmission system operators or distribution grid companies that represent players engaged in the international trade of electricity. The home country for each is shown within parenthesis.

  • China Southern Power Grid (China)
  • E.ON (Germany)
  • Électricité de France (France)
  • Enel (Italy)
  • Eskom (South Africa)
  • Hydro-Québec (Canada)
  • PAO Rosseti (Russia)
  • State Grid Corporation of China (China)
  • TenneT (Netherlands)
  • Vattenfall (Sweden)

Searchable List of Electricity Exporting Countries

You can change the presentation order by clicking the triangle icon at the top of the columns.

RankExporter2016 Electricity Exports% World Total
1.GermanyUS$3 billion11.5%
2.Canada$2.2 billion8.3%
3.France$2.1 billion8.1%
4.Paraguay$2.1 billion8.1%
5.Switzerland$1.6 billion6.2%
6.China$1.4 billion5.3%
7.Czech Republic$1.1 billion4%
8.Laos$1 billion3.8%
9.Austria$869.5 million3.3%
10.Sweden$840.9 million3.2%
11.Netherlands$783.2 million3%
12.South Africa$695.3 million2.6%
13.Russia$660 million2.5%
14.Norway$649.9 million2.5%
15.Hungary$615.9 million2.3%
16.Slovenia$532.5 million2%
17.Bulgaria$505.9 million1.9%
18.Poland$496 million1.9%
19.Croatia$416.9 million1.6%
20.Italy$390 million1.5%
21.Mozambique$379.8 million1.4%
22.Romania$330 million1.3%
23.Belgium$305.2 million1.2%
24.Spain$302 million1.1%
25.Portugal$287.3 million1.1%
26.Ukraine$246.9 million0.9%
27.Denmark$225.4 million0.9%
28.Estonia$213.4 million0.8%
29.United States$185.8 million0.7%
30.Bosnia/Herzegovina$182.4 million0.7%
31.Mexico$163.9 million0.6%
32.United Kingdom$140.8 million0.5%
33.Serbia$134.5 million0.5%
34.Hong Kong$104.1 million0.4%
35.Finland$98.8 million0.4%
36.Thailand$98.6 million0.4%
37.Greece$94.8 million0.4%
38.Lithuania$73.5 million0.3%
39.India$64.9 million0.2%
40.Armenia$60.4 million0.2%
41.Guatemala$50.3 million0.2%
42.Azerbaijan$48.6 million0.2%
43.Venezuela$48.6 million0.2%
44.Myanmar (Burma)$43.3 million0.2%
45.Albania$42.1 million0.2%
46.Montenegro$40.8 million0.2%
47.Ecuador$37.7 million0.1%
48.Kazakhstan$37 million0.1%
49.Ireland$28.4 million0.1%
50.Nigeria$27.9 million0.1%
51.Brazil$26.3 million0.1%
52.Georgia$22.3 million0.1%
53.Egypt$21.6 million0.1%
54.Panama$15.7 million0.1%
55.Turkey$13.6 million0.1%
56.Slovakia$13.6 million0.1%
57.Chile$11.3 million0.04%
58.Macedonia$9.2 million0.03%
59.Algeria$8.9 million0.03%
60.Belarus$8.1 million0.03%
61.Colombia$7 million0.03%
62.Zimbabwe$6.5 million0.02%
63.North Korea$5.8 million0.02%
64.Peru$5.6 million0.02%
65.Jordan$5.2 million0.02%
66.Namibia$4.2 million0.02%
67.Zambia$3.8 million0.01%
68.El Salvador$3.3 million0.01%
69.Latvia$3.1 million0.01%
70.Iran$2.9 million0.01%
71.Argentina$2.5 million0.01%
72.Malaysia$2.5 million0.01%
75.South Korea$28,0000.0001%
76.United Arab Emirates$26,0000.0001%

See also Crude Oil Exports by Country and Drugs and Medicine Exports by Country

Research Sources:
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on June 29, 2017

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on June 29, 2017

Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on June 29, 2017

Wikipedia, Electricity distribution companies by country. Accessed on June 29, 2017