Electricity Exports by Country

Electricity exports

Electricity exports

International sales revenue from electricity exports by country totaled US$30.7 billion in 2017.

Overall, the value of exported electrical energy retreated by an average -10.2% for all exporting countries since 2013 when electricity shipments were valued at $34.2 billion. Year over year, exported electricity appreciated by 19.3% from 2016 to 2017.

Among continents, European countries accounted for the highest dollar worth of exported electricity during 2017 with shipments valued at $20.4 billion or about two-thirds (66.6%) of the global total. In second place were Asian exporters at 12.3% while 8.9% of worldwide electrical energy shipments originated from North America. Smaller percentages came from Latin America (excluding Mexico) and the Caribbean at 7.9% and 4.4% from Africa.

The 4-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix for electrical energy is 2716.

Electricity Exports by Country


Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of electricity during 2017.

  1. Germany: US$3.2 billion (10.4% of total electricity exports)
  2. France: $2.8 billion (9%)
  3. Canada: $2.4 billion (7.7%)
  4. Paraguay: $2.1 billion (6.9%)
  5. Switzerland: $1.5 billion (4.8%)
  6. China: $1.4 billion (4.6%)
  7. Laos: $1.2 billion (3.8%)
  8. Sweden: $1.12 billion (3.6%)
  9. Czech Republic: $1.08 billion (3.5%)
  10. Austria: $1.08 billion (3.5%)
  11. Netherlands: $1.04 billion (3.4%)
  12. Spain: $994.1 million (3.2%)
  13. Hungary: $865.7 million (2.8%)
  14. Slovenia: $735.1 million (2.4%)
  15. Norway: $702.6 million (2.3%)

The listed 15 countries shipped close to three-quarters (72%) of global electricity exports in 2017 by value.

Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing electricity exporters since 2013 were: Laos (up from just $8,000), Spain (up 38.5%), Hungary (up 24.9%) and Slovenia (up 8.5%).

Those countries that posted declines in their exported electricity sales were led by: Switzerland (down -42.2%), Germany (down -35.8%), Czech Republic (down -32.5%), Austria (down -13.1%) and France (down -11.4%).


The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for electricity during 2017. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported electricity and its import purchases for that same commodity.

  1. Canada: US$2.2 billion (net export surplus up 7.9% since 2013)
  2. Paraguay: $2.1 billion (down -6.3%)
  3. Germany: $2 billion (down -20.9%)
  4. France: $1.4 billion (down -37.1%)
  5. Laos: $1.13 billion (up 14,131,488%)
  6. China: $1.1 billion (up 9.7%)
  7. Netherlands: $854.1 million (reversing a -$927.6 million deficit)
  8. Sweden: $658.7 million (up 31.9%)
  9. Russia: $531.7 million (down -38%)
  10. Norway: $487.3 million (up 125.6%)
  11. South Africa: $483.3 million (up 18.8%)
  12. Bulgaria: $259.4 million (down -24%)
  13. Czech Republic: $235.4 million (down -67%)
  14. Ukraine: $233.5 million (down -59.6%)
  15. India: $198.3 million (no 2013 data)

In 2017, Canada overtook Paraguay for generating the highest surplus in the international trade of electricity. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms Canada’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.


The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for electricity during 2017. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported electricity purchases and its exports for that same commodity.

  1. United States: -US$2.2 billion (net export deficit up 5.7% since 2013)
  2. Italy: -$1.9 billion (down -27.3%)
  3. Thailand: -$1.1 billion (up 197.2%)
  4. United Kingdom: -$897.5 million (down -25.4%)
  5. Finland: -$749.1 million (down -10.5%)
  6. Hong Kong: -$710.2 million (up 45.4%)
  7. Hungary: -$699.3 million (down -9.9%)
  8. Albania: -$563.7 million (up 727.2%)
  9. Spain: -$416.1 million (reversing a $354.3 million surplus)
  10. Argentina: -$383.2 million (up 5.7%)
  11. Morocco: -$363 million (up 4.3%)
  12. Macao: -$359.2 million (no 2013 data)
  13. Lithuania: -$320.3 million (up 26.9%)
  14. Belgium: -$282.6 million (down -75.2%)
  15. Croatia: -$246.5 million (down -36.2%)

The United States of America incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of electricity. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights America’s strong competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for electricity-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand.


Electricity Exporting Companies

Below are global utility service providers, transmission system operators or distribution grid companies that represent players engaged in the international trade of electricity. The home country for each is shown within parenthesis.

  • China Southern Power Grid (China)
  • E.ON (Germany)
  • Électricité de France (France)
  • Enel (Italy)
  • Eskom (South Africa)
  • Hydro-Québec (Canada)
  • PAO Rosseti (Russia)
  • State Grid Corporation of China (China)
  • TenneT (Netherlands)
  • Vattenfall (Sweden)

Searchable List of Electricity Exporting Countries

You can change the presentation order by clicking the triangle icon at the top of the columns.

RankExporter2017 Electricity Exports% World Total
1.GermanyUS$3.2 billion10.4%
2.France$2.8 billion9%
3.Canada$2.4 billion7.7%
4.Paraguay$2.1 billion6.9%
5.Switzerland$1 billion4.8%
6.China$1.4 billion4.6%
7.Laos$1.2 billion3.8%
8.Sweden$1.12 billion3.6%
9.Czech Republic$1.08 billion3.5%
10.Austria$1.08 billion3.5%
11.Netherlands$1.04 billion3.4%
12.Spain$994.1 million3.2%
13.Hungary$865.7 million2.8%
14.Slovenia$735.1 million2.4%
15.Norway$702.6 million2.3%
16.South Africa$645.1 million2.1%
17.Russia$640 million2.1%
18.Bulgaria$550.2 million1.8%
19.Croatia$470.3 million1.5%
20.Poland$465 million1.5%
21.Italy$406.3 million1.3%
22.Belgium$364.4 million1.2%
23.Mozambique$360.8 million1.2%
24.Portugal$337.6 million1.1%
25.Romania$303.1 million1%
26.India$301 million1%
27.Denmark$292.2 million1%
28.Bosnia/Herzegovina$266.7 million0.9%
29.Ukraine$235.6 million0.8%
30.United Kingdom$222.9 million0.7%
31.Mexico$200.7 million0.7%
32.Estonia$193.5 million0.6%
33.United States$184.3 million0.6%
34.Ireland$142.3 million0.5%
35.Greece$125 million0.4%
36.Togo$121.4 million0.4%
37.Uruguay$117.4 million0.4%
38.Hong Kong$111.8 million0.4%
39.Kazakhstan$108.4 million0.4%
40.Lithuania$104.2 million0.3%
41.Nigeria$103.5 million0.3%
42.Guatemala$102.8 million0.3%
43.Bhutan$102.7 million0.3%
44.United Arab Emirates$92.2 million0.3%
45.Serbia$87.7 million0.3%
46.Turkey$81.9 million0.3%
47.Azerbaijan$74.2 million0.2%
48.Armenia$71 million0.2%
49.Thailand$69.8 million0.2%
50.Finland$62.4 million0.2%
51.Uganda$56.1 million0.2%
52.Malaysia$53.3 million0.2%
53.Iran$50.7 million0.2%
54.Zambia$50.7 million0.2%
55.Venezuela$50.4 million0.2%
56.Myanmar (Burma)$40.1 million0.1%
57.Macedonia$27.8 million0.1%
58.Kyrgyzstan$24.6 million0.1%
59.Georgia$18.2 million0.1%
60.Algeria$17.3 million0.1%
61.Panama$15.4 million0.1%
62.Brazil$12.1 million0.04%
63.North Korea$11 million0.04%
64.Slovakia$8.9 million0.03%
65.Montenegro$8.5 million0.03%
66.Belarus$6.5 million0.02%
67.Jordan$6.2 million0.02%
68.Luxembourg$4.4 million0.01%
69.Latvia$2.7 million0.01%
70.El Salvador$2.4 million0.01%
71.Malta$2.3 million0.01%
72.Ecuador$2 million0.01%
73.Chile$2 million0.01%
74.Jamaica$1.7 million0.01%
75.Namibia$1.2 million0.004%
85.South Korea$2,0000.00001%

See also Crude Oil Exports by Country and Drugs and Medicine Exports by Country

Research Sources:
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on June 8, 2018

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on June 8, 2018

Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on June 8, 2018

Wikipedia, Electricity distribution companies by country. Accessed on June 8, 2018