Based on statistics from the International Monetary Fund’s World Economic Outlook Database, Germany’s total Gross Domestic Product amounted to $3.227 trillion in 2013.
Therefore, German exports accounted for about 45% of total German economic output.
Given Germany’s population of 81 million people, the total $1.453 trillion in 2013 German exports translates to roughly $17,936 for every person in the country. This compares with a benchmark $2,545 in exports per person for the world’s total exports (assuming an estimated global population of 7,095,217,980 per the CIA World Factbook).
Germany’s Top 10 Exports
The following export product groups represent the highest dollar value in German global shipments during 2013. Also shown is the percentage share each export category represents in terms of overall exports.
- Machinery: $253,926,429,000 (17.5% of total exports)
- Vehicles excluding trains and streetcars: $250,946,878,000 (17.3%)
- Electronic equipment: $141,816,711,000 (9.8%)
- Pharmaceutical products: $74,318,113,000 (5.1%)
- Plastics: $67,990,424,000 (4.7%)
- Optical, technical and medical apparatus: $66,469,145,000 (4.6%)
- Aircraft, spacecraft and equipment: $46,315,038,000 (3.2%)
- Mineral fuels including oil: $45,724,470,000 (3.1%)
- Articles of iron or steel: $33,908,189,000 (2.3%)
- Organic chemicals: $33,406,511,000 (2.3%)
German industries place a high emphasis on post-graduate level education, apprenticeships and technical training. Germany’s unemployment rate was 5.3% in 2013. Engineers, scientists, skilled technicians and international trade professionals supporting the above exports remain in demand.
Among the top 10 German exports, mineral fuels including oil had the greatest percentage gain up 78.7% since 2009.
In second place, smaller automobiles were the major component behind the vehicles category posting its 53.9% increase in export sales.
German export sales of spacecraft including satellites also showed dramatic improvements over the 5-year period ending in 2013.
Please note that the results listed above are at the 2-digit Harmonized Tariff System code level.
See also Germany’s Top Import Partners, Fastest-Growing German Export Products and Highest Value German Export Products
International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database (GDP based on Purchasing Power Parity). Accessed on June 17, 2013
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports and World Population, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on March 28, 2014
Trade Map, International Trade Centre, www.intracen.org/marketanalysis. Accessed on March 28, 2014