Paper Exports by Country

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Global sales from paper exports by country totaled US$161.5 billion in 2017.

Overall, the value of paper exports fell by an average -6.4% for all exporting countries since 2013 when paper shipments were valued at $172.6 billion. Year over year, the value of global paper exports rose by 5% from 2016 to 2017.

From a continental perspective, European countries accounted for the highest dollar value worth of paper exports during 2017 with shipments amounting to $90.7 billion (56.2% of globally exported paper). In second place were Asian exporters at 24.7% of worldwide paper shipments, while smaller percentages originated from North America (15.2%), Latin America excluding Mexico plus the Caribbean (2.4%), Africa (0.8%) then Oceania (0.7%).

The 2-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix is 48 for paper and paperboard including articles made from pulp, paper and paperboard.

Paper Exports by Country

Countries

Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of paper during 2017:

  1. Germany: US$20.3 billion (12.6% of total paper exports)
  2. China: $18.4 billion (11.4%)
  3. United States: $15.8 billion (9.8%)
  4. Sweden: $8.6 billion (5.3%)
  5. Finland: $8 billion (5%)
  6. Canada: $7.2 billion (4.5%)
  7. Italy: $7.1 billion (4.4%)
  8. France: $6.3 billion (3.9%)
  9. Netherlands: $5.4 billion (3.4%)
  10. Austria: $4.7 billion (2.9%)
  11. Belgium: $4.5 billion (2.8%)
  12. Poland: $4.2 billion (2.6%)
  13. Spain: $3.8 billion (2.4%)
  14. Indonesia: $3.8 billion (2.4%)
  15. United Kingdom: $3.1 billion (1.9%)

The listed 15 countries shipped 75.1% of global paper exports in 2017 by value.

Four top countries grew the value of their paper exporters since 2013 namely China (up 15.2%), Netherlands (up 4.1%), Poland (up 1.6%) and Indonesia (up 1.1%).

Those countries that posted declines in their exported paper sales were led by: Sweden (down -19.7%), Finland (down -17.1%), Canada (down -15.3%), United Kingdom (down -15.3%) and Austria (down -14.6%).

Advantages

The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for paper during 2017. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s paper exports and its import purchases for that same commodity.

  1. China: US$13.4 billion (net export surplus up 15.6% since 2013)
  2. Finland: $7.5 billion (down -16.7%)
  3. Sweden: $7 billion (down -22.1%)
  4. Germany: $6.2 billion (down -14.9%)
  5. Indonesia: $2.5 billion (up 4.2%)
  6. Austria: $2.4 billion (down -15.7%)
  7. Canada: $1.7 billion (down -40.1%)
  8. Italy: $1.5 billion (down -17.6%)
  9. Brazil: $1.1 billion (up 131.5%)
  10. South Korea: $1 billion (down -37.6%)
  11. Portugal: $890.7 million (down -10.6%)
  12. Slovenia: $325.9 million (down -10.1%)
  13. Slovakia: $108.2 million (down -4%)
  14. Netherlands: $102.9 million (reversing a -$499.4 million deficit)
  15. Taiwan: $59.2 million (up 136.9%)

China has the highest surplus in the international trade of paper. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms China’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.

Opportunities

The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for paper during 2017. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s paper import purchases and its exports for that same commodity.

  1. United Kingdom: -US$4.2 billion (net export deficit down -18.9% since 2013)
  2. Mexico: -$4 billion (up 1.4%)
  3. France: -$1.8 billion (down -13.2%)
  4. Vietnam: -$1.8 billion (up 38.8%)
  5. India: -$1.4 billion (up 10.4%)
  6. Turkey: -$1.3 billion (down -33.8%)
  7. Australia: -$1.3 billion (down -15%)
  8. Philippines: -$1.2 billion (up 62.8%)
  9. Iran: -$984.4 million (down -32.3%)
  10. United Arab Emirates: -$960 million (down -4.6%)
  11. Malaysia: -$940 million (up 1.4%)
  12. Saudi Arabia: -$922.9 million (down -8.2%)
  13. Switzerland: -$889.9 million (down -0.1%)
  14. Egypt: -$871.7 million (down -5.3%)
  15. Ireland: -$801.1 million (down -5.3%)

The United Kingdom has the highest deficit in the international trade of paper. In turn, this negative cashflow confirms the UK’s strong competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for paper-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand.

Companies

Paper Exporting Companies

Below are global paper-processing conglomerates that represent the largest players in the worldwide paper market trade. Shown within parenthesis is the country where the company is headquartered.

  1. International Paper (United States)
  2. UPM (Finland)
  3. Oji Paper (Japan)
  4. Stora Enzo (Finland)
  5. RockTenn (United States)
  6. Sappi (South Africa)
  7. Smurfit Kappa Group (Ireland)
  8. DS Smith (United Kingdom)
  9. Nippon Paper (Japan)
  10. Svenska Cellulosa Aktiebolaget (Sweden)

Companies are sorted by paper and board production by weight based on predicted 2015 tonnage from 2014 final statistics.



 
See also Paper Imports by Country, Sawn Wood Exports by Country and Top Cork Exporting Countries

Research Sources:
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on May 28, 2018

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on May 28, 2018

Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on May 28, 2018

Wikipedia, Pulp and paper industry. Accessed on May 28, 2018

RISI Inc, The Pulp & Paper Industry (PPI) TOP 100 at October 2015. Accessed on May 28, 2018