Paper Exports by Country

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Global sales from paper exports by country amounted to US$154.4 billion in 2016.

Overall, the value of paper exports were down by an average -7.9% for all exporting countries since 2012 when paper shipments were valued at $167.6 billion. Year over year, the retreat in value of global paper exports moderated to -1.7% from 2015 to 2016.

From a continental perspective, European countries accounted for the highest dollar value worth of paper exports during 2016 with shipments amounting to $86.6 billion (56.1% of globally exported paper). In second place were Asian exporters at 24.8% of worldwide paper shipments, while smaller percentages originated from North America (15.2%), Latin America excluding Mexico and the Caribbean (2.5%) and Africa (0.7%).

The 2-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix is 48 for paper and paperboard including articles made from pulp, paper and paperboard.

Paper Exports by Country

Countries

Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of paper during 2016:

  1. Germany: US$19.3 billion (12.5% of total paper exports)
  2. China: $18.2 billion (11.8%)
  3. United States: $14.9 billion (9.6%)
  4. Finland: $8.3 billion (5.4%)
  5. Sweden: $8.3 billion (5.4%)
  6. Canada: $7.2 billion (4.6%)
  7. Italy: $6.8 billion (4.4%)
  8. France: $6.1 billion (3.9%)
  9. Netherlands: $4.9 billion (3.2%)
  10. Austria: $4.6 billion (3%)
  11. Belgium: $4.1 billion (2.6%)
  12. Poland: $3.9 billion (2.5%)
  13. Spain: $3.7 billion (2.4%)
  14. Indonesia: $3.4 billion (2.2%)
  15. United Kingdom: $3 billion (2%)

The listed 15 countries shipped three-quarters (75.5%) of global exports in 2016 by value.

Among the top paper exporters, the only two paper exporters to grow its exported paper sales from 2012 to 2016 was Germany via its 32.4% gain and China with its 2.1% uptick.

Those countries that posted declines in their exported sales were led by: Sweden (down -23.1%), Austria (down -17.3%), France (down -16.2%), Canada (down -15.4%) and Finland (down -14.3%).

Advantages

The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for paper during 2016. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s paper exports and its import purchases for that same commodity.

  1. China: US$14.2 billion (net export surplus up 55.9% since 2012)
  2. Finland: $7.8 billion (down -13.6%)
  3. Sweden: $6.8 billion (down -24.6%)
  4. Germany: $5.9 billion (down -18.5%)
  5. Austria: $2.4 billion (down -17.5%)
  6. Indonesia: $2.1 billion (down -17.2%)
  7. Canada: $1.9 billion (down -36.2%)
  8. Italy: $1.7 billion (up 6.7%)
  9. Brazil: $1.1 billion (up 227.8%)
  10. South Korea: $1 billion (down -30.1%)
  11. Portugal: $871.5 million (up 0.2%)
  12. Slovenia: $281.2 million (down -24.1%)
  13. Slovakia: $125.3 million (down -22%)
  14. Tokelau: $92,000 (down -31.3%)

China has the highest surplus in the international trade of paper. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms China’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.

Opportunities

The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for paper during 2016. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s paper import purchases and its exports for that same commodity.

  1. United Kingdom: -US$4.3 billion (net export deficit down -15.3% since 2012)
  2. Mexico: -$3.9 billion (up 4.6%)
  3. Vietnam: -$1.8 billion (up 67.8%)
  4. France: -$1.7 billion (down -22.7%)
  5. India: -$1.5 billion (up 10.6%)
  6. United States: -$1.4 billion (down -2275.5%)
  7. Turkey: -$1.3 billion (down -28.1%)
  8. Australia: -$1.3 billion (down -25.2%)
  9. Philippines: -$1.1 billion (up 54.5%)
  10. Iran: -$1 billion (up 3.5%)
  11. Saudi Arabia: -$937.1 million (up 17.6%)
  12. United Arab Emirates: -$935.7 million (down -4.8%)
  13. Malaysia: -$867.1 million (down -2%)
  14. Switzerland: -$847.8 million (up 5.5%)
  15. Egypt: -$839.8 million (up 2.8%)

United Kingdom has the highest deficit in the international trade of paper. In turn, this negative cashflow confirms United Kingdom’s strong competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for paper-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand.

Companies

Paper Exporting Companies

Below are global paper-processing conglomerates that represent the largest players in the worldwide paper market trade. Shown within parenthesis is the country where the company is headquartered.

  1. International Paper (United States)
  2. UPM (Finland)
  3. Oji Paper (Japan)
  4. Stora Enzo (Finland)
  5. RockTenn (United States)
  6. Sappi (South Africa)
  7. Smurfit Kappa Group (Ireland)
  8. DS Smith (United Kingdom)
  9. Nippon Paper (Japan)
  10. Svenska Cellulosa Aktiebolaget (Sweden)

Companies are sorted by paper and board production by weight based on predicted 2015 tonnage from 2014 final statistics.



 
See also Highest Value German Export Products, Germany’s Top Trading Partners, Sawn Wood Exports by Country and Top Cork Exporting Countries

Research Sources:
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on May 30, 2017

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on May 30, 2017

Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on May 30, 2017

Wikipedia, Pulp and paper industry. Accessed on May 30, 2017

RISI Inc, The Pulp & Paper Industry (PPI) TOP 100 at October 2015. Accessed on May 30, 2017