Petroleum Gas Exports by Country

Natural gas geyser

Natural gas geyser

Global sales from petroleum gas exports by country amounted to US$176.9 billion in 2016.

Overall, the value of petroleum gas exports were down by an average -58% for all exporting countries since 2012 when petroleum gas shipments were valued at $420.8 billion.

Among continents, Asian countries accounted for the highest dollar worth of exported petroleum gas during 2016 with shipments valued at $70.7 billion or 40% of the global total. In second place were Middle East exporters at 22% while 11.9% of worldwide petroleum gas shipments originated from North America with 10.8% coming from Africa and 10.4% from the European Union.

The 4-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix is 2711 for petroleum gas and other gaseous hydrocarbons.

Petroleum Gas Exports by Country


Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of petroleum gas during 2016:

  1. Qatar: US$25.5 billion (14.4% of total petroleum gas exports)
  2. Norway: $20.6 billion (11.7%)
  3. Australia: $14 billion (7.9%)
  4. United States: $13.2 billion (7.5%)
  5. Algeria: $11.5 billion (6.5%)
  6. Malaysia: $8.3 billion (4.7%)
  7. Canada: $7.8 billion (4.4%)
  8. United Arab Emirates: $7.5 billion (4.2%)
  9. Indonesia: $7 billion (4%)
  10. Germany: $5.7 billion (3.2%)
  11. Turkmenistan: $5.7 billion (3.2%)
  12. Belgium: $4.6 billion (2.6%)
  13. Nigeria: $4.6 billion (2.6%)
  14. Russia: $4.1 billion (2.3%)
  15. Saudi Arabia: $3.8 billion (2.2%)

The listed 15 countries shipped 81.3% of global petroleum gas exports in 2016 by value.

Only one of the above countries increased the value of its exported petroleum gas since 2012 was the United States and its 50.2% gain.

Those countries that posted declines in their exported petroleum gas sales were led by: Russia (down -94.1%), Qatar (down -69.1%), Indonesia (down -65.7%), Malaysia (down -58.1%) and Algeria (down -57.4%).


The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for petroleum gas during 2016. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported petroleum gas and its import purchases for that same commodity.

  1. Qatar: US$25.5 billion (net export surplus down -69.1% since 2012)
  2. Norway: $20.6 billion (down -56.9%)
  3. Australia: $13.8 billion (up 4.9%)
  4. Algeria: $11.5 billion (down -57.4%)
  5. Malaysia: $7.6 billion (down -60.6%)
  6. United Arab Emirates: $7.4 billion (down -4.4%)
  7. Canada: $5.9 billion (down -23.4%)
  8. Turkmenistan: $5.7 billion (down -35.1%)
  9. Indonesia: $5.4 billion (down -69.2%)
  10. Nigeria: $4.5 billion (down -49.4%)
  11. United States: $4.3 billion (reversing a -$3.3 billion deficit)
  12. Russia: $4 billion (down -94.1%)
  13. Saudi Arabia: $3.8 billion (down -53.1%)
  14. Myanmar (Burma): $3.3 billion (down -4.6%)
  15. Papua New Guinea: $2.8 billion (reversing a -$14.1 million deficit)

Qatar has the highest surplus in the international trade of petroleum gas. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms Qatar’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.


The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for petroleum gas during 2016. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported petroleum gas purchases and its exports for that same commodity.

  1. Japan: -US$34.2 billion (net export deficit down -61.1% since 2012)
  2. China: -$21.4 billion (up 17.9%)
  3. Germany: -$17.6 billion (down -49.6%)
  4. South Korea: -$14.5 billion (down -56.6%)
  5. Italy: -$12.2 billion (down -62.7%)
  6. India: -$9.4 billion (down -31.6%)
  7. France: -$9.2 billion (down -54.3%)
  8. Spain: -$6.4 billion (down -52.7%)
  9. Taiwan: -$5.6 billion (down -46%)
  10. Mexico: -$5.6 billion (up 44.9%)
  11. United Kingdom: -$5.4 billion (down -17.9%)
  12. Belgium: -$3.5 billion (down -53%)
  13. Thailand: -$3.1 billion (down -43.7%)
  14. Egypt: -$3 billion (up 5,687%)
  15. Brazil: -$2.6 billion (down -55.3%)

Japan has the highest deficit in the international trade of petroleum gas. In turn, this negative cashflow confirms Japan’s strong competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for petroleum gas-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand.


Petroleum Gas Exporting Companies

Below are global petroleum gas firms that represent established players engaged in the international petroleum gas trade. Their home country is shown within parenthesis.

  • Bayerngas Norge (Norway)
  • Enbridge (Canada)
  • GAZPROM Germania GmbH (Germany)
  • Lukoil (Russia)
  • Origin Energy (Australia)
  • Southern Gas Company (United States)

Searchable List of Petroleum Gas Exporting Countries

You can change the presentation order by clicking the triangle icon at the top of the columns.

RankExporter2016 Petroleum Gas Exports% World Total
1.QatarUS$25.5 billion14.4%
2.Norway$20.6 billion11.7%
3.Australia$14 billion7.9%
4.United States$13.2 billion7.5%
5.Algeria$11.5 billion6.5%
6.Malaysia$8.3 billion4.7%
7.Canada$7.8 billion4.4%
8.United Arab Emirates$7.5 billion4.2%
9.Indonesia$7 billion4%
10.Germany$5.7 billion3.2%
11.Turkmenistan$5.7 billion3.2%
12.Belgium$4.6 billion2.6%
13.Nigeria$4.6 billion2.6%
14.Russia$4.1 billion2.3%
15.Saudi Arabia$3.8 billion2.2%
16.Myanmar (Burma)$3.3 billion1.9%
17.United Kingdom$2.9 billion1.7%
18.Papua New Guinea$2.8 billion1.6%
19.Trinidad/Tobago$2.4 billion1.3%
20.Brunei Darussalam$2.3 billion1.3%
21.Bolivia$2.1 billion1.2%
22.Kazakhstan$1.7 billion1%
23.Kuwait$1.6 billion0.9%
24.China$1.6 billion0.9%
25.France$1.5 billion0.8%
26.Libya$917.5 million0.5%
27.Slovakia$885.6 million0.5%
28.Equatorial Guinea$858.9 million0.5%
29.Uzbekistan$801.3 million0.5%
30.Netherlands$742.4 million0.4%
31.Peru$560.8 million0.3%
32.Czech Republic$530.9 million0.3%
33.Spain$342.8 million0.2%
34.South Korea$338.1 million0.2%
35.Angola$309.1 million0.2%
36.Azerbaijan$295.7 million0.2%
37.Argentina$292.6 million0.2%
38.Mozambique$279.6 million0.2%
39.Ukraine$246 million0.1%
40.Egypt$245.5 million0.1%
41.Singapore$240.2 million0.1%
42.Sweden$213.4 million0.1%
43.Italy$182.1 million0.1%
44.Guinea$171 million0.1%
45.India$162.5 million0.1%
46.Iran$151.5 million0.1%
47.Belarus$126.7 million0.1%
48.Hungary$114.5 million0.1%
49.Croatia$109.1 million0.1%
50.Slovenia$106.8 million0.1%
51.Poland$104 million0.1%
52.Japan$96.2 million0.1%
53.Chile$95.1 million0.1%
54.Brazil$94.7 million0.1%
55.Thailand$91.8 million0.1%
56.Greece$86.8 million0.05%
57.Romania$83.6 million0.05%
58.Turkey$81.5 million0.05%
59.Portugal$79.5 million0.04%
60.Guatemala$70.9 million0.04%
61.Lithuania$65.6 million0.04%
62.Vietnam$57.6 million0.03%
63.Congo$55.2 million0.03%
64.Oman$53 million0.03%
65.Bahrain$44.4 million0.03%
66.South Africa$43.8 million0.02%
67.Latvia$40.4 million0.02%
68.Philippines$39.5 million0.02%
69.Serbia$37.5 million0.02%
70.Mauritius$33.1 million0.02%
71.Dominican Republic$30.2 million0.02%
72.Mexico$30 million0.02%
73.Taiwan$27.9 million0.02%
74.Panama$22.8 million0.01%
75.Austria$22.7 million0.01%
76.Venezuela$19.7 million0.01%
77.Tunisia$19.2 million0.01%
78.Finland$17.2 million0.01%
79.Ghana$14.8 million0.01%
80.Ireland$14.7 million0.01%
81.Andorra$13.7 million0.01%
82.Estonia$11.5 million0.01%
83.New Zealand$10.6 million0.01%
84.Switzerland$10.2 million0.01%
85.Bulgaria$8.7 million0.005%
86.Bahamas$8.5 million0.005%
87.Aruba$7.9 million0.004%
88.Colombia$6.8 million0.004%
89.Senegal$6.1 million0.003%
90.Armenia$4.7 million0.003%
91.Côte d'Ivoire$4.4 million0.002%
92.Albania$3.6 million0.002%
93.Jamaica$2.4 million0.001%
94.Tanzania$2.3 million0.001%
95.Macedonia$2.3 million0.001%
96.Liberia$2.3 million0.001%
97.Israel$2.1 million0.001%
98.Niger$1.6 million0.001%
99.Luxembourg$1.3 million0.001%
100.Benin$1.2 million0.001%
104.Hong Kong$375,0000.0002%
107.North Korea$159,0000.0001%
125.Costa Rica$8,0000.000005%
131.Saint Lucia$2,0000.000001%
132.US Minor Outlying Is$2,0000.000001%
135.El Salvador$1,0000.000001%

See also Crude Oil Exports by Country and Electricity Exports by Country

Research Sources:
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on July 5, 2017

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on July 5, 2017

Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on July 5, 2017

Wikipedia, Category:Natural gas companies by country. Accessed on July 5, 2017