Petroleum Gas Exports by Country

Natural gas geyser

Natural gas geyser

International sales of exported petroleum gas by country totaled US$297 billion in 2018.

Overall, the value of petroleum gas exports fell by an average -30.1% for all exporting countries since 2014 when petroleum gas shipments were valued at $424.9 billion. Year over year, exported petroleum gas appreciated by 8.9%.

Among continents, Asian countries sold the highest dollar worth of exported petroleum gas during 2018 with shipments valued at $110.5 billion or 37.2% of the global total. In second place were European exporters at 25.7% while 12.8% of worldwide petroleum gas shipments originated from North America. Close behind was Oceania at 12.3% led by Australia and Papua New Guinea. Smaller percentages came from Africa (8.9%) and Latin America (3%) excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean.

The 4-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix is 2711 for petroleum gas and other gaseous hydrocarbons.

Petroleum Gas Exports by Country


Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of petroleum gas during 2018.

  1. Qatar: US$40.1 billion (13.5% of exported petroleum gas)
  2. Norway: $35.2 billion (11.9%)
  3. Australia: $32.4 billion (10.9%)
  4. United States: $28.4 billion (9.6%)
  5. Algeria: $13.9 billion (4.7%)
  6. Germany: $11.1 billion (3.7%)
  7. Malaysia: $10.8 billion (3.6%)
  8. Indonesia: $10.6 billion (3.6%)
  9. United Arab Emirates: $10.6 billion (3.6%)
  10. Canada: $9.7 billion (3.3%)
  11. Turkmenistan: $8 billion (2.7%)
  12. Belgium: $7.7 billion (2.6%)
  13. Russia: $7.5 billion (2.5%)
  14. Nigeria: $5.9 billion (2%)
  15. Saudi Arabia: $5.7 billion (1.9%)

The listed 15 countries shipped four-fifths (80%) of global petroleum gas exports in 2018 by value.

Four among the top exporters grew their petroleum gas exports since 2014 namely: Australia (up 84.8%), United States (up 62.2%), Germany (up 46.8%) and United Arab Emirates (up 26.7%).

Those countries that posted declines in their exported petroleum gas sales were led by: Russia (down -88%), Qatar (down -53.4%), Nigeria (down -49.5%), Malaysia (down -48.2%) and Canada (down -43%).


The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for petroleum gas during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported petroleum gas and its import purchases for that same commodity.

  1. Qatar: US$40.1 billion (net export surplus down -53.4% since 2014)
  2. Norway: $35.2 billion (down -9.8%)
  3. Australia: $32.2 billion (up 86.5%)
  4. United States: $17.6 billion (reversing a -$1.4 billion deficit)
  5. Algeria: $13.7 billion (down -41.9%)
  6. United Arab Emirates: $10.5 billion (up 25.9%)
  7. Malaysia: $9.7 billion (down -47.7%)
  8. Turkmenistan: $8 billion (down -17.7%)
  9. Indonesia: $7.6 billion (down -46.4%)
  10. Russia: $7.4 billion (down -88.1%)
  11. Canada: $7 billion (down -39.7%)
  12. Nigeria: $5.9 billion (down -49.7%)
  13. Saudi Arabia: $5.7 billion (down -16.8%)
  14. Oman: $5.1 billion (down -4%)
  15. Papua New Guinea: $3.8 billion (up 49.3%)

Qatar has the highest surplus in the international trade of petroleum gas. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms Qatar’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.


The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for petroleum gas during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported petroleum gas purchases and its exports for that same commodity.

  1. Japan: -US$48.9 billion (net export deficit down -42% since 2014)
  2. China: -$48.2 billion (up 73.5%)
  3. South Korea: -$26.6 billion (down -26.7%)
  4. Germany: -$22.7 billion (down -24.9%)
  5. Italy: -$19.2 billion (down -12.2%)
  6. India: -$18.7 billion (up 7.6%)
  7. France: -$13.5 billion (down -20.5%)
  8. United Kingdom: -$10.7 billion (up 35.7%)
  9. Mexico: -$10 billion (up 39.9%)
  10. Taiwan: -$8.9 billion (down -21.9%)
  11. Spain: -$8.4 billion (down -22.6%)
  12. Belgium: -$6.8 billion (up 22.2%)
  13. Singapore: -$4.9 billion (down -23.3%)
  14. Thailand: -$4.8 billion (down -27.4%)
  15. Brazil: -$3.7 billion (down -56.1%)

Japan has the highest deficit in the international trade of petroleum gas. In turn, this negative cashflow confirms Japan’s strong competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for petroleum gas-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand.


Petroleum Gas Exporting Companies

Below are global petroleum gas firms that represent established players engaged in the international petroleum gas trade. Their home country is shown within parenthesis.

  • Bayerngas Norge (Norway)
  • Enbridge (Canada)
  • GAZPROM Germania GmbH (Germany)
  • Lukoil (Russia)
  • Origin Energy (Australia)
  • Southern Gas Company (United States)


Searchable List of Petroleum Gas Exporting Countries in 2018

You can change the presentation order by clicking the triangle icon at the top of the columns.

RankExporterPetroleum Gas Exports (US$)%World Total
1.Qatar$40.1 billion13.5%
2.Norway$35.2 billion11.9%
3.Australia$32.4 billion10.9%
4.United States$28.4 billion9.6%
5.Algeria$13.9 billion4.7%
6.Germany$11.1 billion3.7%
7.Malaysia$10.8 billion3.6%
8.Indonesia$10.6 billion3.6%
9.United Arab Emirates$10.6 billion3.6%
10.Canada$9.7 billion3.3%
11.Turkmenistan$8 billion2.7%
12.Belgium$7.7 billion2.6%
13.Russia$7.5 billion2.5%
14.Nigeria$5.9 billion2%
15.Saudi Arabia$5.7 billion1.9%
16.Oman$5.1 billion1.7%
17.Papua New Guinea$3.9 billion1.3%
18.Trinidad/Tobago$3.8 billion1.3%
19.United Kingdom$3.8 billion1.3%
20.Myanmar (Burma)$3.4 billion1.1%
21.Brunei Darussalam$3.2 billion1.1%
22.Bolivia$3 billion1%
23.Kazakhstan$3 billion1%
24.Kuwait$2.9 billion1%
25.France$2.9 billion1%
26.Hungary$2.5 billion0.8%
27.Angola$2 billion0.7%
28.China$1.8 billion0.6%
29.Uzbekistan$1.6 billion0.5%
30.Equatorial Guinea$1.5 billion0.5%
31.Libya$1.5 billion0.5%
32.Slovakia$1.4 billion0.5%
33.Netherlands$1.2 billion0.4%
34.Peru$1 billion0.4%
35.Iran$1 billion0.3%
36.Spain$718.9 million0.2%
37.Egypt$676.7 million0.2%
38.Argentina$540.1 million0.2%
39.Singapore$518.1 million0.2%
40.South Korea$512.9 million0.2%
41.Sweden$353.9 million0.1%
42.Belarus$317.9 million0.1%
43.Thailand$313.6 million0.1%
44.Czech Republic$297.3 million0.1%
45.India$285.4 million0.1%
46.Azerbaijan$284.7 million0.1%
47.New Zealand$283.6 million0.1%
48.Mozambique$276.8 million0.1%
49.Cameroon$260.9 million0.1%
50.Italy$237 million0.1%
51.Poland$227.8 million0.1%
52.Greece$176.1 million0.1%
53.Romania$166.3 million0.1%
54.Japan$158.2 million0.1%
55.Lithuania$152.5 million0.1%
56.Bahrain$127.1 million0.04%
57.Chile$124.7 million0.04%
58.Portugal$123.9 million0.04%
59.Croatia$112.3 million0.04%
60.Guinea$107.7 million0.04%
61.Taiwan$98.1 million0.03%
62.El Salvador$94.5 million0.03%
63.Turkey$92.2 million0.03%
64.St Vincent/Grenadines$90.1 million0.03%
65.Philippines$87.3 million0.03%
66.Latvia$86.1 million0.03%
67.Finland$84.6 million0.03%
68.Guatemala$82.2 million0.03%
69.South Africa$75.1 million0.03%
70.Vietnam$66.7 million0.02%
71.Honduras$56.4 million0.02%
72.Iraq$51.9 million0.02%
73.Austria$43.9 million0.01%
74.Panama$40.4 million0.01%
75.Mexico$40 million0.01%
76.Israel$36.8 million0.01%
77.Serbia$34.6 million0.01%
78.Venezuela$29.2 million0.01%
79.Bulgaria$25.9 million0.01%
80.Tunisia$25.3 million0.01%
81.Mauritius$24.4 million0.01%
82.US Minor Outlying Is$23.2 million0.01%
83.Ukraine$22.4 million0.01%
84.Ireland$21.7 million0.01%
85.Slovenia$20.7 million0.01%
86.Switzerland$19.3 million0.01%
87.Dominican Republic$18.5 million0.01%
88.Congo$12.3 million0.004%
89.Aruba$12 million0.004%
90.Tanzania$7.7 million0.003%
91.Estonia$7.5 million0.003%
92.Bahamas$7.3 million0.002%
93.Maldives$5.9 million0.002%
94.Albania$5.7 million0.002%
95.Free Zones$5.6 million0.002%
96.Ivory Coast$3.9 million0.001%
97.American Samoa$3.1 million0.001%
98.North Macedonia$3 million0.001%
99.Zambia$2.3 million0.001%
100.Bosnia/Herzegovina$1.5 million0.0005%
101.Liberia$1.1 million0.0004%
109.Hong Kong$353,0000.0001%
112.Sierra Leone$180,0000.0001%
116.North Korea$37,0000.00001%

See also Crude Oil Exports by Country and Electricity Exports by Country

Research Sources:
Forbes Global 2000 rankings, The World’s Biggest Public Companies. Accessed on May 21, 2019

Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on May 21, 2019

The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on May 21, 2019

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on May 21, 2019

Wikipedia, Category:Natural gas companies by country. Accessed on June 8, 2018