Petroleum Gas Exports by Country

Natural gas geyser

Natural gas geyser

International sales for petroleum gas exports by country totaled US$232 billion in 2017.

Overall, the value of petroleum gas exports dropped by an average -46.3% for all exporting countries since 2013 when petroleum gas shipments were valued at $431.9 billion. Year over year, exported petroleum gas appreciated by 22.8%.

Among continents, Asian countries accounted for the highest dollar worth of exported petroleum gas during 2017 with shipments valued at $86.9 billion or 37.5% of the global total. In second place were Middle East exporters at 21.1% while 14% of worldwide petroleum gas shipments originated from North America with 11% coming from members of the European Union and 10.5% from Africa.

The 4-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix is 2711 for petroleum gas and other gaseous hydrocarbons.

Petroleum Gas Exports by Country


Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of petroleum gas during 2017.

  1. Qatar: US$29.1 billion (12.5% of total petroleum gas exports)
  2. Norway: $26.5 billion (11.4%)
  3. United States: $22.3 billion (9.6%)
  4. Australia: $20.5 billion (8.8%)
  5. Algeria: $14.1 billion (6.1%)
  6. Canada: $10.3 billion (4.4%)
  7. Malaysia: $10 billion (4.3%)
  8. Indonesia: $8.9 billion (3.8%)
  9. United Arab Emirates: $8.4 billion (3.6%)
  10. Germany: $7.3 billion (3.1%)
  11. Turkmenistan: $6.6 billion (2.8%)
  12. Belgium: $6.5 billion (2.8%)
  13. Nigeria: $5.7 billion (2.5%)
  14. Saudi Arabia: $4.9 billion (2.1%)
  15. Russia: $4.7 billion (2%)

The listed 15 countries shipped four-fifths (80%) of global petroleum gas exports in 2017 by value.

Three top exporters expanded the value of their petroleum gas exports since 2013 namely Nigeria (up 191.4%), United States (up 77.8%) and Australia (up 29.4%).

Those countries that posted declines in their exported petroleum gas sales were led by: Russia (down -93.7%), Qatar (down -66.8%), Indonesia (down -51.1%), Malaysia (down -51.1%) and Belgium (down -45.8%).


The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for petroleum gas during 2017. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported petroleum gas and its import purchases for that same commodity.

  1. Qatar: US$29.1 billion (net export surplus down -66.8% since 2013)
  2. Norway: $26.5 billion (down -42.6%)
  3. Australia: $20.3 billion (up 54.2%)
  4. Algeria: $14.1 billion (down -45%)
  5. United States: $10.8 billion (reversing a -$2.2 billion deficit)
  6. Malaysia: $9 billion (down -52.1%)
  7. United Arab Emirates: $8.1 billion (down -4.3%)
  8. Canada: $7.3 billion (down -13.3%)
  9. Turkmenistan: $6.6 billion (down -28.0%)
  10. Indonesia: $6 billion (down -60.3%)
  11. Nigeria: $5.7 billion (up 192.5%)
  12. Saudi Arabia: $4.9 billion (down -37.4%)
  13. Russia: $4.6 billion (down -93.8%)
  14. Papua New Guinea: $3.5 billion (reversing an -$11.9 million deficit)
  15. Oman: $3.1 billion (down -28%)

Qatar has the highest surplus in the international trade of petroleum gas. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms Qatar’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.


The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for petroleum gas during 2017. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported petroleum gas purchases and its exports for that same commodity.

  1. Japan: -US$40.2 billion (net export deficit down -51.7% since 2013)
  2. China: -$31.2 billion (up 38.7%)
  3. Germany: -$21 billion (down -40.2%)
  4. South Korea: -$18.4 billion (down -48.9%)
  5. Italy: -$15.4 billion (down -46%)
  6. France: -$10.4 billion (down -51.3%)
  7. India: -$9.5 billion (down -31.9%)
  8. Mexico: -$8.3 billion (up 49.2%)
  9. United Kingdom: -$7.5 billion (down -10.4%)
  10. Spain: -$7.4 billion (down -40%)
  11. Taiwan: -$6.9 billion (down -36%)
  12. Belgium: -$4.4 billion (down -50.1%)
  13. Thailand: -$3.62 billion (down -46.5%)
  14. Ukraine: -$3.55 billion (down -69.9%)
  15. Singapore: -$3.5 billion (down -44.1%)

Japan has the highest deficit in the international trade of petroleum gas. In turn, this negative cashflow confirms Japan’s strong competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for petroleum gas-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand.


Petroleum Gas Exporting Companies

Below are global petroleum gas firms that represent established players engaged in the international petroleum gas trade. Their home country is shown within parenthesis.

  • Bayerngas Norge (Norway)
  • Enbridge (Canada)
  • GAZPROM Germania GmbH (Germany)
  • Lukoil (Russia)
  • Origin Energy (Australia)
  • Southern Gas Company (United States)

Searchable List of Petroleum Gas Exporting Countries

You can change the presentation order by clicking the triangle icon at the top of the columns.

RankExporter2017 Petroleum Gas Exports% World Total
1.QatarUS$29.1 billion12.5%
2.Norway$26.5 billion11.4%
3.United States$22.3 billion9.6%
4.Australia$20.5 billion8.8%
5.Algeria$14.1 billion6.1%
6.Canada$10.3 billion4.4%
7.Malaysia$10 billion4.3%
8.Indonesia$8.9 billion3.8%
9.United Arab Emirates$8.4 billion3.6%
10.Germany$7.3 billion3.1%
11.Turkmenistan$6.6 billion2.8%
12.Belgium$6.5 billion2.8%
13.Nigeria$5.7 billion2.5%
14.Saudi Arabia$4.9 billion2.1%
15.Russia$4.7 billion2%
16.United Kingdom$3.7 billion1.6%
17.Papua New Guinea$3.6 billion1.5%
18.Oman$3.1 billion1.4%
19.Myanmar (Burma)$3.1 billion1.3%
20.Brunei Darussalam$2.9 billion1.2%
21.Bolivia$2.5 billion1.1%
22.Trinidad/Tobago$2.3 billion1%
23.France$2.3 billion1%
24.Kuwait$2.3 billion1%
25.Kazakhstan$2.3 billion1%
26.China$1.8 billion0.8%
27.Slovakia$1.6 billion0.7%
28.Angola$1.5 billion0.6%
29.Equatorial Guinea$1 billion0.4%
30.Libya$999.6 million0.4%
31.Hungary$988.2 million0.4%
32.Netherlands$930.3 million0.4%
33.Peru$804.2 million0.3%
34.Uzbekistan$763.6 million0.3%
35.Spain$563.7 million0.2%
36.Iran$527.7 million0.2%
37.Singapore$463.3 million0.2%
38.Argentina$405.2 million0.2%
39.South Korea$377.7 million0.2%
40.Mozambique$365.2 million0.2%
41.Azerbaijan$340.1 million0.1%
42.Egypt$320.4 million0.1%
43.Guinea$290.7 million0.1%
44.Belarus$261.9 million0.1%
45.Sweden$258.1 million0.1%
46.Thailand$243.9 million0.1%
47.Czech Republic$204.5 million0.1%
48.Italy$192.5 million0.1%
49.India$175.5 million0.1%
50.Panama$157.4 million0.1%
51.Maldives$150.5 million0.1%
52.Greece$147.9 million0.1%
53.Poland$147.3 million0.1%
54.Lithuania$145 million0.1%
55.Romania$144.3 million0.1%
56.Japan$137.5 million0.1%
57.Bahrain$135.4 million0.1%
58.Turkey$132.6 million0.1%
59.Slovenia$128.5 million0.1%
60.Croatia$118.9 million0.1%
61.Honduras$109 million0.05%
62.Chile$101.5 million0.04%
63.New Zealand$96.3 million0.04%
64.Portugal$90 million0.04%
65.Guatemala$88.3 million0.04%
66.Philippines$88.1 million0.04%
67.St Vincent/Grenadines$84.1 million0.04%
68.El Salvador$83.2 million0.04%
69.Dominican Republic$77.8 million0.03%
70.Iraq$69.4 million0.03%
71.Latvia$67.8 million0.03%
72.South Africa$61.9 million0.03%
73.Taiwan$61.5 million0.03%
74.Bermuda$49.5 million0.02%
75.Brazil$47.6 million0.02%
76.Serbia$39.9 million0.02%
77.Mexico$39.4 million0.02%
78.Finland$28 million0.01%
79.Tunisia$27.5 million0.01%
80.Aruba$24.1 million0.01%
81.Austria$23.9 million0.01%
82.Vietnam$22.6 million0.01%
83.Niger$21.8 million0.01%
84.Israel$16.6 million0.01%
85.Ireland$15.4 million0.01%
86.Switzerland$14.2 million0.01%
87.Bulgaria$12.7 million0.01%
88.Curaçao$11.5 million0.005%
89.Ukraine$10.1 million0.004%
90.Democ. Rep. Congo$8.6 million0.004%
91.Estonia$8.1 million0.003%
92.Togo$8 million0.003%
93.Colombia$7.8 million0.003%
94.Andorra$6.7 million0.003%
95.Bahamas$6.4 million0.003%
96.Congo$5.4 million0.002%
97.Mauritius$3.9 million0.002%
98.Macedonia$2.6 million0.001%
99.Sudan$2.4 million0.001%
100.Kenya$2.3 million0.001%
101.Zambia$2 million0.001%
102.Venezuela$1.4 million0.001%
103.Ghana$1.4 million0.001%
110.Hong Kong$459,0000.0002%
117.North Korea$25,0000.00001%
120.Costa Rica$13,0000.00001%
122.Sri Lanka$4,0000.000002%
124.Côte d'Ivoire$2,0000.000001%

See also Crude Oil Exports by Country and Electricity Exports by Country

Research Sources:
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on June 8, 2018

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on June 8, 2018

Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on June 8, 2018

Wikipedia, Category:Natural gas companies by country. Accessed on June 8, 2018