Sugar Exports by Country

Sugar Exports by Country

Sugar cubes

Sugar exports by country during 2018 totaled an estimated US$21.1 billion, down by an average -21.9% for all sugar shippers over the five-year period starting in 2014 when sugar shipments were valued at $27.1 billion. Year over year, the value of globally exported sugar fell by -29% from 2017 to 2018.

Among continents, Latin America (excluding Mexico) plus the Caribbean accounted for the highest dollar value worth of sugar exports during 2017 with shipments amounting to $14.3 billion or 51.8% of global sugar shipments. European countries were responsible for 19.5% followed by Asian suppliers at 18.1%. Smaller percentages came from Africa (7%), North America excluding Mexico (2.9%) and Oceania led by Australia (0.7%).

The 4-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix is 1701 for cane or beet sugar and chemically pure sucrose in solid form.

Sugar Exports by Country

Countries

Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of sugar during 2018.

  1. Brazil: US$6.5 billion (30.9% of total sugar exports)
  2. Thailand: $2.6 billion (12.3%)
  3. France: $1.4 billion (6.5%)
  4. India: $919.2 million (4.4%)
  5. Germany: $800.8 million (3.8%)
  6. Mexico: $712.8 million (3.4%)
  7. Belgium: $542 million (2.6%)
  8. Netherlands: $480.8 million (2.3%)
  9. Guatemala: $478.7 million (2.3%)
  10. Pakistan: $386.4 million (1.8%)
  11. South Africa: $376.5 million (1.8%)
  12. Poland: $344.5 million (1.6%)
  13. Colombia: $333.1 million (1.6%)
  14. Eswatini: $278.5 million (1.3%)
  15. Cuba: $236.8 million (1.1%)

The listed 15 countries shipped 77.6% of global sugar exports in 2018 by value.

Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing sugar exporters since 2014 were: Pakistan (up 32.6%), Netherlands (up 31.4%), Belgium (up 28.7%) then Poland (up 18.2%).

Those countries that posted declines in their exported sugar sales were led by: Guatemala (down -49.7%), Cuba (down -45.7%), Brazil (down -31%), Mexico (down -21.4%) then India (down -17.6%).

Advantages

The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for sugar during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s sugar exports and its import purchases for that same commodity.

  1. Brazil: US$6.5 billion (net export surplus down -31% since 2014)
  2. Thailand: $2.6 billion (down -5.2%)
  3. France: $1.1 billion (up 18.5%)
  4. Mexico: $605.3 million (down -26.2%)
  5. Guatemala: $478.4 million (down -49.8%)
  6. Germany: $460.4 million (up 142.8%)
  7. Pakistan: $382.4 million (up 34.5%)
  8. India: $341.2 million (down -40.4%)
  9. Colombia: $284.2 million (down -12.9%)
  10. Netherlands: $283.3 million (up 192%)
  11. Poland: $278.1 million (up 95%)
  12. Eswatini: $278 million (down -14.2%)
  13. Cuba: $219.1 million (down -49.7%)
  14. Ukraine: $215.5 million (up 11,871%)
  15. El Salvador: $178.3 million (down -7.1%)

Despite its five-year downturn in export sales, Brazil still maintains the highest surplus in the international trade of sugar. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms Brazil’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.

Opportunities

The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for sugar during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s sugar import purchases and its exports for that same commodity.

  1. Indonesia: -US$1.8 billion (net export deficit up 35.3% since 2014)
  2. United States: -$1.5 billion (up 0.8%)
  3. China: -$929.4 million (down -36.2%)
  4. Malaysia: -$686.4 million (down -19.7%)
  5. Italy: -$685.9 million (down -33.3%)
  6. Algeria: -$578.7 million (down -5.4%)
  7. Bangladesh: -$559.5 million (no 2014 data)
  8. United Arab Emirates: -$546.6 million (down -6.4%)
  9. South Korea: -$518.8 million (down -20.2%)
  10. Spain: -$467.8 million (down -39.3%)
  11. Myanmar (Burma): -$451.5 million (up 1,311%)
  12. Saudi Arabia: -$449 million (down -7.5%)
  13. Nigeria: -$446.3 million (down -45.5%)
  14. Japan: -$422.4 million (down -29%)
  15. Canada: -$375.9 million (down -27.3%)

Densely populated Indonesia incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of sugar. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights the Indonesia’s strong competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for sugar-supplying countries that help satisfy the demand from Indonesian consumers.

Companies

Sugar Exporting Companies

Below are the world’s biggest sugar exporting companies. Shown within parenthesis is the country where the conglomerate is headquartered.

  • Copersucar (Brazil)
  • Cosan (Brazil)
  • Mitr Phol Group (Thailand)
  • Thai Roong Ruang Sugar Group (Thailand)
  • Tereos S.A. (France)
  • EID Parry Limited (India)
  • Südzucker AG (Germany)
  • Nordzucker Group (Germany)
  • British Sugar Plc (United Kingdom)
  • Louis Dreyfus Group (Netherlands)

According to global trade intelligence firm Zepol, the following companies are also engaged in the sugar industry:

  • Jalles Machad (Brazil)
  • Azucarera Paraguay (Paraguay)
  • Liga Agricola Industrial De La (Costa Rica)


 

Searchable List of Sugar Exporting Countries in 2018

You can change the presentation order by clicking the triangle icon at the top of any of the columns below.

RankExporterSugar Exports (US$)%World Total
1.Brazil$6.5 billion30.9%
2.Thailand$2.6 billion12.3%
3.France$1.4 billion6.5%
4.India$919.2 million4.4%
5.Germany$800.8 million3.8%
6.Mexico$712.8 million3.4%
7.Belgium$542 million2.6%
8.Netherlands$480.8 million2.3%
9.Guatemala$478.7 million2.3%
10.Pakistan$386.4 million1.8%
11.South Africa$376.5 million1.8%
12.Poland$344.5 million1.6%
13.Colombia$333.1 million1.6%
14.Eswatini$278.5 million1.3%
15.Cuba$236.8 million1.1%
16.Ukraine$216.9 million1%
17.Egypt$202.9 million1%
18.Belarus$182.5 million0.9%
19.El Salvador$178.3 million0.8%
20.Russia$177.9 million0.8%
21.Mozambique$177 million0.8%
22.United Kingdom$169.3 million0.8%
23.Morocco$158.8 million0.8%
24.Taiwan$154.6 million0.7%
25.Czech Republic$152.2 million0.7%
26.Mauritius$143.5 million0.7%
27.Nicaragua$141.8 million0.7%
28.South Korea$140.3 million0.7%
29.Portugal$128.8 million0.6%
30.United States$118.2 million0.6%
31.Algeria$109.1 million0.5%
32.Uganda$105.5 million0.5%
33.Zambia$104.8 million0.5%
34.Dominican Republic$103.9 million0.5%
35.China$100.6 million0.5%
36.Denmark$91.9 million0.4%
37.Costa Rica$86 million0.4%
38.Croatia$85.1 million0.4%
39.Spain$76.8 million0.4%
40.Guyana$70 million0.3%
41.Saudi Arabia$67.7 million0.3%
42.Argentina$61.8 million0.3%
43.Paraguay$59.6 million0.3%
44.Philippines$56.4 million0.3%
45.Belize$56.4 million0.3%
46.Australia$54.9 million0.3%
47.Austria$49.9 million0.2%
48.Lithuania$49.6 million0.2%
49.United Arab Emirates$49.5 million0.2%
50.Malaysia$49.3 million0.2%
51.Slovakia$44.4 million0.2%
52.Serbia$42.8 million0.2%
53.Zimbabwe$42.7 million0.2%
54.Honduras$40.7 million0.2%
55.Fiji$37.7 million0.2%
56.Hungary$36.4 million0.2%
57.Malawi$33.7 million0.2%
58.Canada$33.7 million0.2%
59.Vietnam$33.4 million0.2%
60.Sweden$33.1 million0.2%
61.Italy$31.1 million0.1%
62.Romania$27.5 million0.1%
63.Bolivia$26.2 million0.1%
64.Cambodia$24.8 million0.1%
65.Panama$24.6 million0.1%
66.Turkey$24.2 million0.1%
67.Kazakhstan$23.8 million0.1%
68.Singapore$23.3 million0.1%
69.Laos$21.8 million0.1%
70.Peru$18.5 million0.1%
71.Slovenia$16.1 million0.1%
72.Greece$15.9 million0.1%
73.Jamaica$13.6 million0.1%
74.New Zealand$12.6 million0.1%
75.Ivory Coast$12.2 million0.1%
76.Lebanon$12 million0.1%
77.Moldova$11.2 million0.1%
78.Finland$11 million0.1%
79.Hong Kong$9.8 million0.05%
80.Bulgaria$9.4 million0.04%
81.Ireland$9.1 million0.04%
82.Jordan$7 million0.03%
83.Madagascar$6.1 million0.03%
84.Indonesia$4.1 million0.02%
85.Ecuador$3.5 million0.02%
86.Azerbaijan$3.1 million0.01%
87.Japan$2.9 million0.01%
88.Bosnia/Herzegovina$2.5 million0.01%
89.Switzerland$2.3 million0.01%
90.Latvia$1.9 million0.01%
91.Chile$1.8 million0.01%
92.Tanzania$1.7 million0.01%
93.Kyrgyzstan$1.1 million0.01%
94.Tunisia$842,0000.004%
95.Israel$773,0000.004%
96.Estonia$757,0000.004%
97.French Polynesia$747,0000.004%
98.Togo$740,0000.004%
99.Luxembourg$674,0000.003%
100.Trinidad/Tobago$634,0000.003%
101.Sri Lanka$585,0000.003%
102.Iran$503,0000.002%
103.Burkina Faso$363,0000.002%
104.Macedonia, North$314,0000.001%
105.Georgia$256,0000.001%
106.Kenya$227,0000.001%
107.Barbados$220,0000.001%
108.Namibia$154,0000.001%
109.Ghana$109,0000.001%
110.Andorra$101,0000.0005%
111.Cyprus$79,0000.0004%
112.Afghanistan$69,0000.0003%
113.Bangladesh$67,0000.0003%
114.Norway$66,0000.0003%
115.Papua New Guinea$63,0000.0003%
116.Gabon$52,0000.0002%
117.Kuwait$43,0000.0002%
118.Nigeria$39,0000.0002%
119.Senegal$32,0000.0002%
120.Niger$24,0000.0001%
121.Venezuela$19,0000.0001%
122.Botswana$16,0000.0001%
123.Gambia$15,0000.0001%
124.Suriname$11,0000.0001%
125.St. Pierre/Miquelon$10,0000.00005%
126.Uruguay$7,0000.00003%
127.Myanmar (Burma)$5,0000.00002%
128.Macao$4,0000.00002%
129.Montenegro$3,0000.00001%
130.Iceland$2,0000.00001%
131.Armenia$2,0000.00001%
132.Bermuda$1,0000.000005%
133.British Virgin Islands$1,0000.000005%
134.Nepal$1,0000.000005%
135.Qatar$1,0000.000005%
136.Rwanda$1,0000.000005%
137.Saint Lucia$1,0000.000005%
138.Syrian Arab Republic$1,0000.000005%
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See also Sugar Imports by Country, Brazil’s Top 10 Exports and Top Soft Drinks Exporters by Country

Research Sources:
Bloomberg Business, Suedzucker Leads the Top 10 Sugar-Producing Companies (November 2011). Accessed on April 18, 2019

International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on April 18, 2019

Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on April 18, 2019

The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on April 18, 2019

Wikipedia, Sugar Companies. Accessed on April 18, 2019

Zepol’s company summary highlights by HTS code. Accessed on April 18, 2019