Sugar Exports by Country

Sugar Exports by Country

Sugar cubes

Sugar exports by country during 2016 totaled US$24.6 billion down by an average -28.5% for all sugar shippers over the five-year period starting in 2012 when sugar shipments were valued at $34.4 billion. Year over year, the value of global sugar exports increased by 8.3% from 2015 to 2016.

Among continents, Latin America (excluding Mexico) and Caribbean countries collectively accounted for the highest dollar value worth of sugar exports during 2016 with shipments amounting to $12.8 billion or 52% of global sugar shipments. European countries were responsible for 18.3% followed by Asian suppliers at 18%. African exporters provided 6.1% worth of sugar shipments with North America (excluding Mexico) supplying 3.4%.

The 4-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix is 1701 for cane or beet sugar and chemically pure sucrose in solid form.

Sugar Exports by Country

Countries

Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of sugar during 2016:

  1. Brazil: US$10.4 billion (42.4% of total sugar exports)
  2. Thailand: $2.3 billion (9.3%)
  3. India: $1.4 billion (5.9%)
  4. France: $1.1 billion (4.3%)
  5. Mexico: $723.9 million (2.9%)
  6. Germany: $607.8 million (2.5%)
  7. Guatemala: $597.2 million (2.4%)
  8. Cuba: $408.8 million (1.7%)
  9. Belgium: $386.1 million (1.6%)
  10. Swaziland: $304.2 million (1.2%)
  11. Netherlands: $278.1 million (1.1%)
  12. Colombia: $273.3 million (1.1%)
  13. Poland: $247.3 million (1%)
  14. Argentina: $236.2 million (1%)
  15. Mauritius: $229.8 million (0.9%)

The listed 15 countries shipped 79.4% of all sugar exports in 2016 (by value).

Only two countries grew the value of their sugar exporters since 2012: Argentina (up 59.6%), and the Netherlands (up 16.4%).

Poland led the decliners with a -48.5% exported sugar setback, followed by Colombia (down -43.5%), Thailand (down -42.1%), France (-40.6%) and Belgium (down -35.4%).

Advantages

The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for sugar during 2016. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s sugar exports and its import purchases for that same commodity.

  1. Brazil: US$10.4 billion (net export surplus down -17.5% since 2012)
  2. Thailand: $2.3 billion (down -42.2%)
  3. France: $813.5 million (down -44.5%)
  4. Mexico: $671.1 million (up 44.2%)
  5. Guatemala: $596.9 million (down -24.7%)
  6. India: $527.2 million (down -67.1%)
  7. Cuba: $408.7 million (down -19.6%)
  8. Swaziland: $303.7 million (down -15.6%)
  9. Argentina: $235.8 million (up 59.8%)
  10. Germany: $210.5 million (up 13.4%)
  11. Mauritius: $193.8 million (down -10.9%)
  12. El Salvador: $150 million (down -24.4%)
  13. Colombia: $136.6 million (down -52.5%)
  14. Poland: $133.2 million (down -53.9%)
  15. Serbia: $123.5 million (down -24.2%)

Despite the five-year downturn in export sales, Brazil still maintains the highest surplus in the international trade of sugar. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms Brazil’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.

Opportunities

The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for sugar during 2016. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s sugar import purchases and its exports for that same commodity.

  1. Indonesia: -US$2.1 billion (net export deficit up 25.7% since 2012)
  2. United States : -$1.8 billion (down -17.5%)
  3. China: -$1.1 billion (down -50.5%)
  4. Myanmar (Burma): -$957 million (up 2684.7%)
  5. Italy: -$797 million (down -43.2%)
  6. Malaysia: -$705.7 million (down -18.7%)
  7. Bangladesh: -$674.4 million (down -18.1%)
  8. Japan: -$592 million (down -31.2%)
  9. South Korea: -$563.6 million (down -25.9%)
  10. Nigeria: -$551.9 million (down -41.6%)
  11. Algeria: -$551.2 million (down -26.8%)
  12. United Arab Emirates: -$502.4 million (up 110.9%)
  13. Canada: -$450.2 million (down -22.2%)
  14. Spain: -$394.7 million (down -45.2%)
  15. Egypt: -$355.2 million (down -45.8%)

Highly populated Indonesia incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of sugar. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights the Indonesia’s strong competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for sugar-supplying countries that help satisfy the demand from Indonesian consumers.

Companies

Sugar Exporting Companies

Below are the world’s biggest sugar exporting companies. Shown within parenthesis is the country where the conglomerate is headquartered.

  • Copersucar (Brazil)
  • Cosan (Brazil)
  • Mitr Phol Group (Thailand)
  • Thai Roong Ruang Sugar Group (Thailand)
  • Tereos S.A. (France)
  • EID Parry Limited (India)
  • Südzucker AG (Germany)
  • Nordzucker Group (Germany)
  • British Sugar Plc (United Kingdom)
  • Louis Dreyfus Group (Netherlands)

According to global trade intelligence firm Zepol, the following companies are also engaged in the sugar industry:

  • Jalles Machad (Brazil)
  • Azucarera Paraguay (Paraguay)
  • Liga Agricola Industrial De La (Costa Rica)


 

Searchable List of Sugar Exporting Countries

You can change the presentation order by clicking the triangle icon at the top of any of the columns below.

RankExporter2016 Sugar Exports% World Total
1.BrazilUS$10.4 billion42.4%
2.Thailand$2.3 billion9.3%
3.India$1.4 billion5.9%
4.France$1.1 billion4.3%
5.Mexico$723.9 million2.9%
6.Germany$607.8 million2.5%
7.Guatemala$597.2 million2.4%
8.Cuba$408.8 million1.7%
9.Belgium$386.1 million1.6%
10.Swaziland$304.2 million1.2%
11.Netherlands$278.1 million1.1%
12.Colombia$273.3 million1.1%
13.Poland$247.3 million1.0%
14.Argentina$236.2 million1.0%
15.Mauritius$229.8 million0.9%
16.United Arab Emirates$219.3 million0.9%
17.Saudi Arabia$195.3 million0.8%
18.Algeria$184.9 million0.8%
19.Egypt$183.5 million0.7%
20.Morocco$172.3 million0.7%
21.Czech Republic$169.9 million0.7%
22.South Korea$168.9 million0.7%
23.Croatia$164.1 million0.7%
24.United Kingdom$161.8 million0.7%
25.Belarus$153 million0.6%
26.El Salvador$150.1 million0.6%
27.South Africa$139.4 million0.6%
28.Denmark$135.1 million0.5%
29.Spain$125.7 million0.5%
30.Serbia$124.8 million0.5%
31.Portugal$118.3 million0.5%
32.Malaysia$108.7 million0.4%
33.Ukraine$103.7 million0.4%
34.Dominican Republic$94.4 million0.4%
35.Austria$90.9 million0.4%
36.Philippines$87.3 million0.4%
37.United States$83.5 million0.3%
38.China$83.2 million0.3%
39.Greece$79.9 million0.3%
40.Paraguay$76.5 million0.3%
41.Nicaragua$74.4 million0.3%
42.Peru$69.9 million0.3%
43.Costa Rica$68.9 million0.3%
44.Australia$66.5 million0.3%
45.Ecuador$66.3 million0.3%
46.Fiji$59.8 million0.2%
47.Malawi$59.7 million0.2%
48.Lebanon$59.2 million0.2%
49.Sudan$58.7 million0.2%
50.Sweden$57.9 million0.2%
51.Zimbabwe$57.8 million0.2%
52.Honduras$57.7 million0.2%
53.Guyana$55.3 million0.2%
54.Russia$53.3 million0.2%
55.Belize$51.5 million0.2%
56.Italy$51.2 million0.2%
57.Lithuania$50.8 million0.2%
58.Bahrain$49.5 million0.2%
59.Mozambique$46.1 million0.2%
60.Hungary$45.1 million0.2%
61.Romania$42.9 million0.2%
62.Slovakia$41.7 million0.2%
63.Moldova$38.8 million0.2%
64.Singapore$33.1 million0.1%
65.Zambia$31.7 million0.1%
66.Laos$30.1 million0.1%
67.Finland$28.6 million0.1%
68.Slovenia$25.9 million0.1%
69.Panama$25.4 million0.1%
70.Canada$23.5 million0.1%
71.Azerbaijan$17.5 million0.1%
72.Jamaica$17 million0.1%
73.Bolivia$15.4 million0.1%
74.Bosnia/Herzegovina$15.2 million0.1%
75.New Zealand$14.1 million0.1%
76.Hong Kong$13.1 million0.1%
77.Turkey$10.0 million0.04%
78.Ireland$8.5 million0.03%
79.Bulgaria$8.3 million0.03%
80.Côte d'Ivoire$8 million0.03%
81.Niger$5.9 million0.02%
82.Latvia$5 million0.02%
83.Cambodia$4.9 million0.02%
84.Madagascar$4.9 million0.02%
85.Benin$4.7 million0.02%
86.Taiwan$4.1 million0.02%
87.Gambia$3.6 million0.01%
88.Georgia$3.6 million0.01%
89.Barbados$3.6 million0.01%
90.Kazakhstan$3.1 million0.01%
91.Tunisia$3 million0.01%
92.Switzerland$2.9 million0.01%
93.Japan$2.7 million0.01%
94.Indonesia$2.6 million0.01%
95.Vietnam$2.1 million0.01%
96.Myanmar (Burma)$2 million0.01%
97.Pakistan$1.8 million0.01%
98.Oman$1.6 million0.01%
99.Bahamas$1.4 million0.01%
100.Netherlands Antilles$1.1 million0.004%
101.Senegal$999,0000.004%
102.Kuwait$965,0000.004%
103.French Polynesia$598,0000.002%
104.Luxembourg$585,0000.002%
105.Nigeria$573,0000.002%
106.Trinidad/Tobago$564,0000.002%
107.Sri Lanka$523,0000.002%
108.Israel$487,0000.002%
109.Estonia$422,0000.002%
110.Iran$319,0000.001%
111.Chile$309,0000.001%
112.Namibia$272,0000.001%
113.Norway$187,0000.001%
114.Macedonia$171,0000.001%
115.Burkina Faso$142,0000.001%
116.Uruguay$93,0000.0004%
117.Brunei Darussalam$83,0000.0003%
118.Papua New Guinea$71,0000.0003%
119.Bangladesh$56,0000.0002%
120.Afghanistan$49,0000.0002%
121.Botswana$36,0000.0001%
122.Kenya$24,0000.0001%
123.Togo$21,0000.0001%
124.Saint Lucia$19,0000.0001%
125.Andorra$17,0000.0001%
126.Lesotho$16,0000.0001%
127.Falkland Is (Malvinas)$15,0000.0001%
128.Liberia$14,0000.0001%
129.Venezuela$14,0000.0001%
130.Rwanda$11,0000.00004%
131.Turkmenistan$9,0000.00004%
132.Montenegro$7,0000.00003%
133.Cyprus$7,0000.00003%
134.Uzbekistan$5,0000.00002%
135.Jordan$4,0000.00002%
136.Kyrgyzstan$3,0000.00001%
137.Tajikistan$3,0000.00001%
138.Suriname$2,0000.00001%
139.Chad$2,0000.00001%
140.North Korea$1,0000.000004%
141.Uganda$1,0000.000004%


See also Sugar Imports by Country, Brazil’s Top 10 Exports and Top Soft Drinks Exporters by Country

Research Sources:
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on May 9, 2017

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on May 9, 2017

Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on May 9, 2017

Wikipedia, Sugar Companies. Accessed on May 9, 2017

Bloomberg Business, Suedzucker Leads the Top 10 Sugar-Producing Companies (November 2011). Accessed on May 9, 2017

Zepol’s company summary highlights by HTS code. Accessed on May 9, 2017