Top EU Export Countries

Bridge in Dresden, Germany

Bridge in Dresden, Germany

Global sales of exported products from the current 28 European Union (EU) members totaled US$6.444 trillion in 2018. That dollar amount reflects a 7% increase since 2014 and a 12.8% uptick from 2017 to 2018.

EU sales of exported goods represent over one-third (36.7%) of total world exports which amounted to $17.546 trillion one year earlier in 2017.

Based on estimates from the Central Intelligence Agency’s World Factbook, exported goods plus services from the European Union represent 43.9% of total EU economic output also called Gross Domestic Product. That percentage includes re-exports. The analysis below focuses on exported products only.

Given the European Union’s population of about 517.1 million people according to metrics from the CIA World Factbook, the total $6.444 trillion in 2018 EU exports translates to approximately $11,000 for every person living in EU member countries.

As the following statistical table shows, Germany is by far the EU’s leading seller of exported products.

Top European Export Countries

Below are the top European export countries that attained the highest dollar value in worldwide product shipments during 2018. Also shown is each country’s overall share of the global export total.

RankExporter2018 Exports% EU TotalSince 2014
1Germany$1.557 trillion24.2%+3.9%
2Netherlands$722.7 billion11.2%+26.5%
3France$568.4 billion8.8%+0.3%
4Italy$546.6 billion8.5%+3.2%
5United Kingdom$484 billion7.5%-5.3%
6Belgium$466.7 billion7.2%-1.2%
7Spain$345.2 billion5.4%+8.3%
8Poland$260.6 billion4.0%+21.5%
9Czech Republic$202.1 billion3.1%+16%
10Austria$184.7 billion2.9%+8.8%
11Sweden$166 billion2.58%+0.8%
12Ireland$165.1 billion2.56%+34.2%
13Hungary$125.9 billion2%+11.8%
14Denmark$107.6 billion1.7%-2.8%
15Slovakia$94.2 billion1.5%+9.6%
16Romania$79.7 billion1.24%+14%
17Finland$76.1 billion1.18%+2.3%
18Portugal$68.5 billion1.1%+7.2%
19Slovenia$44.2 billion0.7%+44.8%
20Greece$39.4 billion0.61%+10.3%
21Lithuania$33.4 billion0.52%+3.1%
22Bulgaria$33.2 billion0.5%+12.8%
23Croatia$17.4 billion0.27%+25.5%
24Estonia$17 billion0.26%-2.7%
25Luxembourg$16.2 billion0.25%+9.6%
26Latvia$14.6 billion0.23%+7.6%
27Cyprus$5 billion0.08%+158.6%
28Malta$3 billion0.05%+2.8%

To sort, click the pertinent column heading in the above table.

Note: The top 10 exporters represent 82.8% of the total value of all EU international product sales during 2018.


From 2014 to 2018, 24 EU nations grew the value of their exports. Cyprus enjoyed the fastest pace thanks to its 158.6% gain.

Posting double-digit increases over the 5-year period were Slovenia (up 44.8%), Ireland (up 34.2%), Netherlands (up 26.5%), Croatia (up 25.5%), Poland (up 21.5%), Czech Republic (up 16%), Romania (up 14%), Bulgaria (up 12.8%), Hungary (up 11.8%) and Greece (up 10.3%).

The four EU decliners were the United Kingdom (down -5.3%), Denmark (down -2.8%), Estonia (down -2.7%) and Belgium (down -1.2%).

See also European Union’s Top 10 Exports, Germany’s Top 10 Exports, UK’s Major EU Exports, and Top EU Import Countries

Research Sources:
The World Factbook, Europe: European Union. Accessed on March 29, 2019

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on March 29, 2019

Wikipedia, European Union. Accessed on March 29, 2019

Wikipedia, List of European countries by population. Accessed on March 29, 2019

Wikipedia, Member State of the European Union. Accessed on March 29, 2019