Top Garlic Exports by Country

Organic garlic (courtesy of Jennifer Dickert via Wikimedia Commons)

Organic garlic (Wikimedia Commons)

Remarkable for its sharp and pungent taste resembling horse radish or minced onions combined with chives, garlic is a popular seasoning ingredient. Raw or cooked garlic cloves are also used for medicinal purposes in many cultures.

Garlic exports by country totaled a formidable US$3.6 billion in 2016, up by 82.5% for all garlic shippers over the five-year period starting in 2012. Globally, the value of exported garlic appreciated 45.3% from 2015 to 2016.

Among continents, Asian countries accounted for three-quarters (74.4%) of the world’s exported garlic during 2016 with shipments valued at $2.7 billion. In second place were European exporters at 18% while 5.8% of worldwide garlic shipments originated from Latin America excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean. Garlic shipped just 1.1% of overall exported garlic.

The 6-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix for garlic is 070320.

Top Garlic Exports by Country

Countries

Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of garlic during 2016:

  1. China: US$2.6 billion (72.8% of total garlic exports)
  2. Spain: $415.8 million (11.4%)
  3. Argentina: $161.7 million (4.4%)
  4. Netherlands: $108.6 million (3%)
  5. France: $43.4 million (1.2%)
  6. Italy: $36.9 million (1%)
  7. Chile: $30.6 million (0.8%)
  8. Mexico: $21.4 million (0.6%)
  9. India: $19.8 million (0.5%)
  10. United States: $19.5 million (0.5%)
  11. Peru: $19.4 million (0.5%)
  12. Egypt: $15.2 million (0.4%)
  13. Malaysia: $11.6 million (0.3%)
  14. United Kingdom: $10.1 million (0.3%)
  15. Portugal: $8.6 million (0.2%)

The listed 15 countries shipped 98.2% of all garlic exports in 2016 by value.

Among the above countries, the fastest-growing garlic exporters since 2012 was Peru via its 651.2% gain in value since 2012. In second place was Portugal (up 187.3%) followed by United Kingdom (up 165.2%), Malaysia (up 160.7%) and Spain (up 127.5%).

Bucking the upbeat trend was Italy, which posted a -8.7% decline in the value of its garlic shipments from 2012 to 2016.

Advantages

The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for garlic during 2016. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported garlic and its import purchases for that same commodity.

  1. China: US$2.6 billion (net export surplus up 90.6% since 2012)
  2. Spain: $401 million (up 143.7%)
  3. Argentina: $161.4 million (up 25.8%)
  4. Netherlands: $38.1 million (up 258.8%)
  5. Chile: $26 million (up 28.4%)
  6. India: $19.8 million (up 91.4%)
  7. Peru: $19.4 million (up 651.2%)
  8. Egypt: $12.6 million (up 10.6%)
  9. Uzbekistan: $1.4 million (down -16.8%)
  10. Iran: $797,000 (down -32.8%)
  11. Syria: $708,000 (reversing a -$2.1 million deficit)
  12. Myanmar (Burma): $499,000 (reversing a -$3,000 deficit)
  13. Ethiopia: $316,000 (up 87%)
  14. Madagascar: $209,000 (up 5,125%)
  15. Christmas Island: $57,000 (reversing a -$1,000 deficit)

China has the highest surplus in the international trade of garlic. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms strong Chinese competitive advantages for this specific product category.

Opportunities

The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for garlic during 2016. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported garlic purchases and its exports for that same commodity.

  1. Indonesia: -US$435.9 million (net export deficit up 79.9% since 2012)
  2. Brazil: -$328.5 million (up 75.6%)
  3. Vietnam: -$236.4 million (reversing a $1.8 million surplus)
  4. Malaysia: -$223.5 million (up 148.1%)
  5. United States: -$202.2 million (up 43.9%)
  6. United Arab Emirates: -$98.9 million (up 251.6%)
  7. Pakistan: -$91.9 million (up 422.2%)
  8. Russia: -$78.6 million (up 37.8%)
  9. Germany: -$76.6 million (up 24.1%)
  10. South Korea: -$75.3 million (up 319%)
  11. Saudi Arabia: -$63.5 million (up 97%)
  12. United Kingdom: -$63 million (up 87.4%)
  13. Bangladesh: -$54.2 million (up 173.2%)
  14. Japan: -$54.1 million (up 40.1%)
  15. Canada: -$51.5 million (up 78.3%)

Indonesia incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of garlic. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights Indonesia’s competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for garlic-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand.

Companies

Garlic Exporting Companies

According to global trading platform Alibaba, the following suppliers are examples of garlic-trading exporters. The home-country location for each business is shown within parentheses:

  • Algo Imports & Exports (United States)
  • Amazon Andes Export SAC (Peru)
  • Colned Export SL (Spain)
  • Dexta Import & Export (Netherlands)
  • Green Point for Import and Export (Egypt)
  • Jai Commercial Centre (India)
  • Jining Optimum Fruits & Vegetables Co (China)
  • Le Vinotier (France)


 

See also Top Ginger Exporters, Onions Exports by Country and Top Sweet Pepper and Chili Pepper Exporters

Research Sources:
Alibaba, Supplier showroom for garlic. Accessed on November 15, 2017

Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on November 15, 2017

The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on November 15, 2017

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on November 15, 2017

Wikimedia Commons organic garlic image by Jennifer Dickert, Garlic, [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)]. Accessed on November 15, 2017

Wikipedia, Garlic. Accessed on November 15, 2017