Top Garlic Exports by Country

Organic garlic (courtesy of Jennifer Dickert via Wikimedia Commons)

Organic garlic (Wikimedia Commons)

Garlic exports by country totaled US$3.1 billion in 2017, up by 52% for all garlic shippers over the five-year period starting in 2013.

Year over year, international sales of garlic declined by -13.3% from 2016 to 2017.

Remarkable for its sharp and pungent taste resembling horse radish or minced onions combined with chives, garlic is a popular seasoning ingredient. Raw or cooked garlic cloves are also used for medicinal purposes in many cultures.

From a continental perspective, Asian countries generated 71.9% of the world’s exported garlic during 2017 with shipments valued at $2.3 billion. In second place were European exporters at 18.3% while 7.5% of worldwide garlic shipments originated from Latin America excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean. Smaller percentages came from North America at 1.4%, Africa at 0.99% trailed by a miniscule 0.04% for Oceania.

The 6-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix for garlic is 070320.

Top Garlic Exports by Country

Countries

Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of garlic during 2017.

  1. China: US$2.2 billion (69.7% of total garlic exports)
  2. Spain: $355.2 million (11.3%)
  3. Argentina: $182.8 million (5.8%)
  4. Netherlands: $96.1 million (3.1%)
  5. France: $41 million (1.3%)
  6. Italy: $33.5 million (1.1%)
  7. Chile: $30 million (1%)
  8. Egypt: $27 million (0.9%)
  9. Malaysia: $23.5 million (0.8%)
  10. Mexico: $21.4 million (0.7%)
  11. United States: $20.3 million (0.6%)
  12. Peru: $19.9 million (0.6%)
  13. India: $19.8 million (0.6%)
  14. United Kingdom: $8 million (0.3%)
  15. Belgium: $6.6 million (0.2%)

By value, the listed 15 countries shipped 98% of all garlic exports in 2017.

Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing garlic exporters since 2013 were: Peru (up 1268.1%), Egypt (up 274.2%), Malaysia (up 223.8%) and Mexico (up 82.8%).

Two countries endured declines in their exported garlic sales namely Italy (down -24.2%) and France (down -2.5%).

Advantages

The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for garlic during 2017. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported garlic and its import purchases for that same commodity.

  1. China: US$2.2 billion (net export surplus up 56.4% since 2013)
  2. Spain: $345.4 million (up 82.7%)
  3. Argentina: $182.6 million (up 34.1%)
  4. Chile: $24.8 million (up 9.1%)
  5. Egypt: $23.6 million (up 1,209%)
  6. Peru: $19.9 million (up 1,268%)
  7. India: $19.7 million (up 74.5%)
  8. Netherlands: $10.2 million (down -2.9%)
  9. Uzbekistan: $3.1 million (up 120.4%)
  10. Iran: $1.7 million (down -59.7%)
  11. Ethiopia: $647,000 (down -47.7%)
  12. Myanmar (Burma): $499,000 (up 1.2%)
  13. Kyrgyzstan: $444,000 (down -59.2%)
  14. Syria: $416,000 (reversing a -$318,000 deficit)
  15. Madagascar: $234,000 (up 114.7%)

The People’s Republic of China has the highest surplus in the international trade of garlic. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms strong Chinese competitive advantages for this specific product category.

Opportunities

The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for garlic during 2017. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported garlic purchases and its exports for that same commodity.

  1. Indonesia: -US$588.9 million (net export deficit up 63.2% since 2013)
  2. Vietnam: -$308 million (reversing a $4.7 million surplus)
  3. Brazil: -$287.5 million (up 30.8%)
  4. United States: -$202.3 million (up 15.2%)
  5. Malaysia: -$163.1 million (up 108.1%)
  6. Germany: -$77.3 million (up 21.2%)
  7. United Arab Emirates: -$77.3 million (up 234.6%)
  8. Russia: -$77.2 million (up 10.6%)
  9. Pakistan: -$65 million (up 96.4%)
  10. Saudi Arabia: -$64.3 million (up 108.2%)
  11. United Kingdom: -$58.1 million (up 43.1%)
  12. Japan: -$56.2 million (up 60.7%)
  13. Canada: -$47.7 million (up 45%)
  14. Bangladesh: -$42.5 million (up 24.1%)
  15. Taiwan: -$41.6 million (up 751.8%)

Indonesia incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of garlic. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights Indonesia’s competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for garlic-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand.

Companies

Garlic Exporting Companies

According to global trading platform Alibaba, the following suppliers are examples of garlic-trading exporters. The home-country location for each business is shown within parentheses:

  • Algo Imports & Exports (United States)
  • Amazon Andes Export SAC (Peru)
  • Colned Export SL (Spain)
  • Dexta Import & Export (Netherlands)
  • Green Point for Import and Export (Egypt)
  • Jai Commercial Centre (India)
  • Jining Optimum Fruits & Vegetables Co (China)
  • Le Vinotier (France)


 

See also Top Ginger Exporters, Onions Exports by Country and Top Sweet Pepper and Chili Pepper Exporters

Research Sources:
Alibaba, Supplier showroom for garlic. Accessed on June 15, 2018

Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on June 15, 2018

The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on June 15, 2018

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on June 15, 2018

Wikimedia Commons organic garlic image by Jennifer Dickert, Garlic, [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)]. Accessed on June 15, 2018

Wikipedia, Garlic. Accessed on June 15, 2018