Worldwide garlic exports by country totaled US$2.1 billion in 2018. That dollar value reflects a 1.4% increase since 2014 but a -33.2% drop from 2017 to 2018.
Remarkable for its sharp and pungent taste resembling horse radish or minced onions combined with chives, garlic is a popular seasoning ingredient. Raw or cooked garlic cloves are also used for medicinal purposes in many cultures.
From a continental perspective, Asian countries sold over two-thirds (68.5%) of the world’s exported garlic during 2018 with shipments valued at $1.4 billion. In second place were European exporters at 21.1% while 8.1% of global garlic shipments originated from Latin America excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean. Smaller percentages came from North America (1.5%), Africa (0.7%) then Oceania (0.1%) led by New Zealand.
For research purposes, the 6-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix for garlic is 070320.
Top Garlic Exports by Country
Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of garlic during 2018.
- China: US$1.4 billion (66.8% of total garlic exports)
- Spain: $277.6 million (13.2%)
- Argentina: $131.9 million (6.2%)
- Netherlands: $77.1 million (3.7%)
- France: $32.3 million (1.5%)
- Italy: $26.7 million (1.3%)
- Chile: $22.3 million (1.1%)
- Mexico: $15.6 million (0.7%)
- United States: $15.5 million (0.7%)
- Peru: $15.1 million (0.7%)
- Malaysia: $13.1 million (0.6%)
- Egypt: $12.7 million (0.6%)
- United Kingdom: $5.9 million (0.3%)
- Uzbekistan: $4.4 million (0.2%)
- Portugal: $4.2 million (0.2%)
By value, the listed 15 countries shipped 97.8% of all garlic exports in 2018.
Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing garlic exporters since 2014 were: Uzbekistan (up 3,477%), Peru (up 1,093%), Egypt (up 167.6%) and Malaysia (up 70.7%).
Those countries that posted declines in their exported garlic sales were led by: Italy (down -24.9%), United Kingdom (down -19.1%), United States (down -17.6%), France (down -9.3%) and Portugal (down -5.1%).
The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for garlic during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported garlic and its import purchases for that same commodity.
- China: US$1.4 billion (net export surplus down -4.2% since 2014)
- Spain: $271.9 million (up 24.8%)
- Argentina: $131.8 million (up 22.4%)
- Netherlands: $21.6 million (up 97.5%)
- Chile: $18.9 million (down -5.1%)
- Peru: $15.1 million (up 1092.7%)
- Egypt: $10.2 million (reversing a -$6.2 million deficit)
- Uzbekistan: $4.4 million (up 4380.8%)
- India: $3.4 million (down -55.4%)
- Iran: $3 million (down -27.5%)
- Myanmar (Burma): $1.8 million (down -34%)
- Azerbaijan: $946,000 (up 2527.8%)
- Madagascar: $249,000 (up 94.5%)
- Syrian Arab Republic: $180,000 (reversing a -$1.7 million deficit)
- Bulgaria: $55,000 (reversing a -$187,000 deficit)
The People’s Republic of China has the highest surplus in the international trade of garlic. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms China’s strong competitive advantages for this specific product category.
The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for garlic during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported garlic purchases and its exports for that same commodity.
- Indonesia: -US$497.2 million (net export deficit up 42.3% since 2014)
- Vietnam: -$308.1 million (up 2696.5%)
- Brazil: -$172.5 million (up 0.6%)
- United States: -$147.9 million (up 18%)
- Malaysia: -$88 million (up 22.9%)
- Russia: -$66.6 million (up 0.8%)
- Germany: -$64.6 million (up 7.7%)
- United Kingdom: -$48.1 million (up 21.1%)
- Japan: -$44.3 million (up 43.6%)
- Thailand: -$39.9 million (up 165.3%)
- Canada: -$36.9 million (up 12.3%)
- Pakistan: -$35.2 million (down -21.6%)
- United Arab Emirates: -$32.8 million (up 4.8%)
- Saudi Arabia: -$31.3 million (up 4%)
- Bangladesh: -$30.9 million (no 2014 data)
Indonesia incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of garlic. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights Indonesia’s competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for garlic-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand.
Garlic Exporting Companies
According to global trading platform Alibaba, the following suppliers are examples of garlic-trading exporters. The home-country location for each business is shown within parentheses:
- Algo Imports & Exports (United States)
- Amazon Andes Export SAC (Peru)
- Colned Export SL (Spain)
- Dexta Import & Export (Netherlands)
- Green Point for Import and Export (Egypt)
- Jai Commercial Centre (India)
- Jining Optimum Fruits & Vegetables Co (China)
- Le Vinotier (France)
See also Top Ginger Exporters, Onions Exports by Country and Top Sweet Pepper and Chili Pepper Exporters
Alibaba, Supplier showroom for garlic. Accessed on June 15, 2018
Forbes Global 2000 rankings, The World’s Biggest Public Companies. Accessed on May 25, 2019
Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on May 25, 2019
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on May 25, 2019
Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on May 25, 2019
Wikimedia Commons organic garlic image by Jennifer Dickert, Garlic, [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)]. Accessed on June 15, 2018
Wikipedia, Garlic. Accessed on June 15, 2018