The overall value of exported water and ice rose by an average 7% for all exporting countries from $1.18 billion for 2018.
Year over year, the value of globally exported water and ice slowed to a 1.5% increase compared to $1.24 billion during 2021.
Five major exporters of water and ice were mainland China, France, United States of America, Türkiye and Thailand in 2022. Combined, that leading cohort generated over three-quarters (75.8%) of worldwide shipments of water and ice by dollar value.
Among continents, suppliers in Asia sold the highest dollar worth of exported water and ice during 2022 with shipments valued at $807.3 million or 64% of the global total. In second place were European exporters at 24.9% while another 9.1% of worldwide water and ice shipments originated from North America.
Smaller percentages were furnished by providers in Latin America (0.9%) excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean, Oceania (0.7%) led by New Zealand and Australia, then Africa (0.2%).
For research purposes, the 6-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix is 220220 for ice, snow and ordinary natural water. Commodities under this sub-code exclude sugar, other sweeteners or flavorings.
Water and Ice Exports by Country
Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of water and ice during 2022.
- China: US$672.5 million (53.3% of total water/ice exports)
- France: $102.5 million (8.1%)
- United States: $89.0 million (7.1%)
- Türkiye: $49.2 million (3.9%)
- Thailand: $42.3 million (3.4%)
- Norway: $32.7 million (2.6%)
- Iceland: $29.4 million (2.3%)
- Germany: $28.6 million (2.3%)
- Belgium: $28.2 million (2.2%)
- Netherlands: $26.9 million (2.1%)
- Canada: $25.0 million (2.0%)
- Malaysia: $18.0 million (1.4%)
- United Kingdom: $14.6 million (1.2%)
- Spain: $9.3 million (0.7%)
- Czech Republic: $7.3 million (0.6%)
By value, the listed 15 countries shipped 93.2% of globally exported water and ice in 2022.
Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing exporters of water and ice since 2021 were: Canada (up 104%), Spain (up 64.2%), Belgium (up 42.2%) and Thailand (up 37.1%).
Five major suppliers that posted declines in their international sales of water and ice, namely: Norway (down -30.7% from 2021), United Kingdom (down -21.9%), United States of America (down -19.6%), Netherlands (down -6.1%) and Czech Republic (down -3.2%).
Countries Earning Best Trade Surpluses from Water and Ice
The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for water and ice during 2022. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported water and ice and its import purchases for that same commodity.
- China: US$661.1 million (net export surplus up 3% since 2021)
- France: $87.8 million (up 27.9%)
- Türkiye: $48.8 million (up 17.5%)
- Thailand: $41.7 million (up 37.2%)
- Norway: $31.2 million (down -32%)
- Iceland: $29.2 million (up 13.6%)
- Malaysia: $15.7 million (up 29.9%)
- Germany: $12.4 million (up 6.2%)
- Italy: $5.2 million (up 11.7%)
- Czech Republic: $5 million (down -7.3%)
- Greece: $4.3 million (up 29.6%)
- Spain: $4 million (up 85.2%)
- Armenia: $3.4 million (up 51.6%)
- New Zealand: $3 million (down -69.6%)
- Trinidad/Tobago: $2.5 million (down -17.5%)
Mainland China generated the highest surplus in the international trade of water and ice. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms China’s competitive advantage for this specific product category.
Countries Facing Worst Trade Deficits from Water and Ice
The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for water and ice during 2022. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported water and ice purchases and its exports for that same commodity.
- Hong Kong: -US$631.9 million (net export deficit up 1.9% since 2021)
- United States of America: -$246.5 million (up 125.1%)
- Netherlands: -$56.3 million (up 5.8%)
- Macao: -$37.8 million (up 2.9%)
- Singapore: -$26 million (up 14.4%)
- Belgium: -$24.3 million (down -26.8%)
- Mexico: -$21.1 million (up 95.2%)
- Ireland: -$19 million (down -14.2%)
- United Kingdom: -$13.3 million (up 139.1%)
- Japan: -$8.3 million (up 20.2%)
- Bahamas: -$8.1 million (up 23.9%)
- Bulgaria: -$6.2 million (up 202.4%)
- United Arab Emirates: -$5.5 million (up 118.1%)
- Taiwan: -$4 million (down -35.7%)
- Barbados: -$3.9 million (up 36.5%)
Hong Kong incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of water and ice. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights Hong Kong’s competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for water and ice-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand.
Ice Maker Machinery Exporters
According to global trading platform Alibaba, the following companies manufacture ice-making machinery available for international sales. The home-country country for each business is shown within parentheses.
- Dongguan Hengxing Kitchen Equipment Co, Ltd (China)
- Hangzhou Icedeer Refrigeration Equipment Co, Ltd (China)
- IKLIM Hardward & Machinery SDN BHD (Malaysia)
- Rosen Ice Machines & Refrigeration Systems (Turkey)
- Shenzhen Sindeice Systems Co, Ltd (China)
- Soluzioni e Referenze Srls (Italy)
- US Ice Machine Manufacturing Co (United States)
See also Top Soft Drinks Exporters by Country, Wine Exports by Country, Beer Exports by Country and Top Vodka Exporters
Alibaba, Supplier showroom for ice maker machines. Accessed on August 31, 2023
Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook Field Listing: Exports – Commodities. Accessed on August 31, 2023
Forbes Global 2000 rankings, The World’s Biggest Public Companies. Accessed on August 31, 2023
Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on August 31, 2023
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on August 31, 2023
Wikipedia, Icemaker. Accessed on August 31, 2023