Sculptures come in all different shapes and sizes including gargantuan statues and life-sized replicas. Sculptures are displayed indoors or outside, and are made from a diverse range of materials such as stone like marble, metals like bronze or silver, wood, clay, glass, sand, wax and ice.
Among continents, suppliers in Europe sold the highest dollar worth of exported sculptures during 2019 with shipments valued at $2.5 billion or almost half (48%) of the global total. In second place were North American exporters at 38.5% while 8.8% of worldwide shipments of sculptures originated from Asia. Smaller percentages came from Latin America (3.2%) excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean, Africa (1%), and Oceania (0.5%) led by Australia and New Zealand.
For research purposes, the 6-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix is 970300 for original sculptures and statues–regardless of materials from which they are made.
Top Sculptures Exporters by Country
Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of sculptures during 2019.
- United States: US$2 billion (37.7% of exported sculptures)
- United Kingdom: $1.4 billion (26.4%)
- Switzerland: $326.8 million (6.3%)
- France: $238.7 million (4.6%)
- Germany: $199.9 million (3.8%)
- Hong Kong: $183.4 million (3.5%)
- Italy: $157 million (3%)
- Brazil: $146.8 million (2.8%)
- Japan: $65 million (1.2%)
- Spain: $55.8 million (1.1%)
- China: $48 million (0.9%)
- Belgium: $47.5 million (0.9%)
- Singapore: $41.5 million (0.8%)
- South Africa: $38.6 million (0.7%)
- Canada: $37.9 million (0.7%)
By value, the listed 15 countries shipped 94.6% of globally exported sculptures in 2019.
Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing exporters of sculptures since 2015 were: South Africa (up 547.7%), Brazil (up 245.2%), Hong Kong (up 231.2%) and Spain (up 83.6%).
Five major suppliers posted declines in their international sales of sculptures: Singapore (down -54.3%), France (down -25.3%), China (down -22%), Canada (down -20.7%) and Germany (down -12.6%).
The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for sculptures during 2019. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported sculptures and its import purchases for that same commodity.
- United Kingdom: US$1 billion (net export surplus up 158.1% since 2015)
- United States: $359.1 million (down -33.1%)
- Brazil: $129.7 million (up 364.1%)
- Germany: $126.6 million (down -8.4%)
- France: $125 million (down -37%)
- Italy: $76.3 million (down -23%)
- Spain: $36.5 million (up 108.4%)
- South Africa: $31.4 million (up 1031.4%)
- Israel: $19.7 million (up 80.6%)
- Belgium: $14.1 million (reversing an -$803,000 deficit)
- Netherlands: $11.6 million (reversing a -$34.2 million deficit)
- Colombia: $9.8 million (up 881%)
- India: $8.7 million (down -67.5%)
- Indonesia: $6.7 million (up 258.5%)
- Singapore: $4.1 million (down -71.9%)
The United Kingdom generated the highest surplus in the international trade of sculptures. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms strong UK competitive advantages for this specific product category.
The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for sculptures during 2019. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported sculptures purchases and its exports for that same commodity.
- Hong Kong: -US$218.7 million (net export deficit up 171.1% since 2015)
- Switzerland: -$177.5 million (up 2%)
- China: -$32.1 million (reversing a $16.6 million surplus)
- South Korea: -$31.3 million (up 1.6%)
- Australia: -$31.1 million (up 3.2%)
- Denmark: -$26.1 million (reversing an $8.8 million surplus)
- Norway: -$25.3 million (up 115.8%)
- Canada: -$21.5 million (reversing a $3.6 million surplus)
- United Arab Emirates: -$21.3 million (up 520.7%)
- Austria: -$20.8 million (up 58.9%)
- Qatar: -$15.7 million (down -38.7%)
- Taiwan: -$11.9 million (up 37.4%)
- Lebanon: -$8.5 million (up 38.3%)
- Russia: -$6.9 million (up 170%)
- Malaysia: -$6 million (up 160.2%)
Overtaking the United Arab Emirates in 2018, Hong Kong incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of sculptures. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights Hong Kong’s competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for sculptures-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand.
Sculptures Exporting Companies
According to global trading platform Alibaba, the following suppliers are examples of sculptures-trading exporters.
- AXH Fiberglass Fabricators Inc (United States)
- Baoding Yilin Sculpture Co, Ltd (China)
- BRUNEL s.r.l. Preziosi d’Autore (Italy)
- Export Corporation (India)
- International 68Art Co (Hong Kong)
- JS GartenDeko e.K. (Germany)
- Lineature (Spain)
- Nativa Gems I. e E. de Pedras (Brazil)
- San Teck International Pte Ltd (Singapore)
- Sterling Sculptures (United Kingdom)
The home-country location for each business is shown within parentheses.
See also Exported Paintings and Drawings by Country, Diamond Exports by Country and Diamond Imports by Country
Alibaba, Supplier showroom for modern sculpture. Accessed on June 10, 2020
Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook Field Listing: Exports – Commodities. Accessed on June 10, 2020
Forbes Global 2000 rankings, The World’s Biggest Public Companies. Accessed on June 10, 2020
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on June 10, 2020
Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on June 10, 2020
Wikipedia, Sculpture. Accessed on June 10, 2020
Wikipedia, Statue. Accessed on June 10, 2020