Worldwide, avocados exports by country totaled US$5.6 billion in 2018. That dollar value reflects an 83.9% increase for all avocados shippers over the five-year period starting in 2014. Year over year, the value of exported avocados shrank by -5% from 2017 to 2018.
Noted for their smooth texture, avocados have a distinct and subtle flavor used in savory and sweet dishes around the globe. These pear-shaped berries have a high fat content and are popular in vegetarian recipes as a meat-substitute in sandwiches and salads.
Among continents, North American countries generated the strongest international sales for avocados during 2018 with shipments valued at $2.6 billion or 46.2% of the worldwide total. In second place were European exporters at 23.4% while 21.4% of globally shipped avocados originated from Latin America excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean. Smaller percentages came from Africa (5.5%), Asia (2%) and Oceania (1.5%) limited to New Zealand and Australia.
For research purposes, the 6-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix for avocados is 080440.
Avocados Exports by Country
Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of avocados during 2018.
- Mexico: US$2.4 billion (43% of total exported avocados)
- Netherlands: $733.8 million (13.2%)
- Peru: $722.3 million (13%)
- Spain: $346.9 million (6.2%)
- Chile: $323.2 million (5.8%)
- United States: $179.6 million (3.2%)
- Kenya: $118.3 million (2.1%)
- South Africa: $116.7 million (2.1%)
- New Zealand: $71.5 million (1.3%)
- Colombia: $62.7 million (1.1%)
- France: $62.2 million (1.1%)
- Israel: $59.8 million (1.1%)
- Dominican Republic: $59.2 million (1.1%)
- Morocco: $56.7 million (1%)
- Germany: $53.2 million (1%)
By value, the listed 15 countries shipped 96.3% of all avocados exports in 2018.
Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing avocados exporters since 2014 were: Colombia (up 1,656%), Morocco (up 324.5%), Kenya (up 219%) and Germany (up 203.5%).
Two top countries posted declines in their exported avocados sales namely Israel (down -29.6%) and New Zealand (down -27.7%).
The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for avocados during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported avocados and its import purchases for that same commodity.
- Mexico: US$2.4 billion (net export surplus up 71.4% since 2014)
- Peru: $722.2 million (up 140.6%)
- Chile: $282.1 million (up 28.1%)
- Netherlands: $195.1 million (up 931.6%)
- Kenya: $118.2 million (up 218.9%)
- South Africa: $110.1 million (up 27.3%)
- New Zealand: $71.5 million (down -27.7%)
- Spain: $66.6 million (down -32.3%)
- Colombia: $62.7 million (up 1769.8%)
- Israel: $59.8 million (down -29.5%)
- Dominican Republic: $59.1 million (up 162.5%)
- Morocco: $48 million (up 508%)
- Brazil: $15.4 million (up 61.8%)
- Tanzania: $8.6 million (up 854.1%)
- Zimbabwe: $2.5 million (up 272.6%)
Mexico has the highest surplus in the international trade of avocados. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms strong Mexican competitive advantages for this specific product category.
The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for avocados during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported avocados purchases and its exports for that same commodity.
- United States: -US$2.3 billion (net export deficit up 52.1% since 2014)
- France: -$347.7 million (up 54%)
- Germany: -$264.6 million (up 181.4%)
- United Kingdom: -$256.7 million (up 137.9%)
- Canada: -$223.3 million (up 38.8%)
- Japan: -$218.2 million (up 29.4%)
- China: -$133.4 million (up 1015.6%)
- Sweden: -$69.7 million (up 26.9%)
- Norway: -$59.6 million (up 41.7%)
- Russia: -$59 million (up 145.4%)
- Switzerland: -$57.3 million (up 109.8%)
- Denmark: -$55.8 million (up 59.4%)
- Italy: -$50 million (up 179.2%)
- South Korea: -$47.3 million (up 871.7%)
- Poland: -$46 million (up 207.5%)
The United States incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of avocados. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights America’s competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for avocados-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful consumer demand.
Avocados-based Foods and Drinks
Avocados are not typically eaten raw. Rather, avocados are used as supplementary ingredients in many dishes, condiments, sauces and beverages. Below, you will find examples of avocado-based culinary foods and drinks.
- avocado bread
- avocado cake
- avocado cooking oil
- avocado cream sauce
- avocado fries
- avocado margarita
- avocado milk coffee drink
- avocado soup
- deep-fried avocado
- féroce d’avocat tangy spread
- guacamole dip or salad dressing
- guasacaca avocado-based sauce
- mashed avocado on toast
See also Bananas Exports by Country, Grapes Exports by Country and Apples Exports by Country
Forbes Global 2000 rankings, The World’s Biggest Public Companies. Accessed on May 24, 2019
Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on May 24, 2019
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on May 24, 2019
Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on July 29, 2019
Wikipedia, Avocado. Accessed on June 15, 2018
Wikipedia, List of avocado dishes. Accessed on June 15, 2018