Indonesia’s Top 10 Imports

Jakarta, Indonesia

Jakarta, Indonesia

Indonesia imported US$156.9 billion worth of goods from around the globe in 2017, down by -15.9% since 2013 but up by 15.7% from 2016 to 2017.

Indonesian imports represent approximately 1% of total global imports which totaled $16.054 trillion in 2016.

From a continental perspective, 74.2% of Indonesia’s total imports by value in 2017 were purchased from other Asian countries. European nations supplied 10% of import purchases by Indonesia while 6.3% worth of goods originated from North America. Smaller percentages of overall Indonesian imports came from Australia and other Oceanian geographies (4.4%), Africa (2.6%) and Latin America excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean (2.4%).

Given Indonesia ‘s population of 260.6 million people, its total $156.9 billion in 2017 imports translates to roughly $600 in yearly product demand from every person in the country.

Indonesia’s Top 10 Imports

Top 10

The following product groups represent the highest dollar value in Indonesia’s import purchases during 2017. Also shown is the percentage share each product category represents in terms of overall imports into Indonesia.

At the more detailed Harmonized Tariff System (HTS) code level, Indonesia’s highest value imported products are processed petroleum oils followed by crude oil, mobile phones, automobile parts or accessories, petroleum gases, wheat and sugar.

  1. Mineral fuels including oil: US$25.4 billion (16.2% of total imports)
  2. Machinery including computers: $21.8 billion (13.9%)
  3. Electrical machinery, equipment: $17.9 billion (11.4%)
  4. Iron, steel: $8 billion (5.1%)
  5. Plastics, plastic articles: $7.7 billion (4.9%)
  6. Vehicles: $6.7 billion (4.3%)
  7. Organic chemicals: $5.9 billion (3.8%)
  8. Cereals: $2.9 billion (1.9%)
  9. Food industry waste, animal fodder: $2.7 billion (1.7%)
  10. Articles of iron or steel: $2.6 billion (1.7%)

Indonesia’s top 10 imports accounted for about two-thirds (64.8%) of the overall value of its product purchases from other countries.

Mineral fuels including oil was the fastest-growing among the top 10 import categories, up by 32.1% from 2016 to 2017.

In second place was iron and steel (up by 29.2%) followed by Indonesia’s imports of vehicles which gained 26.3% then organic chemicals which rose 23.1%.

The greatest decline among Indonesia’s top imports was articles of iron or steel which retreated by -10.4% year over year.

Please note that the results listed above are at the 2-digit Harmonized Tariff System code level. Information presented under other virtual folder tabs is at the more granular 4-digit level.

Fuel

In 2017, Indonesian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of mineral fuels-related products:

  1. Processed petroleum oils: US$14.1 billion (up 42% from 2016)
  2. Crude oil: $7.1 billion (up 4.9%)
  3. Petroleum gases: $2.7 billion (up 63.2%)
  4. Coal, solid fuels made from coal: $641.5 million (up 98%)
  5. Petroleum oil residues: $371.7 million (up 3%)
  6. Coal tar oils (high temperature distillation): $363.7 million (up 375.1%)
  7. Coke, semi-coke: $97.7 million (up 17.6%)
  8. Petroleum jelly, mineral waxes: $34.1 million (down -1.5%)
  9. Tar pitch, coke: $12.5 million (down -26.2%)
  10. Natural bitumen, asphalt, shale: $5.9 million (down -35.5%)

Among these import subcategories, Indonesia’s purchases of high temperature distilled coal tar oils (up 375.1%), coal including solid fuels made from coal (up 98%) and petroleum gases (up 63.2%) grew at the fastest pace from 2016 to 2017.

These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of imported fuel among Indonesian businesses and consumers.

Machinery

In 2017, Indonesian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of machines including computers:

  1. Computers, optical readers: US$2 billion (up 22.2% from 2016)
  2. Printing machinery: $1.2 billion (up 15.9%)
  3. Heavy machinery (bulldozers, excavators, road rollers): $1.1 billion (up 154.9%)
  4. Miscellaneous machinery: $948.2 million (up 22.9%)
  5. Liquid pumps and elevators: $892.2 million (up 13%)
  6. Machinery parts: $859.8 million (down -4.1%)
  7. Taps, valves, similar appliances: $726.6 million (down -2.1%)
  8. Piston engine parts: $705.3 million (up 25.5%)
  9. Air or vacuum pumps: $692.2 million (down -9.7%)
  10. Centrifuges, filters and purifiers: $684.6 million (down -10.4%)

Among these import subcategories, Indonesia’s purchases of heavy machinery (up 154.9%), piston engine parts (up 25.5%) and miscellaneous machinery (up 22.9%) grew at the fastest pace from 2016 to 2017.

These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of imported machinery among Indonesian businesses and consumers.

Electronics

In 2017, Indonesian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of electronic products including consumer electronics:

  1. Phone system devices including smartphones: US$4.8 billion (up 14.7% from 2016)
  2. Integrated circuits/microassemblies: $1.6 billion (up 5.3%)
  3. Lower-voltage switches, fuses: $1.1 billion (up 7.1%)
  4. TV/radio/radar device parts: $1.1 billion (up 30.6%)
  5. Insulated wire/cable: $970.7 million (up 17%)
  6. Electric generating sets, converters: $824.1 million (up 120.4%)
  7. Electrical converters/power units: $690.1 million (up 25.5%)
  8. Solar power diodes/semi-conductors: $415.1 million (up 11.2%)
  9. Electrical/optical circuit boards, panels: $410.1 million (down -11.2%)
  10. Printed circuits: $395.3 million (up 29%)

Among these import subcategories, Indonesia’s purchases of electric generating sets and converters (up 120.4%), TV, radio and radar device parts (up 30.6%) and printed circuits (up 29%) grew at the fastest pace from 2016 to 2017.

These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of imported electronics among Indonesian businesses and consumers.

Iron

In 2017, Indonesian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of iron and steel:

  1. Iron or non-alloy steel products (semi-finished): US$1.8 billion (up 18% from 2016)
  2. Flat-rolled other alloy steel products: $1 billion (up 98.8%)
  3. Hot-rolled iron or non-alloy steel products: $806.1 million (up 29.6%)
  4. Flat-rolled iron or non-alloy steel products (plated/coated): $681.1 million (down -6.6%)
  5. Iron or steel scrap: $561.4 million (up 135.1%)
  6. Cold-rolled iron or non-alloy steel products: $546.9 million (up 16.5%)
  7. Flat-rolled stainless steel items: $396.8 million (up 25.7%)
  8. Coiled other alloy steel bars, rods: $347.9 million (up 16.5%)
  9. Iron ferroalloys: $337.9 million (up 288.9%)
  10. Alloy steel bars, rods: $322.1 million (up 11.5%)

Among these import subcategories, Indonesia’s purchases of iron ferroalloys (up 288.9%), iron or steel scrap (up 135.1%) and flat-rolled other alloy steel products (up 98.8%) grew at the fastest pace from 2016 to 2017.

These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of imported iron or steel among Indonesian businesses and consumers.



 
See also Indonesia’s Top Trading Partners, Indonesia’s Top 10 Exports and Top Asian Export Countries

Research Sources:
International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database (GDP based on Purchasing Power Parity). Accessed on April 22, 2018

The World Factbook, Country Profiles, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on April 22, 2018

Trade Map, International Trade Centre, www.intracen.org/marketanalysis. Accessed on April 22, 2018