Indonesia’s Top 10 Imports

Jakarta, Indonesia

Jakarta, Indonesia

Indonesia imported US$135.7 billion worth of goods from around the globe in 2016, up by 40.1% since 2009 but down by -4.9% from 2015 to 2016.

Indonesia’s top 10 imports accounted for about two-thirds (64.6%) of the overall value of its product purchases from other countries.

Indonesian imports represent 0.8% of total global imports which totaled $16.473 trillion in 2016.

From a continental perspective, 73.4% of Indonesia’s total imports by value in 2016 were purchased from other Asian countries. European nations supplied 9.9% of import purchases by Indonesia while 6.5% worth of goods originated from North America. At 2.6%, a smaller percentage came from African exporters.

Given Indonesia ‘s population of 258.3 million people, its total $135.7 billion in 2016 imports translates to roughly $500 in yearly product demand from every person in the country.

Indonesia’s Top 10 Imports

Top 10

The following product groups represent the highest dollar value in Indonesia’s import purchases during 2016. Also shown is the percentage share each product category represents in terms of overall imports into Indonesia.

  1. Machinery including computers: US$21.1 billion (15.5% of total imports)
  2. Mineral fuels including oil: $19.3 billion (14.2%)
  3. Electrical machinery, equipment: $15.4 billion (11.4%)
  4. Plastics, plastic articles: $7 billion (5.2%)
  5. Iron, steel: $6.2 billion (4.6%)
  6. Vehicles : $5.3 billion (3.9%)
  7. Organic chemicals: $4.8 billion (3.5%)
  8. Cereals: $3.2 billion (2.4%)
  9. Articles of iron or steel: $2.9 billion (2.2%)
  10. Food industry waste, animal fodder: $2.5 billion (1.8%)

Plastics was the fastest-growing among the top 10 import categories, up by 117.6% over the 7-year period starting in 2009.

In second place were cereals, up by 111.9% led by higher revenue for wheat, rice, corn and buckwheat. Trailing cereals were Indonesian imports of food industry waste and animal fodder delivering the third-greatest uptick up by 47.7%.

Please note that the results listed above are at the 2-digit Harmonized Tariff System code level. Information presented under other virtual folder tabs is at the more granular 4-digit level.

Machinery

In 2016, Indonesian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of machines including computers:

  1. Computers, optical readers: US$1.6 billion (up 13.9%)
  2. Printing machinery: $1 billion (up 70.5%)
  3. Machinery parts: $896.6 million (up 22.2%)
  4. Liquid pumps and elevators: $789.7 million (up 44.7%)
  5. Miscellaneous machinery: $771.6 million (up 126.3%)
  6. Air or vacuum pumps: $766.8 million (up 50.8%)
  7. Centrifuges, filters and purifiers: $763.7 million (up 123.6%)
  8. Taps, valves, similar appliances: $742.4 million (up 17%)
  9. Temperature-change machines: $670.9 million (up 78%)
  10. Steam/vapor turbines: $641.5 million (up 64.1%)

Among these import subcategories, Indonesian purchases of miscellaneous machinery (up 126.3%), centrifuges, filters and purifiers (up 123.6%) and temperature-change machines (up 78%) grew at the fastest pace from 2009 to 2016.

These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of imported machinery among Indonesian businesses and consumers.

Fuel

In 2016, Indonesian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of mineral fuels-related products:

  1. Processed petroleum oils: US$9.9 billion (down -8.3%)
  2. Crude oil: $6.7 billion (down -8.6%)
  3. Petroleum gases: $1.7 billion (up 241.2%)
  4. Petroleum oil residues: $361 million (up 40.6%)
  5. Coal, solid fuels made from coal: $323.9 million (up 1327.7%)
  6. Coke, semi-coke: $83.1 million (up 354.9%)
  7. Coal tar oils (high temperature distillation): $76.5 million (up 201.6%)
  8. Petroleum jelly, mineral waxes: $34.6 million (up 14.7%)
  9. Tar pitch, coke: $16.9 million (down -5.5%)
  10. Natural bitumen, asphalt, shale: $9.2 million (down -61.2%)

Among these import subcategories, Indonesian purchases of coal including solid fuels made from coal (up 1,328%), coke or semi-coke (up 354.9%) and petroleum gases (up 241.2%) grew at the fastest pace from 2009 to 2016.

These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of imported fuel among Indonesian businesses and consumers.

Electronics

In 2016, Indonesian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of electronic equipment:

  1. Phone system devices including smartphones: US$4.2 billion (up 370.1%)
  2. Integrated circuits/microassemblies: $1.5 billion (up 30.9%)
  3. Lower-voltage switches, fuses: $1 billion (up 82.8%)
  4. Insulated wire/cable: $829.6 million (up 84.2%)
  5. TV/radio/radar device parts: $816.5 million (down -31.6%)
  6. Electrical converters/power units: $550 million (up 38.8%)
  7. Electrical/optical circuit boards, panels: $461.7 million (up 75.9%)
  8. Electric motors, generators: $377.6 million (up 35.2%)
  9. Electric generating sets, converters: $374 million (up 30.8%)
  10. Solar power diodes/semi-conductors: $373.4 million (up 22.4%)

Among these import subcategories, Indonesian purchases of phone system devices including smartphones (up 370.1%), insulated wire or cable (up 84.2%) and lower-voltage switches or fuses (up 82.8%) grew at the fastest pace from 2009 to 2016.

These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of imported electronics among Indonesian businesses and consumers.

Plastics

In 2016, Indonesian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of plastic materials and articles made of plastic:

  1. Ethylene polymers: US$1.3 billion (up 166%)
  2. Propylene/olefin polymers: $1.2 billion (up 115.6%)
  3. Polyacetal/ether/carbonates: $732.7 million (up 107.6%)
  4. Miscellaneous plastic items: $487 million (up 137.8%)
  5. Plastic plates, sheets, film, tape, strips: $474.6 million (up 112.2%)
  6. Plastic packing goods, lids, caps: $365.3 million (up 114.1%)
  7. Styrene polymers: $317.6 million (up 72.2%)
  8. Self-adhesive plastic in rolls: $302 million (up 165.3%)
  9. Plastic plates, sheets, film, tape, strips: $249.2 million (up 226.9%)
  10. Amino-resins: $241.3 million (up 108.7%)

Among these import subcategories, Indonesian purchases of plastic plates, sheets, film, tape or strips (up 226.9%), ethylene polymers (up 166%) and self-adhesive plastic in rolls (up 165.3%) grew at the fastest pace from 2009 to 2016.

These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of imported plastics among Indonesian businesses and consumers.



 
See also Indonesia’s Top Trading Partners, Indonesia’s Top 10 Exports and Top Asian Export Countries

Research Sources:
International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database (GDP based on Purchasing Power Parity). Accessed on April 26, 2017

The World Factbook, Country Profiles, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on April 26, 2017

Trade Map, International Trade Centre, www.intracen.org/marketanalysis. Accessed on April 26, 2017