Rice Exports by Country


Vietnamese rice field

Vietnamese rice field

Rice exports by country totaled US$21.2 billion in 2015 down by an average -11.8% for exporting countries from 2011 when overall rice shipments were valued at $24.1 billion. The value of global rice exports also dipped by -18.4% from the $26 billion worth of exported rice in 2014.

From a continental perspective, Asian countries accounted for the highest dollar value worth of rice exports during 2015 with shipments amounting to $15.6 billion or almost three-quarters (73.7%) of all rice exports.

North American exporters supplied 9.8% of global rice exports, followed by the European Union at 7.7% and Latin America (excluding Mexico) and the Caribbean at 6%. Oceania rice exports, dominated by Australian rice shipments, accounted for 1.4% of the global total, with Africa responsible for the smallest percentage at 0.3%.

The 4-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix for rice is 1006.

Rice Exports by Country

Countries

Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of rice during 2015:

  1. India: US$6.4 billion (30.1% of total rice exports)
  2. Thailand: $4.5 billion (21.4%)
  3. United States: $2.1 billion (9.7%)
  4. Pakistan: $1.9 billion (9.1%)
  5. Vietnam: $1.6 billion (7.5%)
  6. Italy: $591.8 million (2.8%)
  7. Uruguay: $377.4 million (1.8%)
  8. Brazil: $350.2 million (1.7%)
  9. Cambodia: $335.1 million (1.6%)
  10. Australia: $301.2 million (1.4%)
  11. China: $267.4 million (1.3%)
  12. Belgium: $242.3 million (1.1%)
  13. Guyana: $212.1 million (1%)
  14. Netherlands: $191.3 million (0.9%)
  15. Spain: $168.5 million (0.8%)

Among the above countries, the only exporters to grow the value of their rice shipments since 2011 were Cambodia (up 215%), India (up 56.6%), Guyana (up 43.2%) and Australia (up 10.2%).

Those countries that posted declines in their exported rice sales were led by Vietnam (down -56.3%), Brazil (down -42.9%), China (down -37.4%) and Thailand (down -30.2%).

The listed 15 countries shipped 92.1% of all rice exports in 2015 (by value).

Advantages

The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for rice during 2015. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s rice exports and its import purchases for that same commodity.

  1. India: US$6.4 billion (net export surplus up 56.6% since 2011)
  2. Thailand: $4.5 billion (down -30.3%)
  3. Pakistan: $1.9 billion (down -5.7%)
  4. Vietnam: $1.6 billion (down -56.4%)
  5. United States: $1.3 billion (down -10.7%)
  6. Italy: $454.5 million (down -23.4%)
  7. Uruguay: $376.9 million (down -19.8%)
  8. Cambodia: $330.5 million (up 221.9%)
  9. Guyana: $212 million (up 43.3%)
  10. Brazil: $192.5 million (down -43.3%)
  11. Australia: $153.3 million (up 40.8%)
  12. Argentina: $151.8 million (down -57.4%)
  13. Paraguay: $128.7 million (up 52.9%)
  14. Myanmar (Burma): $107.4 million (down -58.4%)
  15. Spain: $87.3 million (down -7.5%)

India has the highest surplus in the international trade of rice. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms India’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.

Opportunities

The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for rice during 2015. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s rice import purchases and its exports for that same commodity.

  1. Saudi Arabia: -US$1.5 billion (net export deficit up 34.4% since 2011)
  2. China: -$1.2 billion (down -3,097%)
  3. Iran: -$782.1 million (down -19.8%)
  4. Iraq: -$660.2 million (up 12.9%)
  5. United Arab Emirates: -$586.4 million (up 1%)
  6. United Kingdom: -$505.4 million (down -11.1%)
  7. Malaysia: -$503.3 million (down -16.9%)
  8. Japan: -$471.4 million (down -16.3%)
  9. Philippines: -$463.9 million (up 21.8%)
  10. Benin: -$457 million (up 207.7%)
  11. Côte d’Ivoire: -$416.7 million (down -24.6%)
  12. Senegal: -$400.6 million (up 23.7%)
  13. France: -$400.2 million (down -7.2%)
  14. Indonesia: -$351 million (down -76.8%)
  15. Yemen: -$330.4 million (up 39.5%)

Saudi Arabia incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of rice. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights Saudi Arabia’s strong competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for rice-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand.

Companies

Rice Exporting Companies

Below are bulk rice-supplying conglomerates that dominate the worldwide grain trade (73% of the global market in 2003, according to OXFAM researchers). Shown within parenthesis is the country where the company is headquartered.

  • Cargill (United States)
  • Archer Daniels Midland (United States)
  • Bunge (United States)
  • Louis Dreyfus (France)

According to global trading platform Alibaba, the following companies are also examples of rice-trading companies located in the country shown within parentheses:

  • Navdurga Rice Mill (India)
  • Nakornton Rice Co., Ltd. (Thailand)
  • PAK Rice Village (Pakistan)
  • Sunrise Foodstuff Joint Stock Company (Vietnam)
  • AEDI’ S.R.L. (Italy)
  • Trade BEVAR S.A. (Brazil)
  • Sichuan Deyi Green Foods Group Co., Ltd. (China)

Searchable List of Rice Exporting Countries

You can change the presentation order by clicking the triangle icon at the top of any of the columns below.

RankExporter2015 Rice Exports% World Total
1.IndiaUS$6.4 billion30.1%
2. Thailand$4.5 billion21.4%
3. United States$2.1 billion9.7%
4. Pakistan$1.9 billion9.1%
5. Vietnam$1.6 billion7.5%
6. Italy$591.8 million2.8%
7. Uruguay$377.4 million1.8%
8. Brazil$350.2 million1.7%
9. Cambodia$335.1 million1.6%
10. Australia$301.2 million1.4%
11. China$267.4 million1.3%
12. Belgium$242.3 million1.1%
13. Guyana$212.1 million1%
14. Netherlands$191.3 million0.9%
15. Spain$168.5 million0.8%
16. Argentina$156.2 million0.7%
17. United Arab Emirates$143 million0.7%
18. Paraguay$129.8 million0.6%
19. Myanmar (Burma)$111.2 million0.5%
20. Russia$103.5 million0.5%
21. Germany$96.8 million0.5%
22. United Kingdom$75.1 million0.4%
23. South Africa$70.3 million0.3%
24. France$68.6 million0.3%
25. Singapore$62.8 million0.3%
26. Greece$54.3 million0.3%
27. Egypt$49.6 million0.2%
28. Taiwan$38.6 million0.2%
29. Japan$35.7 million0.2%
30. Portugal$34.8 million0.2%
31. Malaysia$31.9 million0.2%
32. Laos$29.4 million0.1%
33. Poland$25.5 million0.1%
34. Turkey$25 million0.1%
35. Kazakhstan$24.2 million0.1%
36. Uganda$24.2 million0.1%
37. El Salvador$22.3 million0.1%
38. Bulgaria$22.2 million0.1%
39. Niger$19.5 million0.1%
40. Bangladesh$16.9 million0.1%
41. Oman$16.8 million0.1%
42. Czech Republic$16.5 million0.1%
43. Hong Kong$14.1 million0.1%
44. Denmark$11.3 million0.1%
45. Romania$10.4 million0.05%
46. Sri Lanka$10.1 million0.05%
47. Saudi Arabia$9.9 million0.05%
48. Tanzania$8.5 million0.04%
49. Dominican Republic$8.1 million0.04%
50. Austria$7.5 million0.04%
51. Canada$6.4 million0.03%
52. Suriname$4.9 million0.02%
53. Burkina Faso$4.6 million0.02%
54. Cameroon$4.5 million0.02%
55. South Korea$4.5 million0.02%
56. Nicaragua$4.3 million0.02%
57. Switzerland$3.9 million0.02%
58. Namibia$3.5 million0.02%
59. Hungary$3 million0.01%
60. Sweden$2.9 million0.01%
61. Chile$2.8 million0.01%
62. Lithuania$2.7 million0.01%
63. Turks/Caicos Islands$2.7 million0.01%
64. Macedonia$2.5 million0.01%
65. Mexico$2.3 million0.01%
66. Kuwait$2.2 million0.01%
67. Slovenia$2.1 million0.01%
68. Costa Rica$2.1 million0.01%
69. Honduras$1.8 million0.01%
70. Slovakia$1.7 million0.01%
71. Latvia$1.6 million0.01%
72. Morocco$1.2 million0.01%
73. Lebanon$1 million0.005%
74. Ecuador$1 million0.005%
75. Bahrain$989,0000.005%
76. Philippines$802,0000.004%
77. Indonesia$630,0000.003%
78. Côte d'Ivoire$607,0000.003%
79. Tajikistan$540,0000.003%
80. Jordan$533,0000.003%
81. Georgia$512,0000.002%
82. Botswana$480,0000.002%
83. Ireland$376,0000.002%
84. Qatar$353,0000.002%
85. Serbia$348,0000.002%
86. Zimbabwe$338,0000.002%
87. Iran$327,0000.002%
88. Guatemala$298,0000.001%
89. Macao$295,0000.001%
90. Venezuela$275,0000.001%
91. Central African Republic$256,0000.001%
92. New Zealand$254,0000.001%
93. Norway$229,0000.001%
94. Zambia$219,0000.001%
95. Estonia$206,0000.001%
96. Finland$204,0000.001%
97. Croatia$180,0000.001%
98. Benin$178,0000.001%
99. Cyprus$171,0000.001%
100. Luxembourg$154,0000.001%
101. Bolivia$143,0000.001%
102. Israel$139,0000.001%
103. Colombia$138,0000.001%
104. Haiti$132,0000.001%
105. Belarus$120,0000.001%
106. British Virgin Is$120,0000.001%
107. Madagascar$103,0000.0005%
108. Peru$97,0000.0005%
109. Togo$94,0000.0004%
110. Saint Kitts/Nevis$87,0000.0004%
111. Ghana$84,0000.0004%
112. Belize$78,0000.0004%
113. Comoros$69,0000.0003%
114. Tunisia$65,0000.0003%
115. Gabon$63,0000.0003%
116. Lesotho$60,0000.0003%
117. Malta$58,0000.0003%
118. Kenya$56,0000.0003%
119. Fiji$56,0000.0003%
120. Mauritius$54,0000.0003%
121. Ukraine$53,0000.0002%
122. Malawi$50,0000.0002%
123. New Caledonia$49,0000.0002%
124. Trinidad/Tobago$45,0000.0002%
125. North Korea$44,0000.0002%
126. Turkmenistan$42,0000.0002%
127. Azerbaijan$35,0000.0002%
128. Albania$32,0000.0002%
129. Algeria$29,0000.0001%
130. Bahamas$27,0000.0001%
131. St Vincent/Grenadines$27,0000.0001%
132. Nigeria$26,0000.0001%
133. Bhutan$22,0000.0001%
134. Mauritania$16,0000.0001%
135. Sudan (North + South)$16,0000.0001%
136. Mongolia$14,0000.0001%
137. Burundi$12,0000.0001%
138. Kyrgyzstan$11,0000.0001%
139. Cabo Verde$9,0000.00004%
140. Swaziland$8,0000.00004%
141. Bosnia/Herzegovina$6,0000.00003%
142. Senegal$6,0000.00003%
143. Iraq$5,0000.00002%
144. Mozambique$4,0000.00002%
145. Ethiopia$4,0000.00002%
146. Barbados$3,0000.00001%
147. Brunei Darussalam$3,0000.00001%
148. Syrian Arab Republic$3,0000.00001%
149. Dominica$2,0000.00001%
150. Congo$1,0000.000005%
151. Bermuda$1,0000.000005%
152. Armenia$1,0000.000005%
153. Moldova$1,0000.000005%
154. Montenegro$1,0000.000005%

See also Rice Imports by Country, Candy Sweets Exports by Country, Philippines Rice Imports by Country, Corn Exports by Country, Onions Exports by Country and Barley Exports by Country

Research Sources:
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Agriculture – Products, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on July 5, 2016

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on July 5, 2016

Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on July 5, 2016

Cereal Secrets, OXFAM Research Reports (August 2014), pp 9-10. Accessed on April 29, 2016

Alibaba’s supplier information for rice. Accessed on April 29, 2016