Russia’s Top 10 Imports

Russia's top 10 imports including types of computers, cars, smartphones and packaged mediciness Top 10 Imports

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Russia imported US$227 billion worth of goods from around the globe in 2017, down by -27.9% since 2013 but up by 24.5% from 2016 to 2017.

Russian imports represent 1.4% of total global imports which totaled $16.054 trillion one year earlier in 2016.

From a continental perspective, 47.8% of Russia’s total imports by value in 2017 were purchased from European countries. Asian trade partners generated 41% of import sales to Russia while 6.4% worth originated from North America. Another 3.2% came from Latin America (excluding Mexico) and the Caribbean, with 1.2% sent from Africa.

Given Russia ‘s population of 142.3 million people, its total $227 billion in 2017 imports translates to roughly $1,600 in yearly product demand from every person in the country.

Russia’s Top 10 Imports

Top 10

The following product groups represent the highest dollar value in Russia’s import purchases during 2017. Also shown is the percentage share each product category represents in terms of overall imports into Russia.

  1. Machinery including computers: US$45.3 billion (20% of total imports)
  2. Electrical machinery, equipment: $26.7 billion (11.8%)
  3. Vehicles: $21.4 billion (9.4%)
  4. Pharmaceuticals: $10.8 billion (4.8%)
  5. Plastics, plastic articles: $8.8 billion (3.9%)
  6. Optical, technical, medical apparatus: $6.2 billion (2.7%)
  7. Articles of iron or steel: $5.3 billion (2.3%)
  8. Iron, steel: $4.8 billion (2.1%)
  9. Fruits, nuts: $4.7 billion (2.1%)
  10. Rubber, rubber articles: $3.6 billion (1.6%)

Russia’s top 10 imports accounted for three-fifths (60.6%) of the overall value of its product purchases from other countries.

Iron and steel represents the fastest-growing Russian import category, up 59.1% from 2016 to 2017.

In second place was imported vehicles up 36.7%, followed by rubber and rubber articles’ 29.2% uptick and machinery including computers’ 28.1% gain.

Plastics posted the most modest increase among the top imported categories via a still respectable 16.2% improvement.

Please note that the results listed above are at the 2-digit Harmonized Tariff System code level. Information presented under other virtual folder tabs is at the more granular 4-digit level.

Machinery

In 2017, Russian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of machinery including computers:

  1. Temperature-change machines: US$6.9 billion (up 13.8% from 2016)
  2. Computers, optical readers: $5.1 billion (up 33.3%)
  3. Taps, valves, similar appliances: $1.8 billion (up 15.1%)
  4. Miscellaneous machinery: $1.7 billion (up 31.5%)
  5. Liquid pumps and elevators: $1.7 billion (up 32.7%)
  6. Centrifuges, filters and purifiers: $1.6 billion (up 17%)
  7. Heavy machinery (bulldozers, excavators, road rollers): $1.5 billion (up 107%)
  8. Air or vacuum pumps: $1.4 billion (up 14.2%)
  9. Piston engines: $1.2 billion (up 30.3%)
  10. Computer parts, accessories: $1.1 billion (up 89.2%)

Among these import subcategories, Russia’s purchases of heavy machinery like bulldozers and excavators (up 107%), computer parts or accessories (up 89.2%) and computers including optical readers (up 33.3%) grew at the fastest pace from 2016 to 2017.

These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of imported machinery among Russian businesses and consumers.

Electronics

In 2017, Russian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of electrical products including consumer electronics:

  1. Phone system devices including smartphones: US$8.4 billion (up 25% from 2016)
  2. Electric water heaters, hair dryers: $1.4 billion (up 27.2%)
  3. TV/radio/radar device parts: $1.3 billion (up 16.5%)
  4. Electrical/optical circuit boards, panels: $1.2 billion (up 24.6%)
  5. Electrical converters/power units: $1.2 billion (up 12.1%)
  6. Lower-voltage switches, fuses: $1.1 billion (up 35.1%)
  7. Integrated circuits/microassemblies: $1.1 billion (up 9.9%)
  8. TV receivers/monitors/projectors: $1 billion (up 35.8%)
  9. Insulated wire/cable: $977.8 million (up 25.5%)
  10. Electric motors, generators: $924 million (up 39.6%)

Among these import subcategories, Russia’s purchases of electric motors or generators (up 39.6%), TV receivers, monitors or projectors (up 35.8%) and lower-voltage switches or fuses (up 35.1%) grew at the fastest pace from 2016 to 2017.

These amounts and the percentage gain within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of imported electronics among Russian businesses and consumers.

Vehicles

In 2017, Russian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of vehicles:

  1. Automobile parts/accessories: US$7.9 billion (up 38.9% from 2016)
  2. Cars: $6.7 billion (up 11.1%)
  3. Trucks: $2 billion (up 93.9%)
  4. Tractors: $1.7 billion (up 147.3%)
  5. Automobile bodies: $1.5 billion (up 34%)
  6. Trailers: $826.5 million (up 89.4%)
  7. Special purpose vehicles: $197.5 million (up 20.9%)
  8. Public-transport vehicles: $169.3 million (up 40.3%)
  9. Motorcycles: $91.2 million (up 75.6%)
  10. Motorcycle parts/accessories: $84.6 million (up 15.2%)

Among these import subcategories, Russia’s purchases of tractors (up 147.3%), trucks (up 93.9%) and trailers (up 89.4%) grew at the fastest pace from 2016 to 2017.

These amounts and percentages within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of imported vehicles among Russian businesses and consumers.

Pharma

In 2017, Russian importers spent the most on the following 6 subcategories of pharmaceuticals:

  1. Medication mixes in dosage: US$8.4 billion (up 20.8% from 2016)
  2. Blood fractions (including antisera): $1.8 billion (up 25%)
  3. Sutures, special pharmaceutical goods: $404.6 million (up 13.9%)
  4. Medication mixes not in dosage: $185.7 million (up 58.8%)
  5. Packaged dressings: $56.9 million (up 9.5%)
  6. Dried organs, heparin: $11.6 million (up 0.9%)

Among these import subcategories, Russia’s purchases of medication mixes not in dosage (up 58.8%), blood fractions including antisera (up 25%) and medication mixes in dosage (up 20.8%) grew at the fastest pace from 2016 to 2017.

These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of imported pharmaceuticals among Russian businesses and consumers.



 
See also Russia’s Top 10 Major Export Companies, Russia’s Top 10 Exports, Russia Top Trading Partners, Top Russian Trade Balances, Highest Value Russian Export Products and Capital Facts for Moscow, Russia

Research Sources:
International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database (GDP based on Purchasing Power Parity). Accessed on March 4, 2018

The World Factbook, Field Listing: imports and World Population, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on March 4, 2018

Trade Map, International Trade Centre, www.intracen.org/marketanalysis. Accessed on March 4, 2018