Russia’s Top 10 Imports

Russia's top 10 imports including types of computers, cars, smartphones and packaged mediciness Top 10 Imports

by Flagpictures.org

The Russian Federation imported US$238.2 billion worth of goods from around the globe in 2018, down by -16.9% since 2014 but up by 4.4% from 2017 to 2018.

Russian imports represent 1.3% of overall global imports which totaled $17.788 trillion one year earlier.

From a continental perspective, 47.1% of Russia’s total imports by value in 2018 were purchased from fellow European countries. Asian trade partners generated 42.2% of import sales to Russia while 6% worth originated from North America. Smaller percentages came from Latin America (3.1%) excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean, Africa (1.2%) and Oceania (0.3%) led by Australia.

Given Russia ‘s population of 142.1 million people, its total $238.2 billion in 2018 imports translates to roughly $1,700 in yearly product demand from every person in the vast Eurasian country.

Russia’s Top 10 Imports

Top 10

The following product groups represent the highest dollar value in Russia’s import purchases during 2018. Also shown is the percentage share each product category represents in terms of overall imports into Russia.

  1. Machinery including computers: US$43.6 billion (18.3% of total imports)
  2. Electrical machinery, equipment: $29.9 billion (12.6%)
  3. Vehicles: $23.6 billion (9.9%)
  4. Pharmaceuticals: $10.6 billion (4.4%)
  5. Plastics, plastic articles: $9.8 billion (4.1%)
  6. Optical, technical, medical apparatus: $6.7 billion (2.8%)
  7. Articles of iron or steel: $5.8 billion (2.4%)
  8. Iron, steel: $5.3 billion (2.2%)
  9. Fruits, nuts: $5.1 billion (2.1%)
  10. Organic chemicals: $4.1 billion (1.7%)

Russia’s top 10 imports accounted for about three-fifths (60.7%) of the overall value of its product purchases from other countries.

Organic chemicals represents the fastest-growing Russian import category, up 16.7% from 2017 to 2018.

In second place was imported electrical machinery and equipment via its 11.9% improvement, trailed by the 11.4% gain for plastics and items made from plastic.

There were two decliners among Russia’s top 10 import categories: machinery including computers (down -3.7%) and pharmaceuticals (down -2.3%).

Please note that the results listed above are at the 2-digit Harmonized Tariff System code level. Information presented under other virtual folder tabs is at the more granular 4-digit level.

Machinery

In 2018, Russian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of machinery including computers.

  1. Computers, optical readers: US$5.9 billion (up 16.7% from 2017)
  2. Temperature-change machines: $2.6 billion (down -62.2%)
  3. Taps, valves, similar appliances: $2 billion (up 10%)
  4. Heavy machinery (bulldozers, excavators, road rollers): $1.8 billion (up 17.6%)
  5. Miscellaneous machinery: $1.7 billion (down -2.8%)
  6. Centrifuges, filters and purifiers: $1.7 billion (up 6.8%)
  7. Liquid pumps and elevators: $1.5 billion (down -9%)
  8. Air or vacuum pumps: $1.4 billion (down -1.8%)
  9. Piston engines: $1.3 billion (up 11.7%)
  10. Computer parts, accessories: $1.2 billion (up 4.6%)

Among these import subcategories, Russian purchases of heavy machinery like bulldozers, excavators and road rollers (up 17.6%), computers including optical reader: (up 16.7%) and piston engines (up 11.7%) grew at the fastest pace from 2017 to 2018.

These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of imported machinery among Russian businesses and consumers.

Electronics

In 2018, Russian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of electrical products including consumer electronics.

  1. Phone system devices including smartphones: US$9.4 billion (up 12.4% from 2017)
  2. Electric water heaters, hair dryers: $1.6 billion (up 16%)
  3. Electrical converters/power units: $1.3 billion (up 10%)
  4. TV/radio/radar device parts: $1.3 billion (down -0.2%)
  5. Integrated circuits/microassemblies: $1.3 billion (up 19.6%)
  6. Lower-voltage switches, fuses: $1.3 billion (up 16.7%)
  7. Electrical/optical circuit boards, panels: $1.3 billion (up 1.1%)
  8. TV receivers/monitors/projectors: $1.2 billion (up 17.1%)
  9. Insulated wire/cable: $1.1 billion (up 8.5%)
  10. Electric motors, generators: $959.1 million (up 3.8%)

Among these import subcategories, Russian purchases of integrated circuits or microassemblies (up 19.6%), TV receivers, monitors and projectors (up 17.1%) and lower-voltage switches or fuses (up 16.7%) grew at the fastest pace from 2017 to 2018.

These amounts and the percentage gain within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of imported electronics among Russian businesses and consumers.

Vehicles

In 2018, Russian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of vehicles.

  1. Automobile parts/accessories: US$9 billion (up 13.1% from 2017)
  2. Cars: $7.3 billion (up 8.4%)
  3. Automobile bodies: $2 billion (up 33.1%)
  4. Trucks: $2 billion (up 0%)
  5. Tractors: $1.6 billion (down -4.6%)
  6. Trailers: $848.7 million (up 2.7%)
  7. Special purpose vehicles: $303.9 million (up 53.9%)
  8. Public-transport vehicles: $200 million (up 18.1%)
  9. Motorcycles: $114.6 million (up 25.7%)
  10. Bicycles, other non-motorized cycles: $105.3 million (up 28.6%)

Among these import subcategories, Russian purchases of special purpose vehicles (up 53.9%), automobile bodies (up 33.1%) and bicycles or other non-motorized cycles (up 28.6%) grew at the fastest pace from 2017 to 2018.

These amounts and percentages within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of imported vehicles among Russian businesses and consumers.

Pharma

In 2018, Russian importers spent the most on the following 6 subcategories of pharmaceuticals.

  1. Medication mixes in dosage: US$7.8 billion (down -6.7% from 2017)
  2. Blood fractions (including antisera): $2 billion (up 10.7%)
  3. Sutures, special pharmaceutical goods: $434 million (up 7.3%)
  4. Medication mixes not in dosage: $261.2 million (up 40.7%)
  5. Packaged dressings: $62.5 million (up 9.8%)
  6. Dried organs, heparin: $20.6 million (up 77.7%)

Among these import subcategories, Russian purchases of dried organs and heparin (up 77.7%), medication mixes not in dosage (up 40.7%) and blood fractions including antisera (up 10.7%) grew at the fastest pace from 2017 to 2018.

These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of imported pharmaceuticals among Russian businesses and consumers.



 
See also Russia’s Top 10 Exports, Russia Top Trading Partners, Top Russian Trade Balances and Russia’s Top 10 Major Export Companies

Research Sources:
International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database (GDP based on Purchasing Power Parity). Accessed on February 25, 2019

The World Factbook, Field Listing: imports and World Population, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on February 25, 2019

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on February 25, 2019