Sawn Wood Exports by Country

Finished wood

Finished wood

Global sales from sawn wood exports by country amounted to US$34.6 billion in 2016.

Overall, the value of sawn wood exports were up by an average 9.4% for all exporting countries since 2012 when sawn wood shipments were valued at $31.7 billion. Year over year, the value of global sawn wood exports appreciated by 3.2% from 2015 to 2016.

Among continents, European countries accounted for the highest dollar value worth of sawn wood exports during 2016 with shipments amounting to $17.2 billion or nearly half (49.6%) of the global total.

In second place were North American exporters at 32.1% while 8.3% of worldwide sawn wood shipments originated from Asian suppliers. Latin America (excluding Mexico) and Caribbean nations came in at 5%, followed by Africa at 3%. Oceania (mainly Australia and New Zealand) trailed at 2%.

The 4-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix for sawn wood is 4407.

Sawn Wood Exports by Country


Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of sawn wood during 2016:

  1. Canada: US$7.8 billion (22.5% of global sawn wood exports)
  2. United States: $3.3 billion (9.5%)
  3. Russia: $3.2 billion (9.2%)
  4. Sweden: $2.9 billion (8.2%)
  5. Germany: $1.9 billion (5.4%)
  6. Finland: $1.8 billion (5.2%)
  7. Austria: $1.4 billion (3.9%)
  8. Thailand: $1.1 billion (3.3%)
  9. Chile: $821.8 million (2.4%)
  10. Malaysia: $817.1 million (2.4%)
  11. Latvia: $653.8 million (1.9%)
  12. New Zealand: $590.5 million (1.7%)
  13. Belgium: $565.9 million (1.6%)
  14. Brazil: $537.2 million (1.6%)
  15. Romania: $535.8 million (1.5%)

The listed 15 countries shipped 80.4% of global sawn wood exports in 2016 by value.

Among the above countries, the fastest-growing sawn wood exporters since 2012 were: Thailand (up 63.3%), Brazil (up 52.7%), Canada (up 31.5%) and United States (up 26.4%).

Five countries posted declines in their exported sales were led by: Romania (down -37.3%), Sweden (down -10.2%), New Zealand (down -7.5%), Austria (down -5.2%) and Russia (down -4.9%).


The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for sawn wood during 2016. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s sawn wood exports and its import purchases for that same commodity.

  1. Canada: US$7.3 billion (net export surplus up 34.6% since 2012)
  2. Russia: $3.2 billion (down -4.6%)
  3. Sweden: $2.7 billion (down -10.5%)
  4. Finland: $1.7 billion (up 15.9%)
  5. Thailand: $918.7 million (up 185%)
  6. Chile: $809.2 million (up 17.3%)
  7. Austria: $725.4 million (down -7.7%)
  8. Malaysia: $711.2 million (up 12.3%)
  9. Germany: $559.8 million (up 18.1%)
  10. Latvia: $534.4 million (up 5.5%)
  11. New Zealand: $521.6 million (down -13%)
  12. Brazil: $502.3 million (up 52.6%)
  13. Ukraine: $487.5 million (up 93.1%)
  14. Romania: $452.4 million (down -45.3%)
  15. Croatia: $291.4 million (up 35.4%)

Canada has the highest surplus in the international trade of sawn wood. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms Canada’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.


The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for sawn wood during 2016. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s sawn wood import purchases and its exports for that same commodity.

  1. China: -US$7.9 billion (net export deficit up 53.1% since 2012)
  2. United States: -$3.5 billion (up 123.4%)
  3. Japan: -$2.1 billion (down -16.1%)
  4. United Kingdom: -$1.8 billion (up 15.3%)
  5. Italy: -$962.9 million (down -18.1%)
  6. Egypt: -$894 million (down -26%)
  7. South Korea: -$592.6 million (up 27.3%)
  8. Netherlands: -$539.2 million (down -18.7%)
  9. Mexico: -$525.2 million (up 16.2%)
  10. France: -$474.3 million (down -37.7%)
  11. Saudi Arabia: -$420.8 million (down -35.2%)
  12. Algeria: -$402.6 million (down -31.7%)
  13. Denmark: -$294.8 million (down -4.2%)
  14. Morocco: -$263.4 million (down -22.1%)
  15. Taiwan: -$261.9 million (down -0.2%)

China incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of sawn wood. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights China’s strong competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for sawn wood-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand.


Historic Sawmills

Below are selected historic sawmills that represent traditional suppliers for processed timber. Shown within parenthesis is the country where each sawmill is located.

  • Arcola Mills (United States)
  • Chatham Saw Mill (India)
  • Cook’s Mill (United States)
  • Cooper’s Sawmill (United States)
  • De Rat (Netherlands)
  • Hierapolis Sawmill (Turkey)
  • Kin Kin Sawmill (Australia)
  • Lahey’s Canungra Sawmill Complex (Australia)
  • Ledyard Up-Down Sawmill (United States)
  • Priest Mill (United States)
  • Sutter’s Mill (United States)


Searchable List of Sawn Wood Exporting Countries

You can change the presentation order by clicking the triangle icon at the top of any of the columns below.

RankExporter2016 Sawn Wood Exports% World Total
1.CanadaUS$7.8 billion22.5%
2.United States$3.3 billion9.5%
3.Russia$3.2 billion9.2%
4.Sweden$2.9 billion8.2%
5.Germany$1.9 billion5.4%
6.Finland$1.8 billion5.2%
7.Austria$1.4 billion3.9%
8.Thailand$1.1 billion3.3%
9.Chile$821.8 million2.4%
10.Malaysia$817.1 million2.4%
11.Latvia$653.8 million1.9%
12.New Zealand$590.5 million1.7%
13.Belgium$565.9 million1.6%
14.Brazil$537.2 million1.6%
15.Romania$535.8 million1.5%
16.Ukraine$493.8 million1.4%
17.Croatia$380.6 million1.1%
18.France$359 million1%
19.Czech Republic$343.6 million1%
20.Slovenia$332.4 million1%
21.Cameroon$286.3 million0.8%
22.Gabon$273.9 million0.8%
23.Estonia$264.1 million0.8%
24.Italy$218.3 million0.6%
25.Slovakia$215.8 million0.6%
26.Poland$213.4 million0.6%
27.Lithuania$208.6 million0.6%
28.Vietnam$198.1 million0.6%
29.China$194 million0.6%
30.Bosnia/Herzegovina$188 million0.5%
31.Belarus$175.5 million0.5%
32.Myanmar (Burma)$157 million0.5%
33.Netherlands$156.6 million0.5%
34.Ireland$134.9 million0.4%
35.Norway$129.4 million0.4%
36.Ecuador$122.3 million0.4%
37.Congo$113.7 million0.3%
38.Hungary$87.9 million0.3%
39.Australia$77.8 million0.2%
40.Spain$72.7 million0.2%
41.Laos$72.2 million0.2%
42.Côte d'Ivoire$69.7 million0.2%
43.United Kingdom$68 million0.2%
44.Portugal$66.8 million0.2%
45.Uruguay$66.4 million0.2%
46.Serbia$64.4 million0.2%
47.Denmark$57.2 million0.2%
48.Ghana$51.7 million0.1%
49.Bulgaria$51.5 million0.1%
50.Indonesia$51.4 million0.1%
51.South Africa$43.5 million0.1%
52.Switzerland$42.5 million0.1%
53.Swaziland$41.3 million0.1%
54.Democratic Rep. Congo$38.2 million0.1%
55.Japan$34.6 million0.1%
56.United Arab Emirates$32 million0.1%
57.Honduras$30.9 million0.1%
58.Peru$27.9 million0.1%
59.Argentina$24.8 million0.1%
60.Philippines$24.3 million0.1%
61.Tanzania$23.6 million0.1%
62.Suriname$23.4 million0.1%
63.South Korea$23.1 million0.1%
64.Taiwan$21.4 million0.1%
65.Hong Kong$20.6 million0.1%
66.Montenegro$19.9 million0.1%
67.Costa Rica$19.9 million0.1%
68.India$17.9 million0.1%
69.Mozambique$17.2 million0.05%
70.Guatemala$15.5 million0.04%
71.Cambodia$15.2 million0.04%
72.Georgia$13.6 million0.04%
73.Papua New Guinea$12.1 million0.03%
74.Luxembourg$11.6 million0.03%
75.Singapore$11.3 million0.03%
76.Bolivia$11.3 million0.03%
77.Turkey$10.5 million0.03%
78.Nigeria$9.8 million0.03%
79.Mexico$9.5 million0.03%
80.Guyana$9.2 million0.03%
81.Fiji$9 million0.03%
82.Central African Rep.$8.8 million0.03%
83.Zimbabwe$8 million0.02%
84.Zambia$6.4 million0.02%
85.Angola$6 million0.02%
86.Solomon Islands$5.9 million0.02%
87.Paraguay$5.7 million0.02%
88.Guinea$5.5 million0.02%
89.Madagascar$5.2 million0.01%
90.Sierra Leone$4.7 million0.01%
91.Senegal$3.6 million0.01%
92.Greece$3.5 million0.01%
93.Belize$3.3 million0.01%
94.Kazakhstan$3.2 million0.01%
95.Saudi Arabia$3.1 million0.01%
96.Equatorial Guinea$2.7 million0.01%
97.Nicaragua$2.6 million0.01%
98.Uganda$2.3 million0.01%
99.Macedonia$2.2 million0.01%
100.North Korea$2.1 million0.01%
101.Panama$1.9 million0.01%
102.Sudan$1.7 million0.01%
103.Colombia$1.7 million0.005%
104.Sri Lanka$1.4 million0.004%
105.Albania$1.1 million0.003%
106.Moldova$1.1 million0.003%
107.Jordan$1 million0.003%
110.Marshall Islands$873,0000.003%
124.British Virgin Is.$135,0000.0004%
132.St Maarten (Dutch part)$86,0000.0002%
135.El Salvador$60,0000.0002%
137.South Sudan$49,0000.0001%
152.Brunei Darussalam$8,0000.00002%
159.Burkina Faso$3,0000.00001%
162.US Minor Outlying Is.$1,0000.000003%
164.Saint Lucia$1,0000.000003%
165.American Samoa$1,0000.000003%

See also Top Cork Exporting Countries, Plastic Item Exports by Country and Top Stainless Steel Exporters by Country

Research Sources:
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on June 6, 2017

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on June 6, 2017

Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on June 6, 2017

Wikipedia, Category: Sawmills. Accessed on June 6, 2017