Sawn Wood Exports by Country

Finished wood

Finished wood

Global sales for sawn wood exports by country totaled US$41.1 billion in 2018.

Overall, the value of sawn wood exports increased by an average 8.5% for all exporting countries since 2014 when sawn wood shipments were valued at $37.9 billion. Year over year, the value of globally exported sawn wood rose by 6.3% from 2017 to 2018.

Among continents, European countries sold the highest dollar value worth of exported sawn wood during 2018 with shipments amounting to $22 billion or over half (53.4%) of the global total. In second place were North American exporters at 28.9% while 7.5% of worldwide sawn wood shipments originated from Asian suppliers.

Smaller percentages came from Latin America (5%) excluding Mexico but including Caribbean nations, trailed by Africa (3.4%) then Oceania (1.8%) led by New Zealand.

The 4-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix for sawn wood is 4407.

Sawn Wood Exports by Country


Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of sawn wood during 2018.

  1. Canada: US$8.2 billion (20% of total exported sawn wood)
  2. Russia: $4.5 billion (10.9%)
  3. United States: $3.7 billion (8.9%)
  4. Sweden: $3.3 billion (7.9%)
  5. Germany: $2.5 billion (6%)
  6. Finland: $2.2 billion (5.3%)
  7. Austria: $1.7 billion (4.2%)
  8. Thailand: $1.2 billion (3%)
  9. Chile: $945.2 million (2.3%)
  10. Malaysia: $905.7 million (2.2%)
  11. Latvia: $819.2 million (2%)
  12. Brazil: $771.6 million (1.9%)
  13. New Zealand: $654.3 million (1.6%)
  14. Belgium: $645.1 million (1.6%)
  15. Ukraine: $586.5 million (1.4%)

The listed 15 countries shipped 79.2% of global sawn wood exports in 2018 by value.

Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing sawn wood exporters since 2014 were: Brazil (up 81.4%), Ukraine (up 64.9%), Thailand (up 29.6%) and Russia (up 20.4%).

Two countries posted declines in their exported sawn wood sales, namely Sweden (down -7.1%) and Chile (down -4.5%).


The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for sawn wood during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s sawn wood exports and its import purchases for that same commodity.

  1. Canada: US$7.8 billion (net export surplus up 6.7% since 2014)
  2. Russia: $4.5 billion (up 20.8%)
  3. Sweden: $3.1 billion (down -7.6%)
  4. Finland: $2 billion (up 3.8%)
  5. Thailand: $973.8 million (up 47.6%)
  6. Austria: $970.5 million (up 14.5%)
  7. Germany: $949 million (up 36.6%)
  8. Chile: $929.4 million (down -5.2%)
  9. Malaysia: $751.8 million (up 12.6%)
  10. Brazil: $749 million (up 87.7%)
  11. Latvia: $601.7 million (down -5.5%)
  12. Ukraine: $579.7 million (up 63.8%)
  13. New Zealand: $572.8 million (up 2.2%)
  14. Belarus: $438.8 million (up 161.2%)
  15. Cameroon: $430.4 million (up 43.2%)

Canada has the highest surplus in the international trade of sawn wood. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms Canada’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.


The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for sawn wood during 2018. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s sawn wood import purchases and its exports for that same commodity.

  1. China: -US$10 billion (net export deficit up 27.7% since 2014)
  2. United States: -$3.9 billion (up 59.9%)
  3. Japan: -$2.3 billion (down -8.9%)
  4. United Kingdom: -$2.2 billion (down -3.7%)
  5. Italy: -$1.2 billion (up 2.7%)
  6. Egypt: -$1 billion (down -25.3%)
  7. Netherlands: -$962.1 million (up 52.1%)
  8. South Korea: -$703.9 million (up 12.2%)
  9. Mexico: -$599 million (up 18.5%)
  10. France: -$583.8 million (down -11.5%)
  11. Algeria: -$473.6 million (down -35.7%)
  12. Vietnam: -$453.8 million (down -53.6%)
  13. India: -$416.2 million (up 137.4%)
  14. Saudi Arabia: -$378.2 million (down -41%)
  15. Taiwan: -$356 million (up 0.1%)

The People’s Republic of China incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of sawn wood. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights China’s comparative competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for sawn wood-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand.


Historic Sawmills

Below are selected historic sawmills that represent traditional suppliers for processed timber. Shown within parenthesis is the country where each sawmill is located.

  • Arcola Mills (United States)
  • Chatham Saw Mill (India)
  • Cook’s Mill (United States)
  • Cooper’s Sawmill (United States)
  • De Rat (Netherlands)
  • Hierapolis Sawmill (Turkey)
  • Kin Kin Sawmill (Australia)
  • Lahey’s Canungra Sawmill Complex (Australia)
  • Ledyard Up-Down Sawmill (United States)
  • Priest Mill (United States)
  • Sutter’s Mill (United States)


Searchable List of Sawn Wood Exporting Countries in 2018

You can change the presentation order by clicking the triangle icon at the top of any of the columns below.

RankExporterSawn Wood Exports (US$)%World Total
1.Canada$8.2 billion20%
2.Russia$4.5 billion10.9%
3.United States$3.7 billion8.9%
4.Sweden$3.3 billion7.9%
5.Germany$2.5 billion6%
6.Finland$2.2 billion5.3%
7.Austria$1.7 billion4.2%
8.Thailand$1.2 billion3%
9.Chile$945.2 million2.3%
10.Malaysia$905.7 million2.2%
11.Latvia$819.2 million2%
12.Brazil$771.6 million1.9%
13.New Zealand$654.3 million1.6%
14.Belgium$645.1 million1.6%
15.Ukraine$586.5 million1.4%
16.Romania$551.6 million1.3%
17.Croatia$462 million1.1%
18.Belarus$449 million1.1%
19.Slovenia$447.1 million1.1%
20.Cameroon$430.5 million1%
21.France$416 million1%
22.Czech Republic$412.8 million1%
23.Gabon$404.2 million1%
24.Estonia$376.1 million0.9%
25.Poland$365.8 million0.9%
26.Lithuania$271.1 million0.7%
27.Slovakia$266.7 million0.6%
28.Italy$266 million0.6%
29.Netherlands$263.1 million0.6%
30.Bosnia/Herzegovina$213.9 million0.5%
31.China$178.5 million0.4%
32.Ireland$177.4 million0.4%
33.Norway$171.1 million0.4%
34.Myanmar (Burma)$158.2 million0.4%
35.Philippines$136.9 million0.3%
36.Ghana$119 million0.3%
37.Congo$118.2 million0.3%
38.Uruguay$115.2 million0.3%
39.Viet Nam$109.8 million0.3%
40.Spain$96.8 million0.2%
41.Hungary$90.2 million0.2%
42.Serbia$88.7 million0.2%
43.Laos$85.4 million0.2%
44.United Kingdom$84.8 million0.2%
45.Portugal$79.9 million0.2%
46.Australia$67.9 million0.2%
47.Ecuador$67.8 million0.2%
48.Denmark$65.6 million0.2%
49.Indonesia$65.5 million0.2%
50.Eswatini$55.4 million0.1%
51.Ivory Coast$55.1 million0.1%
52.Japan$54.8 million0.1%
53.South Africa$54.2 million0.1%
54.Switzerland$52.2 million0.1%
55.Argentina$45.6 million0.1%
56.Bulgaria$43.2 million0.1%
57.Kazakhstan$35.1 million0.1%
58.Tanzania$28.6 million0.1%
59.Democr. Rep. Congo$23 million0.1%
60.Peru$22.5 million0.1%
61.Taiwan$21.8 million0.1%
62.South Korea$20.6 million0.1%
63.Mozambique$18.9 million0.05%
64.Singapore$18.2 million0.04%
65.Benin$17.9 million0.04%
66.Papua New Guinea$17.8 million0.04%
67.Costa Rica$16.8 million0.04%
68.Turkey$15.9 million0.04%
69.Georgia$15.2 million0.04%
70.Honduras$14 million0.03%
71.Bolivia$13.4 million0.03%
72.Luxembourg$13 million0.03%
73.Montenegro$12.2 million0.03%
74.Central African Rep$12 million0.03%
75.Guyana$11.3 million0.03%
76.Guatemala$10.9 million0.03%
77.Venezuela$10.8 million0.03%
78.Cambodia$10 million0.02%
79.Solomon Islands$9.8 million0.02%
80.Suriname$9.5 million0.02%
81.Paraguay$8.4 million0.02%
82.Hong Kong$8 million0.02%
83.Sudan$7.6 million0.02%
84.Fiji$6.7 million0.02%
85.Mexico$6.2 million0.02%
86.Madagascar$5.5 million0.01%
87.India$5.4 million0.01%
88.Sri Lanka$4.9 million0.01%
89.Greece$4.9 million0.01%
90.Sierra Leone$4.3 million0.01%
91.Zambia$4.3 million0.01%
92.Zimbabwe$4.1 million0.01%
93.Equatorial Guinea$3.8 million0.01%
94.Albania$3.4 million0.01%
95.Angola$3.3 million0.01%
96.Belize$2.2 million0.01%
97.Kenya$2.1 million0.01%
98.United Arab Emirates$2 million0.005%
99.North Macedonia$1.9 million0.005%
100.Nigeria$1.8 million0.004%
101.Colombia$1.6 million0.004%
102.Lebanon$1.5 million0.004%
103.Namibia$1.5 million0.004%
104.Panama$1.3 million0.003%
105.Nicaragua$1.2 million0.003%
114.North Korea$309,0000.001%
120.US Minor Outlying Is$134,0000.0003%
126.St. Pierre/Miquelon$66,0000.0002%
127.Saudi Arabia$63,0000.0002%
131.Dominican Republic$33,0000.0001%
132.Cocos (Keeling) Is$26,0000.0001%
135.South Sudan$18,0000.00004%
138.El Salvador$12,0000.00003%
139.Marshall Islands$12,0000.00003%
149.New Caledonia$2,0000.000005%

See also Top Cork Exporting Countries, Plastic Item Exports by Country and Top Stainless Steel Exporters by Country

Research Sources:
Forbes Global 2000 rankings, The World’s Biggest Public Companies. Accessed on May 23, 2019

Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on May 23, 2019

The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on May 23, 2019

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on May 23, 2019

Wikipedia, Category: Sawmills. Accessed on June 2, 2018