Sawn Wood Exports by Country

Finished wood

Finished wood

Global sales from sawn wood exports by country totaled US$38.7 billion in 2017.

Overall, the value of sawn wood exports increased by an average 9.3% for all exporting countries since 2013 when sawn wood shipments were valued at $35.4 billion. Year over year, the value of global sawn wood exports rose by 10.9% from 2016 to 2017.

Among continents, European countries accounted for the highest dollar value worth of exported sawn wood during 2017 with shipments amounting to $19.4 billion or half (50.2%) of the global total.

In second place were North American exporters at 31.4% while 8.9% of worldwide sawn wood shipments originated from Asian suppliers. Smaller percentages came from Latin America excluding Mexico but including Caribbean nations at 4.7%, trailed by Africa at 3% then Oceania (mainly Australia and New Zealand) at 1.9%.

The 4-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix for sawn wood is 4407.

Sawn Wood Exports by Country

Countries

Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of sawn wood during 2017:

  1. Canada: US$8.3 billion (22% of exported sawn wood)
  2. Russia: $4 billion (10.3%)
  3. United States: $3.8 billion (9.8%)
  4. Sweden: $3.1 billion (7.9%)
  5. Germany: $2.14 billion (5.5%)
  6. Finland: $2.05 billion (5.3%)
  7. Thailand: $1.5 billion (3.9%)
  8. Austria: $1.47 billion (3.8%)
  9. Malaysia: $900.2 million (2.3%)
  10. Chile: $803.2 million (2.1%)
  11. Latvia: $684.2 million (1.8%)
  12. Brazil: $665.3 million (1.7%)
  13. New Zealand: $613.9 million (1.6%)
  14. Belgium: $568.4 million (1.5%)
  15. Romania: $527 million (1.4%)

The listed 15 countries shipped 80.4% of global sawn wood exports in 2017 by value.

Among the above countries, the fastest-growing sawn wood exporters since 2013 were: Brazil (up 88.2%), Thailand (up 66.8%), United States (up 23%) and Malaysia (up 12.9%).

Those countries that posted declines in their exported sawn wood sales were led by: Romania (down -44%), New Zealand (down -8%), Sweden (down -6.5%), Austria (down -2.5%) and Belgium (down -1.5%).

Advantages

The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for sawn wood during 2017. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s sawn wood exports and its import purchases for that same commodity.

  1. Canada: US$7.9 billion (net export surplus up 13.6% since 2013)
  2. Russia: $4 billion (up 9.7%)
  3. Sweden: $2.9 billion (down -7%)
  4. Finland: $1.9 billion (up 7.4%)
  5. Thailand: $1.3 billion (up 115.1%)
  6. Austria: $811.8 million (down -3.7%)
  7. Chile: $791 million (down -1.4%)
  8. Germany: $776.6 million (up 39.9%)
  9. Malaysia: $770.5 million (up 18.8%)
  10. Brazil: $637.6 million (up 90.6%)
  11. New Zealand: $538.9 million (down -12.5%)
  12. Latvia: $522 million (down -9.8%)
  13. Ukraine: $454.5 million (up 68.2%)
  14. Romania: $425.8 million (down -53.1%)
  15. Cameroon: $385.7 million (up 40.5%)

Canada has the highest surplus in the international trade of sawn wood. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms Canada’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.

Opportunities

The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for sawn wood during 2017. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s sawn wood import purchases and its exports for that same commodity.

  1. China: -US$9.9 billion (net export deficit up 51.6% since 2013)
  2. United States: -$4 billion (up 67.4%)
  3. Japan: -$2.2 billion (down -28.7%)
  4. United Kingdom: -$2 billion (up 11.8%)
  5. Italy: -$1 billion (down -12.1%)
  6. Egypt: -$886 million (down -12.7%)
  7. Netherlands: -$816.7 million (up 29.6%)
  8. South Korea: -$687.2 million (up 29.3%)
  9. Mexico: -$565.4 million (up 16.8%)
  10. France: -$503.6 million (down -28.7%)
  11. Saudi Arabia: -$365.2 million (down -43.8%)
  12. Denmark: -$312.9 million (down -7%)
  13. India: -$298.1 million (up 93.4%)
  14. Taiwan: -$297.5 million (down -4.3%)
  15. Algeria: -$276.3 million (down -57.1%)

China incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of sawn wood. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights China’s strong competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for sawn wood-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand.

Sawmills

Historic Sawmills

Below are selected historic sawmills that represent traditional suppliers for processed timber. Shown within parenthesis is the country where each sawmill is located.

  • Arcola Mills (United States)
  • Chatham Saw Mill (India)
  • Cook’s Mill (United States)
  • Cooper’s Sawmill (United States)
  • De Rat (Netherlands)
  • Hierapolis Sawmill (Turkey)
  • Kin Kin Sawmill (Australia)
  • Lahey’s Canungra Sawmill Complex (Australia)
  • Ledyard Up-Down Sawmill (United States)
  • Priest Mill (United States)
  • Sutter’s Mill (United States)


 

Searchable List of Sawn Wood Exporting Countries

You can change the presentation order by clicking the triangle icon at the top of any of the columns below.

RankExporter2017 Sawn Wood Exports% World Total
1.CanadaUS$8.3 billion22%
2.Russia$4 billion10.3%
3.United States$3.8 billion9.8%
4.Sweden$3.1 billion7.9%
5.Germany$2.14 billion5.5%
6.Finland$2.05 billion5.3%
7.Thailand$1.5 billion3.9%
8.Austria$1.47 billion3.8%
9.Malaysia$900.2 million2.3%
10.Chile$803.2 million2.1%
11.Latvia$684.2 million1.8%
12.Brazil$665.3 million1.7%
13.New Zealand$613.9 million1.6%
14.Belgium$568.4 million1.5%
15.Romania$526.9 million1.4%
16.Ukraine$460.2 million1.2%
17.Croatia$420.6 million1.1%
18.Czech Republic$390.7 million1%
19.France$389.5 million1%
20.Cameroon$385.9 million1%
21.Estonia$334.8 million0.9%
22.Slovenia$329 million0.9%
23.Gabon$322.7 million0.8%
24.Belarus$304.5 million0.8%
25.Netherlands$274.3 million0.7%
26.Poland$269.5 million0.7%
27.Italy$246 million0.6%
28.Vietnam$225.8 million0.6%
29.Lithuania$215.3 million0.6%
30.Slovakia$211.5 million0.5%
31.China$204.7 million0.5%
32.Bosnia/Herzegovina$201.6 million0.5%
33.Norway$143 million0.4%
34.Ireland$140.2 million0.4%
35.Myanmar (Burma)$135.5 million0.4%
36.Congo$111.7 million0.3%
37.Hungary$97.5 million0.3%
38.Philippines$94.5 million0.2%
39.Uruguay$93.2 million0.2%
40.Ecuador$91.2 million0.2%
41.Spain$86.1 million0.2%
42.Australia$84.1 million0.2%
43.Serbia$72.7 million0.2%
44.Laos$72 million0.2%
45.United Kingdom$69.8 million0.2%
46.Portugal$66.4 million0.2%
47.Denmark$65.4 million0.2%
48.South Africa$52.4 million0.1%
49.Côte d'Ivoire$52.1 million0.1%
50.Indonesia$51.7 million0.1%
51.Bulgaria$51.7 million0.1%
52.Swaziland$48.8 million0.1%
53.Switzerland$48.6 million0.1%
54.Japan$48 million0.1%
55.Mozambique$41.9 million0.1%
56.Ghana$40.3 million0.1%
57.Argentina$32.3 million0.1%
58.Taiwan$27.4 million0.1%
59.Tanzania$25.8 million0.1%
60.Peru$24.3 million0.1%
61.Democ. Rep. Congo$23.8 million0.1%
62.United Arab Emirates$23.5 million0.1%
63.Korea, Republic of$22.1 million0.1%
64.Hong Kong$21.5 million0.1%
65.Costa Rica$21.4 million0.1%
66.Kazakhstan$19.8 million0.1%
67.Bolivia$19.6 million0.1%
68.Honduras$18.2 million0.05%
69.Georgia$16.8 million0.04%
70.Cambodia$15.5 million0.04%
71.Guatemala$13.5 million0.03%
72.Luxembourg$12.9 million0.03%
73.Montenegro$11.7 million0.03%
74.Guyana$11.7 million0.03%
75.Turkey$11.3 million0.03%
76.Papua New Guinea$11 million0.03%
77.Solomon Islands$10.1 million0.03%
78.Paraguay$9.6 million0.02%
79.Sierra Leone$9.6 million0.02%
80.Mexico$9.4 million0.02%
81.Singapore$9 million0.02%
82.Saudi Arabia$9 million0.02%
83.Angola$8.2 million0.02%
84.India$6 million0.02%
85.Venezuela$5.8 million0.02%
86.Suriname$5.5 million0.01%
87.Madagascar$5.2 million0.01%
88.Greece$4.6 million0.01%
89.Central African Rep$4.4 million0.01%
90.Sudan$3.8 million0.01%
91.Belize$3.5 million0.01%
92.Fiji$3.4 million0.01%
93.North Korea$3.1 million0.01%
94.Sri Lanka$2.4 million0.01%
95.Macedonia$2.2 million0.01%
96.Gambia$1.9 million0.01%
97.Mali$1.7 million0.004%
98.Ethiopia$1.5 million0.004%
99.Guinea$1.5 million0.004%
100.Equatorial Guinea$1.5 million0.004%
101.Nicaragua$1.4 million0.004%
102.Oman$1.4 million0.004%
103.Lebanon$1.4 million0.004%
104.Colombia$1.4 million0.004%
105.South Sudan$1.2 million0.003%
106.Armenia$1.2 million0.003%
107.Zimbabwe$1.2 million0.003%
108.Zambia$988,0000.003%
109.Panama$680,0000.002%
110.Nigeria$531,0000.001%
111.Israel$522,0000.001%
112.Trinidad/Tobago$499,0000.001%
113.Kuwait$354,0000.001%
114.Jordan$350,0000.001%
115.Benin$346,0000.001%
116.Tonga$342,0000.001%
117.Liberia$317,0000.001%
118.Uzbekistan$216,0000.001%
119.Azerbaijan$168,0000.0004%
120.Namibia$165,0000.0004%
121.Iran$162,0000.0004%
122.Mauritius$151,0000.0004%
123.Kenya$145,0000.0004%
124.Uganda$143,0000.0004%
125.Tunisia$126,0000.0003%
126.Barbados$119,0000.0003%
127.Bahrain$113,0000.0003%
128.Timor-Leste$112,0000.0003%
129.Albania$110,0000.0003%
130.US Minor Outlying Is$81,0000.0002%
131.Libya$76,0000.0002%
132.Moldova$72,0000.0002%
133.Jamaica$56,0000.0001%
134.Dominican Republic$54,0000.0001%
135.Afghanistan$52,0000.0001%
136.Antigua/Barbuda$47,0000.0001%
137.Mongolia$47,0000.0001%
138.Egypt$46,0000.0001%
139.Morocco$41,0000.0001%
140.British Virgin Is$41,0000.0001%
141.Togo$40,0000.0001%
142.Botswana$37,0000.0001%
143.Malawi$31,0000.0001%
144.Niger$27,0000.0001%
145.Samoa$25,0000.0001%
146.Maldives$22,0000.0001%
147.Marshall Islands$21,0000.0001%
148.Bangladesh$19,0000.00005%
149.El Salvador$18,0000.00005%
150.Qatar$15,0000.00004%
151.Senegal$14,0000.00004%
152.Vanuatu$11,0000.00003%
153.Seychelles$9,0000.00002%
154.Comoros$8,0000.00002%
155.Haiti$7,0000.00002%
156.Lesotho$5,0000.00001%
157.Andorra$5,0000.00001%
158.Iraq$4,0000.00001%
159.Rwanda$2,0000.00001%
160.Curaçao$1,0000.000003%
161.Bahamas$1,0000.000003%
162.Cayman Islands$1,0000.000003%

 
See also Top Cork Exporting Countries, Plastic Item Exports by Country and Top Stainless Steel Exporters by Country

Research Sources:
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on June 2, 2018

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on June 2, 2018

Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on June 2, 2018

Wikipedia, Category: Sawmills. Accessed on June 2, 2018