Top Middle Eastern Export Countries

Nataz City, Iran

Nataz City, Iran

Exports from countries in the Middle East totaled US$808.5 billion for 2016, down -42.7% since 2012 when shipments for the Middle East aggregation totaled $1.41 trillion.

Year over year, the value of Mideast exports retreated -23.2% from 2015 to 2016. Middle Eastern exports represent an estimated 5.1% of global exports from all countries during 2016.

Based on statistics from the International Monetary Fund’s World Economic Outlook Database, the total Gross Domestic Product for Middle Eastern countries amounted to an estimated $9.118 trillion in 2016.

Exports accounted for roughly 8.9% of the Middle East’s total economic output for 2016.

Given the Middle East’s population of about 407 million people, the total $808.5 billion in 2016 Middle Eastern exports translates to around $1,986 per person in the Mideast.

Please note that Turkey and Egypt have been included with other Middle East countries for the purpose of this analysis. Elsewhere on this website, Turkey is grouped with Asian nations while Egypt is listed under Africa in accordance with our World Trade Organization statistical sources.

Top Middle Eastern Export Countries

Below are Middle Eastern export countries presented in the order of highest dollar value for 2016 global shipments. Also shown is each country’s overall share of Middle Eastern exports.

RankExporter2016 Exports% Mideast TotalSince 2012
1.Saudi Arabia$207.6 billion25.7%-46.4%
2.Turkey$142.6 billion17.6%-6.5%
3.United Arab Emirates$139.6 billion17%-60.1%
4.Israel$59.9 billion7.4%-5.2%
5.Qatar$53.7 billion6.6%-59.6%
6.Iraq$47.7 billion5.9%-31.5%
7.Kuwait$46.2 billion6%-59.6%
8.Iran$46.1 billion5.7%-48.2%
9.Oman$24.5 billion3%-53.1%
10.Egypt$22.5 billion2.8%-23.5%
11.Jordan$7.5 billion0.9%-4.7%
12.Bahrain$6.2 billion0.8%-62.7%
13.Lebanon$3 billion0.4%-33.1%
14.Syria$704.4 million0.1%-68.8%
15.Yemen$652.3 million0.1%-90.8%
16.Palestine$100.2 million0.01%-87.2%

Not one Mideast nation saw the value of its exports increase over the 2012 to 2016 timespan.

Yemen led the decliners with a -90.8% deterioration followed by Palestine (down -87.2%), Syria (down -87.2%), Bahrain (down -62.7%) and the United Arab Emirates (-60.1%).

See also Saudi Arabia’s Top 10 Exports and Turkey’s Top 10 Exports

Research Sources:
International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database (GDP based on Purchasing Power Parity). Accessed on June 19, 2017

The World Factbook, Field Listing: Exports

The World Factbook, Middle East: Syria, Economy: GDP (purchasing power parity)

Wikipedia, List of Middle East countries by population. Accessed on June 19, 2017

Trade Map, International Trade Centre, Accessed on June 19, 2017