Wheat Exports by Country

Prairie wheat field

Prairie wheat field

Wheat exports by country totaled US$39 billion in 2017, down by an overall -20.6% for all wheat shippers over the five-year period starting in 2013 when global wheat exports were valued at $49.1 billion. Year over year, the value of global wheat exports appreciated by 6.8% from 2016 to 2017.

Among continents, European countries accounted for almost half of worldwide wheat exports during 2017 with shipments amounting to $19.6 billion or 50.2% of the global total. Home to two leading wheat-shipping nations (United States and Canada), North America furnished 29%.

From the Oceania continent, Australia was responsible for 11.9% of international wheat exports. Latin America (excluding Mexico) but including the Caribbean provided 6.6%. Asian countries supplied another 2.1% worth. African exporters trailed badly at just 0.1% of international wheat sales.

The 4-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix for wheat and meslin is 1001.

Wheat Exports by Country


Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of wheat during 2017:

  1. United States: US$6.1 billion (15.7% of total wheat exports)
  2. Russia: $5.8 billion (14.8%)
  3. Canada: $5.1 billion (13%)
  4. Australia: $4.7 billion (11.9%)
  5. France: $3 billion (7.7%)
  6. Ukraine: $2.8 billion (7.1%)
  7. Argentina: $2.4 billion (6.1%)
  8. Germany: $1.6 billion (4.1%)
  9. Romania: $1.1 billion (2.9%)
  10. Bulgaria: $772.7 million (2%)
  11. Kazakhstan: $660.8 million (1.7%)
  12. Lithuania: $604.4 million (1.5%)
  13. Hungary: $591.9 million (1.5%)
  14. Poland: $538.9 million (1.4%)
  15. Czech Republic: $479.9 million (1.2%)

The listed 15 countries shipped 92.7% of all wheat exports in 2017 (by value).

Among the above countries, the fastest-growing wheat exporters since 2013 were: Argentina (up 221.7%), Russia (up 66.3%), Ukraine (up 45.9%) and Poland (up 12.9%).

Those countries that posted declines in their exported wheat sales were led by: France (down -51.2%), Kazakhstan (down -47.3%), United States (down -41.8%), Germany (down -40.8%) and Australia (down -22.1%).

For the complete listing, see the section Searchable List of Wheat Exporting Countries below.


The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for wheat during 2017. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s wheat exports and its import purchases for that same commodity.

  1. Russia: US$5.8 billion (net export surplus up 77.1% since 2013)
  2. United States: $5.4 billion (down -42.6%)
  3. Canada: $5 billion (down -22.1%)
  4. Australia: $4.7 billion (down -22.1%)
  5. France: $2.84 billion (down -53.1%)
  6. Ukraine: $2.76 billion (up 45.9%)
  7. Argentina: $2.4 billion (up 221.7%)
  8. Romania: $900.3 million (down -21%)
  9. Germany: $773.9 million (down -48.3%)
  10. Bulgaria: $757.4 million (down -19.5%)
  11. Kazakhstan: $655.2 million (down -47.7%)
  12. Lithuania: $596.5 million (up 3%)
  13. Hungary: $564.9 million (down -11.4%)
  14. Czech Republic: $471.3 million (up 12.7%)
  15. Poland: $412.4 million (up 23.1%)

Russia overtook the United States to garner the highest surplus in the international trade of wheat in 2017. What the positive cashflows do is to confirm both Russia and America’s competitive advantages for this important food product category.


The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for wheat during 2017. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s wheat import purchases and its exports for that same commodity.

  1. Indonesia: -US$3.6 billion (net export surplus up 48.7% since 2013)
  2. Egypt: -$2.6 billion (up 263.6%)
  3. Algeria: -$1.8 billion (down -15.8%)
  4. Italy: -$1.55 billion (down -18.6%)
  5. Japan: -$1.53 billion (down -32.9%)
  6. Nigeria: -$1.24 billion (up 14.1%)
  7. Bangladesh: -$1.22 billion (up 68.2%)
  8. Philippines: -$1.22 billion (up 39.9%)
  9. Spain: -$1.1 billion (up 36.3%)
  10. Brazil: -$1.05 billion (down -49.4%)
  11. Turkey: -$1.03 billion (down -15%)
  12. China: -$1.03 billion (down -44.9%)
  13. Viet Nam: -$965.6 million (up 56.6%)
  14. Korea, Republic of: -$957.6 million (down -40.7%)
  15. Mexico: -$949.7 million (down -14.3%)

Highly populated Indonesia incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of wheat. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights Indonesia’s strong competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for wheat-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand among Indonesian consumers.


Wheat-Exporting Companies

Below are bulk wheat-supplying conglomerates that dominate the worldwide grain trade (73% of the global market in 2003, according to OXFAM researchers). Shown within parenthesis is the country where the company is headquartered.

  • Cargill (United States)
  • Archer Daniels Midland (United States)
  • Bunge (United States)
  • Louis Dreyfus (France)

According to global trading platform Alibaba, the following companies are also examples of wheat-trading companies located in the country shown within parentheses:

  • Tropolis (Canada)
  • Pentarch (Australia)
  • FENIL (Russia)
  • SB Import & Export (Germany)
  • Agro Resources International LLC (Ukraine)
  • NUPUR International (India)
  • Zaharni Zavodi – AD (Bulgaria)


Searchable List of Wheat Exporting Countries

You can change the presentation order by clicking the triangle icon at the top of any of the columns below.

RankExporter2017 Wheat Exports% World Total
1.United StatesUS$6.1 billion15.7%
2.Russia$5.8 billion14.8%
3.Canada$5.1 billion13%
4.Australia$4.7 billion11.9%
5.France$3 billion7.7%
6.Ukraine$2.8 billion7.1%
7.Argentina$2.4 billion6.1%
8.Germany$1.6 billion4.1%
9.Romania$1.1 billion2.9%
10.Bulgaria$772.7 million2%
11.Kazakhstan$660.8 million1.7%
12.Lithuania$604.4 million1.5%
13.Hungary$591.9 million1.5%
14.Poland$538.9 million1.4%
15.Czech Republic$479.9 million1.2%
16.Latvia$411.7 million1.1%
17.Slovakia$220.7 million0.6%
18.Austria$196.6 million0.5%
19.Belgium$185.1 million0.5%
20.Italy$169.2 million0.4%
21.Denmark$167.8 million0.4%
22.Sweden$138.4 million0.4%
23.Mexico$135.9 million0.3%
24.United Kingdom$132.4 million0.3%
25.Netherlands$108.6 million0.3%
26.Moldova$105.2 million0.3%
27.Brazil$102.8 million0.3%
28.Estonia$96.1 million0.2%
29.Spain$95.1 million0.2%
30.Croatia$68 million0.2%
31.Serbia$65.8 million0.2%
32.Paraguay$60.4 million0.2%
33.India$54.1 million0.1%
34.Greece$53.6 million0.1%
35.United Arab Emirates$44.3 million0.1%
36.Uruguay$40.8 million0.1%
37.South Africa$30.6 million0.1%
38.Finland$30.5 million0.1%
39.Slovenia$24.8 million0.1%
40.Turkey$15 million0.04%
41.Iran$13.2 million0.03%
42.Belarus$10.3 million0.03%
43.Portugal$9.8 million0.03%
44.Bosnia/Herzegovina$6.6 million0.02%
45.Luxembourg$5.1 million0.01%
46.Georgia$4.9 million0.01%
47.China$4.1 million0.01%
48.Libya$3.8 million0.01%
49.Zimbabwe$3.7 million0.01%
50.Kenya$3.7 million0.01%
51.Ireland$3.2 million0.01%
52.Malaysia$2.9 million0.01%
53.Macedonia$2.9 million0.01%
54.Mauritius$2.8 million0.01%
55.Malta$2.5 million0.01%
56.Peru$1.8 million0.005%
57.Mozambique$1.5 million0.004%
58.Bermuda$1.3 million0.003%
59.Pakistan$1.1 million0.003%
61.Sri Lanka$909,0000.002%
66.El Salvador$465,0000.001%
73.Sierra Leone$217,0000.001%
76.Saudi Arabia$160,0000.0004%
77.New Zealand$147,0000.0004%
83.Costa Rica$31,0000.0001%
84.Côte d'Ivoire$29,0000.0001%
95.Dominican Republic$3,0000.00001%
96.South Korea$2,0000.00001%

See also Wheat Imports by Country, Flour Exports by Country, America’s Top Trading Partners, Corn Exports by Country and Barley Exports by Country

Research Sources:
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Agriculture – Products, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on May 18, 2018

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on May 18, 2018

Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on May 18, 2018

OXFAM Research Reports (August 2014) pp 9-10, Cereal Secrets. Accessed on May 18, 2018

Alibaba, Supplier information for wheat. Accessed on May 18, 2018