Wheat Imports by Country

Wheat field at sunset

Wheat field at sunset

Global purchases of imported wheat totaled US$41.6 billion in 2017.

Overall, the value of wheat imports for all importing countries declined by an average -16.1% since 2013 when wheat purchases were valued at $49.6 billion. Year over year, the value of imported wheat appreciated by 7.6%.

The 4-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix is 1001 for wheat and meslin.

Among continents, Asian countries accounted for the highest dollar worth of overall wheat imports during 2017 with purchases valued at $17 billion or 40.9% of the global total. In second place were African importers at 23.9% while 20% of worldwide wheat imports were delivered to Europe. Smaller percentages were sent to Latin America excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean (9.2%), North America (4.4%) and with just 0.6% of global wheat imports purchased by Oceania led by Papua New Guineau, New Zealand and Fiji.

The 4-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix for wheat is 1006.

Wheat Imports by Country

Top 15

Below are the 15 countries that imported the highest dollar value worth of wheat during 2017:

  1. Indonesia: US$3.6 billion (8.7% of total wheat imports)
  2. Egypt: $2.6 billion (6.3%)
  3. Algeria: $1.8 billion (4.3%)
  4. Italy: $1.7 billion (4.1%)
  5. Japan: $1.5 billion (3.7%)
  6. Nigeria: $1.24 billion (3%)
  7. Bangladesh: $1.22 billion (3%)
  8. Philippines: $1.22 billion (3%)
  9. Spain: $1.2 billion (3%)
  10. Brazil: $1.15 billion (2.8%)
  11. Mexico: $1.09 billion (2.6%)
  12. Turkey: $1.04 billion (2.5%)
  13. China: $1.03 billion (2.5%)
  14. Netherlands: $1.02 billion (2.5%)
  15. Vietnam: $965.6 million (2.3%)

Among the above countries, the fastest-growing markets for wheat since 2013 were: Egypt (up 263.6%), Bangladesh (up 68.2%), Vietnam (up 55.9%) and Indonesia (up 48.7%).

Those countries that posted declines in their imported wheat purchases were led by: Brazil (down -52.4%), China (down -44.7%), Japan (down -32.9%) and Mexico (down -19.9%).

The listed 15 countries purchased 54% of all wheat imports in 2017.

Indonesia

Wheat Imports into Indonesia

Below are the top 12 suppliers from which Indonesia imported the highest dollar value worth of wheat during 2017. Within parenthesis is the percentage change in value for each supplying country since 2013.

  1. Australia: US$1.3 billion (down -3.6% from 2013)
  2. Ukraine: $779.1 million (up 798.5%)
  3. Canada: $661.4 million (up 21.1%)
  4. Russia: $439.3 million (up 573.6%)
  5. United States: $337.5 million (up 72%)
  6. Argentina: $31.5 million (down -61.2%)
  7. Moldova: $27.2 million (up 311.9%)
  8. Brazil: $12.2 million (up 244.1%)
  9. Estonia: $1.3 million (no 2013 data)
  10. Singapore: $290,000 (down -97.2%)
  11. United Arab Emirates: $247,000 (no 2013 data)
  12. Japan: $44,000 (no 2013 data)

By value, the listed countries shipped 100% of all Indonesian wheat imports in 2017.

Among the above countries, the fastest-growing suppliers of wheat to Indonesia since 2013 were: Ukraine (up 798.5%), Russia (up 573.6%), Moldova (up 311.9%) and Brazil (up 244.1%).

Three countries experienced declines in the value of their wheat supplies to Indonesian importers namely Singapore (down -97.2%), Argentina (down -61.2%) and Australia (down -3.6%).

Overall, the value of Indonesian wheat imports rose by an average 48.7% from all supplying countries since 2013 when wheat purchases were valued at $2.4 billion.

Egypt

Wheat Imports into Egypt

Below are the top 15 suppliers from which Egypt imported the highest dollar value worth of wheat during 2017. Within parenthesis is the percentage change in value for each supplying country since 2013.

  1. Russia: US$1.6 billion (up 1,686% from 2013)
  2. Ukraine: $519.2 million (up 1.2%)
  3. Romania: $223.7 million (up 222%)
  4. Poland: $57.4 million (down -12.1%)
  5. United States: $53.5 million (down -77.8%)
  6. France: $44.1 million (down -77.9%)
  7. Australia: $41 million (up 80.2%)
  8. South Korea: $34.7 million (no 2013 data)
  9. Argentina: $24.8 million (up 2.9%)
  10. Bulgaria: $17.7 million (up 203.6%)
  11. Belarus: $9.9 million (up 75.1%)
  12. Latvia: $5.9 million (up 5.4%)
  13. Canada: $1.9 million (down -75.4%)
  14. Kazakhstan: $1.3 million (no 2013 data)
  15. Germany: $11,000 (down -99.9%)

By value, the listed countries shipped 100% of all Egyptian wheat imports in 2017.

Among the above countries, the fastest-growing suppliers of wheat to Egypt since 2013 were: Russia (up 1,686%), Romania (up 222%), Bulgaria (up 203.6%) and Australia (up 80.2%).

Countries that experienced declines in the value of their wheat supplied to Egyptian importers included: Germany (down -99.9%), France (down -77.9%), United States (down -77.8%) and Canada (down -75.4%).

Overall, the value of Egyptian wheat imports rose by an average 263.6% from all supplying countries since 2013 when wheat purchases were valued at $721.7 million.

Algeria

Wheat Imports into Algeria

Below are the top 15 suppliers from which Algeria imported the highest dollar value worth of wheat during 2017. Within parenthesis is the percentage change in value for each supplying country since 2013.

  1. France: US$680.7 million (down -55.6% from 2013)
  2. Canada: $384.5 million (up 49.3%)
  3. Argentina: $316.8 million (no 2013 data)
  4. United States: $187.4 million (up 150.8%)
  5. Uruguay: $36.7 million (no 2013 data)
  6. Estonia: $24.6 million (up 69.1%)
  7. Germany: $22.5 million (down -68.4%)
  8. Latvia: $20.6 million (down -57.4%)
  9. Mexico: $19.8 million (down -49.3%)
  10. Czech Republic: $17.7 million (down -22.7%)
  11. Sweden: $16.8 million (up 59.6%)
  12. Ukraine: $16.8 million (up 1,380%)
  13. Lithuania: $11.5 million (down -47.3%)
  14. Australia: $10.1 million (down -35.7%)
  15. Poland: $6.3 million (down -88.7%)

By value, the listed 15 countries shipped 99.1% of all Algerian wheat imports in 2017.

Five suppliers grew their exported wheat to Algeria since 2013 namely Ukraine (up 1,380%), United States (up 150.8%), Estonia (up 69.1%), Sweden (up 59.6%) and Canada (up 49.3%).

Countries that experienced declines in the value of their wheat supplied to Algerian importers included: Poland (down -88.7%), Germany (down -68.4%), Latvia (down -57.4%) and France (down -55.6%).

Overall, the value of Algerian wheat imports were down by an average -15.8% from all supplying countries since 2013 when wheat purchases were valued at $2.1 billion.

Italy

Wheat Imports into Italy

Below are the top 15 suppliers from which Italy imported the highest dollar value worth of wheat during 2017. Within parenthesis is the percentage change in value for each supplying country since 2013.

  1. Hungary: US$256.1 million (up 41.4% from 2013)
  2. France: $222.1 million (down -59%)
  3. Canada: $218.5 million (down -1.6%)
  4. United States: $147.9 million (down -24%)
  5. Austria: $145.1 million (down -9%)
  6. Ukraine: $91.5 million (up 960.7%)
  7. Germany: $83.8 million (down -31.2%)
  8. Australia: $79 million (down -14.3%)
  9. Bulgaria: $78.6 million (down -21.1%)
  10. Moldova: $57.7 million (up 792.8%)
  11. Kazakhstan: $55.9 million (up 7,052%)
  12. Romania: $50.7 million (up 4.1%)
  13. Croatia: $42.2 million (up 4.7%)
  14. Belgium: $28 million (down -7.6%)
  15. Slovakia: $25.6 million (up 1.6%)

By value, the listed 15 countries shipped 92.1% of all Italian wheat imports in 2017.

Among the above countries, the fastest-growing suppliers of wheat to Italy since 2013 were: Kazakhstan (up 7,052%), Ukraine (up 960.7%), Moldova (up 792.8%) and Hungary (up 41.4%).

Countries that experienced declines in the value of their wheat supplied to Italian importers included: France (down -59%), Germany (down -31.2%), United States (down -24%) and Bulgaria (down -21.1%).

Overall, the value of Italian wheat imports were down by an average -13.5% from all supplying countries since 2013 when wheat purchases were valued at $2 billion.



 

Searchable List of Wheat Importing Countries

You can change the presentation order by clicking the triangle icon at the top of any of the columns below.

RankImporter2017 Wheat Imports% World Total
1.IndonesiaUS$3.6 billion8.7%
2.Egypt$2.6 billion6.3%
3.Algeria$1.8 billion4.3%
4.Italy$1.7 billion4.1%
5.Japan$1.5 billion3.7%
6.Nigeria$1.24 billion3%
7.Bangladesh$1.22 billion2.9%
8.Philippines$1.22 billion2.9%
9.Spain$1.20 billion2.9%
10.Brazil$1.15 billion2.8%
11.Mexico$1.09 billion2.6%
12.Turkey$1.04 billion2.5%
13.China$1.03 billion2.5%
14.Netherlands$1.02 billion2.5%
15.Vietnam$965.6 million2.3%
16.South Korea$957.6 million2.3%
17.Belgium$930.6 million2.2%
18.Morocco$846.9 million2%
19.Germany$833.4 million2%
20.United States$705.1 million1.7%
21.Yemen$609 million1.5%
22.Thailand$607.8 million1.5%
23.Peru$524.1 million1.3%
24.Colombia$441.8 million1.1%
25.United Kingdom$440.4 million1.1%
26.Sudan$432.2 million1%
27.United Arab Emirates$412.6 million1%
28.Kenya$410.2 million1%
29.Tunisia$395.7 million1%
30.Taiwan$392.3 million0.9%
31.India$341.2 million0.8%
32.Israel$336.1 million0.8%
33.Malaysia$335.1 million0.8%
34.South Africa$327.8 million0.8%
35.Ethiopia$322 million0.8%
36.Portugal$313.7 million0.8%
37.Chile$306 million0.7%
38.Sri Lanka$303.2 million0.7%
39.Ecuador$280.7 million0.7%
40.Venezuela$248.4 million0.6%
41.Greece$243.6 million0.6%
42.Libya$238.7 million0.6%
43.Romania$229.2 million0.6%
44.Saudi Arabia$225.1 million0.5%
45.Azerbaijan$214.2 million0.5%
46.Tanzania$204.1 million0.5%
47.Uzbekistan$198.9 million0.5%
48.Austria$197.8 million0.5%
49.Jordan$190.7 million0.5%
50.Cuba$175.5 million0.4%
51.France$169.8 million0.4%
52.Tajikistan$166 million0.4%
53.Switzerland$153.7 million0.4%
54.Guatemala$149.9 million0.4%
55.Uganda$147.5 million0.4%
56.Ghana$145.1 million0.3%
57.New Zealand$141.3 million0.3%
58.Oman$139 million0.3%
59.Mozambique$132.4 million0.3%
60.Côte d'Ivoire$131 million0.3%
61.Senegal$128.1 million0.3%
62.Poland$126.5 million0.3%
63.Cameroon$121.1 million0.3%
64.Lebanon$118.4 million0.3%
65.Kuwait$118.3 million0.3%
66.Dominican Republic$116.6 million0.3%
67.Iraq$114.9 million0.3%
68.Mauritania$109.1 million0.3%
69.Myanmar$108.4 million0.3%
70.Latvia$104.2 million0.3%
71.Georgia$98 million0.2%
72.Bosnia/Herzegovina$79.3 million0.2%
73.El Salvador$77.9 million0.2%
74.Norway$72.2 million0.2%
75.Costa Rica$70.8 million0.2%
76.Malawi$67.8 million0.2%
77.Armenia$64.2 million0.2%
78.Djibouti$62.5 million0.2%
79.Guinea$60.5 million0.1%
80.Ireland$59.9 million0.1%
81.Denmark$57.8 million0.1%
82.Afghanistan$54.4 million0.1%
83.Honduras$51 million0.1%
84.Sweden$51 million0.1%
85.Singapore$50.9 million0.1%
86.Nepal$50.6 million0.1%
87.Mali$49.1 million0.1%
88.Syria$46.8 million0.1%
89.Haiti$44 million0.1%
90.Papua New Guinea$43.8 million0.1%
91.Fiji$42.4 million0.1%
92.Russia$39.7 million0.1%
93.Kyrgyzstan$38.6 million0.1%
94.Slovenia$38.1 million0.1%
95.Jamaica$36.7 million0.1%
96.Mauritius$36.6 million0.1%
97.Democ. Rep. Congo$35.3 million0.1%
98.Angola$33.8 million0.1%
99.Congo$33.7 million0.1%
100.Iran$33.1 million0.1%
101.Panama$30.8 million0.1%
102.Luxembourg$30.5 million0.1%
103.Trinidad/Tobago$30.3 million0.1%
104.Burkina Faso$30.2 million0.1%
105.Rwanda$29.6 million0.1%
106.Nicaragua$29.2 million0.1%
107.Cyprus$28.9 million0.1%
108.Canada$27.5 million0.1%
109.Hungary$26.9 million0.1%
110.Albania$26.7 million0.1%
111.Bolivia$25.5 million0.1%
112.Bahrain$23.6 million0.1%
113.Croatia$22.3 million0.1%
114.Namibia$21.9 million0.1%
115.Qatar$21.5 million0.1%
116.Zimbabwe$21 million0.1%
117.Zambia$19.8 million0.05%
118.Liberia$19.7 million0.05%
119.Gabon$19.4 million0.05%
120.Macedonia$17.8 million0.04%
121.Togo$17.2 million0.04%
122.Belarus$16.1 million0.04%
123.Bulgaria$15.3 million0.04%
124.Guyana$11.6 million0.03%
125.Burundi$10.6 million0.03%
126.Malta$10.1 million0.02%
127.Somalia$9.8 million0.02%
128.Botswana$9.7 million0.02%
129.Gambia$9.1 million0.02%
130.Czech Republic$8.5 million0.02%
131.St Vincent/Grenadines$8.4 million0.02%
132.Iceland$8.3 million0.02%
133.Lithuania$7.9 million0.02%
134.New Caledonia$7.4 million0.02%
135.Lesotho$6.8 million0.02%
136.Slovakia$6.4 million0.02%
137.Estonia$6.2 million0.01%
138.Finland$5.6 million0.01%
139.Kazakhstan$5.5 million0.01%
140.Belize$5.5 million0.01%
141.Barbados$5 million0.01%
142.Sierra Leone$4.5 million0.01%
143.Benin$4 million0.01%
144.Suriname$4 million0.01%
145.Mongolia$3.9 million0.01%
146.Cabo Verde$3.6 million0.01%
147.Grenada$3.3 million0.01%
148.Solomon Islands$3.1 million0.01%
149.Ukraine$3 million0.01%
150.Hong Kong$2.8 million0.01%
151.Cambodia$2.7 million0.01%
152.Faroe Islands$2.3 million0.01%
153.Montenegro$2.3 million0.01%
154.Saint Lucia$1.1 million0.003%
155.Australia$889,0000.002%
156.Moldova$748,0000.002%
157.Swaziland$716,0000.002%
158.Paraguay$690,0000.002%
159.Serbia$682,0000.002%
160.Niger$661,0000.002%
161.French Polynesia$515,0000.001%
162.British Virgin Is$178,0000.0004%
163.Uruguay$167,0000.0004%
164.North Korea$129,0000.0003%
165.Seychelles$59,0000.0001%
166.Brunei Darussalam$52,0000.0001%
167.Bermuda$49,0000.0001%
168.Bhutan$49,0000.0001%
169.Argentina$19,0000.00005%
170.Curaçao$19,0000.00005%
171.Andorra$16,0000.00004%
172.Bahamas$11,0000.00003%
173.Aruba$6,0000.00001%
174.Madagascar$6,0000.00001%
175.Anguilla$4,0000.00001%
176.Samoa$4,0000.00001%
177.Bonaire/St Eustatius/Saba$2,0000.000005%
178.Greenland$2,0000.000005%
179.Palestine$2,0000.000005%
180.Equatorial Guinea$2,0000.000005%
181.Gibraltar$1,0000.000002%
182.Antigua/Barbuda$1,0000.000002%
183.Laos$1,0000.000002%


See also Wheat Exports by Country, Italy’s Top Trading Partners and Highest Value Japanese Import Products

Research Sources:
The World Factbook, Field Listing: Imports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on June 1, 2018

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on June 1, 2018

Investopedia, Net Importer Definition. Accessed on June 1, 2018