The dollar amount for 2021 Brazilian exports reflects a 29% gain since 2017 and a 34.2% spike in revenue from 2020 to 2021.
Brazilian exports represents roughly 1.6% of overall global exported products for 2020 estimated at $17.503 trillion.
Half of the revenue that Brazil collected for its exports sold during 2021 came from a diverse subset of 4 trading partners namely mainland China, the United States of America, Argentina and the Netherlands.
Applying a continental lens, 51.9% of Brazil exports by value were delivered to Asian countries while 16.1% were sold to importers in Europe. Brazil shipped another 14.9% worth of goods to North America, with another 13.4% going to Latin America excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean.
Smaller percentages were disseminated to buyers in Africa (3.4%) and Oceania (0.3%) led by Australia and Marshall Islands.
Brazil’s Top 25 Trading Partners
Below is a list showcasing 25 of Brazil’s top trading partners in terms of export sales, countries that imported the most Brazilian shipments by dollar value during 2021. Also shown is each import country’s percentage of total Brazilian exports.
- China: US$87.9 billion (31.3% of total Brazilian exports)
- United States: $31.3 billion (11.2%)
- Argentina: $11.9 billion (4.2%)
- Netherlands: $9.3 billion (3.3%)
- Chile: $7 billion (2.5%)
- Singapore: $5.8 billion (2.1%)
- South Korea: $5.7 billion (2%)
- Mexico: $5.6 billion (2%)
- Japan: $5.5 billion (2%)
- Spain: $5.4 billion (1.9%)
- Germany: $5 billion (1.8%)
- Canada: $4.9 billion (1.8%)
- India: $4.8 billion (1.7%)
- Malaysia: $4.7 billion (1.7%)
- Italy: $3.9 billion (1.4%)
- Belgium: $3.4 billion (1.2%)
- Colombia: $3.3 billion (1.2%)
- Turkey: $3.2 billion (1.1%)
- United Kingdom: $3.09 billion (1.1%)
- Peru: $3.07 billion (1.1%)
- Paraguay: $3.04 billion (1.1%)
- Thailand: $2.7 billion (1%)
- Portugal: $2.63 billion (0.9%)
- Vietnam: $2.62 billion (0.9%)
- France: $2.5 billion (0.9%)
Over four-fifths (81.3%) of Brazilian exports in 2021 were delivered to the above 25 trade partners.
Year over year, the greatest increases in purchases of exports from Brazil were by importers in Peru (up 85.2%), Chile (up 82.3%), India (up 66.4%), Portugal (up 61.2%), Singapore (up 58.6%) and South Korea (up 50.7%).
The most modest gains year over year belong to Turkey (up 14.2%), Vietnam (up 15.7%) and Canada (up 16.4%).
As defined by Investopedia, a country whose total value of all imported goods is higher than its value of all exports is said to have a negative trade balance or deficit.
It would be unrealistic for any exporting nation to expect across-the-board positive trade balances with all its importing partners. Similarly, that export country doesn’t necessarily post a negative trade balance with each individual partner with which it exchanges exports and imports.
In 2021, Brazil incurred the highest trade deficits with the following countries.
- United States: -US$8.4 billion (country-specific trade deficit in 2021)
- Germany: -$6.3 billion
- Russia: -$4.1 billion
- France: -$2.3 billion
- India: -$1.9 billion
- Italy: -$1.6 billion
- Morocco: -$1.4 billion
- Taiwan: -$1.3 billion
- Sweden: -$934.8 million
- Austria: -$855 million
Among Brazil’s trading partners that cause the greatest negative trade balances, Brazilian deficits with Russia (up 236%), Morocco (up 193.8%) and Taiwan (up 69.7%) grew at the fastest pace from 2020 to 2021.
These cashflow deficiencies clearly indicate Brazil’s competitive disadvantages with the above countries, but also represent key opportunities for Brazil to develop country-specific strategies to strengthen its overall position in international trade.
Brazil achieved an overall $61.4 billion trade surplus during 2021 up by 21.9% from its $50.4 billion positive trade balance one year earlier in 2020.
Based on Investopedia’s definition of net importer, a country whose total value of all imported goods is lower than its value of all exports is said to have a positive trade balance or surplus.
In 2021, Brazil generated the highest trade surpluses with the following countries.
- China: US$40.3 billion (country-specific trade surplus in 2021)
- Netherlands: $7.2 billion
- Singapore: $5.0 billion
- Malaysia: $2.9 billion
- Chile: $2.6 billion
- Canada: $2.3 billion
- Spain: $2.1 billion
- Peru: $1.89 billion
- Turkey: $1.88 billion
- Iran: $1.88 billion
Among Brazil’s trading partners that generate the greatest positive trade balances, Brazilian surpluses with Chile (up 172.2%), Peru (up 103.6%) and Iran (up 80.3%) grew at the fastest pace from 2020 to 2021.
These positive cashflow streams clearly indicate Brazil’s competitive advantages with the above countries, but also represent key opportunities for Brazil to develop country-specific strategies to optimize its overall position in international trade.
Companies Servicing Brazilian Trading Partners
Twenty-five Brazilian corporations rank among Forbes Global 2000. Below is a sample of the major Brazilian companies that Forbes included:
- Petrobras (oil, gas)
- Vale (iron, steel)
- JBS (food processing)
- BRF-Brasil Foods (food processing)
- Itaúsa (industrials conglomerate)
- Braskem (specialized chemicals)
- Metalurgica Gerdau (iron, steel)
- CSN (iron, steel)
- Cosan (food processing)
- Embraer (aerospace)
- WEG (electrical equipment)
According to IMPORTERS.com listings for Brazilian suppliers, the following are examples of companies that ship products from Brazil to its trading partners around the globe. Shown within parenthesis are products that the Brazilian business provides.
- Alfa International (manganese ore)
- Almeida Junior Com Intl Ltda (pig iron)
- CSS Exports & Imports (beer)
- Dwd Export Ltda (slippers, flip-flops)
- Eric Phones Store (mobile phones)
- Industrias Colin SA (polyester, cotton, fiberglass)
- JS Electronics (computers, digital cameras)
- Kalam Diamond (raw diamonds)
- Kesco Ltda (rice, chicken, beef)
- MMS 2000 Import & Export Ltda (cane sugar, soyabeans)
See also Brazil’s Top 10 Major Export Companies, Brazil’s Top 10 Imports, Brazil’s Top 10 Exports and Top Brazilian Trade Balances
Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook Country Profiles. Accessed on March 17, 2022
Forbes Global 2000 rankings, The World’s Biggest Public Companies. Accessed on March 17, 2022
International Monetary Fund, Exchange Rates selected indicators (National Currency per U.S. dollar, period average)
International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database (GDP based on Purchasing Power Parity). Accessed on March 17, 2022
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on March 17, 2022
Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on March 17, 2022
Wikipedia, Brazil. Accessed on March 17, 2022
Wikipedia, Gross domestic product. Accessed on March 17, 2022
Wikipedia, List of Companies of Brazil. Accessed on March 17, 2022
Wikipedia, Purchasing power parity. Accessed on March 17, 2022