Based on the average exchange rate for 2020, Lithuania uses the euro which appreciated by 3.1% against the US dollar since 2016 and strengthened by 2% from 2019 to 2020. The stronger EU currency in 2020 made imports bought in US dollars relatively less expensive when converted starting from euros.
Applying a continental lens, 87.8% of Lithuania’s total imports by value in 2020 were purchased from fellow European countries. Asian trade partners provided 9.2% of Lithuanian import purchases trailed by suppliers in North America (1.8%), Latin America (0.4%) excluding Mexico and including the Caribbean, Africa (0.3%) then Oceania (0.04%) led by New Zealand.
Given Lithuania’s population of 2.8 million people, its total $33.1 billion in 2020 imports translates to roughly $12,000 in yearly product demand from every person in the northeastern European country.
Lithuania’s Top 10 Imports
The following product groups represent the highest dollar value in Lithuania’s import purchases during 2020. Also shown is the percentage share each product category represents in terms of overall imports into Lithuania.
- Mineral fuels including oil: US$3.7 billion (11.3% of total imports)
- Machinery including computers: $3.7 billion (11.2%)
- Vehicles: $3 billion (9.1%)
- Electrical machinery, equipment: $2.9 billion (8.6%)
- Plastics, plastic articles: $1.6 billion (4.9%)
- Pharmaceuticals: $1.5 billion (4.4%)
- Optical, technical, medical apparatus: $856.7 million (2.6%)
- Wood: $839.7 million (2.5%)
- Articles of iron or steel: $784.7 million (2.4%)
- Iron, steel: $766.6 million (2.3%)
Among these top categories, electrical machinery and equipment (up 7.5%), pharmaceuticals (up 5.1%) and wood (up 4.4%) increased the most in terms of cost for Lithuania from 2019 to 2020.
Leading the declining categories year over year were mineral fuels including oil (down -42.2%).
Please note that the results listed above are at the 2-digit Harmonized Tariff System code level. Information presented under other virtual folder tabs is at the more granular 4-digit level.
In 2020, Lithuanian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of mineral fuels-related products.
- Crude oil: US$2.5 billion (down -44.3% from 2019)
- Processed petroleum oils: $416.2 million (down -29.4%)
- Electrical energy: $410.7 million (down -42.2%)
- Petroleum gases: $361.1 million (down -45.1%)
- Petroleum oil residues: $22.7 million (up 0.2%)
- Peat: $20.6 million (up 11%)
- Coal, solid fuels made from coal: $17.3 million (down -40.5%)
- Coal tar oils (high temperature distillation): $12.3 million (up 61.6%)
- Petroleum jelly, mineral waxes: $11.2 million (down -30.6%)
- Coke, semi-coke: $5.5 million (down -13.3%)
Among these import subcategories, Lithuanian purchases of high-temperature distilled coal tar oils (up 61.6%), peat (up 11%) then petroleum oil residues (up 0.2%) grew from 2019 to 2020.
These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of mineral fuels-related imports among Lithuanian businesses and consumers.
In 2020, Lithuanian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of machinery including computers.
- Computers, optical readers: US$480.9 million (up 8.1% from 2019)
- Taps, valves, similar appliances: $209.1 million (down -4.1%)
- Centrifuges, filters and purifiers: $173.2 million (up 34.4%)
- Miscellaneous machinery: $145.7 million (down -28.6%)
- Refrigerators, freezers: $141.1 million (up 18.4%)
- Harvest/threshing machinery: $130.6 million (up 21.6%)
- Temperature-change machines: $120.9 million (up 21.5%)
- Industrial preparation machinery: $119.9 million (up 10.1%)
- Printing machinery: $118.3 million (down -1.1%)
- Air or vacuum pumps: $110.9 million (up 2%)
Among these import subcategories, Lithuanian purchases of centrifuges, filters and purifiers (up 34.4%), harvesting or threshing machinery (up 21.6%) then temperature-change machines (up 21.5%) grew at the fastest pace from 2019 to 2020.
These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of machinery-related imports among Lithuanian businesses and consumers.
In 2020, Lithuanian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of vehicles.
- Cars: US$1.2 billion (down -21.4% from 2019)
- Tractors: $396.5 million (down -34.6%)
- Automobile parts/accessories: $383.6 million (down -3.8%)
- Armored vehicles, tanks: $270.7 million (up 323.1%)
- Trailers: $201.9 million (down -33.6%)
- Trucks: $175.4 million (down -16.1%)
- Motorcycle parts/accessories: $63.1 million (up 2.9%)
- Public-transport vehicles: $48.9 million (down -55.2%)
- Motorcycles: $32.3 million (up 32.2%)
- Special purpose vehicles: $23.7 million (down -45.6%)
Among these import subcategories, Lithuanian purchases of armored vehicles and tanks (up 323.1%), motorcycles (up 32.2%) and motorcycle parts or accessories (up 2.9%) grew from 2019 to 2020.
These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of vehicles-related imports among Lithuanian businesses and consumers.
In 2020, Lithuanian importers spent the most on the following 10 subcategories of electrical products including consumer electronics.
- Phone system devices including smartphones: US$704.8 million (up 20.3% from 2019)
- TV receivers/monitors/projectors: $253.9 million (up 18.9%)
- Insulated wire/cable: $214.3 million (down -8.2%)
- Lower-voltage switches, fuses: $169.7 million (down -1.2%)
- Electric water heaters, hair dryers: $133.9 million (up 6.8%)
- Electrical converters/power units: $117 million (up 1.3%)
- Integrated circuits/microassemblies: $104.4 million (up 8.4%)
- Solar power diodes/semi-conductors: $89 million (up 22.2%)
- Microphones/headphones/amps: $73.4 million (up 9.6%)
- Electric motors, generators: $72.9 million (up 14.3%)
Among these import subcategories, Lithuanian purchases of solar power diodes or semi-conductors (up 22.2%), phone system devices including smartphones (up 20.3%) then TV receivers, monitors and projectors (up 18.9%) grew at the fastest pace from 2019 to 2020.
These amounts and the percentage gains within parenthesis clearly show where the strongest demand lies for different types of electronics-related imports among Lithuanian businesses and consumers.
See also Lithuania’s Top 10 Exports
Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook Country Profiles. Accessed on March 11, 2021
International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database (GDP based on Purchasing Power Parity). Accessed on March 11, 2021
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on March 11, 2021