That dollar amount reflects an 89.3% gain for all spinach shippers over the 5-year period starting in 2016.
From 2019 to 2020, the value of exported spinach increased by 39.5%.
The biggest 5 exporters of fresh spinach by value are the United States, China, Italy, Mexico and Spain. Collectively, those 5 leading suppliers accounted for 85.9% of overall revenues from globally exported spinach. So high a percentage indicates a strongly concentrated cohort of top spinach exporters.
Among continents, suppliers in North American countries sold the highest dollar worth of exported fresh spinach during 2020 with shipments valued at $213 million or more than a third (38.3%) of the global total. Close behind were European exporters at 36.7% ahead of Asian spinach shippers at 24.5%.
Tinier percentages came from Oceania (0.3%) mostly Australia, Latin America (0.12%) excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean, and Africa (0.06%).
For research purposes, the 6-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix for fresh or chilled spinach is 070970.
Spinach Exports by Country
Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of spinach during 2020.
- United States: US$139.8 million (25.1% of total spinach exports)
- China: $130.4 million (23.4%)
- Italy: $74.8 million (13.5%)
- Mexico: $66.7 million (12%)
- Spain: $66 million (11.9%)
- Netherlands: $38.3 million (6.9%)
- Canada: $6.5 million (1.2%)
- France: $4.8 million (0.9%)
- Malaysia: $4.6 million (0.8%)
- Belgium: $3.8 million (0.7%)
- Germany: $3.6 million (0.6%)
- Denmark: $3 million (0.5%)
- Portugal: $2 million (0.4%)
- United Kingdom: $1.9 million (0.3%)
- Australia: $1.8 million (0.3%)
By value, the listed 15 countries shipped 98.5% of globally exported spinach in 2020.
Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing exporters of spinach since 2019 were: China (up 1,676%), Mexico (up 36.7%), Canada (up 21.5%) and Italy (up 15.8%).
Three major suppliers posted declines in their international sales of spinach, namely the United Kingdom (down -37%), France (down -25.3%) and Spain (down -0.4%).
The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for spinach during 2020. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported spinach and its import purchases for that same commodity.
- China: US$130.4 million (net export surplus up 1,676% since 2019)
- Italy: $73.7 million (up 17.9%)
- Spain: $64.7 million (down -0.4%)
- United States: $62.7 million (down -26.2%)
- Mexico: $40.9 million (up 63.8%)
- Netherlands: $15.1 million (up 21.5%)
- Malaysia: $2.3 million (down -0.1%)
- Australia: $1.8 million (up 1.5%)
- Portugal: $700,000 (up 67.5%)
- North Macedonia: $400,000 (up 260.4%)
- Azerbaijan: $361,000 (down -7%)
- Serbia: $333,000 (down -37.3%)
- Guatemala: $291,000 (up 15.5%)
- South Africa: $239,000 (down -28%)
- Turkey: $194,000 (down -59.5%)
Overtaking the United States of America in 2020, mainland China generated the highest surplus in the international trade of spinach. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms China’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.
The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for spinach during 2020. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported spinach purchases and its exports for that same commodity.
- Canada: -US$106 million (net export deficit up 1.8% since 2019)
- United Kingdom: -$42.3 million (up 24.7%)
- Germany: -$31.8 million (up 3.9%)
- Singapore: -$16.3 million (up 18.1%)
- Belgium: -$13.7 million (up 7.5%)
- Poland: -$7.7 million (up 37.1%)
- Switzerland: -$7 million (up 25.3%)
- France: -$5.3 million (up 38.4%)
- Sweden: -$4.9 million (down -8.8%)
- United Arab Emirates: -$4.4 million (up 6.3%)
- Denmark: -$3.65 million (down -3.9%)
- Ireland: -$3.65 million (up 7.6%)
- Czech Republic: -$3.6 million (down -4%)
- Russia: -$3.14 million (down -3.9%)
- Norway: -$3.11 million (down -22.1%)
Canada incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of spinach. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights Canada’s competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for spinach-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful consumer demand.
Spinach Exporting Companies
According to global trading platform Alibaba, the following firms are examples of spinach-trading exporters including suppliers of fresh spinach, frozen chopped spinach and even organic spinach powder in the case of NutriBoost.
- Qingdao Yokid Foods Co. (China)
- American Top Foods, LLC (United States)
- NutriBoost (Netherlands)
- OXL Resources Sdn. BHD (Malaysia)
- UK Frozen Food Ltd (United Kingdom)
The home-country location for each of the above businesses is shown within parentheses.
See also Top Lettuce Exports by Country, Tomatoes Exports by Country, Potatoes Exports by Country and Corn Exports by Country
Alibaba, Supplier showroom for spinach. Accessed on October 11, 2021
Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook Field Listing: Exports – Commodities. Accessed on October 11, 2021
Forbes Global 2000 rankings, The World’s Biggest Public Companies. Accessed on October 11, 2021
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on October 11, 2021
Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on October 11, 2021
Wikipedia, Spinach. Accessed on October 11, 2021