Overall the value of exported industrial robots in 2020 rose by an average 15.6% for all exporting countries since 2016 when total shipments of industrial robots were valued at $4.61 billion.
From 2019 to 2020, exports of industrial robots declined by -6.5%.
The 5 biggest suppliers of industrial robots on international markets are Japan, Germany, Italy, France and Denmark. This quintet of leading exporters accounted for 60.2% of globally exported industrial robots in 2020–a percentage that indicates a relatively concentrated set of market providers.
From a continental perspective, suppliers in Asia sold the highest value in exported industrial robots at $2.6 billion or 48.4% of the global total. In second place was Europe at 44.9%, trailed by exporters of industrial robots in North America at 6.5%.
Tinier percentages came from Oceania’s Australia and New Zealand (0.11%), Latin America (0.06%) excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean, and Africa (0.05%).
For research purposes, the 6-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix is 847950. That sub-code is specific to industrial robots used for multiple purposes.
Top Industrial Robots Exporters
Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of industrial robots during 2020.
- Japan: US$1.7 billion (32.3% of exported industrial robots)
- Germany: $621.4 million (11.7%)
- Italy: $364.5 million (6.8%)
- France: $250.5 million (4.7%)
- Denmark: $247.8 million (4.6%)
- China: $243.5 million (4.6%)
- United States: $230.4 million (4.3%)
- South Korea: $155.7 million (2.9%)
- Vietnam: $149.2 million (2.8%)
- Taiwan: $135.6 million (2.5%)
- Austria: $133.5 million (2.5%)
- Sweden: $119.1 million (2.2%)
- United Kingdom: $109 million (2%)
- Netherlands: $104 million (2%)
- Singapore: $78 million (1.5%)
By value, the listed 15 countries shipped 87.5% of global industrial robots exported in 2020.
Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing exporters of industrial robots since 2019 were: Vietnam (up 34.4%), Japan (up 8.2%), United States (up 2.5%) and China (up 1.3%).
Those countries that posted declines in their international sales of industrial robots were led by: Singapore (down -39.5%), Netherlands (down -25.7%), France (down -25.3%), South Korea (down -23.7%) and Italy (down -22.3%).
The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for industrial robots during 2020. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported industrial robots and its import purchases for that same commodity.
- Japan: US$1.6 billion (net export surplus up 3.4% since 2019)
- Germany: $247.5 million (down -10.2%)
- Denmark: $225.2 million (up 153.9%)
- Italy: $191.1 million (up 20.6%)
- France: $100.9 million (down -29.4%)
- Austria: $74 million (down -8.9%)
- Vietnam: $73.3 million (reversing a -$28 million deficit)
- Sweden: $70.8 million (down -35.2%)
- Taiwan: $36.4 million (down -277.7%)
- Finland: $22.7 million (up 32.9%)
- Belgium: $22.6 million (reversing a -$1 million deficit)
- Luxembourg: $21.2 million (down -15%)
- Singapore: $20.7 million (down -283.9%)
- Croatia: $6.3 million (down -562.1%)
- South Korea: $6 million (down -89.1%)
Japan earned the highest surplus in the international trade of industrial robots. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms Japan’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.
The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for industrial robots during 2020. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s import purchases of industrial robots and its exports for that same commodity.
- China: -US$799 million (net export deficit up 11.1% since 2019)
- United States: -$201.2 million (up 106.9%)
- Morocco: -$107.9 million (up 248.8%)
- Czech Republic: -$86 million (up 14.8%)
- India: -$72.4 million (down -13.6%)
- Mexico: -$61.7 million (down -58.1%)
- Poland: -$60.4 million (down -11.5%)
- Indonesia: -$58.5 million (up 50.6%)
- Turkey: -$52.9 million (down -36.7%)
- Brazil: -$52.6 million (down -39.2%)
- Malaysia: -$51.3 million (down -17.5%)
- Thailand: -$46.1 million (up 19.7%)
- Slovakia: -$34.1 million (up 224.9%)
- Romania: -$33.1 million (down -19.5%)
- Russia: -$32.5 million (up 199.5%)
The People’s Republic of China incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of industrial robots. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights China’s competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for industrial robots-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand.
Top Robotics Exporting Companies
According to PlantAutomation-Technology.com, the following businesses comprise the world’s top industrial robotics companies.
- ABB Group (Switzerland)
- Adept Technology Inc (United States)
- Apex Automation and Robotics (Australia)
- Aurotek Corp (Taiwan)
- Fanuc Corp (Japan)
- Kawasaki Robotics Inc (Japan)
- Mitsubishi (Japan)
- Rockwell Automation Inc (United States)
- Stäubli (Switzerland)
- Yaskawa Electric Corp (Japan)
See also Top Surveying Equipment Exporters by Country, Heart Pacemaker Export Sales by Country, Top Artificial Joints Exporters by Country and Hearing Aids Importers by Country
Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook Field Listing: Exports – Commodities. Accessed on September 13, 2021
Forbes Global 2000 rankings, The World’s Biggest Public Companies. Accessed on September 13, 2021
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on September 13, 2021
Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on September 13, 2021
PlantAutomation-Technology.com, Top Industrial Robotics Companies. Accessed on September 13, 2021
Zepol’s company summary highlights by HTS code. Accessed on September 13, 2021