From 2019 to 2020, the value of globally exported eggplants accelerated by 13.6%.
For the purposes of international trade tariff classification, eggplants are considered as vegetables. In contrast, botanists and other scientists define eggplants as fruits. What is indisputable is that consumers enjoy eggplants as a savory ingredient in many vegetable dishes.
The 5 biggest exporters of eggplants by value are Spain, Netherlands, Mexico, United States and China. Combined, that quintet of major suppliers accounted for over three-quarters (77.8%) the revenues paid for globally exported eggplants. Such a high percentage indicates an intensely concentrated set of eggplant exporters.
Among continents, Europe sold the highest value in exported eggplants during 2020 with shipments valued at $349.8 million or almost two-thirds (62.7%) of the global total. In second place were North American exporters at 22.1% while another 11.3% of worldwide eggplant shipments originated from Asia.
Smaller percentages came from Latin America (2.9%) excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean, Africa (0.8%) and Oceania (0.2%) specifically Fiji, Australia and New Zealand.
For research purposes, the 6-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix is 070930 for fresh or chilled eggplants. Eggplants are also called aubergines.
Eggplant Exports by Country
Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of eggplants during 2020.
- Spain: US$198.6 million (35.6% of total exported eggplants)
- Netherlands: $99.6 million (17.9%)
- Mexico: $81.8 million (14.7%)
- United States: $32.8 million (5.9%)
- China: $20.7 million (3.7%)
- Belgium: $20.6 million (3.7%)
- Turkey: $17.9 million (3.2%)
- Honduras: $12.9 million (2.3%)
- Canada: $8.7 million (1.6%)
- Italy: $8.5 million (1.5%)
- France: $7.5 million (1.3%)
- Iran: $5.8 million (1%)
- Malaysia: $4.9 million (0.9%)
- Poland: $3.6 million (0.6%)
- Germany: $2.8 million (0.5%)
By value, the listed 15 countries shipped 94.5% of globally exported eggplants in 2020.
Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing exporters of eggplants since 2019 were: Honduras (up 117.4%), Belgium (up 81.3%), Canada (up 53%) and Turkey (up 36%).
Four countries posted declines in their international sales of eggplants namely Iran (down -56.5%), Germany (down -21.4%), Malaysia (down -5.6%) and China (down -0.1%).
The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for eggplant during 2020. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported eggplant and its import purchases for that same commodity.
- Spain: US$197 million (net export surplus up 15.8% since 2019)
- Mexico: $81.8 million (up 26.8%)
- Netherlands: $77.6 million (up 12%)
- China: $20.7 million (down -0.1%)
- Turkey: $17.9 million (up 36.2%)
- Honduras: $12.9 million (up 117.2%)
- Belgium: $6.9 million (reversing a -$1.1 million deficit)
- Iran: $5.8 million (down -56.5%)
- Malaysia: $4.2 million (down -5.6%)
- Israel: $2.3 million (up 41.3%)
- Dominican Republic: $2.1 million (down -34.9%)
- Morocco: $1.5 million (up 56.2%)
- Uzbekistan: $1.5 million (up 33.3%)
- Jordan: $1.4 million (down -46.5%)
- Saudi Arabia: $1.4 million (down -47.0%)
Spain generated the highest surplus in the international trade of eggplants. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms Spain’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.
The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for eggplant during 2020. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported eggplant purchases and its exports for that same commodity.
- Germany: -US$86.5 million (net export deficit up 22.1% since 2019)
- France: -$63.5 million (up 22.2%)
- United States: -$60.7 million (up 13.4%)
- United Kingdom: -$50.1 million (up 2.1%)
- Canada: -$27.5 million (up 8.2%)
- Italy: -$18.6 million (up 23.1%)
- Russia: -$16.7 million (down -34.7%)
- Switzerland: -$15.4 million (up 23%)
- Singapore: -$10.2 million (up 3.7%)
- Sweden: -$8.7 million (up 8.9%)
- Austria: -$6.4 million (up 24.9%)
- Romania: -$5.6 million (up 22.2%)
- Denmark: -$5 million (up 4.8%)
- Norway: -$4.1 million (up 15.7%)
- Qatar: -$3.7 million (up 8.6%)
Europe’s economic powerhouse Germany incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of eggplants. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights Germany’s strong competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for eggplant-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand from German consumers.
Eggplant Exporting Companies
According to global trading platform Alibaba, the following suppliers are examples of eggplant-trading exporters. The home-country location for each business is shown within parentheses.
- Agridame BV (Netherlands)
- Alfafood GmbH (Germany)
- Alpha Trade & Financial Ltd (Spain)
- Digibelleza Import & Export (Turkey)
- Green Point for Import and Export (Egypt)
- MarketDom Trading Company (Dominican Republic)
- OXL Resources Sdn BHD (Malaysia)
- Qingdao Jutai International Trade Co, Ltd (China)
- Rancho Chacxul SA de CV (Mexico)
- Roypack Enterprises (Kenya)
See also Asparagus Exports by Country, Top Sweet Pepper and Chili Pepper Exports and Top Cucumbers Exporting Countries
Alibaba, Supplier showroom for eggplant. Accessed on October 9, 2021
Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook Field Listing: Exports – Commodities. Accessed on October 9, 2021
Forbes Global 2000 rankings, The World’s Biggest Public Companies. Accessed on October 9, 2021
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on October 9, 2021
Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on October 9, 2021
Wikipedia, Eggplant. Accessed on October 9, 2021