The overall value of globally exported asparagus decreased by an average -2.8% since 2016 when asparagus shipments were valued at $1.29 billion.
From 2019 to 2020, the dollar value of globally exported asparagus fell by -7.3%.
The 5 biggest asparagus exporters are Peru, Mexico, United States, Spain and the Netherlands. Collectively, that quintet of leading suppliers accounted for 85.3% of all asparagus exported in 2020. So high a percentage indicates a relatively concentrated market of international asparagus sellers.
Applying a continental lens, exporters in North America shipped the highest dollar worth of exported asparagus at $522.8 million or 41.9% of the global total. In second place was Latin America excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean at 30.3% while another 26.2% of international asparagus sales were sourced from Europe.
Tinier percentages came from Oceania (1.1%) mostly Australia, Asia (0.4%) and Africa (0.03%).
For research purposes, the 6-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix is 070920 for fresh or chilled asparagus.
Asparagus Exports by Country
Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of asparagus during 2020.
- Peru: US$377.1 million (30.2% of total asparagus exports)
- Mexico: $372.7 million (29.8%)
- United States: $144.4 million (11.6%)
- Spain: $88.5 million (7.1%)
- Netherlands: $82.7 million (6.6%)
- Italy: $40.8 million (3.3%)
- France: $25.8 million (2.1%)
- Germany: $22.2 million (1.8%)
- Belgium: $20.2 million (1.6%)
- Greece: $20.1 million (1.6%)
- Australia: $14.3 million (1.1%)
- Hungary: $7.2 million (0.6%)
- Canada: $5.7 million (0.5%)
- Denmark: $5.5 million (0.4%)
- United Kingdom: $4.2 million (0.3%)
The listed 15 countries shipped 98.6% of globally exported asparagus. All told, 69 countries supplied asparagus to the international marketplace in 2020.
Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing exporters of asparagus since 2019 were: Greece (up 46.8%), Denmark (up 40%), Italy (up 30.9%) and Spain (up 12.3%).
Those countries that posted declines in their international sales of asparagus were led by: Canada (down -36.4%), Australia (down -22.9%), Mexico (down -17%), United States (down -11.7%) and Germany (down -9.3%).
The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for asparagus during 2020. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported asparagus and its import purchases for that same commodity.
- Peru: US$377.1 million (net export surplus down -4.3% since 2019)
- Mexico: $372.7 million (down -16.6%)
- Spain: $33.3 million (up 53.6%)
- Italy: $25.1 million (up 110.4%)
- Netherlands: $18.8 million (up 4.9%)
- Greece: $18.8 million (up 53.1%)
- Hungary: $7 million (down -4.9%)
- Thailand: $4.1 million (down -17.7%)
- Ecuador: $1 million (up 81.7%)
- Australia: $627,000 (down -35.2%)
- China: $527,000 (reversing a -$42,000 deficit)
- Guatemala: $114,000 (reversing a -$37,000 deficit)
- Slovakia: $75,000 (down -91.7%)
- Honduras: $61,000 (reversing a -$2,000 deficit)
- Madagascar: $42,000 (down -66.9%)
Overtaking Mexico in 2020, Peru earned the highest surplus in the international trade of asparagus. The product surplus confirms Peru’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.
The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for asparagus during 2020. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported asparagus purchases and its exports for that same commodity.
- United States: -US$575.4 million (net export deficit down -3.6% since 2019)
- Canada: -$81 million (up 9.5%)
- United Kingdom: -$69.9 million (down -0.8%)
- Germany: -$68.4 million (down -3.1%)
- Japan: -$57.3 million (down -5.7%)
- Switzerland: -$53.6 million (up 9.9%)
- France: -$31.9 million (up 5.4%)
- Belgium: -$17.2 million (up 26.8%)
- Sweden: -$15 million (down -4.7%)
- Austria: -$13.8 million (down -9%)
- Norway: -$9.9 million (up 3.4%)
- Denmark: -$9.4 million (up 25.2%)
- Hong Kong: -$9 million (down -7.3%)
- Finland: -$8.6 million (up 26.1%)
- Singapore: -$7.8 million (down -15.9%)
Incurring over half a billion dollars in red ink, the United States of America posted the highest deficit in the international trade of asparagus. This negative cashflow highlights America’s strong competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for asparagus-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful demand from US consumers.
Asparagus Exporting Companies
According to global trading platform Alibaba, the following companies are also examples of asparagus-trading companies. Their home-country locations are shown within parentheses.
- Alfafood GmbH (Germany)
- Beverages Development Kft (Hungary)
- Camill Alimentos (United States)
- El Corte Ingles SA (Spain)
- International Trading Company (Peru)
- Italy Food Service SRL (Italy)
- JDGC (France)
- Siam Pagoda Group Pty Ltd (Australia)
- Zima Thai Traders (Thailand)
See also Tomatoes Exports by Country, Potatoes Exports by Country, Corn Exports by Country, Top Cucumbers Exporting Countries, Top Lettuce Exports by Country and Top Fresh Spinach Exports by Country
Alibaba, Supplier information for asparagus. Accessed on September 13, 2021
Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook Field Listing: Exports – Commodities. Accessed on September 13, 2021
Forbes Global 2000 rankings, The World’s Biggest Public Companies. Accessed on September 13, 2021
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on September 13, 2021
Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on September 13, 2021
Wikipedia, Asparagus. Accessed on September 13, 2021