From 2019 to 2020, the value of blood exports appreciated by 13.9%.
The 5 biggest exporters of human or animal blood (Ireland, United States, Germany, United Kingdom, France) accounted for about three-quarters (74.3%) of blood exported in 2020. That percentage indicates a highly concentrated cohort of blood exporting nations.
Among continents, suppliers in Europe sold the highest dollar worth of exported blood during 2020 with shipments valued at $6.8 billion or over two-thirds (68.9%) of worldwide blood exports. In second place were North American exporters at 22.5% trailed by Asia at 6.6%.
Smaller percentages came from Oceania (1.3%) led by Australia and New Zealand, Latin America (0.7%) excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean, and Africa (0.2%).
For research purposes, the 6-digit Harmonized Tariff System code is 300290 which covers both human blood and animal blood for therapeutic, prophylactic or diagnostic uses.
Top Blood Exporters by Country
Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of blood during 2020.
- Ireland: US$2.9 billion (29.7% of total blood exports)
- United States: $2.1 billion (21.8%)
- Germany: $876.1 million (8.9%)
- United Kingdom: $822 million (8.4%)
- France: $540.6 million (5.5%)
- Denmark: $492.9 million (5%)
- Belgium: $301.4 million (3.1%)
- South Korea: $232.9 million (2.4%)
- Singapore: $171.9 million (1.8%)
- Italy: $155.8 million (1.6%)
- Netherlands: $132.6 million (1.3%)
- Switzerland: $107.5 million (1.1%)
- Australia: $98 million (1%)
- China: $94.7 million (1%)
- Poland: $82.5 million (0.8%)
By value, the listed 15 countries shipped 93.3% of global blood exported in 2020.
Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing blood exporters since 2019 were: Singapore (up 238.1%), Belgium (up 236.4%), Switzerland (up 47.1%) and Australia (up 23.2%).
There were a pair of top countries that posted declines in their exported blood sales year over year, namely South Korea (down -6.9%) and Denmark (down -1.3%).
The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for blood during 2020. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported blood and its import purchases for that same commodity.
- Ireland: US$2.4 billion (net export surplus up 5.5% since 2019)
- Denmark: $389 million (down -4.5%)
- United Kingdom: $309.9 million (down -13%)
- South Korea: $128.7 million (down -18%)
- Singapore: $116.2 million (up 2553.2%)
- Germany: $109.5 million (down -57.9%)
- France: $45.9 million (down -82.4%)
- Switzerland: $29.4 million (reversing a -$3.9 million deficit)
- Austria: $19.2 million (up 68.4%)
- Argentina: $17.4 million (up 355%)
- Cuba: $1.7 million (down -39.4%)
- North Korea: $272,000 (up 777.4%)
- Saint Kitts/Nevis: $30,000 (reversing a -$168,000 deficit)
- Saint Vincent/Grenadines: $12,000 (reversing a -$297,000 deficit)
- Falkland Is (Malvinas): $8,000 (no 2019 data)
Ireland generated the highest surplus in the international trade of blood. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms strong Irish competitive advantages for this specific product category.
The following countries posted the severest negative net exports for blood during 2020. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported blood purchases and its exports for that same commodity.
- United States: -US$889 million (net export deficit down -25.4% since 2019)
- Sweden: -$337.1 million (up 21.3%)
- China: -$326.9 million (up 5.1%)
- Canada: -$318.4 million (up 29.8%)
- Russia: -$250.1 million (down -18.5%)
- Italy: -$210 million (up 157.6%)
- Japan: -$189.7 million (up 15.9%)
- Brazil: -$151.6 million (down -4.8%)
- Saudi Arabia: -$107.9 million (down -54.3%)
- Spain: -$93.2 million (down -26.5%)
- India: -$64.5 million (down -22.1%)
- Australia: -$63.4 million (down -7.2%)
- Dominican Republic: -$60 million (up 51.2%)
- Colombia: -$57.5 million (up 7%)
- Ukraine: -$53.9 million (up 9.2%)
The United States of America incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of blood. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights America’s competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for blood-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful worldwide demand.
Blood-Equipment Exporting Companies
According to global trading platform Alibaba, the following suppliers are examples of export companies that engage in the international trade of blood giving equipment and supplies including blood transfusion sets.
- Alredwan International Trading (Turkey)
- Angi Plast Private Limited (India)
- Anhui Tiankang Medical Technology (China)
- Daddy D Pro (Pakistan)
- Medicfit Technology Sdn. BHD (Malaysia)
- Ultra for Medical Products Ultramed UMIC (Egypt)
The home-country location for each business is shown within parentheses.
See also Top Antibiotics Exporters by Country, Drugs and Medicine Exports by Country, Top Artificial Joints Exporters by Country and Top Toothpaste Exports by Country
Alibaba, Suppliers for blood-giving sets. Accessed on August 22, 2021
Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook Field Listing: Exports – Commodities. Accessed on August 22, 2021
Forbes Global 2000 rankings, The World’s Biggest Public Companies. Accessed on August 22, 2021
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on August 22, 2021
Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on August 22, 2021
Wikipedia, Blood. Accessed on August 22, 2021